source: palm/trunk/SOURCE/modules.f90 @ 2326

Last change on this file since 2326 was 2326, checked in by gronemeier, 4 years ago

Updated variable description

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1!> @file modules.f90
2!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
3! This file is part of PALM.
4!
5! PALM is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
6! terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
7! Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
8! version.
9!
10! PALM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
11! WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
12! A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.
13!
14! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
15! PALM. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
16!
17! Copyright 1997-2017 Leibniz Universitaet Hannover
18!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
19!
20! Current revisions:
21! ------------------
22!
23!
24! Former revisions:
25! -----------------
26! $Id: modules.f90 2326 2017-08-01 07:23:24Z gronemeier $
27! Updated variable descriptions
28!
29! 2320 2017-07-21 12:47:43Z suehring
30! -ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, td_lsa_lpt, td_lsa_q, td_sub_lpt, td_sub_q, ug_vert,
31!  vg_vert, unudge, vnudge, wsubs_vert, shf_surf, p_surf, pt_surf, q_surt,
32!  qsws_surf, tmp_tnudge, timenudge, time_surf, time_vert
33!
34! 2300 2017-06-29 13:31:14Z raasch
35! default value for host changed to '????', default value for loop_optimization
36! changed to 'cache', default value for termination_time_needed set to 35.0
37!
38! 2298 2017-06-29 09:28:18Z raasch
39! missing variable descriptions have been added,
40! type of write_binary changed from CHARACTER to LOGICAL
41! -plot_precision, plot_3d_precision, return_addres, return_username,
42! avs_data_file, exchange_mg, sendrecvcound_yxd, sendrecv_in_background,
43! port_name, profile_number, cross_ts_numbers, cross_ts_number_count,
44! dots_crossindex, dots_index, cross_ts_uymax, cross_ts_uymax_computed,
45! cross_ts_uymin, cross_ts_uymin_computed
46!
47! 2296 2017-06-28 07:53:56Z maronga
48! Added parameters for model spinup
49!
50! 2292 2017-06-20 09:51:42Z schwenkel
51! Implementation of new microphysic scheme: cloud_scheme = 'morrison'
52! includes two more prognostic equations for cloud drop concentration (nc) 
53! and cloud water content (qc).
54!
55! 2277 2017-06-12 10:47:51Z kanani
56! Added doxygen comments for variables/parameters,
57! removed unused variables dissipation_control, do2d_xy_n, do2d_xz_n, do2d_yz_n,
58! do3d_avs_n, lptnudge, lqnudge, lunudge, lvnudge, lwnudge, skip_do_avs,
59! sums_up_fraction_l.
60!
61! 2259 2017-06-08 09:09:11Z gronemeier
62! Implemented synthetic turbulence generator
63!
64! 2256 2017-06-07 13:58:08Z suehring
65! Change default value of zeta_min to -20
66! Increase dimension for wall_heatflux, etc.
67!
68! 2233 2017-05-30 18:08:54Z suehring
69!
70! 2232 2017-05-30 17:47:52Z suehring
71! Renamed wall_flags_0 and wall_flags_00 into advc_flags_1 and advc_flags_2,
72! respectively. Moreover, introduced further flag array wall_flags_0.
73!
74! Adjustments for new topography concept:
75!   -fwxm, fwxp, fwym, fwyp, fxm, fxp, fym, fyp, rif_wall, wall_e_x, wall_e_y,
76!   -wall_v, wall_u, wall_w_x, wall_w_y, wall_qflux, wall_sflux, wall_nrflux,
77!   -wall_qrflux
78!
79! Adjustments for new surface concept:
80!   +land_surface
81!   -z0, z0h, z0q, us, ts, qs, qsws, nrs, nrsws, qrs, qrsws, ssws, ss, saswsb
82!   -nzb_diff_u, nzb_diff_v, nzt_diff
83!   -uswst, vswst, tswst, sswst, saswst, qswst, qrswst, nrswst, qswst_remote
84!
85! Generic tunnel setup:
86!   +tunnel_height, tunnel_length, tunnel_width_x, tunnel_width_y,
87!   +tunnel_wall_depth
88!
