source: palm/trunk/SOURCE/modules.f90 @ 3542

Last change on this file since 3542 was 3542, checked in by suehring, 4 years ago

Revise ghost point exchange in netcdf-data input; new routine for ghost point exchange of 1-Byte Integer; Remove tabs in chemistry model which prevent compilation with gfortran and debug options

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1!> @file modules.f90
2!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
3! This file is part of the PALM model system.
4!
5! PALM is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
6! terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
7! Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
8! version.
9!
10! PALM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
11! WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
12! A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.
13!
14! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
15! PALM. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
16!
17! Copyright 1997-2018 Leibniz Universitaet Hannover
18!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
19!
20! Current revisions:
21! ------------------
22! +type_x_byte, type_y_byte
23!
24! Former revisions:
25! -----------------
26! $Id: modules.f90 3542 2018-11-20 17:04:13Z suehring $
27! +run_zone
28!
29! 3473 2018-10-30 20:50:15Z suehring
30! +virtual_measurement
31!
32! 3472 2018-10-30 20:43:50Z suehring
33! Add indoor model (kanani, srissman, tlang)
34!
35! 3467 2018-10-30 19:05:21Z suehring
36! Add biometeorology
37!
38! 3435 2018-10-26 18:25:44Z gronemeier
39! +mask_k_over_surface, mask_surface
40!
41! 3422 2018-10-24 19:01:57Z gronemeier
42! bugfix: increase number of blanks in output string
43!
44! 3421 2018-10-24 18:39:32Z gronemeier
45! Renamed output variables
46! +surface_data_output
47!
48! 3355 2018-10-16 14:03:34Z knoop
49! (from branch resler)
50! Increase dimension of uv_heights etc.
51!
52! 3302 2018-10-03 02:39:40Z raasch
53! +u/v_stokes_zu, u/v_stokes_zw
54!
55! 3298 2018-10-02 12:21:11Z kanani
56! Minor formatting/clean-up (kanani)
57! Added some variables for time treatment (Russo)
58!
59! 3294 2018-10-01 02:37:10Z raasch
60! ocean renamed ocean_mode
61!
62! 3289 2018-09-28 10:23:58Z suehring
63! +num_mean_inflow_profiles
64!
65! 3288 2018-09-28 10:23:08Z suehring
66! Modularization of all bulk cloud physics code components
67!
68! 3240 2018-09-12 12:04:40Z Giersch
69! max_pr_user_tmp has been defined as a control variable because it is not
70! local anymore
71!
72! 3235 2018-09-07 14:06:15Z sward
73! Added global variable dim_size_agtnum to own module. Necessary to avoid
74! circular dependency in agent output.
75!
76! 3232 2018-09-07 12:21:44Z raasch
77! references to mrun replaced by palmrun, and updated
78!
79! 3198 2018-08-15 09:23:10Z sward
80! Added multi_agent_system_end and multi_agent_system_start
81!
82! 3183 2018-07-27 14:25:55Z suehring
83! Rename offline nesting variables:
84! -inflow_l, inflow_n, inflow_r, inflow_s,
85!  nest_bound_l, nest_bound_n, nest_bound_r, nest_bound_s, nest_domain, forcing,
86!  force_bound_l, force_bound_n, force_bound_r, force_bound_s, outflow_l,
87!  outflow_n, outflow_r, outflow_s
88! +bc_dirichlet_l, bc_dirichlet_n, bc_dirichlet_n, bc_dirichlet_r,
89!  bc_radiation_l, bc_radiation_n, bc_radiation_n, bc_radiation_r, child_domain
90!  nesting_offline
91!
92! 3182 2018-07-27 13:36:03Z suehring
93! Default value of dz_max has changed to a more uncommon value of 999 (value
94! of dz_max can not be part of dz values when using new stretching procedure)
95!
96! 3159 2018-07-20 11:20:01Z sward
97! Added multi agent system
98!
99! 3157 2018-07-19 21:08:49Z maronga
100! added use_free_convection_scaling
101!
102! 3129 2018-07-16 07:45:13Z gronemeier
103! add target attribute to km and kh, necessary for output in tcm_data_output_3d
104!
105! 3120 2018-07-11 18:30:57Z gronemeier
106! +les_dynamic
107!
108! 3083 2018-06-19 14:03:12Z gronemeier
109! set dt_3d = 0.01
110!
111! 3065 2018-06-12 07:03:02Z Giersch
112! Variables concerning stretching introduced or revised
113!
114! 3045 2018-05-28 07:55:41Z Giersch
115! z_max_do2d removed
116!
117! 3026 2018-05-22 10:30:53Z schwenkel
118! Changed the name specific humidity to mixing ratio, since we are computing
119! mixing ratios.
120!
121! 3014 2018-05-09 08:42:38Z maronga
122! Added default values of u_max, v_max, and w_max to avoid floating invalid
123! during spinup
124!
125! 3004 2018-04-27 12:33:25Z Giersch
126! precipitation_rate removed
127!
128! 3003 2018-04-23 10:22:58Z Giersch
129! The inversion height is defined as a global variable now which belongs to the
130! module statistics
131!
132! 2968 2018-04-13 11:52:24Z suehring
133! +topo_min_level
134!
135! 2964 2018-04-12 16:04:03Z raasch
136! *_time_count variables are all initialized with zero now
137!
138! 2918 2018-03-21 15:52:14Z gronemeier
139! -l_grid, -l_wall
140!
141! 2906 2018-03-19 08:56:40Z Giersch
142! Module control_parameters has been extended with ENVIRONMENT variables
143! read/write_svf
144!
145! 2894 2018-03-15 09:17:58Z Giersch
146! _prerun flags were removed, Control paramters restart_string and length have
147! been added
148!
149! 2881 2018-03-13 16:24:40Z suehring
150! Added flag for switching on/off calculation of soil moisture
151!
152! 2797 2018-02-08 13:24:35Z suehring
153! +ghf_av
154!
155! 2776 2018-01-31 10:44:42Z Giersch
156! Variable synthetic_turbulence_generator has been abbreviated and _prerun flags
157! for skipping module related restart data has beed introduced
158!
159! 2765 2018-01-22 11:34:58Z maronga
160! Set initial value for time_since_reference_point
161!
162! 2746 2018-01-15 12:06:04Z suehring
163! +plant_canopy
164!
165! 2742 2018-01-12 14:59:47Z suehring
166! +tsurf_av
167!
168! 2735 2018-01-11 12:01:27Z suehring
169! +r_a_av
170!
171! 2718 2018-01-02 08:49:38Z maronga
172! Corrected "Former revisions" section
173!
174! 2696 2017-12-14 17:12:51Z kanani
175! Change in file header (GPL part)
176! Implementation of uv exposure model (FK)
177! + turbulence closure variables (control_parameters)
178! + arrays for prognostic equation of disspiation (arrays_3d)
179! + km_av, kh_av (TG)
180! Implementation of chemistry module (FK)
181! -lod
182! +topo_distinct (MS)
183!
184! 2669 2017-12-06 16:03:27Z raasch
185! CONTIGUOUS-attribut added to 3d pointer arrays,
186! coupling_char extended to LEN=8
187!
188! 2575 2017-10-24 09:57:58Z maronga
189! Renamed phi -> latitude, moved longitude from radiation model to modules
190!
191! 2563 2017-10-19 15:36:10Z Giersch
192! Variable wind_turbine was added to control_parameters
193!
194! 2550 2017-10-16 17:12:01Z boeske
195! complex_terrain namelist parameter added
196!
197! 2508 2017-10-02 08:57:09Z suehring
198! Change default value for pt/q/s/sa_vertical_gradient_level
199!
200! 2499 2017-09-22 16:47:58Z kanani
201! Default changed to fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'
202!
203! 2408 2017-09-05 15:47:53Z gronemeier
204! Changed default value of mg_cycles from -1 to 4.
205!
206! 2375 2017-08-29 14:10:28Z schwenkel
207! Moved mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
208! vanthoff back from particle attributes because they can now also be used in
209! bulk microphysics.
210! Added aerosol_bulk, aerosol_nacl, aerosol_c3h4o4, aerosol_nh4no3
211!
212! 2372 2017-08-25 12:37:32Z sward
213! y_shift namelist parameter added
214!
215! 2339 2017-08-07 13:55:26Z gronemeier
216! corrected timestamp in header
217!
218! 2338 2017-08-07 12:15:38Z gronemeier
219! moved 1d-model varaibles to own module model_1d_mod
220!
221! 2337 2017-08-07 08:59:53Z gronemeier
222! -old_dt_1d
223! +l1d_diss
224!
225! 2326 2017-08-01 07:23:24Z gronemeier
226! Updated variable descriptions
227!
228! 2320 2017-07-21 12:47:43Z suehring
229! -ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, td_lsa_lpt, td_lsa_q, td_sub_lpt, td_sub_q, ug_vert,
230!  vg_vert, unudge, vnudge, wsubs_vert, shf_surf, p_surf, pt_surf, q_surt,
231!  qsws_surf, tmp_tnudge, timenudge, time_surf, time_vert
232!
233! 2300 2017-06-29 13:31:14Z raasch
234! default value for host changed to '????', default value for loop_optimization
235! changed to 'cache', default value for termination_time_needed set to 35.0
236!
237! 2298 2017-06-29 09:28:18Z raasch
238! missing variable descriptions have been added,
239! type of write_binary changed from CHARACTER to LOGICAL
240! -plot_precision, plot_3d_precision, return_addres, return_username,
241! avs_data_file, exchange_mg, sendrecvcound_yxd, sendrecv_in_background,
242! port_name, profile_number, cross_ts_numbers, cross_ts_number_count,
243! dots_crossindex, dots_index, cross_ts_uymax, cross_ts_uymax_computed,
244! cross_ts_uymin, cross_ts_uymin_computed
245!
246! 2296 2017-06-28 07:53:56Z maronga
247! Added parameters for model spinup
248!
249! 2292 2017-06-20 09:51:42Z schwenkel
250! Implementation of new microphysic scheme: cloud_scheme = 'morrison'
251! includes two more prognostic equations for cloud drop concentration (nc) 
252! and cloud water content (qc).
253!
254! 2277 2017-06-12 10:47:51Z kanani
255! Added doxygen comments for variables/parameters,
256! removed unused variables dissipation_control, do2d_xy_n, do2d_xz_n, do2d_yz_n,
257! do3d_avs_n, lptnudge, lqnudge, lunudge, lvnudge, lwnudge, skip_do_avs,
258! sums_up_fraction_l.
259!
260! 2259 2017-06-08 09:09:11Z gronemeier
261! Implemented synthetic turbulence generator
262!
263! 2256 2017-06-07 13:58:08Z suehring
264! Change default value of zeta_min to -20
265! Increase dimension for wall_heatflux, etc.
266!
267! 2233 2017-05-30 18:08:54Z suehring
268!
269! 2232 2017-05-30 17:47:52Z suehring
270! Renamed wall_flags_0 and wall_flags_00 into advc_flags_1 and advc_flags_2,
271! respectively. Moreover, introduced further flag array wall_flags_0.
272!
273! Adjustments for new topography concept:
274!   -fwxm, fwxp, fwym, fwyp, fxm, fxp, fym, fyp, rif_wall, wall_e_x, wall_e_y,
275!   -wall_v, wall_u, wall_w_x, wall_w_y, wall_qflux, wall_sflux, wall_nrflux,
276!   -wall_qrflux
277!
278! Adjustments for new surface concept:
279!   +land_surface
280!   -z0, z0h, z0q, us, ts, qs, qsws, nrs, nrsws, qrs, qrsws, ssws, ss, saswsb
281!   -nzb_diff_u, nzb_diff_v, nzt_diff
282!   -uswst, vswst, tswst, sswst, saswst, qswst, qrswst, nrswst, qswst_remote
283!
