Work package M5: Urban radiation and building parameterization


Contact information

Principal investigators: Dr. Sebastian Schubert mail.gif, Prof. Dr. Christoph Schneider mail.gif

Staff: Dr. Mohamed Salim mail.gif

Institution: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Geography Department (https://www.geographie.hu-berlin.de/en/professorships/climate_geography/)

Goals of WP-M5

This subproject provides a parametrization of radiative fluxes at urban surfaces and between the buildings for the entire range of resolutions. These fluxes are used in the energy balance of the building surfaces, in air chemistry, and to determine the direct human radiative exposure. Furthermore, we will implement an effective building/street representation in form of urban street canyons for non-building-resolving resolutions. These street canyons are characterized by their building and street width, their orientation as well as their building height distribution.

wpm5_fig1
Fig. 1: Input and output of DCEP

wpm5_fig2
Fig. 2: Simple depiction of shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes


Work program

WP-M5.1: Radiation fluxes at building-resolving resolution

This work package deals with the calculation of the diffuse longwave as well as the diffuse and direct shortwave radiation fluxes. Thus, this calculation provides crucial components to the energy balance of each urban surface. Our approach will include the casting of shadows and radiation exchange within the urban canopy. View factors for diffuse radiation exchange will be calculated via view factor algebra or via Monte Carlo ray tracing, respectively. Multiple reflections within the urban canopy are accounted for. The calculation of the direct shortwave radiation will be done via ray tracing. Both processes of the radiation exchange will optionally consider the effect of vegetation in the urban canopy.

WP-M5.2: Building concept for coarse resolution runs

In order to simulate large areas of a city with a lower resolution (~ 100m) with which single buildings are not resolved, we will implement an urban canopy parametrization (UCP) representing buildings as street canyons. In the UCP Double Canyon Effect Parametrization (DCEP), street canyons are characterized by its building and street width, its orientation as well as its building height distribution. The DCEP considers the energetic exchange between buildings and atmosphere on several vertical layers.

WP-M5.3: Radiation for non-building-resolving resolution

In addition to the general street canyon concept of DCEP described in work package M5.2, we will provide the radiation fluxes of DCEP at each urban surface element non-building resolving resolutions. Compared to work package M5.1, the computational complexity is much lower due to the effective representation of buildings.

Last modified 3 years ago Last modified on Sep 16, 2016 9:27:55 AM

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