89! Topography input via netcdf
90!   +lod
91!
92! 2200 2017-04-11 11:37:51Z suehring
93! -monotonic_adjustment
94!
95! 2174 2017-03-13 08:18:57Z maronga
96! Changed default values for most_method to 'newton'
97!
98! 2118 2017-01-17 16:38:49Z raasch
99! -acc_rank, background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_south, j_north,
100!  num_acc_per_node, on_device
101!
102! 2107 2017-01-09 12:21:49Z kanani
103! Preparation for doxygen comments (Giersch)
104!
105! 2050 2016-11-08 15:00:55Z gronemeier
106! Implement turbulent outflow condition
107!
108! 2037 2016-10-26 11:15:40Z knoop
109! Anelastic approximation implemented
110!
111! 2031 2016-10-21 15:11:58Z knoop
112! renamed variable rho to rho_ocean and rho_av to rho_ocean_av
113!
114! 2011 2016-09-19 17:29:57Z kanani
115! +urban_surface, +lsf_exception, +varnamelength
116!
117! 2007 2016-08-24 15:47:17Z kanani
118! Increased DIMENSION of data_output, data_output_user, do2d, do3d
119!
120! 2000 2016-08-20 18:09:15Z knoop
121! Forced header and separation lines into 80 columns
122!
123! 1992 2016-08-12 15:14:59Z suehring
124! +constant_top_scalarflux, top_scalarflux
125! default of bc_s_t adjusted
126!
127! 1968 2016-07-18 12:01:49Z suehring
128! Changed dimension for MPI-datatypes type_x_int and type_y_int
129!
130! 1960 2016-07-12 16:34:24Z suehring
131! Separate humidity and passive scalar
132! +bc_s_t_val, diss_s_s, diss_l_s, flux_s_s, flux_l_s, s, sp, s1, s2, s3, ssws_av,
133!  s_init, s_surf, sums_wsss_ws_l, ss, ssws, sswst, ts_m, wall_sflux
134! +constant_scalarflux, ibc_s_b, ibc_s_t, s_vertical_gradient_level_ind
135!
136! Unused variables removed
137! -gamma_x, gamma_y, gamma_z, var_x, var_y, var_z
138!
139! Change initial values (in order to unify gradient calculation):
140! pt_vertical_gradient_level, sa_vertical_gradient_level
141!
142! 1957 2016-07-07 10:43:48Z suehring
143! +fl_max, num_leg, num_var_fl, num_var_fl_user, var_fl_max, virtual_flight
144!
145! 1918 2016-05-27 14:35:57Z raasch
146! default timestep switched from -1.0 to +1.0 in order to avoid wrong sign of
147! initially calculated divergence
148!
149! 1906 2016-05-24 14:38:08Z suehring
150! default value of mg_switch_to_pe0_level changed to -1
151!
152! 1849 2016-04-08 11:33:18Z hoffmann
153! bfactor, mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
154! vanthoff moved to mod_particle_attributes.
155! dt_micro and several cloud_parameters moved to microphysics_mod.
156! 1d-microphysics profiles moved to microphysics_mod.
157!
158! 1845 2016-04-08 08:29:13Z raasch
159! -nzb_2d
160!
161! 1833 2016-04-07 14:23:03Z raasch
162! spectra parameter moved to spectra module
163!
164! 1831 2016-04-07 13:15:51Z hoffmann
165! curvature_solution_effects removed
166! turbulence renamed collision_turbulence, drizzle renamed
167! cloud_water_sedimentation
168!
169! 1822 2016-04-07 07:49:42Z hoffmann
170! icloud_scheme removed. microphysics_sat_adjust, microphysics_kessler,
171! microphysics_seifert added.
172!
173! 1815 2016-04-06 13:49:59Z raasch
174! cpp-directive for decalpha removed
175!
176! 1808 2016-04-05 19:44:00Z raasch
177! MPI module used by default on all machines
178!
179! 1804 2016-04-05 16:30:18Z maronga
180! Removed code for parameter file check (__check)
181!
182! 1788 2016-03-10 11:01:04Z maronga
183! Added roughness length for moisture (z0q)
184!