284! Generic tunnel setup:
285!   +tunnel_height, tunnel_length, tunnel_width_x, tunnel_width_y,
286!   +tunnel_wall_depth
287!
288! Topography input via netcdf
289!   +lod
290!
291! 2200 2017-04-11 11:37:51Z suehring
292! -monotonic_adjustment
293!
294! 2174 2017-03-13 08:18:57Z maronga
295! Changed default values for most_method to 'newton'
296!
297! 2118 2017-01-17 16:38:49Z raasch
298! -acc_rank, background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_south, j_north,
299!  num_acc_per_node, on_device
300!
301! 2107 2017-01-09 12:21:49Z kanani
302! Preparation for doxygen comments (Giersch)
303!
304! 2050 2016-11-08 15:00:55Z gronemeier
305! Implement turbulent outflow condition
306!
307! 2037 2016-10-26 11:15:40Z knoop
308! Anelastic approximation implemented
309!
310! 2031 2016-10-21 15:11:58Z knoop
311! renamed variable rho to rho_ocean and rho_av to rho_ocean_av
312!
313! 2011 2016-09-19 17:29:57Z kanani
314! +urban_surface, +lsf_exception, +varnamelength
315!
316! 2007 2016-08-24 15:47:17Z kanani
317! Increased DIMENSION of data_output, data_output_user, do2d, do3d
318!
319! 2000 2016-08-20 18:09:15Z knoop
320! Forced header and separation lines into 80 columns
321!
322! 1992 2016-08-12 15:14:59Z suehring
323! +constant_top_scalarflux, top_scalarflux
324! default of bc_s_t adjusted
325!
326! 1968 2016-07-18 12:01:49Z suehring
327! Changed dimension for MPI-datatypes type_x_int and type_y_int
328!
329! 1960 2016-07-12 16:34:24Z suehring
330! Separate humidity and passive scalar
331! +bc_s_t_val, diss_s_s, diss_l_s, flux_s_s, flux_l_s, s, sp, s1, s2, s3, ssws_av,
332!  s_init, s_surf, sums_wsss_ws_l, ss, ssws, sswst, ts_m, wall_sflux
333! +constant_scalarflux, ibc_s_b, ibc_s_t, s_vertical_gradient_level_ind
334!
335! Unused variables removed
336! -gamma_x, gamma_y, gamma_z, var_x, var_y, var_z
337!
338! Change initial values (in order to unify gradient calculation):
339! pt_vertical_gradient_level, sa_vertical_gradient_level
340!
341! 1957 2016-07-07 10:43:48Z suehring
342! +fl_max, num_leg, num_var_fl, num_var_fl_user, var_fl_max, virtual_flight
343!
344! 1918 2016-05-27 14:35:57Z raasch
345! default timestep switched from -1.0 to +1.0 in order to avoid wrong sign of
346! initially calculated divergence
347!
348! 1906 2016-05-24 14:38:08Z suehring
349! default value of mg_switch_to_pe0_level changed to -1
350!
351! 1849 2016-04-08 11:33:18Z hoffmann
352! bfactor, mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
353! vanthoff moved to mod_particle_attributes.
354! dt_micro and several cloud_parameters moved to microphysics_mod.
355! 1d-microphysics profiles moved to microphysics_mod.
356!
357! 1845 2016-04-08 08:29:13Z raasch
358! -nzb_2d
359!
360! 1833 2016-04-07 14:23:03Z raasch
361! spectra parameter moved to spectra module
362!
363! 1831 2016-04-07 13:15:51Z hoffmann
364! curvature_solution_effects removed
365! turbulence renamed collision_turbulence, drizzle renamed
366! cloud_water_sedimentation
367!
368! 1822 2016-04-07 07:49:42Z hoffmann
369! icloud_scheme removed. microphysics_sat_adjust, microphysics_kessler,
370! microphysics_seifert added.
371!
372! 1815 2016-04-06 13:49:59Z raasch
373! cpp-directive for decalpha removed
374!
375! 1808 2016-04-05 19:44:00Z raasch
376! MPI module used by default on all machines
377!
378! 1804 2016-04-05 16:30:18Z maronga
379! Removed code for parameter file check (__check)
380!
381! 1788 2016-03-10 11:01:04Z maronga
382! Added roughness length for moisture (z0q)
383!
384! 1786 2016-03-08 05:49:27Z raasch
385! module spectrum moved to new separate module
386!
387! 1783 2016-03-06 18:36:17Z raasch
388! netcdf variables moved to the netcdf-interface module
389!
390! 1779 2016-03-03 08:01:28Z raasch
391! coupling_char extended to LEN=3
392!
393! 1764 2016-02-28 12:45:19Z raasch
394! some reformatting
395!
396! 1762 2016-02-25 12:31:13Z hellstea
397! +nest_* variables, size of volume_flow arrays increased by one element
398!
399! 1738 2015-12-18 13:56:05Z raasch
400! +mean_surface_level_height
401!
402! 1695 2015-10-27 10:03:11Z maronga
403! Removed rif (forgotten in last revision)
404!
405! 1693 2015-10-27 08:35:45Z maronga
406! Renamed zp -> z_mo
407!
408! 1691 2015-10-26 16:17:44Z maronga
409! Renamed Obukhov length. Added ol, removed rif. Increased number of profiles
410! (pr_palm). Changed default values for dissipation_1d to 'detering' and
411! (mixing_length_1d to 'blackadar'. Added most_method. rif_min and rif_max
412! renamed to zeta_min and zeta_max and new values assigned.
413!
414! 1682 2015-10-07 23:56:08Z knoop
415! Code annotations made doxygen readable
416!
417! 1677 2015-10-02 13:25:23Z boeske
418! +ngp_yz_int, type_xz_int, type_yz_int
419!
420! 1666 2015-09-23 07:31:10Z raasch
421! +user_interface_current_revision, user_interface_required_revision in
422! control_parameters
423!
424! 1639 2015-08-31 14:46:48Z knoop
425! Bugfix: string 'unknown' extended to match LEN=13
426!
427! 1575 2015-03-27 09:56:27Z raasch
428! +ngp_xz
429!
430! 1560 2015-03-06 10:48:54Z keck
431! +recycling_yshift
432!
433! 1557 2015-03-05 16:43:04Z suehring
434! +monotonic_adjustment
435!
436! 1551 2015-03-03 14:18:16Z maronga
437! Increased pr_palm to 120. Increased length of dots_unit and dots_label to 13
438! digits. Increased length of domask, do2d, and do3d to 20 digits.
439!
440! 1496 2014-12-02 17:25:50Z maronga
441! Renamed "radiation" -> "cloud_top_radiation"
442!
443! 1484 2014-10-21 10:53:05Z kanani
444! Changes due to new module structure of the plant canopy model:
445!   canopy-model related parameters/variables moved to module
446!   plant_canopy_model_mod
447!
448! 1468 2014-09-24 14:06:57Z maronga
449! Adapted for use on up to 6-digit processor cores.
450! Increased identifier string length for user-defined quantities to 20.
451!
452! 1450 2014-08-21 07:31:51Z heinze
453! ntnudge from 100 to 1000 increased to allow longer simulations
454!
455! 1431 2014-07-15 14:47:17Z suehring
456! +var_d
457!
458! 1429 2014-07-15 12:53:45Z knoop
459! +ensemble_member_nr to prepare the random_generator for ensemble runs
460!
461! 1382 2014-04-30 12:15:41Z boeske
462! Renamed variables which store large scale forcing tendencies
463! pt_lsa -> td_lsa_lpt, pt_subs -> td_sub_lpt,
464! q_lsa  -> td_lsa_q,   q_subs  -> td_sub_q
465!
466! 1365 2014-04-22 15:03:56Z boeske
467! Usage of large scale forcing enabled:
468! increase pr_palm from 90 to 100 to allow for more standard profiles
469! + ngp_sums_ls, pt_lsa, pt_subs, q_lsa, q_subs, tmp_tnudge, sums_ls_l,
470! use_subsidence_tendencies
471!
472! 1361 2014-04-16 15:17:48Z hoffmann
473! tend_* removed
474! call_microphysics_at_all_substeps added
475! default of drizzle set to true
476!
477! 1359 2014-04-11 17:15:14Z hoffmann
478! particle_attributes moved to mod_particle_attributes.f90
479!
480! 1353 2014-04-08 15:21:23Z heinze
481! REAL constants provided with KIND-attribute
482!
483! 1327 2014-03-21 11:00:16Z raasch
484! REAL constants defined as wp-kind
485! -avs_output, data_output_format, do3d_compress, iso2d_output, netcdf_output
486!
487! 1320 2014-03-20 08:40:49Z raasch
488! ONLY-attribute added to USE-statements,
489! kind-parameters added to all INTEGER and REAL declaration statements,
490! kinds are defined in new module kinds,
491! old module precision_kind is removed,
492! revision history before 2012 removed,
493! comment fields (!:) to be used for variable explanations added to
494! all variable declaration statements
495!
496! 1318 2014-03-17 13:35:16Z raasch
497! module cpulog moved to new separate module-file
498! interface for cpu_log removed
499!
500! 1314 2014-03-14 18:25:17Z suehring
501! + log_z_z0, number_of_sublayers, z0_av_global
502! 1308 2014-03-13 14:58:42Z fricke
503! +ntdim_2d_xy, ntdim_2d_xz, ntdim_2d_yz, ntdim_3d
504!
505! 1257 2013-11-08 15:18:40Z raasch
506! set default values for grid indices of maximum velocity components
507! u|v|w_max_ijk
508!
509! 1241 2013-10-30 11:36:58Z heinze
510! Usage of nudging enabled
511! +nudging, ntnudge, ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, unudge, vnudge, wnudge
512! increase pr_palm from 80 to 90 to allow for more standard profiles
513!
514! Enable prescribed time depenend surface fluxes and geostrophic wind read in
515! from external file LSF_DATA
516! +large_scale_forcing, lsf_surf, lsf_vert, nlsf, time_surf, shf_surf, qsws_surf,
517!  pt_surf, q_surf, p_surf, time_vert, ug_vert, vg_vert, wsubs_vert
518!
519! 1221 2013-09-10 08:59:13Z raasch
520! wall_flags_0 changed to 32bit int, +wall_flags_00,
521! +rflags_s_inner, rflags_invers
522!
523! 1216 2013-08-26 09:31:42Z raasch
524! +transpose_compute_overlap,
525! several variables are now defined in the serial (non-parallel) case also
526!
527! 1212 2013-08-15 08:46:27Z raasch
528! +tri
529!
530! 1179 2013-06-14 05:57:58Z raasch
531! +reference_state, ref_state, use_initial_profile_as_reference, vpt_reference,
532! use_reference renamed use_single_reference_value
533!
534! 1159 2013-05-21 11:58:22Z fricke
535! -bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
536! +use_cmax
537!
538! 1128 2013-04-12 06:19:32Z raasch
539! +background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_north, j_south, req, req_count,
540! send_receive, sendrecv_in_background, wait_stat
541!
542! 1115 2013-03-26 18:16:16Z hoffmann
543! unused variables removed
544!
545! 1113 2013-03-10 02:48:14Z raasch
546! +on_device
547!
548! 1111 2013-03-08 23:54:10Z raasch
549! +tric, nr_timesteps_this_run
550!
551! 1106 2013-03-04 05:31:38Z raasch
552! array_kind renamed precision_kind, pdims defined in serial code
553! bugfix: default value assigned to coupling_start_time
554!
555! 1095 2013-02-03 02:21:01Z raasch
556! FORTRAN error in r1092 removed
557!
558! 1092 2013-02-02 11:24:22Z raasch
559! character length in some derived type changed for better alignment
560!
