WP-I2: Coupling of PALM-4U and MATSim

Goals of the project:

Traffic causes a major part of air and noise pollution in urban areas. Within the MOSAIK-2 project, the Technical University of Berlin and the Leibniz University of Hannover aim to implement the interdependence between traffic and environmental effects in the PALM-4U climate model. The current parameterised approach of modelling air pollution in PALM-4U will be replaced by emissions data with a high temporal and spatial resolution. The required data will be created with the Multi Agent Traffic Simulation MATSim (www.matsim.org).

MATSim simulates traffic using individual agents of which each follows a daily itinerary. The agent based approach allows the calculation of cold- and warm-emissions with a spatial and temporal resolution. The calculation is based on the HBEFA-Table (www.hbefa.net) which differentiates emission values by car and street type as well as the traffic state. A detailed emission dispersion model is not implemented in MATSim and immissions and population exposures can therefore only be estimated in a very simplified way using simple distribution functions. MATSim also has a module with which, in accordance with RLS-90 (guidelines for noise protection on roads), dynamic and link related noise emissions can be calculated for simulated traffic volumes, taking into account the truck traffic share. Noise immissions can be estimated using a highly simplified dispersion model.

Figure 1: Left: Visualisation of the traffic simulation; each triangle represents an agent; the color indicates the relative speed reduction due to traffic jams; the blue lines represent the activity and route chain of an agent, including the selected route. Berlin, Germany. Right: Simulated daily NOx emissions in kg/km²; simplified preliminary study, Berlin, Germany.

MATSim’s detailed emissions data in combination with PALM’s physical particle model allows the identification of hotspots where a high number of people is affected by traffic related emissions. The proposed methodology will be applied in two case studies: One, using the already existing MATSim Berlin model and another one using a traffic model for Stuttgart, which is going to be built within the Mosaik-2 Project.

Tasks of the Project:

WP-I2.1 Implementation of a Palm-4U integration module in MATSim

WP-I2.2 Implementation of a dynamic air pollution and noise exposure-based traffic control module

WP-I2.3 Data preparation, model tests and applications

Project structure:

The work package is being processed by the TU Berlin and the LU Hannover in close cooperation with the FU Berlin.


MS 1: Implementation of the PALM-4U integration module in MATSim completed

MS2: Implementation of the PALM-4U-based traffic control module in MATSim completed

MS3: MATSim data preparation for emission calculation completed

MS4: Prototype application of the PALM-4U integration module in MATSim for Berlin and Stuttgart

MS5: Berlin and Stuttgart case studies completed

Progress so far:

WP-I2.1 has been successfully completed. In WP-I2.2, the conceptual design and prototype development have been started. For WP-I2.3, the MATSim data preparation for the emission calculation has been completed and initial simulations using the PALM-4U integration module in MATSim have been carried out for Berlin and Stuttgart.


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