185! 1786 2016-03-08 05:49:27Z raasch
186! module spectrum moved to new separate module
187!
188! 1783 2016-03-06 18:36:17Z raasch
189! netcdf variables moved to the netcdf-interface module
190!
191! 1779 2016-03-03 08:01:28Z raasch
192! coupling_char extended to LEN=3
193!
194! 1764 2016-02-28 12:45:19Z raasch
195! some reformatting
196!
197! 1762 2016-02-25 12:31:13Z hellstea
198! +nest_* variables, size of volume_flow arrays increased by one element
199!
200! 1738 2015-12-18 13:56:05Z raasch
201! +mean_surface_level_height
202!
203! 1695 2015-10-27 10:03:11Z maronga
204! Removed rif (forgotten in last revision)
205!
206! 1693 2015-10-27 08:35:45Z maronga
207! Renamed zp -> z_mo
208!
209! 1691 2015-10-26 16:17:44Z maronga
210! Renamed Obukhov length. Added ol, removed rif. Increased number of profiles
211! (pr_palm). Changed default values for dissipation_1d to 'detering' and
212! (mixing_length_1d to 'blackadar'. Added most_method. rif_min and rif_max
213! renamed to zeta_min and zeta_max and new values assigned.
214!
215! 1682 2015-10-07 23:56:08Z knoop
216! Code annotations made doxygen readable
217!
218! 1677 2015-10-02 13:25:23Z boeske
219! +ngp_yz_int, type_xz_int, type_yz_int
220!
221! 1666 2015-09-23 07:31:10Z raasch
222! +user_interface_current_revision, user_interface_required_revision in
223! control_parameters
224!
225! 1639 2015-08-31 14:46:48Z knoop
226! Bugfix: string 'unknown' extended to match LEN=13
227!
228! 1575 2015-03-27 09:56:27Z raasch
229! +ngp_xz
230!
231! 1560 2015-03-06 10:48:54Z keck
232! +recycling_yshift
233!
234! 1557 2015-03-05 16:43:04Z suehring
235! +monotonic_adjustment
236!
237! 1551 2015-03-03 14:18:16Z maronga
238! Increased pr_palm to 120. Increased length of dots_unit and dots_label to 13
239! digits. Increased length of domask, do2d, and do3d to 20 digits.
240!
241! 1496 2014-12-02 17:25:50Z maronga
242! Renamed "radiation" -> "cloud_top_radiation"
243!
244! 1484 2014-10-21 10:53:05Z kanani
245! Changes due to new module structure of the plant canopy model:
246!   canopy-model related parameters/variables moved to module
247!   plant_canopy_model_mod
248!
249! 1468 2014-09-24 14:06:57Z maronga
250! Adapted for use on up to 6-digit processor cores.
251! Increased identifier string length for user-defined quantities to 20.
252!
253! 1450 2014-08-21 07:31:51Z heinze
254! ntnudge from 100 to 1000 increased to allow longer simulations
255!
256! 1431 2014-07-15 14:47:17Z suehring
257! +var_d
258!
259! 1429 2014-07-15 12:53:45Z knoop
260! +ensemble_member_nr to prepare the random_generator for ensemble runs
261!
262! 1382 2014-04-30 12:15:41Z boeske
263! Renamed variables which store large scale forcing tendencies
264! pt_lsa -> td_lsa_lpt, pt_subs -> td_sub_lpt,
265! q_lsa  -> td_lsa_q,   q_subs  -> td_sub_q
266!
267! 1365 2014-04-22 15:03:56Z boeske
268! Usage of large scale forcing enabled:
269! increase pr_palm from 90 to 100 to allow for more standard profiles
270! + ngp_sums_ls, pt_lsa, pt_subs, q_lsa, q_subs, tmp_tnudge, sums_ls_l,
271! use_subsidence_tendencies
272!
273! 1361 2014-04-16 15:17:48Z hoffmann
274! tend_* removed
275! call_microphysics_at_all_substeps added
276! default of drizzle set to true
277!
278! 1359 2014-04-11 17:15:14Z hoffmann
279! particle_attributes moved to mod_particle_attributes.f90
280!
281! 1353 2014-04-08 15:21:23Z heinze
282! REAL constants provided with KIND-attribute
283!