561! 1065 2012-11-22 17:42:36Z hoffmann
562! + c_sedimentation, limiter_sedimentation, turbulence, a_1, a_2, a_3, b_1, b_2,
563! + b_3, c_1, c_2, c_3, beta_cc
564!
565! bottom boundary condition of qr, nr changed from Dirichlet to Neumann
566!
567! 1053 2012-11-13 17:11:03Z hoffmann
568! necessary expansions according to the two new prognostic equations (nr, qr)
569! of the two-moment cloud physics scheme:
570! +*_init, flux_l_*, diss_l_*, flux_s_*, diss_s_*, *sws, *swst, tend_*, *, *_p
571! +t*_m, *_1, *_2, *_3, *_av, bc_*_b, bc_*_t, ibc_*_b, ibc_*_t, bc_*_t_val,
572! +*_vertical_gradient, *_surface_initial_change, *_vertical_gradient_level,
573! +*_vertical_gradient_level_ind, *_surface, constant_waterflux_*, 
574! +cloud_scheme, icloud_scheme, surface_waterflux_*, sums_ws*s_ws_l, wall_*flux
575!
576! constants for the two-moment scheme:
577! +a_vent, a_term, b_vent, b_term, c_evap, c_term, cof, eps_sb, k_cc, k_cr, k_rr,
578! +k_br, kappa_rr, kin_vis_air, mu_constant_value, nc, pirho_l, dpirho_l, rho_1,
579! +schmidt, schmidt_p_1d3, stp, x0, xmin, xmax, dt_precipitation, w_precipitation
580!
581! steering parameters for the two_moment scheme:
582! +mu_constant, ventilation_effect
583!
584! 1036 2012-10-22 13:43:42Z raasch
585! code put under GPL (PALM 3.9)
586!
587! 1031 2012-10-19 14:35:30Z raasch
588! +output_format_netcdf
589!
590! 1015 2012-09-27 09:23:24Z raasch
591! +acc_rank, num_acc_per_node,
592! -adjust_mixing_length
593!
594! 1010 2012-09-20 07:59:54Z raasch
595! pointer free version can be generated with cpp switch __nopointer
596!
597! 1003 2012-09-14 14:35:53Z raasch
598! -grid_matching, nxa, nya, etc., nnx_pe, nny_pe, spl_*
599!
600! 1001 2012-09-13 14:08:46Z raasch
601! -asselin_filter_factor, cut_spline_overshoot, dt_changed, last_dt_change,
602! last_dt_change_1d, long_filter_factor, overshoot_limit_*, ups_limit_*
603! several pointer/target arrays converted to normal ones
604!
605! 996 2012-09-07 10:41:47Z raasch
606! -use_prior_plot1d_parameters
607!
608! 978 2012-08-09 08:28:32Z fricke
609! +c_u_m, c_u_m_l, c_v_m, c_v_m_l, c_w_m, c_w_m_l,
610! +bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
611! -km_damp_x, km_damp_y, km_damp_max, outflow_damping_width
612! +z0h, z0h_av, z0h_factor, z0h1d
613! +ptdf_x, ptdf_y, pt_damping_width, pt_damping_factor
614!
615! 964 2012-07-26 09:14:24Z raasch
616! -cross_linecolors, cross_linestyles, cross_normalized_x, cross_normx_factor,
617! cross_normalized_y, cross_normy_factor, cross_pnc_local,
618! cross_profile_numbers, cross_profile_number_counter, cross_uxmax,
619! cross_uxmax_computed, cross_uxmax_normalized,
620! cross_uxmax_normalized_computed, cross_uxmin, cross_uxmin_computed,
621! cross_uxmin_normalized, cross_uxmin_normalized_computed, cross_uymax,
622! cross_uymin, cross_xtext, dopr_crossindex, dopr_label, linecolors, linestyles,
623! nz_do1d, profil_output, z_max_do1d, z_max_do1d_normalized
624!
625! 951 2012-07-19 14:22:52Z hoffmann
626! changing profile_columns and profile_rows
627!
628! 940 2012-07-09 14:31:00Z raasch
629! +neutral
630!
631! 927 2012-06-06 19:15:04Z raasch
632! +masking_method
633!
634! 880 2012-04-13 06:28:59Z raasch
635! gathered_size, subdomain_size moved to control_parameters
636!
637! 866 2012-03-28 06:44:41Z raasch
638! interface for global_min_max changed
639!
640! 861 2012-03-26 14:18:34Z suehring
641! +wall_flags_0
642! -boundary_flags
643! +nzb_max
644! +adv_sca_1, +adv_mom_1
645!
646! 849 2012-03-15 10:35:09Z raasch
647! +deleted_particles, deleted_tails, tr.._count_sum, tr.._count_recv_sum in
648! particle_attributes,
649! +de_dx, de_dy, de_dz in arrays_3d,
650! first_call_advec_particles renamed first_call_lpm
651!
652! 828 2012-02-21 12:00:36Z raasch
653! +dissipation_classes, radius_classes, use_kernel_tables,
654! particle feature color renamed class
655!
656! 825 2012-02-19 03:03:44Z raasch
657! +bfactor, curvature_solution_effects, eps_ros, molecular_weight_of_water,
658! vanthoff, -b_cond in cloud_parameters,
659! dopts_num increased to 29, particle attributes speed_x|y|z_sgs renamed
660! rvar1|2|3
661! wang_collision_kernel and turbulence_effects_on_collision replaced by
662! collision_kernel, hall_kernel, palm_kernel, wang_kernel
663!
664! 809 2012-01-30 13:32:58Z marongas
665! Bugfix: replaced .AND. and .NOT. with && and ! in the preprocessor directives
666!
667! 807 2012-01-25 11:53:51Z maronga
668! New cpp directive "__check" implemented which is used by check_namelist_files.
669! New parameter check_restart has been defined which is needed by
670! check_namelist_files only.
671!
672! 805 2012-01-17 15:53:28Z franke
673! Bugfix collective_wait must be out of parallel branch for runs in serial mode
674!
675! 801 2012-01-10 17:30:36Z suehring
676! Dimesion of sums_wsus_ws_l, ! sums_wsvs_ws_l, sums_us2_ws_l, sums_vs2_ws_l,
677! sums_ws2_ws_l, sums_wspts_ws_l, sums_wsqs_ws_l, sums_wssas_ws_l increased.
678! for thread-safe summation in advec_ws.
679!
680! RCS Log replace by Id keyword, revision history cleaned up
681!
682! Revision 1.95  2007/02/11 13:18:30  raasch
683! version 3.1b (last under RCS control)
684!
685! Revision 1.1  1997/07/24 11:21:26  raasch
686! Initial revision
687!
688!
689!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
690! Description:
691! ------------
692!> Definition of global variables
693!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
694
695
696!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
697! Description:
698! ------------
699!> Definition of variables for special advection schemes.
700!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
701 MODULE advection
702 
703    USE kinds
704
705    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  aex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
706    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  bex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
707    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
708    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  eex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
709   
710    SAVE
711
712 END MODULE advection
713
714
715
716!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
717! Description:
718! ------------
719!> The variable in this module is used by multi_agent_system_mod AND
720!> netcdf_interface_mod. It must be here to avoid circular dependency.
721!> This is a workaround.
722!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
723 MODULE mas_global_attributes
724 
725    USE kinds
726
727    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dim_size_agtnum  !< size of agent number dimension for netCDF output
728
729    SAVE
730
731 END MODULE mas_global_attributes
732
733
734!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
735! Description:
736! ------------
737!> Definition of all arrays defined on the computational grid.
738!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
739 MODULE arrays_3d
740
741    USE kinds
742
743    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition
744    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
745    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition
746    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
747    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition
748    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
749    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu                   !< 1/dzu
750    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu_pres              !< modified ddzu for pressure solver
751    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dd2zu                  !< 1/(dzu(k)+dzu(k+1))
752    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu                    !< vertical grid size (u-grid)
753    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzw                   !< 1/dzw
754    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw                    !< vertical grid size (w-grid)
755    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyp                    !< hydrostatic pressure
756    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  inflow_damping_factor  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
757    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_x                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in x-direction
758    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_y                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in y-direction
759    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_init                !< initial profile of potential temperature
760    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  q_init                 !< initial profile of total water mixing ratio
761                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
762    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf                    !< rayleigh damping factor for velocity components
763    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf_sc                 !< rayleigh damping factor for scalar quantities
764    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ref_state              !< reference state of potential temperature
765                                                                   !< (and density in case of ocean simulation)
766    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  s_init                 !< initial profile of passive scalar concentration
767    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sa_init                !< initial profile of salinity (ocean)
768    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ug                     !< geostrophic wind component in x-direction
769    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component u
770    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_stokes_zu            !< u-component of Stokes drift velocity at zu levels
771    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_stokes_zw            !< u-component of Stokes drift velocity at zw levels
772    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  vg                     !< geostrophic wind component in y-direction
773    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component v
774    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_stokes_zu            !< v-component of Stokes drift velocity at zu levels
775    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_stokes_zw            !< v-component of Stokes drift velocity at zw levels
776    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_subs                 !< subsidence/ascent velocity
777    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu                     !< vertical grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
778    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw                     !< vertical grid coordinate of w-grid (in m)
779
780    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u                   !< phase speed of u-velocity component
781    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v                   !< phase speed of v-velocity component
782    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w                   !< phase speed of w-velocity component
783    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_diss           !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
784    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_e              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
785    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration   
786    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration   
787    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_pt             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
788    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_q              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
789    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
790    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
791    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_s              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
792    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_sa             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - salinity
793    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_u              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - u-component
794    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_v              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - v-component
795    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_w              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - w-component
796    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu_mg                !< vertical grid size (u-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
797    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw_mg                !< vertical grid size (w-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
798    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_diss           !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
799    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_e              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
800    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
801    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
802    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_pt             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
803    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_q              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
804    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
805    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
806    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_s              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
807    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_sa             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
808    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_u              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
809    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_v              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
810    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_w              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
811    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f1_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
812    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f2_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
813    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f3_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
814    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_inflow_profiles  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
815    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_amount  !< precipitation amount due to gravitational settling (bulk microphysics)
816    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_slope_ref          !< potential temperature in rotated coordinate system
817                                                                    !< (in case of sloped surface)
818    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_a            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (atmosphere data)
819    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_o            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (ocean data)
820   
821    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d           !< divergence
822    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dx       !< gradient of sgs tke in x-direction (lpm)
823    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dy       !< gradient of sgs tke in y-direction (lpm)
824    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dz       !< gradient of sgs tke in z-direction (lpm)
825    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_diss !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - TKE dissipation
826    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_e    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
827    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nc   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
828    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nr   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
829    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_pt   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - potential temperature
830    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_q    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - mixing ratio
831    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qc   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - cloudwater
832    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qr   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - rainwater
833    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_s    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - passive scalar
834    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_sa   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - salinity
835    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_u    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - u-component
836    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_v    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - v-component
837    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_w    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - w-component
838    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_diss !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
839    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_e    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
840    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nc   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
841    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nr   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
842    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_pt   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
843    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_q    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
844    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qc   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
845    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qr   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
846    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_s    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
847    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_sa   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
848    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_u    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
849    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_v    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
850    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_w    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
851    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  kh  !< eddy diffusivity for heat
852    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  km  !< eddy diffusivity for momentum
853    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  prr         !< rain rate
854    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  p_loc       !< local array in multigrid/sor solver containing the pressure which is iteratively advanced in each iteration step
855    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tend        !< tendency field (time integration)
856    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tric        !< coefficients of the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space
857    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_l       !< velocity data (u at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
858    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_n       !< velocity data (u at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
859    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_r       !< velocity data (u at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
860    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_s       !< velocity data (u at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
861    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_l       !< velocity data (v at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
862    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_n       !< velocity data (v at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
863    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_r       !< velocity data (v at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
864    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_s       !< velocity data (v at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
865    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_l       !< velocity data (w at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
866    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_n       !< velocity data (w at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
867    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_r       !< velocity data (w at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
868    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_s       !< velocity data (w at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
869
