Changeset 138 for palm/trunk/DOC/app


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Nov 28, 2007 10:03:58 AM (15 years ago)
Author:
letzel
Message:

Plant canopy model of Watanabe (2004,BLM 112,307-341) added.

Location:
palm/trunk/DOC/app
Files:
3 edited

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  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_3.5.1.html

    r130 r138  
    8181within the category &ldquo;initialisation&rdquo;.</p><p>See
    8282also <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2"><font face="Cumberland, monospace"><a href="#user_init_3d_model">user_init_3d_model</a>.</font></font></tt></p>
    83 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">DEFAULT</font></tt>
     83</td> </tr> <tr><td><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">DEFAULT</font></tt>
     84case of <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">SELECT
     85CASE( TRIM(canopy_mode) ) </font></tt>command in the
     86middle&nbsp;of <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">init_3d_model.f90</font></tt></td><td><a name="user_init_plant_canopy"></a><code>user_init_plant_canopy</code></td><td>User-defined initilisation of the plant canopy model.<br><br>Here, the user can define the two three-dimensional arrays <code>lad_s and cdc </code>that
     87stand for the leaf area density and the canopy drag coefficient. By
     88this, the user can configure a&nbsp;plant canopy. This requires
     89definition of at least one
     90new&nbsp;<a href="chapter_4.1.html#canopy_mode">canopy_mode</a>&nbsp;in the&nbsp;<tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">SELECT CASE( TRIM(canopy_mode) ) </font></tt>command
     91in&nbsp;<tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">user_init_plant_canopy</font></tt>.
     92Note that the&nbsp;<a href="chapter_4.1.html#canopy_mode">canopy_mode</a>&nbsp;<span style="font-style: italic;">'block'</span> is<span style="font-style: italic;"></span> not allowed here since it is the standard case used in the
     93calling routine <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">init_3d_model</font></tt>. </td></tr><tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">DEFAULT</font></tt>
    8494case of <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">SELECT
    8595CASE( TRIM(topography) ) </font></tt>command in the
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_4.1.html

    r134 r138  
    21002100
    21012101
    2102  <tr>
     2102 <tr><td><a name="canopy_mode"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">canopy_mode</span></td><td>C * 20</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">'block'</span></td><td>Canopy mode.<br><br><font color="#000000">
     2103Besides using the default value, that will create a horizontally
     2104homogeneous plant canopy that extends over the total horizontal
     2105extension of the model domain, the user may add code to the user
     2106interface subroutine <a href="chapter_3.5.1.html#user_init_plant_canopy">user_init_plant_canopy</a>
     2107to allow further canopy&nbsp;modes. <br><br>The setting of <a href="#canopy_mode">canopy_mode</a> becomes only active, if&nbsp;<a href="#plant_canopy">plant_canopy</a> has been set <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span> and a non-zero <a href="#drag_coefficient">drag_coefficient</a> has been defined.</font></td></tr><tr>
    21032108
    21042109
     
    26212626
    26222627
    2623     <tr>
     2628    <tr><td><a name="drag_coefficient"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">drag_coefficient</span></td><td>R</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td><td>Drag coefficient used in the plant canopy model.<br><br>This parameter has to be non-zero, if the parameter <a href="#plant_canopy">plant_canopy</a> is set <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span>.</td></tr><tr>
    26242629
    26252630
     
    46954700
    46964701
    4697  <tr>
     4702 <tr><td><a name="lad_surface"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">lad_surface</span></td><td>R</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td><td>Surface value of the leaf area density (in m<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>3</sup>).<br><br>This
     4703parameter assigns the value of the leaf area density <span style="font-weight: bold;">lad</span> at the surface (k=0)<b>.</b> Starting from this value,
     4704the leaf area density profile is constructed with <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient</a>
     4705and <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient_level">lad_vertical_gradient_level
     4706      </a>.</td></tr><tr><td><a name="lad_vertical_gradient"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">lad_vertical_gradient</span></td><td>R (10)</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">10 * 0.0</span></td><td>Gradient(s) of the leaf area density (in&nbsp;m<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>4</sup>).<br><br><p>This leaf area density gradient
     4707holds starting from the height&nbsp;
     4708level defined by <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient_level">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>
     4709(precisely: for all uv levels k where zu(k) &gt; lad_vertical_gradient_level, lad(k) is set: lad(k) = lad(k-1) + dzu(k) * <b>lad_vertical_gradient</b>)
     4710up to the level defined by <a href="#pch_index">pch_index</a>. Above that level lad(k) will automatically set to 0.0. A total of 10 different gradients for 11 height intervals (10 intervals
     4711if <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient_level">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>(1)
     4712= <i>0.0</i>) can be assigned. The leaf area density at the surface is
     4713assigned via <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_surface">lad_surface</a>.&nbsp;
     4714      </p></td></tr><tr><td><a name="lad_vertical_gradient_level"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">lad_vertical_gradient_level</span></td><td>R (10)</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">10 * 0.0</span></td><td>Height level from which on the&nbsp;gradient
     4715of the leaf area density defined by <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>
     4716is effective (in m).<br><br>The height levels have to be assigned in ascending order. The
     4717default values result in a leaf area density that is constant with height uup to the top of the plant canopy layer defined by <a href="#pch_index">pch_index</a>. For the piecewise construction of temperature profiles see <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient</a>.</td></tr><tr>
    46984718
    46994719
     