284! 1327 2014-03-21 11:00:16Z raasch
285! REAL constants defined as wp-kind
286! -avs_output, data_output_format, do3d_compress, iso2d_output, netcdf_output
287!
288! 1320 2014-03-20 08:40:49Z raasch
289! ONLY-attribute added to USE-statements,
290! kind-parameters added to all INTEGER and REAL declaration statements,
291! kinds are defined in new module kinds,
292! old module precision_kind is removed,
293! revision history before 2012 removed,
294! comment fields (!:) to be used for variable explanations added to
295! all variable declaration statements
296!
297! 1318 2014-03-17 13:35:16Z raasch
298! module cpulog moved to new separate module-file
299! interface for cpu_log removed
300!
301! 1314 2014-03-14 18:25:17Z suehring
302! + log_z_z0, number_of_sublayers, z0_av_global
303! 1308 2014-03-13 14:58:42Z fricke
304! +ntdim_2d_xy, ntdim_2d_xz, ntdim_2d_yz, ntdim_3d
305!
306! 1257 2013-11-08 15:18:40Z raasch
307! set default values for grid indices of maximum velocity components
308! u|v|w_max_ijk
309!
310! 1241 2013-10-30 11:36:58Z heinze
311! Usage of nudging enabled
312! +nudging, ntnudge, ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, unudge, vnudge, wnudge
313! increase pr_palm from 80 to 90 to allow for more standard profiles
314!
315! Enable prescribed time depenend surface fluxes and geostrophic wind read in
316! from external file LSF_DATA
317! +large_scale_forcing, lsf_surf, lsf_vert, nlsf, time_surf, shf_surf, qsws_surf,
318!  pt_surf, q_surf, p_surf, time_vert, ug_vert, vg_vert, wsubs_vert
319!
320! 1221 2013-09-10 08:59:13Z raasch
321! wall_flags_0 changed to 32bit int, +wall_flags_00,
322! +rflags_s_inner, rflags_invers
323!
324! 1216 2013-08-26 09:31:42Z raasch
325! +transpose_compute_overlap,
326! several variables are now defined in the serial (non-parallel) case also
327!
328! 1212 2013-08-15 08:46:27Z raasch
329! +tri
330!
331! 1179 2013-06-14 05:57:58Z raasch
332! +reference_state, ref_state, use_initial_profile_as_reference, vpt_reference,
333! use_reference renamed use_single_reference_value
334!
335! 1159 2013-05-21 11:58:22Z fricke
336! -bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
337! +use_cmax
338!
339! 1128 2013-04-12 06:19:32Z raasch
340! +background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_north, j_south, req, req_count,
341! send_receive, sendrecv_in_background, wait_stat
342!
343! 1115 2013-03-26 18:16:16Z hoffmann
344! unused variables removed
345!
346! 1113 2013-03-10 02:48:14Z raasch
347! +on_device
348!
349! 1111 2013-03-08 23:54:10Z raasch
350! +tric, nr_timesteps_this_run
351!
352! 1106 2013-03-04 05:31:38Z raasch
353! array_kind renamed precision_kind, pdims defined in serial code
354! bugfix: default value assigned to coupling_start_time
355!
356! 1095 2013-02-03 02:21:01Z raasch
357! FORTRAN error in r1092 removed
358!
359! 1092 2013-02-02 11:24:22Z raasch
360! character length in some derived type changed for better alignment
361!
362! 1065 2012-11-22 17:42:36Z hoffmann
363! + c_sedimentation, limiter_sedimentation, turbulence, a_1, a_2, a_3, b_1, b_2,
364! + b_3, c_1, c_2, c_3, beta_cc
365!
366! bottom boundary condition of qr, nr changed from Dirichlet to Neumann
367!