870#if defined( __nopointer )
871    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss       !< TKE dissipation
872    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_p     !< prognostic value TKE dissipation
873    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e          !< subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
874    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_p        !< prognostic value of sgs tke
875    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc         !< cloud drop number density
876    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_p       !< prognostic value of cloud drop number density
877    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr         !< rain drop number density
878    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_p       !< prognostic value of rain drop number density
879    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p          !< perturbation pressure
880    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho       !< potential density
881    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt         !< potential temperature
882    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_p       !< prognostic value of potential temperature
883    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q          !< mixing ratio 
884                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
885    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_p        !< prognostic value of mixing ratio
886    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc         !< cloud water content
887    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_p       !< cloud water content
888    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql         !< liquid water content
889    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c       !< change in liquid water content due to
890                                                                   !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
891    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v       !< volume of liquid water
892    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp      !< liquid water weighting factor
893    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr         !< rain water content
894    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_p       !< prognostic value of rain water content
895    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean  !< density of ocean
896    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s          !< passive scalar
897    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_p        !< prognostic value of passive scalar
898    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa         !< ocean salinity
899    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_p       !< prognostic value of ocean salinity
900    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tdiss_m    !< weighted tendency of diss for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
901    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  te_m       !< weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
902    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnc_m      !< weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
903    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnr_m      !< weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
904    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tpt_m      !< weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
905    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tq_m       !< weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
906    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqc_m      !< weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
907    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqr_m      !< weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
908    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ts_m       !< weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
909    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tsa_m      !< weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
910    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tu_m       !< weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
911    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tv_m       !< weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
912    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tw_m       !< weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
913    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u          !< horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
914    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_p        !< prognostic value of u
915    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v          !< horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
916    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_p        !< prognostic value of v
917    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt        !< virtual potential temperature
918    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w          !< vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
919    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_p        !< prognostic value of w
920#else
921    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
922    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_2  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
923    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_3  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
924    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
925    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
926    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
927    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p       !< pointer: perturbation pressure
928    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
929    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
930    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
931    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
932    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
933    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
934    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
935    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
936    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
937    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
938    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
939    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
940    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
941    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
942    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
943    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
944    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v    !< pointer: volume of liquid water
945    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp   !< pointer: liquid water weighting factor
946    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
947    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
948    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
949    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
950    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
951    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
952    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
953    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
954    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
955    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
956    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
957    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
958    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
959    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
960    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
961    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
962    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
963    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
964    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
965    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
966    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
967    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
968
969    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  diss       !< pointer: TKE dissipation
970    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  diss_p     !< pointer: prognostic value of TKE dissipation
971    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  e          !< pointer: subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
972    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  e_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of sgs tke
973    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nc         !< pointer: cloud drop number density
974    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nc_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of cloud drop number density
975    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nr         !< pointer: rain drop number density
976    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain drop number density
977    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  prho       !< pointer: potential density
978    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  pt         !< pointer: potential temperature
979    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  pt_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of potential temperature
980    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  q          !< pointer: mixing ratio
981    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  q_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of mixing ratio
982    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qc         !< pointer: cloud water content
983    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qc_p       !< pointer: cloud water content
984    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ql         !< pointer: liquid water content
985    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ql_c       !< pointer: change in liquid water content due to
986                                                                   !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
987    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qr         !< pointer: rain water content
988    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain water content
989    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  rho_ocean  !< pointer: density of ocean
990    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  s          !< pointer: passive scalar
991    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  s_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of passive scalar
992    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  sa         !< pointer: ocean salinity
993    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  sa_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of ocean salinity
994    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tdiss_m    !< pointer: weighted tendency of diss for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
995    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  te_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
996    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tnc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
997    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tnr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
998    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tpt_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
999    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tq_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1000    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tqc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1001    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tqr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1002    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ts_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1003    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tsa_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1004    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tu_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1005    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tv_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1006    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tw_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1007    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  u          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
1008    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  u_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of u
1009    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  v          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
1010    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  v_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of v
1011    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  vpt        !< pointer: virtual potential temperature
1012    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  w          !< pointer: vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
1013    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  w_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of w
1014#endif
1015
1016    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tri    !<  array to hold the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space (4th dimension for threads)
1017
1018    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air      !< air density profile on the uv grid
1019    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw   !< air density profile on the w grid
1020    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air     !< inverse air density profile on the uv grid
1021    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air_zw  !< inverse air density profile on the w grid
1022
1023    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_mg     !< air density profiles on the uv grid for multigrid
1024    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw_mg  !< air density profiles on the w grid for multigrid
1025
1026    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_input_conversion       !< conversion factor array for heatflux input
1027    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_input_conversion      !< conversion factor array for waterflux input
1028    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_input_conversion   !< conversion factor array for momentumflux input
1029    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_output_conversion      !< conversion factor array for heatflux output
1030    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_output_conversion     !< conversion factor array for waterflux output
1031    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_output_conversion  !< conversion factor array for momentumflux output
1032
1033    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyrho   !< density of air calculated with hydrostatic pressure
1034    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  exner   !< ratio of actual and potential temperature
1035    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d_exner !< ratio of potential and actual temperature
1036
1037    SAVE
1038
1039 END MODULE arrays_3d
1040
1041
1042!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1043! Description:
1044! ------------
1045!> Definition of variables needed for time-averaging of 2d/3d data.
1046!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1047 MODULE averaging
1048 
1049    USE kinds
1050
1051    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ghf_av                 !< avg. ground heat flux
1052    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  lwp_av                 !< avg. liquid water path
1053    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ol_av                  !< avg. Obukhov length
1054    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  qsws_av                !< avg. surface moisture flux
1055    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  r_a_av                 !< avg. resistance
1056    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ssws_av                !< avg. surface scalar flux
1057    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  shf_av                 !< avg. surface heat flux
1058    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tsurf_av               !< avg. surface temperature
1059    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_av                  !< avg. characteristic temperature scale
1060    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  us_av                  !< avg. friction velocity
1061    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0_av                  !< avg. roughness length for momentum
1062    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0h_av                 !< avg. roughness length for heat
1063    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0q_av                 !< avg. roughness length for moisture
1064
1065    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_av       !< avg. tke dissipation rate
1066    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_av          !< avg. subgrid-scale tke
1067    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  kh_av         !< avg. eddy diffusivity for heat
1068    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  km_av         !< avg. eddy diffusivity for momentum
1069    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  lpt_av        !< avg. liquid water potential temperature
1070    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_av         !< avg. cloud drop number density
1071    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_av         !< avg. rain drop number density
1072    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p_av          !< avg. perturbation pressure
1073    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pc_av         !< avg. particle/droplet concentration
1074    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pr_av         !< avg. particle/droplet radius
1075    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prr_av        !< avg. precipitation rate
1076    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_av         !< avg. potential temperature
1077    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_av          !< avg. mixing ratio
1078                                                                      !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
1079    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_av         !< avg. cloud water content
1080    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_av         !< avg. liquid water content
1081    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c_av       !< avg. change in liquid water content due to
1082                                                                      !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
1083    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v_av       !< avg. volume of liquid water
1084    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp_av      !< avg. liquid water weighting factor
1085    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_av         !< avg. rain water content
1086    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qv_av         !< avg. water vapor content (mixing ratio)
1087    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean_av  !< avg. ocean density
1088    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_av          !< avg. passive scalar
1089    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_av         !< avg. salinity
1090    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component u
1091    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component v
1092    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_av        !< avg. virtual potential temperature
1093    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_av          !< avg. vertical velocity component
1094 
1095 END MODULE averaging
1096
1097 
1098!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1099! Description:
1100! ------------
1101!> Definition of parameters for program control
1102!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1103 MODULE control_parameters
1104
1105    USE kinds
1106
1107    TYPE file_status
1108       LOGICAL ::  opened         !< file is currently open
1109       LOGICAL ::  opened_before  !< file is currently closed, but has been openend before
1110    END TYPE file_status
1111   
1112    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  mask_xyz_dimension = 100  !< limit of mask dimensions (100 points in each direction)
1113    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  max_masks = 50            !< maximum number of masks
1114    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  varnamelength = 30        !< length of output variable names
1115
1116    TYPE(file_status), DIMENSION(200+2*max_masks) ::                &  !< indicates if file is open or if it has been opened before
1117                             openfile = file_status(.FALSE.,.FALSE.)