    70957115
    70967116
    7097  <tr>
     7117 <tr><td><a name="pch_index"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">pch_index</span></td><td>I</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">0</span></td><td>Grid point index (scalar) of the upper boundary of the plant canopy layer.<br><br>Above <span style="font-weight: bold;">pch_index</span> the arrays of leaf area density and drag_coeffient are automatically set to zero in case of <a href="#plant_canopy">plant_canopy</a> = .T.. Up to <span style="font-weight: bold;">pch_index</span> a leaf area density profile can be prescribed by using the parameters <a href="#lad_surface">lad_surface</a>, <a href="#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient</a> and <a href="#lad_vertical_gradient_level">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>.</td></tr><tr>
    70987118
    70997119
     
    71627182
    71637183
    7164  <tr>
     7184 <tr><td><a name="plant_canopy"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">plant_canopy</span></td><td>L</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">.F.</span></td><td>Switch for the plant_canopy_model.<br><br>If <span style="font-weight: bold;">plant_canopy</span> is set <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span>, the plant canopy model of Watanabe (2004, BLM 112, 307-341) is used. <br>The
     7185impact of a plant canopy on a turbulent flow is considered by an
     7186additional drag term in the momentum equations and an additional sink
     7187term in the prognostic equation for the subgrid-scale TKE. These
     7188additional terms are dependent on the leaf drag coefficient (see <a href="#drag_coefficient">drag_coefficient</a>) and the leaf area density (see <a href="#lad_surface">lad_surface</a>, <a href="#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient</a>, <a href="#lad_vertical_gradient_level">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>). <br>By default, a horizontally homogeneous plant canopy is prescribed, if&nbsp; <span style="font-weight: bold;">plant_canopy</span> is set <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span>. However, the user can define other types of plant canopies (see <a href="#canopy_mode">canopy_mode</a>).<br><br><span style="font-weight: bold;">plant_canopy</span> = <span style="font-style: italic;">.T. </span>is only allowed together with a non-zero <a href="#drag_coefficient">drag_coefficient</a>.</td></tr><tr>
    71657189
    71667190
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_4.6.html

    r127 r138  
    14051405
    14061406
    1407  <tr>
     1407 <tr><td><b><b><a href="chapter_4.2.html#fcl_factor"><b>canopy_mode</b></a></b></b></td><td>I</td><td>C * 20</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">'block'</span></td><td>Canopy mode</td></tr><tr>
    14081408
    14091409
     
    26642664
    26652665
    2666  <tr>
     2666 <tr><td><a href="chapter_4.1.html#drag_coefficient"><span style="font-weight: bold;">drag_coefficient</span></a></td><td>I</td><td>R</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td><td>Drag coefficient used in the plant canopy model.</td></tr><tr>
    26672667
    26682668
     
    51845184
    51855185
    5186  <tr>
     5186 <tr><td><b><a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_surface"><b>lad_surface</b></a></b></td><td>I</td><td>R</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td><td>Surface value of the leaf area density (in m<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>3</sup>)</td></tr><tr><td><b><a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient"><b>lad_vertical_gradient</b></a></b></td><td>I</td><td>R (10)</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">10 * 0.0</span></td><td>Gradient(s) of the leaf area density (in&nbsp;m<sup>2</sup>/m<sup>4</sup>)</td></tr><tr><td><b><b><a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient_level"><b>lad_vertical_gradient_level</b></a></b></b></td><td>I</td><td>R (10)</td><td><span style="font-style: italic;">10 * 0.0</span></td><td>Height level from which on the&nbsp;gradient
     5187of the leaf area density defined by <a href="chapter_4.1.html#lad_vertical_gradient">lad_vertical_gradient_level</a>
     5188is effective (in m).</td></tr><tr>
    51875189
    51885190
     
    69936995
    69946996
    6995  <tr valign="top">
     6997 <tr><td><b><a href="chapter_4.1.html#pch_index"><b>pch_index</b></a></b></td><td>I</td><td>I</td><td><code></code><i>0 </i></td><td>Grid point index (scalar) of the upper boundary of the plant canopy layer</td></tr><tr valign="top">
    69966998
    69976999
     
    72297231
    72307232
    7231     <tr>
     7233    <tr><td><b><a href="chapter_4.1.html#plant_canopy"><b>plant_canopy</b></a></b></td><td>I</td><td>L</td><td><i>.F.</i></td><td>Parameter to switch on the plant canopy model</td></tr><tr>
    72327234
    72337235
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