368! 1053 2012-11-13 17:11:03Z hoffmann
369! necessary expansions according to the two new prognostic equations (nr, qr)
370! of the two-moment cloud physics scheme:
371! +*_init, flux_l_*, diss_l_*, flux_s_*, diss_s_*, *sws, *swst, tend_*, *, *_p
372! +t*_m, *_1, *_2, *_3, *_av, bc_*_b, bc_*_t, ibc_*_b, ibc_*_t, bc_*_t_val,
373! +*_vertical_gradient, *_surface_initial_change, *_vertical_gradient_level,
374! +*_vertical_gradient_level_ind, *_surface, constant_waterflux_*, 
375! +cloud_scheme, icloud_scheme, surface_waterflux_*, sums_ws*s_ws_l, wall_*flux
376!
377! constants for the two-moment scheme:
378! +a_vent, a_term, b_vent, b_term, c_evap, c_term, cof, eps_sb, k_cc, k_cr, k_rr,
379! +k_br, kappa_rr, kin_vis_air, mu_constant_value, nc, pirho_l, dpirho_l, rho_1,
380! +schmidt, schmidt_p_1d3, stp, x0, xmin, xmax, dt_precipitation, w_precipitation
381!
382! steering parameters for the two_moment scheme:
383! +mu_constant, ventilation_effect
384!
385! 1036 2012-10-22 13:43:42Z raasch
386! code put under GPL (PALM 3.9)
387!
388! 1031 2012-10-19 14:35:30Z raasch
389! +output_format_netcdf
390!
391! 1015 2012-09-27 09:23:24Z raasch
392! +acc_rank, num_acc_per_node,
393! -adjust_mixing_length
394!
395! 1010 2012-09-20 07:59:54Z raasch
396! pointer free version can be generated with cpp switch __nopointer
397!
398! 1003 2012-09-14 14:35:53Z raasch
399! -grid_matching, nxa, nya, etc., nnx_pe, nny_pe, spl_*
400!
401! 1001 2012-09-13 14:08:46Z raasch
402! -asselin_filter_factor, cut_spline_overshoot, dt_changed, last_dt_change,
403! last_dt_change_1d, long_filter_factor, overshoot_limit_*, ups_limit_*
404! several pointer/target arrays converted to normal ones
405!
406! 996 2012-09-07 10:41:47Z raasch
407! -use_prior_plot1d_parameters
408!
409! 978 2012-08-09 08:28:32Z fricke
410! +c_u_m, c_u_m_l, c_v_m, c_v_m_l, c_w_m, c_w_m_l,
411! +bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
412! -km_damp_x, km_damp_y, km_damp_max, outflow_damping_width
413! +z0h, z0h_av, z0h_factor, z0h1d
414! +ptdf_x, ptdf_y, pt_damping_width, pt_damping_factor
415!
416! 964 2012-07-26 09:14:24Z raasch
417! -cross_linecolors, cross_linestyles, cross_normalized_x, cross_normx_factor,
418! cross_normalized_y, cross_normy_factor, cross_pnc_local,
419! cross_profile_numbers, cross_profile_number_counter, cross_uxmax,
420! cross_uxmax_computed, cross_uxmax_normalized,
421! cross_uxmax_normalized_computed, cross_uxmin, cross_uxmin_computed,
422! cross_uxmin_normalized, cross_uxmin_normalized_computed, cross_uymax,
423! cross_uymin, cross_xtext, dopr_crossindex, dopr_label, linecolors, linestyles,
424! nz_do1d, profil_output, z_max_do1d, z_max_do1d_normalized
425!
426! 951 2012-07-19 14:22:52Z hoffmann
427! changing profile_columns and profile_rows
428!
429! 940 2012-07-09 14:31:00Z raasch
430! +neutral
431!
432! 927 2012-06-06 19:15:04Z raasch
433! +masking_method
434!
435! 880 2012-04-13 06:28:59Z raasch
436! gathered_size, subdomain_size moved to control_parameters
437!
438! 866 2012-03-28 06:44:41Z raasch
439! interface for global_min_max changed
440!
441! 861 2012-03-26 14:18:34Z suehring
442! +wall_flags_0
443! -boundary_flags
444! +nzb_max
445! +adv_sca_1, +adv_mom_1
446!
447! 849 2012-03-15 10:35:09Z raasch
448! +deleted_particles, deleted_tails, tr.._count_sum, tr.._count_recv_sum in
449! particle_attributes,
450! +de_dx, de_dy, de_dz in arrays_3d,
451! first_call_advec_particles renamed first_call_lpm
452!