1118
1119    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  cycle_mg = 'w'                               !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1120    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  timestep_reason = ' '                        !< 'A'dvection or 'D'iffusion criterion, written to RUN_CONTROL file
1121    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  coupling_char = ''                           !< appended to filenames in coupled or nested runs ('_O': ocean PE,
1122                                                                          !< '_NV': vertically nested atmosphere PE, '_N##': PE of nested domain ##
1123    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  most_method = 'newton'                       !< namelist parameter
1124    CHARACTER (LEN=10)   ::  run_date = ' '                               !< date of simulation run
1125    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_time = ' '                               !< time of simulation run
1126    CHARACTER (LEN=5)    ::  run_zone = ' '                               !< time zone of simulation run
1127    CHARACTER (LEN=9)    ::  simulated_time_chr                           !< simulated time, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1128    CHARACTER (LEN=11)   ::  topography_grid_convention = ' '             !< namelist parameter
1129    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  version = ' '                                !< PALM version number
1130    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  revision = ' '                               !< PALM revision number
1131    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_current_revision = ' '        !< revision number of the currently used user-interface (must match user_interface_required_revision)
1132    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_required_revision = ' '       !< required user-interface revision number
1133    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  conserve_volume_flow_mode = 'default'        !< namelist parameter
1134    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  loop_optimization = 'cache'                  !< namelist parameter
1135    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  momentum_advec = 'ws-scheme'                 !< namelist parameter
1136    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  psolver = 'poisfft'                          !< namelist parameter
1137    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  scalar_advec = 'ws-scheme'                   !< namelist parameter
1138    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  approximation = 'boussinesq'                 !< namelist parameter
1139    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_input_mode = 'approximation-specific'   !< type of flux input: dynamic or kinematic
1140    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_output_mode = 'approximation-specific'  !< type of flux output: dynamic or kinematic
1141    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_e_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1142    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_lr = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
1143    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_ns = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
1144    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1145    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_t = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1146    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1147    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_t = 'initial_gradient'                 !< namelist parameter
1148    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1149    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_t = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1150    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1151    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_t = 'initial_gradient'                  !< namelist parameter
1152    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1153    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_t = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1154    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode = 'uncoupled'                  !< coupling mode for atmosphere-ocean coupling 
1155    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode_remote = 'uncoupled'           !< coupling mode of the remote process in case of coupled atmosphere-ocean runs
1156    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  dissipation_1d = 'detering'                  !< namelist parameter
1157    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'           !< namelist parameter
1158    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  mixing_length_1d = 'blackadar'               !< namelist parameter
1159    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  random_generator = 'random-parallel'         !< namelist parameter
1160    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  reference_state = 'initial_profile'          !< namelist parameter 
1161    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  timestep_scheme = 'runge-kutta-3'            !< namelist parameter       
1162    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  turbulence_closure = 'Moeng_Wyngaard'        !< namelist parameter
1163    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  topography = 'flat'                          !< namelist parameter
1164    CHARACTER (LEN=64)   ::  host = '????'                                !< configuration identifier as given by palmrun option -c, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by palmrun
1165    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  log_message                                  !< user-defined message for debugging (sse data_log.f90)
1166    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  run_identifier                               !< run identifier as given by palmrun option -r, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by palmrun
1167    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  initializing_actions = ' '                   !< namelist parameter
1168    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  restart_string = ' '                         !< for storing strings in case of writing/reading restart data
1169    CHARACTER (LEN=210)  ::  run_description_header                       !< string containing diverse run informations as run identifier, coupling mode, host, ensemble number, run date and time
1170    CHARACTER (LEN=1000) ::  message_string = ' '                         !< dynamic string for error message output
1171
1172    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1173    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1174    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  doav = ' '              !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1175                                                                              !< averaged output quantities
1176                                           
1177    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1178    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1179
1180    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(300) ::  data_output_pr = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1181   
1182    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(200) ::  data_output_pr_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1183   
1184    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,0:1,100) ::  domask = ' ' !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1185                                                                                 !< masked output quantities
1186   
1187    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do2d = ' '  !< label array for 2d output quantities
1188    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do3d = ' '  !< label array for 3d output quantities
1189
1190    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  fl_max = 100     !< maximum number of virtual-flight measurements
1191    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  var_fl_max = 20  !< maximum number of different sampling variables in virtual flight measurements
1192   
1193    INTEGER(iwp) ::  abort_mode = 1                    !< abort condition (nested runs)
1194    INTEGER(iwp) ::  agt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for agent data output
1195    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_pr = 0              !< number of samples in vertical-profile output
1196    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_3d = 0              !< number of samples in 3d output
1197    INTEGER(iwp) ::  current_timestep_number = 0       !< current timestep number, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1198    INTEGER(iwp) ::  coupling_topology = 0             !< switch for atmosphere-ocean-coupling: 0: same number of grid points and PEs along x and y in atmosphere and ocean, otherwise 1
1199    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_range = 0                    !< switch for steering the horizontal disturbance range, 1: inflow disturbances in case of non-cyclic horizontal BC, 0: otherwise
1200    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_b           !< lowest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1201    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_t           !< highest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1202    INTEGER(iwp) ::  doav_n = 0                        !< number of 2d/3d output quantities subject to time averaging
1203    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_n = 0                        !< number of profile output quantities subject to time averaging
1204    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for profile output
1205    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopts_time_count = 0              !< number of output intervals for particle data timeseries
1206    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dots_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for timeseries output
1207    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dp_level_ind_b = 0                !< lowest grid index for external pressure gradient forcing
1208    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_filecount = 0                !< parameter for dvr visualization software
1209    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ensemble_member_nr = 0            !< namelist parameter
1210    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gamma_mg                          !< switch for steering the multigrid cycle: 1: v-cycle, 2: w-cycle
1211    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gathered_size                     !< number of total domain grid points of the grid level which is gathered on PE0 (multigrid solver)
1212    INTEGER(iwp) ::  grid_level                        !< current grid level handled in the multigrid solver
1213    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_e_b                           !< integer flag for bc_e_b
1214    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_b                           !< integer flag for bc_p_b
1215    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_t                           !< integer flag for bc_p_t
1216    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_b                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_b
1217    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_t                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_t
1218    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_b                           !< integer flag for bc_q_b
1219    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_t                           !< integer flag for bc_q_t
1220    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_b                           !< integer flag for bc_s_b
1221    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_t                           !< integer flag for bc_s_t
1222    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_b                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_b
1223    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_t                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_t
1224    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_begin = -1     !< namelist parameter
1225    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_end = -1       !< namelist parameter
1226    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count       !< number of current Runge-Kutta substep
1227    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count_max   !< maximum number of Runge-Kutta substeps
1228    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_group = 0                      !< I/O group to which the PE belongs (= #PE / io_blocks)
1229    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_blocks = 1                     !< number of blocks for which I/O is done in sequence (total number of PEs / maximum_parallel_io_streams)
1230    INTEGER(iwp) ::  iran = -1234567                   !< integer random number used for flow disturbances
1231    INTEGER(iwp) ::  length = 0                        !< integer that specifies the length of a string in case of writing/reading restart data
1232    INTEGER(iwp) ::  masks = 0                         !< counter for number of masked output quantities
1233    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_grid_level                !< number of grid levels that the multigrid solver is using
1234    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_parallel_io_streams = -1  !< maximum number of parallel io streams that the underlying parallel file system allows, set with palmrun option -w, ENVPAR namelist parameter, provided by palmrun
1235    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user = 0                   !< number of user-defined profiles (must not change within a job chain)
1236    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user_tmp = 0               !< number of user-defined profiles that is temporary stored to check it against max_pr_user in case of restarts
1237    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mgcycles = 0                      !< number of multigrid cycles that the multigrid solver has actually carried out
1238    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_cycles = 4                     !< namelist parameter
1239    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_switch_to_pe0_level = -1       !< namelist parameter
1240    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mid                               !< masked output running index
1241    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngsrb = 2                         !< namelist parameter
1242    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nr_timesteps_this_run = 0         !< number of timesteps (cpu time measurements)
1243    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor = 20                         !< namelist parameter
1244    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor_ini = 100                    !< namelist parameter
1245    INTEGER(iwp) ::  n_sor                             !< number of iterations to be used in SOR-scheme
1246    INTEGER(iwp) ::  normalizing_region = 0            !< namelist parameter
1247    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_mean_inflow_profiles = 7      !< number of mean inflow profiles in case of turbulent inflow
1248    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_leg=0                         !< number of different legs in virtual flight measurements
1249    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl                        !< number of sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1250    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl_user=0                 !< number of user-defined sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1251    INTEGER(iwp) ::  number_stretch_level_start        !< number of user-specified start levels for stretching
1252    INTEGER(iwp) ::  number_stretch_level_end          !< number of user-specified end levels for stretching
1253    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_do3d = -9999                   !< namelist parameter
1254    INTEGER(iwp) ::  prt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for particle data output
1255    INTEGER(iwp) ::  recycling_plane                   !< position of recycling plane along x (in grid points) in case of turbulence recycling
1256    INTEGER(iwp) ::  runnr = 0                         !< number of run in job chain
1257    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subdomain_size                    !< number of grid points in (3d) subdomain including ghost points
1258    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled = 0             !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs
1259    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled_remote = 0      !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs (condition of the remote model)
1260    INTEGER(iwp) ::  timestep_count = 0                !< number of timesteps carried out since the beginning of the initial run
1261    INTEGER(iwp) ::  y_shift = 0                       !< namelist parameter
1262   
1263    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxl(0:1)                               !< left boundary of disturbance region
1264    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxr(0:1)                               !< right boundary of disturbance region
1265    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nyn(0:1)                               !< north boundary of disturbance region
1266    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nys(0:1)                               !< south boundary of disturbance region
1267    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 2d output quantities
1268    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xy_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1269    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xz_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1270    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_yz_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1271    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 3d output quantities
1272    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_time_count(0:1) = 0                    !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1273    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_no(max_masks,0:1) = 0                !< number of masked output quantities
1274    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_time_count(max_masks,0:1)            !< number of output intervals for masked data
1275    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_end_index(9)               !< vertical grid level index until which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1276    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_start_index(9)             !< vertical grid level index above which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1277    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size(max_masks,3) = -1                 !< size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1278    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size_l(max_masks,3) = -1               !< subdomain size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1279    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_start_l(max_masks,3) = -1              !< subdomain start index of mask array (for netcdf output)
1280    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of pt_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1281    INTEGER(iwp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of q_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1282    INTEGER(iwp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of s_vertical_gradient_level(s)   
1283    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section(100,3)                              !< collective array for section_xy/xz/yz
1284    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xy(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1285    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1286    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_yz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1287    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of ug_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1288    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of vg_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1289    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level_i(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of subs_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1290
1291    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xy  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1292    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1293    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_yz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1294    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_3d     !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1295
1296    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  grid_level_count  !< internal switch for steering the multigrid v- and w-cycles
1297
1298    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1299    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1300    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1301    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1302    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1303    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1304
1305    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_k_over_surface = -1  !< namelist parameter, k index of height over surface
1306
1307    LOGICAL ::  agent_time_unlimited = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1308    LOGICAL ::  air_chemistry = .FALSE.                          !< chemistry model switch
1309    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_l                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on left model boundary
1310    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_n                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on north model boundary
1311    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_r                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on right model boundary
1312    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_s                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on south model boundary
1313    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_cyc =.TRUE.                                !< left-right boundary condition cyclic?
1314    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_dirrad = .FALSE.                           !< left-right boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1315    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_raddir = .FALSE.                           !< left-right boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1316    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_cyc = .TRUE.                               !< north-south boundary condition cyclic?
1317    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_dirrad = .FALSE.                           !< north-south boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1318    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_raddir = .FALSE.                           !< north-south boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1319    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_l = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at left domain boundary
1320    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_n = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at north domain boundary
1321    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_r = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at right domain boundary
1322    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_s = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at south domain boundary
1323    LOGICAL ::  biometeorology = .FALSE.                         !< biometeorology module switch
1324    LOGICAL ::  calc_soil_moisture_during_spinup = .FALSE.       !< namelist parameter
1325    LOGICAL ::  call_psolver_at_all_substeps = .TRUE.            !< namelist parameter
1326    LOGICAL ::  child_domain  = .FALSE.                          !< flag indicating that model is nested in a parent domain
1327    LOGICAL ::  cloud_droplets = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1328    LOGICAL ::  complex_terrain = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1329    LOGICAL ::  conserve_volume_flow = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1330    LOGICAL ::  constant_diffusion = .FALSE.                     !< diffusion coefficient constant?
1331    LOGICAL ::  constant_flux_layer = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1332    LOGICAL ::  constant_heatflux = .TRUE.                       !< heat flux at all surfaces constant?
1333    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_heatflux = .TRUE.                   !< heat flux at domain top constant?
1334    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_momentumflux = .FALSE.              !< momentum flux at domain topconstant?
1335    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_salinityflux = .TRUE.               !< constant salinity flux at ocean surface
1336    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_scalarflux = .TRUE.                 !< passive-scalar flux at domain top constant?
1337    LOGICAL ::  constant_scalarflux = .TRUE.                     !< passive-scalar flux at surfaces constant?
1338    LOGICAL ::  constant_waterflux = .TRUE.                      !< water flux at all surfaces constant?
1339    LOGICAL ::  create_disturbances = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1340    LOGICAL ::  data_output_during_spinup = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1341    LOGICAL ::  data_output_2d_on_each_pe = .TRUE.               !< namelist parameter
1342    LOGICAL ::  disturbance_created = .FALSE.                    !< flow disturbance imposed?
1343    LOGICAL ::  do2d_at_begin = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1344    LOGICAL ::  do3d_at_begin = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1345    LOGICAL ::  do_sum = .FALSE.                                 !< contribute to time average of profile data?
1346    LOGICAL ::  dp_external = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1347    LOGICAL ::  dp_smooth = .FALSE.                              !< namelist parameter
1348    LOGICAL ::  dt_fixed = .FALSE.                               !< fixed timestep (namelist parameter dt set)?
1349    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached                                    !< internal timestep for particle advection
1350    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached_l                                  !< internal timestep for particle advection
1351    LOGICAL ::  first_call_lpm = .TRUE.                          !< call lpm only once per timestep?
1352    LOGICAL ::  first_call_mas = .TRUE.                          !< call mas only once per timestep
1353    LOGICAL ::  force_print_header = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1354    LOGICAL ::  galilei_transformation = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1355    LOGICAL ::  humidity = .FALSE.                               !< namelist parameter
1356    LOGICAL ::  humidity_remote = .FALSE.                        !< switch for receiving near-surface humidity flux (atmosphere-ocean coupling)
1357    LOGICAL ::  indoor_model = .FALSE.                           !< switch for indoor-climate and energy-demand model
1358    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_forcing = .FALSE.                    !< namelist parameter
1359    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_subsidence = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1360    LOGICAL ::  land_surface = .FALSE.                           !< use land surface model?
