Changes between Version 18 and Version 19 of doc/app/netcdf


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Timestamp:
Nov 23, 2018 8:42:32 AM (20 months ago)
Author:
scharf
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  • doc/app/netcdf

    v18 v19  
    11== NetCDF data output ==
    22[[TracNav(doc/app/datatoc|nocollapse)]]
    3 PALM is able to output data of different quantities as time series, vertical profiles (usually horizontally averaged), two-dimensional cross sections or 3d-volume data. Depending on the kind of output (time series, profiles, etc.) and the output format (ASCII or binary) data are written to different files (file descriptions can be found [wiki:doc/app/iofiles here]). All data output files are in netCDF format ([[http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/]]), which can be processed by many public domain and commercial (graphic) software. Data from netCDF files can also be easily read from FORTRAN programs provided that a netCDF library is available.
     3PALM is able to output data of different quantities as time series, vertical profiles (usually horizontally averaged), two-dimensional cross sections or 3d-volume data. Depending on the kind of output (time series, profiles, etc.) and the output format (ASCII or binary) data are written to different files (file descriptions can be found [wiki:doc/app/iofiles here]). All data output files are in netCDF format ([[http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/]]), which can be processed by many public domain and commercial (graphic) software. Data from netCDF files can also be easily read from Fortran programs provided that a netCDF library is available.
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    5 In the following pages, steering of the different data output and how to create plots of the data is described by some examples. Not all details of steering are mentioned. If necessary, these can be found within the description of the respective parameters. For most purposes it should be sufficient to read [wiki:doc/app/ncgen Generation of a PALM netCDF file] and [wiki:doc/app/ncexample Example of a PALM netCDF data set] which explains the PALM-netCDF-output.
     5The format of netCDF files generated by PALM is determined by the runtime-parameter [wiki:doc/app/d3par#netcdf_data_format netcdf_data_format].  The accuracy of the netCDF output data can be set with parameter [wiki:doc/app/d3par#netcdf_precision netcdf_precision]. By default, data have single (4 byte) precision.
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    7 Standard data output of PALM is netCDF (network Common Data Form) in 64-bit offset format. netCDF is an interface to a library of data access functions for storing and retrieving data in the form of arrays. netCDF is an abstraction that supports a view of data as a collection of self-describing, portable objects that can be accessed through a simple interface (protable means that netCDF data files can be read on any machine regardless of where they have been created). Array values may be accessed directly, without knowing details of how the data are stored. Auxiliary information about the data, such as what units are used, may be stored with the data. Generic utilities and application programs can access netCDF datasets (files) and transform, combine, analyze, or display specified fields of the data, e.g. the contents of a netCDF dataset can be viewed using the command '''ncdump''' (see further below). Many (public domain) graphic software has built in interfaces to read netCDF datasets (e.g. '''ferret''' or '''NCL''' ([wiki:doc/app/ncl see here])). The complete netCDF documentation is available from the netCDF homepage ([[http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/|netCDF]]). The netCDF tutorial for FORTRAN90 can also be found at the netCDF homepage ([[http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/docs/netcdf-f90/|netCDF for FORTRAN90]]).
    8 
    9 The format of netCDF files generated by PALM is determined by the runtime-parameter [wiki:doc/app/d3par#netcdf_data_format netcdf_data_format] (netcdf_data_format = 3, by default). All current netCDF file formats are available (classic, 64-bit offset, netCDF4/HDF5). The 64-bit offset format allows creating large files (file size only limited by the underlying file system), but each output variable (array) is still limited to 2GB. In netCDF4 format, there is no limit for the size of variables, and it also allows parallel I/O into one output file. However, some (graphic) software still does not support netCDF4 format. The accuracy of the netCDF output data can be set with parameter [wiki:doc/app/d3par#netcdf_precision netcdf_precision]. By default, data have single (4 byte) precision.
    10 
    11 PALM allows the output of various data (e.g. cross sections, vertical profiles, timeseries, etc.) into different files. The following table gives an overview about the different kind of netCDF output data offered by PALM. In addition to the local names of the files, the table also lists the minimum parameter settings which are necessary to switch on the output, as well as the parameters to be used to control the output.
     7The following table gives an overview about the different kind of netCDF output data offered by PALM. In addition to the local names of the files, the table also lists the minimum parameter settings which are necessary to switch on the output, as well as the parameters to be used to control the output.
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    139||='''Kind of data'''  =||='''Local filename'''  =||='''Parameter settings necessary \\ to switch on output'''  =|| \