1361    LOGICAL ::  les_dynamic = .FALSE.                            !< use dynamic subgrid model as turbulence closure for LES mode
1362    LOGICAL ::  les_mw = .FALSE.                                 !< use Moeng-Wyngaard turbulence closure for LES mode
1363    LOGICAL ::  lsf_exception = .FALSE.                          !< use of lsf with buildings (temporary)?
1364    LOGICAL ::  lsf_surf = .TRUE.                                !< use surface forcing (large scale forcing)?
1365    LOGICAL ::  lsf_vert = .TRUE.                                !< use atmospheric forcing (large scale forcing)?
1366    LOGICAL ::  masking_method = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1367    LOGICAL ::  mg_switch_to_pe0 = .FALSE.                       !< internal multigrid switch for steering the ghost point exchange in case that data has been collected on PE0
1368    LOGICAL ::  nesting_offline = .FALSE.                        !< flag controlling offline nesting in COSMO model 
1369    LOGICAL ::  neutral = .FALSE.                                !< namelist parameter
1370    LOGICAL ::  nudging = .FALSE.                                !< namelist parameter
1371    LOGICAL ::  ocean_mode = .FALSE.                             !< namelist parameter
1372    LOGICAL ::  passive_scalar = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1373    LOGICAL ::  plant_canopy = .FALSE.                           !< switch for use of plant canopy model
1374    LOGICAL ::  random_heatflux = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1375    LOGICAL ::  rans_mode = .FALSE.                              !< switch between RANS and LES mode
1376    LOGICAL ::  rans_tke_e = .FALSE.                             !< use TKE-e turbulence closure for RANS mode
1377    LOGICAL ::  rans_tke_l = .FALSE.                             !< use TKE-l turbulence closure for RANS mode
1378    LOGICAL ::  read_svf = .FALSE.                               !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer input of svf (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1379    LOGICAL ::  recycling_yshift = .FALSE.                       !< namelist parameter
1380    LOGICAL ::  run_control_header = .FALSE.                     !< onetime output of RUN_CONTROL header
1381    LOGICAL ::  run_coupled = .TRUE.                             !< internal switch telling PALM to run in coupled mode (i.e. to exchange surface data) in case of atmosphere-ocean coupling
1382    LOGICAL ::  scalar_rayleigh_damping = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1383    LOGICAL ::  sloping_surface = .FALSE.                        !< use sloped surface? (namelist parameter alpha_surface)
1384    LOGICAL ::  spinup = .FALSE.                                 !< perform model spinup without atmosphere code?
1385    LOGICAL ::  surface_data_output = .FALSE.                    !< output of surface data
1386    LOGICAL ::  stop_dt = .FALSE.                                !< internal switch to stop the time stepping
1387    LOGICAL ::  synchronous_exchange = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1388    LOGICAL ::  syn_turb_gen = .FALSE.                           !< flag for synthetic turbulence generator module
1389    LOGICAL ::  terminate_run = .FALSE.                          !< terminate run (cpu-time limit, restarts)?
1390    LOGICAL ::  topo_no_distinct = .FALSE.                       !< flag controlling classification of topography surfaces
1391    LOGICAL ::  transpose_compute_overlap = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1392    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_inflow = .FALSE.                       !< namelist parameter
1393    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_outflow = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1394    LOGICAL ::  urban_surface = .FALSE.                          !< use urban surface model?
1395    LOGICAL ::  use_cmax = .TRUE.                                !< namelist parameter
1396    LOGICAL ::  use_free_convection_scaling = .FALSE.            !< namelist parameter to switch on free convection velocity scale in calculation of horizontal wind speed (surface_layer_fluxes)
1397    LOGICAL ::  use_initial_profile_as_reference = .FALSE.       !< use of initial profiles as reference state?
1398    LOGICAL ::  use_prescribed_profile_data = .FALSE.            !< use of prescribed wind profiles?
1399                                                                 !< (namelist parameters u_profile, v_profile)
1400    LOGICAL ::  use_single_reference_value = .FALSE.             !< use of single value as reference state?
1401    LOGICAL ::  use_subsidence_tendencies = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1402    LOGICAL ::  use_surface_fluxes = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1403    LOGICAL ::  use_top_fluxes = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1404    LOGICAL ::  use_ug_for_galilei_tr = .TRUE.                   !< namelist parameter
1405    LOGICAL ::  use_upstream_for_tke = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1406    LOGICAL ::  uv_exposure = .FALSE.                            !< switch for uv exposure model
1407    LOGICAL ::  virtual_flight = .FALSE.                         !< use virtual flight model
1408    LOGICAL ::  virtual_measurement = .FALSE.                    !< control parameter to switch-on virtual measurements
1409    LOGICAL ::  wall_adjustment = .TRUE.                         !< namelist parameter
1410    LOGICAL ::  wind_turbine = .FALSE.                           !< flag for use of wind turbine model
1411    LOGICAL ::  write_binary = .FALSE.                           !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer restart I/O (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1412    LOGICAL ::  write_svf = .FALSE.                              !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer output of svf (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1413    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_sca = .FALSE.                          !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (scalar advection)?
1414    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_mom = .FALSE.                          !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (momentum advection)?
1415
1416    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xy(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xy cross-section data?
1417    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xz cross-section data?
1418    LOGICAL ::  data_output_yz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of yz cross-section data?
1419
1420    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(max_masks) ::  mask_surface = .FALSE.      !< flag for surface-following masked output
1421
1422    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_x = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along x
1423                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1424    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_y = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along y
1425                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1426    REAL(wp) ::  alpha_surface = 0.0_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1427    REAL(wp) ::  atmos_ocean_sign = 1.0_wp                     !< vertical-grid conversion factor
1428                                                               !< (=1.0 in atmosphere, =-1.0 in ocean)
1429    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1430    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1431    REAL(wp) ::  bc_pt_t_val                                   !< vertical gradient of pt near domain top
1432    REAL(wp) ::  bc_q_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of humidity near domain top
1433    REAL(wp) ::  bc_s_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of passive scalar near domain top
1434    REAL(wp) ::  bottom_salinityflux = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1435    REAL(wp) ::  building_height = 50.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1436    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_x = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1437    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_y = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1438    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1439    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1440    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_height = 50.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1441    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1442    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1443    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1444    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1445    REAL(wp) ::  cfl_factor = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1446    REAL(wp) ::  cos_alpha_surface                             !< cosine of alpha_surface
1447    REAL(wp) ::  coupling_start_time = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1448    REAL(wp) ::  days_since_reference_point = 0.0_wp           !< days after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated,
1449                                                               !< or after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1450    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_amplitude = 0.25_wp               !< namelist parameter
1451    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_energy_limit = 0.01_wp            !< namelist parameter
1452    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_b = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1453    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_t = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1454    REAL(wp) ::  dp_level_b = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1455    REAL(wp) ::  dt = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1456    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1457    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1458    REAL(wp) ::  dt_coupling = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1459    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1460    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1461    REAL(wp) ::  dt_disturb = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1462    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1463    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr_listing = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1464    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopts = 9999999.9_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1465    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dots = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1466    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1467    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1468    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1469    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1470    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dvrp = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1471    REAL(wp) ::  dt_max = 20.0_wp                              !< namelist parameter
1472    REAL(wp) ::  dt_restart = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1473    REAL(wp) ::  dt_run_control = 60.0_wp                      !< namelist parameter
1474    REAL(wp) ::  dt_spinup = 60.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1475    REAL(wp) ::  dt_write_agent_data = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1476    REAL(wp) ::  dt_3d = 0.01_wp                               !< time step
1477    REAL(wp) ::  dz_max = 999.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1478    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor = 1.08_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1479    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level = -9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1480    REAL(wp) ::  e_init = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1481    REAL(wp) ::  e_min = 0.0_wp                                !< namelist parameter
1482    REAL(wp) ::  end_time = 0.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1483    REAL(wp) ::  f = 0.0_wp                                    !< Coriolis parameter
1484    REAL(wp) ::  fs = 0.0_wp                                   !< Coriolis parameter
1485    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_height = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1486    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_width = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1487    REAL(wp) ::  km_constant = -1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1488    REAL(wp) ::  latitude = 55.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1489    REAL(wp) ::  longitude = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1490    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_x = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1491    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_y = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1492    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_z = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1493    REAL(wp) ::  maximum_cpu_time_allowed = 0.0_wp             !< given wall time for run
1494    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_viscosity = 1.461E-5_wp             !< molecular viscosity (used in lsm and lpm)
1495    REAL(wp) ::  multi_agent_system_end   = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1496    REAL(wp) ::  multi_agent_system_start = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1497    REAL(wp) ::  old_dt = 1.0E-10_wp                           !< length of previous timestep
1498    REAL(wp) ::  omega = 7.29212E-5_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1499    REAL(wp) ::  omega_sor = 1.8_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1500    REAL(wp) ::  outflow_source_plane = -9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1501    REAL(wp) ::  particle_maximum_age = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1502    REAL(wp) ::  prandtl_number = 1.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1503    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_factor = 0.0_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1504    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_width = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1505    REAL(wp) ::  pt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1506    REAL(wp) ::  pt_slope_offset = 0.0_wp                      !< temperature difference between left and right
1507                                                               !< boundary of total domain
1508    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface = 300.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1509    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp            !< namelist parameter
1510    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1511    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1512    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_factor = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1513    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_height = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1514    REAL(wp) ::  recycling_width = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1515    REAL(wp) ::  residual_limit = 1.0E-4_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1516    REAL(wp) ::  restart_time = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1517    REAL(wp) ::  rho_reference                                 !< reference state of density
1518    REAL(wp) ::  rho_surface                                   !< surface value of density
1519    REAL(wp) ::  roughness_length = 0.1_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1520    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time = 0.0_wp                       !< elapsed simulated time
1521    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time_at_begin                       !< elapsed simulated time of previous run (job chain)
1522    REAL(wp) ::  sin_alpha_surface                             !< sine of alpha_surface (sloped surface)
1523    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output = 0.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1524    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter
1525    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1526    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1527    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1528    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1529    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1530    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_amplitude = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1531    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_mean = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1532    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_time = 0.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1533    REAL(wp) ::  surface_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1534    REAL(wp) ::  surface_pressure = 1013.25_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1535    REAL(wp) ::  surface_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1536    REAL(wp) ::  surface_waterflux = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1537    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1538    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1539    REAL(wp) ::  termination_time_needed = 35.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1540    REAL(wp) ::  time_coupling = 0.0_wp                        !< time since last coupling (surface_coupler)
1541    REAL(wp) ::  time_disturb = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last flow disturbance
1542    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last profile output
1543    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged profile output
1544    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_listing = 0.0_wp                    !< time since last profile output (ASCII) on file
1545    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopts = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last particle timeseries output
1546    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last spectra output
1547    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged spectra output
1548    REAL(wp) ::  time_dots = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last timeseries output
1549    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xy = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xy cross-section output
1550    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xz cross-section output
1551    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_yz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last yz cross-section output
1552    REAL(wp) ::  time_do3d = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last 3d output
1553    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_av = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last averaged-data output
1554    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_sla = 0.0_wp                          !< time since last
1555    REAL(wp) ::  time_dvrp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last dvrp output
1556    REAL(wp) ::  time_restart = 9999999.9_wp                   !< time at which run shall be terminated and restarted
1557    REAL(wp) ::  time_run_control = 0.0_wp                     !< time since last RUN_CONTROL output
1558    REAL(wp) ::  time_since_reference_point = 0.0_wp           !< time after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated, or time after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1559    REAL(wp) ::  top_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1560    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_u = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1561    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_v = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1562    REAL(wp) ::  top_salinityflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1563    REAL(wp) ::  top_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1564    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_height = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1565    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_length = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1566    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1567    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1568    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_wall_depth = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1569    REAL(wp) ::  ug_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1570    REAL(wp) ::  u_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1571    REAL(wp) ::  u_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1572    REAL(wp) ::  vg_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1573    REAL(wp) ::  vpt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                  !< reference state of virtual potential temperature
1574    REAL(wp) ::  v_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1575    REAL(wp) ::  v_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1576    REAL(wp) ::  wall_adjustment_factor = 1.8_wp               !< adjustment factor for mixing length l
1577    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_max = 20.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1578    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_min = -20.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1579    REAL(wp) ::  z0h_factor = 1.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1580
1581    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xy_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xy output
1582    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xz output
1583    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_yz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous yz output
1584    REAL(wp) ::  dpdxy(1:2) = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1585    REAL(wp) ::  dt_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1586    REAL(wp) ::  dz(10) = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1587    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level_start(9) = -9999999.9_wp         !< namelist parameter
1588    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level_end(9) = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1589    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor_array(9) = 1.08_wp              !< namelist parameter
1590    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale(3)                                     !< collective array for mask_scale_x/y/z
1591    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1592    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp   !< namelist parameter
1593    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1594    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1595    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1596    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1597    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp        !< namelist parameter
1598    REAL(wp) ::  threshold(20) = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1599    REAL(wp) ::  time_domask(max_masks) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1600    REAL(wp) ::  tsc(10) = (/ 1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, &    !< array used for controlling time-integration at different substeps
1601                 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp /)
1602    REAL(wp) ::  u_profile(200) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1603    REAL(wp) ::  uv_heights(200) = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1604    REAL(wp) ::  v_profile(200) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1605    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1606    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1607    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1608    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1609    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow(1:3) = 0.0_wp                         !< volume flow through 1:yz-plane, 2: xz-plane, 3: xy-plane (nest childs only)
1610    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_area(1:3) = 0.0_wp                    !< area of the respective volume flow planes
1611    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_initial(1:3) = 0.0_wp                 !< initial volume flow (t=0) through the respective volume flow planes
1612    REAL(wp) ::  wall_heatflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1613    REAL(wp) ::  wall_humidityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1614    REAL(wp) ::  wall_salinityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1615    REAL(wp) ::  wall_scalarflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1616    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp               !< namelist parameter
1617    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1618
1619    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dp_smooth_factor  !< smoothing factor for external pressure gradient forcing
1620
1621    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_x = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1622    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_y = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1623    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_z = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1624   
1625    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_x_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1626    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_y_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1627    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_z_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1628   
1629!
1630!--    internal mask arrays ("mask,dimension,selection")
1631       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask       !< collective array for mask_x/y/z
1632       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_loop  !< collective array for mask_x/y/z_loop
1633
1634    SAVE
1635
1636 END MODULE control_parameters
1637
1638
1639!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1640! Description:
1641! ------------
1642!> Definition of variables used with dvrp-software.
1643!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1644 MODULE dvrp_variables
1645
1646    USE kinds
1647
1648    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  dvrp_output = 'rtsp'        !< dvr namelist parameter
1649    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_color = 'none'     !< dvr namelist parameter
1650    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_dvrpsize = 'none'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1651
1652    CHARACTER (LEN=20), DIMENSION(10) ::  mode_dvrp = &  !< dvr namelist parameter
1653                                     (/ ( '                    ', i9 = 1,10 ) /)
1654
1655    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_directory = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1656    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_file      = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1657    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_host      = 'origin.rvs.uni-hannover.de'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1658    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_password  = '********'                    !< dvr namelist parameter
1659    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_username  = ' '                           !< dvr namelist parameter
1660
1661    INTEGER(iwp) ::  cluster_size = 1                   !< dvr namelist parameter
1662    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries = 4        !< internal dvr software variable
1663    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries_prt = 22   !< internal dvr software variable
1664    INTEGER(iwp) ::  islice_dvrp                        !< internal dvr software variable
1665    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1666    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1667    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1668    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1669    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1670    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1671    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1672    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeintime = 5           !< dvr namelist parameter
1673    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeouttime = 5          !< dvr namelist parameter
1674    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_linecount = 1000         !< dvr namelist parameter
1675    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_maxhistory = 40          !< dvr namelist parameter
1676    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavecount = 10           !< dvr namelist parameter
1677    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavetime = 50            !< dvr namelist parameter
1678    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_gradient_normals = 0            !< dvr namelist parameter
1679    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_mode = 0                        !< dvr namelist parameter
1680    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_x = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1681    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_y = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1682    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_z = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1683
1684    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(10) ::  slicer_position_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1685
1686    LOGICAL ::  cyclic_dvrp = .FALSE.                      !< internal dvr software variable
1687    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_overlap                               !< internal dvr software variable
1688    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_total_overlap                         !< internal dvr software variable
1689    LOGICAL ::  local_dvrserver_running                    !< namelist parameter (ENVPAR namelist provided by palmrun)
1690    LOGICAL ::  lock_steering_update = .FALSE.             !< internal dvr software variable
1691    LOGICAL ::  use_seperate_pe_for_dvrp_output = .FALSE.  !< internal dvr software variable
1692
1693    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_l = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1694    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_n = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1695    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_r = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1696    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_s = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1697    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation = 1.0_wp     !< dvr namelist parameter
1698    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_x = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1699    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_y = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1700    REAL(wp) ::  vc_alpha = 38.0_wp          !< dvr namelist parameter
1701
1702    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  color_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)     !< dvr namelist parameter
1703    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  dvrpsize_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1704
1705    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  groundplate_color = (/ 0.0_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1706    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  topography_color = (/ 0.8_wp, 0.7_wp, 0.6_wp /)   !< dvr namelist parameter
1707
1708    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2,10) ::  slicer_range_limits_dvrp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1709
1710    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3,10) ::  isosurface_color  !< dvr namelist parameter
1711
1712    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp          !< internal dvr software variable
1713    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp_prt      !< internal dvr software variable
1714    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp               !< internal dvr software variable
1715    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp_prt           !< internal dvr software variable
1716    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp = 0.5_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1717    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp_prt = 0.5_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1718    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp = 1.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1719    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp_prt = 1.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1720    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp = 0.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1721    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp_prt = 0.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1722
1723    DATA  slicer_range_limits_dvrp / -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1724                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1725                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1726                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp /
1727
1728    DATA  isosurface_color / 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp,  0.8_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1729                             0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.6_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, &
1730                             0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.4_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, &
1731                             0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, 0.1_wp /
1732
1733    DATA  interval_h_dvrp / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1734                            25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1735
1736    DATA  interval_h_dvrp_prt / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1737                                25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1738
1739    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  xcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1740    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ycoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1741    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1742
1743    TYPE steering
1744       CHARACTER (LEN=24) ::  name  !< internal dvr software variable
1745       REAL(sp)           ::  min   !< internal dvr software variable
1746       REAL(sp)           ::  max   !< internal dvr software variable
1747       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imin  !< internal dvr software variable
1748       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imax  !< internal dvr software variable
1749    END TYPE steering
1750
1751    TYPE(steering), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  steering_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1752
1753    SAVE
1754
1755 END MODULE dvrp_variables
1756
1757
1758!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1759! Description:
1760! ------------
1761!> Definition of grid spacings.
1762!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1763 MODULE grid_variables
1764
1765    USE kinds
1766
1767    REAL(wp) ::  ddx          !< 1/dx
1768    REAL(wp) ::  ddx2         !< 1/dx2
1769    REAL(wp) ::  dx = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along x-direction)
1770    REAL(wp) ::  dx2          !< dx*dx
1771    REAL(wp) ::  ddy          !< 1/dy
1772    REAL(wp) ::  ddy2         !< 1/dy2
1773    REAL(wp) ::  dy = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along y-direction)
1774    REAL(wp) ::  dy2          !< dy*dy
1775
1776    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddx2_mg  !< 1/dx_l**2 (dx_l: grid spacing along x on different multigrid level)
1777    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddy2_mg  !< 1/dy_l**2 (dy_l: grid spacing along y on different multigrid level)
1778
1779    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu_s_inner  !< height of topography top on scalar grid
1780    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw_w_inner  !< height of topography top on w grid
1781                                             
1782    SAVE
1783
1784 END MODULE grid_variables
1785
1786
1787!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1788! Description:
1789! ------------
1790!> Definition of array bounds, number of gridpoints, and wall flag arrays.
1791!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1792 MODULE indices
1793
1794    USE kinds
1795
1796    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nbgp = 3       !< number of boundary ghost points
1797    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums       !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of output profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1798    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums_ls    !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of large-scale forcing profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1799    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnx            !< number of subdomain grid points in x-direction
1800    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx = 0         !< nx+1 = total number of grid points in x-direction
1801    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_a           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (atmosphere)
1802    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_o           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (ocean)
1803    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl            !< left-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1804    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlg           !< left-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1805    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlu           !< =nxl+1 (at left domain boundary with inflow from left), else =nxl (used for u-velocity component)
1806    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr            !< right-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1807    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxrg           !< right-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1808    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_on_file     !< nx of previous run in job chain
1809    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nny            !< number of subdomain grid points in y-direction
1810    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny = 0         !< ny+1 = total number of grid points in y-direction
1811    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_a           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (atmosphere)
1812    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_o           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (ocean)
1813    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn            !< north-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1814    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyng           !< north-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1815    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys            !< south-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1816    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysg           !< south-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1817    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysv           !< =nys+1 (at south domain boundary with inflow from south), else =nys (used for v-velocity component)
1818    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_on_file     !< ny of previous run in job chain
1819    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnz            !< number of subdomain grid points in z-direction
1820    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz = 0         !< total number of grid points in z-direction
1821    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb            !< bottom grid index of computational domain
1822    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_diff       !< will be removed
1823    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_max        !< vertical index of topography top
1824    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt            !< nzt+1 = top grid index of computational domain
1825    INTEGER(iwp) ::  topo_min_level !< minimum topography-top index (usually equal to nzb)
1826
1827    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d        !< number of grid points of the total domain
1828    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d_inner  !< ! need to have 64 bit for grids > 2E9
1829                   
1830    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh  !< number of grid points of a horizontal cross section through the total domain
1831    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxl_mg   !< left-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1832    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxr_mg   !< right-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1833    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nyn_mg   !< north-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1834    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nys_mg   !< south-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1835    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzt_mg   !< top-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1836
1837
1838    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_outer     !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography and non-surface-bounded
1839    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_s_inner   !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography
1840    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mg_loc_ind        !< internal array to store index bounds of all PEs of that multigrid level where data is collected to PE0
1841    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_inner  !< will be removed
1842    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_outer  !< will be removed
1843    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_inner         !< will be removed
1844    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_outer         !< will be removed
1845    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_inner       !< will be removed
1846    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_outer       !< will be removed
1847    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_inner       !< will be removed
1848    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_outer       !< will be removed
1849    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_inner       !< will be removed
1850    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_outer       !< will be removed
1851    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_inner       !< will be removed
1852    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_outer       !< will be removed
1853
1854    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  flags  !< pointer to wall_flags_1-10
1855
1856    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_1   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 1
1857    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_2   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 2
1858    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_3   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 3
1859    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_4   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 4
1860    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_5   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 5
1861    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_6   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 6
1862    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_7   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 7
1863    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_8   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 8
1864    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_9   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 9
1865    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_10  !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 10
1866
1867    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_1            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1868    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_2            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1869    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  wall_flags_0            !< flags to mask topography and surface-bounded grid points
1870
1871    SAVE
1872
1873 END MODULE indices
1874
1875
1876!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1877! Description:
1878! ------------
1879!> Interfaces for special subroutines which use optional parameters.
1880!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1881 MODULE interfaces
1882
1883    INTERFACE
1884
1885!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1886! Description:
1887! ------------
1888!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1889!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1890       SUBROUTINE global_min_max ( i1, i2, j1, j2, k1, k2, array, mode, offset, &
1891                                   result, result_ijk, result1, result1_ijk )
1892
1893          USE kinds
1894
1895          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  mode                      !< mode of global min/max function: can be 'min', 'max', 'minmax', 'abs', or 'absoff'
1896          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1897          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1898          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1899          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1900          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1901          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1902          INTEGER(iwp)                  ::  result_ijk(3)             !< grid index result of min/max function
1903          INTEGER(iwp), OPTIONAL        ::  result1_ijk(3)            !< optional grid index result of min/max function
1904          REAL(wp)                      ::  offset                    !< min/max function calculates absolute value with respect to an offset
1905          REAL(wp)                      ::  result                    !< result of min/max function
1906          REAL(wp), OPTIONAL            ::  result1                   !< optional result of min/max function
1907          REAL(wp), INTENT(IN)          ::  array(i1:i2,j1:j2,k1:k2)  !< input array of min/max function
1908
1909       END SUBROUTINE global_min_max
1910
1911    END INTERFACE
1912
1913    SAVE
1914
1915 END MODULE interfaces
1916
1917
1918!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1919! Description:
1920! ------------
1921!> Interfaces for subroutines with pointer arguments called in
1922!> prognostic_equations.
1923!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1924 MODULE pointer_interfaces
1925
1926    INTERFACE
1927
1928!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1929! Description:
1930! ------------
1931!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1932!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1933       SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc( sk, sk_char )
1934
1935          USE kinds
1936
1937          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  sk_char  !< string for treated scalar in Bott-Chlond scheme
1938#if defined( __nopointer )
1939          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:) ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1940#else
1941          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1942#endif
1943       END SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc
1944
1945    END INTERFACE
1946
1947    SAVE
1948
1949 END MODULE pointer_interfaces
1950
1951
1952!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1953! Description:
1954! ------------
1955!> Definition of variables which define processor topology and the exchange of
1956!> ghost point layers. This module must be placed in all routines containing
1957!> MPI-calls.
1958!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1959 MODULE pegrid
1960
1961    USE kinds
1962
1963#if defined( __parallel )
1964#if defined( __mpifh )
1965    INCLUDE "mpif.h"
1966#else
1967    USE MPI
1968#endif
1969#endif
1970    CHARACTER(LEN=2) ::  send_receive = 'al'     !<
1971    CHARACTER(LEN=7) ::  myid_char = ''          !< character string containing processor id number
1972   
1973    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dx                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along x
1974    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dy                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along y
1975    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm2d                      !< standard 2d (xy) communicator used in PALM for the process group the PE belongs to
1976    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_inter                  !< intercommunicator that connects atmosphere/ocean process groups
1977    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_palm                   !< internal communicator used during the MPI setup at the beginning of a run
1978    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_inflow = 0               !< myidx of procs at inflow (turbulent inflow method)
1979    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow = 0              !< myidx of procs at outflow (turbulent outflow method)
1980    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow_source = 0       !< myidx of procs including ouflow source plane (turbulent outflow method)
1981    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_recycling = 0            !< myidx of procs containing the recycling plane (turbulence recycling method)
1982    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ierr                        !< standard error parameter in MPI calls
1983    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myid = 0                    !< id number of processor element
1984    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidx = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along x-direction
1985    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidy = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along y-direction
1986    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ndim = 2                    !< dimension of the virtual PE grid
1987    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_a                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (atmosphere)
1988    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_o                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (ocean)
1989    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_xy                      !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: number of grid points of the subdomain
1990    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_y                       !< number of subdomain grid points along y including ghost points
1991    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npex = -1                   !< number of processor elements in x-direction
1992    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npey = -1                   !< number of processor elements in y-direction
1993    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs = 1                !< total number of appointed processor elements
1994    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs_previous_run = -1  !< total number of appointed processor elements in previous run (job chain)
1995    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pleft                       !< MPI-address of the processor left of the current one
1996    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pnorth                      !< MPI-address of the processor north of the current one
1997    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pright                      !< MPI-address of the processor right of the current one
1998    INTEGER(iwp) ::  psouth                      !< MPI-address of the processor south of the current one
1999    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req_count = 0               !< MPI return variable - checks if Send-Receive operation is already finished
2000    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_xy            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions (y --> x, or x --> y) or second (2d) transposition x --> y
2001    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_yz            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in third (2d) transposition y --> z
2002    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zx            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in first (2d) transposition z --> x
2003    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zyd           !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions z --> y (used for calculating spectra)
2004    INTEGER(iwp) ::  target_id                   !< in atmosphere/ocean coupling: id of the ocean/atmosphere counterpart PE with whom the atmosphere/ocean PE exchanges data
2005    INTEGER(iwp) ::  tasks_per_node = -9999      !< MPI tasks per compute node
2006    INTEGER(iwp) ::  threads_per_task = 1        !< number of OPENMP threads per MPI task
2007    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
2008    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xy                     !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
2009    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D exchange in atmosphere-ocean coupler
2010
2011    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pdims(2) = 1  !< number of processors along x-y dimension
2012    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req(100)      !< MPI return variable indicating if send-receive operation is finished
2013
2014    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds               !< horizontal index bounds
2015    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds_previous_run  !< horizontal index bounds of previous run
2016
2017    LOGICAL ::  collective_wait = .FALSE.          !< switch to set an explicit MPI barrier in front of all collective MPI calls
2018
2019#if defined( __parallel )
2020    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibuf(12)                 !< internal buffer for calculating MPI settings
2021    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pcoord(2)                !< PE coordinates along x and y
2022    INTEGER(iwp) ::  status(MPI_STATUS_SIZE)  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
2023   
2024    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(MPI_STATUS_SIZE,100) ::  wait_stat  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
2025   
2026    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x_byte !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D 8-bit integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
2027    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y_byte !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
2028   
2029    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz      !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
2030    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz_int  !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
2031    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz      !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
2032    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz_int  !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
2033    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_x_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
2034    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
2035    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz_int !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
2036    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_y_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
2037    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
2038    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz_int !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
2039
2040    LOGICAL ::  left_border_pe  = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on left border of computational domain
2041    LOGICAL ::  north_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on north border of computational domain
2042    LOGICAL ::  reorder = .TRUE.           !< switch to allow MPI the reorder of ranking (e.g. row-major or column-major)
2043    LOGICAL ::  right_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on right border of computational domain
2044    LOGICAL ::  south_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on south border of computational domain
2045
2046    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  cyclic = (/ .TRUE. , .TRUE. /)  !< boundary conditions of the virtual PE grid
2047    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  remain_dims                     !< internal array used to determine sub-topologies for transpositions
2048#endif
2049
2050    SAVE
2051
2052 END MODULE pegrid
2053
2054
2055!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2056! Description:
2057! ------------
2058!> Definition of variables which control PROFIL-output.
2059!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2060 MODULE profil_parameter
2061
2062    USE kinds
2063
2064    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  crmax = 100  !< maximum number of coordinate systems for profile output
2065
2066    CHARACTER (LEN=27), DIMENSION(20) ::  cross_ts_profiles = &  !< time series to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
2067                           (/ ' E E*                      ', &
2068                              ' dt                        ', &
2069                              ' u* w*                     ', &
2070                              ' th*                       ', &
2071                              ' umax vmax wmax            ', &
2072                              ' div_old div_new           ', &
2073                              ' zi_wtheta zi_theta        ', &
2074                              ' w"theta"0 w"theta" wtheta ', &
2075                              ' theta(0) theta(zp)        ', &
2076                              ' splux spluy spluz         ', &
2077                              ' L                         ', &
2078                            ( '                           ', i9 = 1, 9 ) /)
2079
2080    CHARACTER (LEN=100), DIMENSION(crmax) ::  cross_profiles = &  !< quantities to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
2081                          (/ ' u v                                          ', &
2082                             ' pt                                           ', &
2083                             ' w"theta" w*theta* w*theta*BC wtheta wthetaBC ', &
2084                             ' w"u" w*u* wu w"v" w*v* wv                    ', &
2085                             ' km kh                                        ', &
2086                             ' l                                            ', &
2087             ( '                                              ', i9 = 1, 94 ) /)
2088
2089    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_columns = 2  !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per column
2090    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_rows = 3     !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per row
2091
2092    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_index(300) = 0                !< index number of respective profile quantity
2093    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_initial_index(300) = 0        !< index number of initial profiles to be output
2094               
2095    SAVE
2096
2097 END MODULE profil_parameter
2098
2099!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2100! Description:
2101! ------------
2102!> Definition of statistical quantities, e.g. global sums.
2103!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2104 MODULE statistics
2105
2106    USE kinds
2107
2108    CHARACTER (LEN=40) ::  region(0:9)  !< label for statistic region
2109 
2110    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pr_palm = 200          !< maximum number of output profiles
2111    INTEGER(iwp) ::  statistic_regions = 0  !< identifier for statistic regions
2112
2113    INTEGER(iwp) ::  u_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where u_max occurs
2114    INTEGER(iwp) ::  v_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where v_max occurs
2115    INTEGER(iwp) ::  w_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where w_max occurs
2116   
2117    LOGICAL ::  flow_statistics_called = .FALSE.  !< flag that tells other routines if flow statistics was executed
2118                                                  !< (after each timestep)
2119   
2120    REAL(wp) ::  u_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute u-veloctiy in entire domain
2121    REAL(wp) ::  v_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute v-veloctiy in entire domain
2122    REAL(wp) ::  w_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute w-veloctiy in entire domain
2123
2124    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  z_i  !< inversion height
2125   
2126    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_surface_level_height  !< mean surface level height for the different statistic regions
2127    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divnew_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence after pressure
2128                                                                       !< solver call (new)
2129    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divold_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence before pressure
2130                                                                       !< solver call (old)
2131    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_substep             !< weighting factor for substeps in timestepping
2132    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_pres                !< substep weighting factor for pressure solver
2133   
2134    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums             !< global sum array for the various output quantities
2135    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsts_bc_l   !< subdomain sum of sensible heat flux in Bott-Chlond scheme
2136    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_value         !< timeseries output array for the various output quantities
2137    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsus_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2138    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsvs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2139    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_us2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux u'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2140    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_vs2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux v'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2141    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ws2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'w' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2142    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsncs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical clouddrop-number concentration flux w'nc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2143    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsnrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical raindrop-number concentration flux w'nr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2144    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wspts_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical sensible heat flux w'pt' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2145    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical latent heat flux w'q' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2146    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqcs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical cloudwater flux w'qc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2147    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical rainwater flux w'qr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2148    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wssas_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical salinity flux w'sa' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2149    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsss_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical passive scalar flux w's' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2150    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ls_l        !< subdomain sum of large scale forcing and nudging tendencies
2151                                             
2152    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom_sum             !< sum array for horizontal mean
2153    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rmask               !< REAL flag array (0.0 or 1.0) for statistic regions
2154    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) gathered for various quantities
2155    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l_l            !< subdomain sum (_l) of mixing length from diffusivities
2156   
2157    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom  !< horizontal mean of various quantities (profiles/timeseries)
2158
2159    SAVE
2160
2161 END MODULE statistics
2162
2163
2164
2165!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2166! Description:
2167! ------------
2168!> Definition of indices for transposed arrays.
2169!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2170 MODULE transpose_indices
2171
2172    USE kinds
2173
2174    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2175    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2176    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2177    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2178    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2179    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2180    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2181    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2182    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2183    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2184    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2185    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2186    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2187    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2188    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2189    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2190               
2191    SAVE
2192
2193 END MODULE transpose_indices
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