453! 828 2012-02-21 12:00:36Z raasch
454! +dissipation_classes, radius_classes, use_kernel_tables,
455! particle feature color renamed class
456!
457! 825 2012-02-19 03:03:44Z raasch
458! +bfactor, curvature_solution_effects, eps_ros, molecular_weight_of_water,
459! vanthoff, -b_cond in cloud_parameters,
460! dopts_num increased to 29, particle attributes speed_x|y|z_sgs renamed
461! rvar1|2|3
462! wang_collision_kernel and turbulence_effects_on_collision replaced by
463! collision_kernel, hall_kernel, palm_kernel, wang_kernel
464!
465! 809 2012-01-30 13:32:58Z marongas
466! Bugfix: replaced .AND. and .NOT. with && and ! in the preprocessor directives
467!
468! 807 2012-01-25 11:53:51Z maronga
469! New cpp directive "__check" implemented which is used by check_namelist_files.
470! New parameter check_restart has been defined which is needed by
471! check_namelist_files only.
472!
473! 805 2012-01-17 15:53:28Z franke
474! Bugfix collective_wait must be out of parallel branch for runs in serial mode
475!
476! 801 2012-01-10 17:30:36Z suehring
477! Dimesion of sums_wsus_ws_l, ! sums_wsvs_ws_l, sums_us2_ws_l, sums_vs2_ws_l,
478! sums_ws2_ws_l, sums_wspts_ws_l, sums_wsqs_ws_l, sums_wssas_ws_l increased.
479! for thread-safe summation in advec_ws.
480!
481! RCS Log replace by Id keyword, revision history cleaned up
482!
483! Revision 1.95  2007/02/11 13:18:30  raasch
484! version 3.1b (last under RCS control)
485!
486! Revision 1.1  1997/07/24 11:21:26  raasch
487! Initial revision
488!
489!
490!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
491! Description:
492! ------------
493!> Definition of global variables
494!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
495
496
497!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
498! Description:
499! ------------
500!> Definition of variables for special advection schemes.
501!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
502 MODULE advection
503 
504    USE kinds
505
506    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  aex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
507    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  bex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
508    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
509    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  eex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
510   
511    SAVE
512
513 END MODULE advection
514
515
516!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
517! Description:
518! ------------
519!> Definition of all arrays defined on the computational grid.
520!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
521 MODULE arrays_3d
522
523    USE kinds
524
525    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition
526    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
527    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition
528    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
529    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition
530    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
531    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu                   !< 1/dzu
532    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu_pres              !< modified ddzu for pressure solver
533    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dd2zu                  !< 1/(dzu(k)+dzu(k+1))
534    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu                    !< vertical grid size (u-grid)
535    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzw                   !< 1/dzw
536    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw                    !< vertical grid size (w-grid)
537    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyp                    !< hydrostatic pressure
538    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  inflow_damping_factor  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
539    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l_grid                 !< geometric mean of grid sizes dx, dy, dz
540    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_x                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in x-direction
541    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_y                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in y-direction
542    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_init                !< initial profile of potential temperature
543    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  q_init                 !< initial profile of specific humidity
544                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
545    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf                    !< rayleigh damping factor for velocity components
546    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf_sc                 !< rayleigh damping factor for scalar quantities
547    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ref_state              !< reference state of potential temperature
548                                                                   !< (and density in case of ocean simulation)
549    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  s_init                 !< initial profile of passive scalar concentration
550    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sa_init                !< initial profile of salinity (ocean)
551    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ug                     !< geostrophic wind component in x-direction
552    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component u
553    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  vg                     !< geostrophic wind component in y-direction
554    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component v
555    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_subs                 !< subsidence/ascent velocity
556    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu                     !< vertical grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
557    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw                     !< vertical grid coordinate of w-grid (in m)
558
559    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u                   !< phase speed of u-velocity component
560    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v                   !< phase speed of v-velocity component
561    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w                   !< phase speed of w-velocity component
562    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_e              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
563    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration   
564    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration   
565    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_pt             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
566    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_q              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
567    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
568    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
569    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_s              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
570    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_sa             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - salinity
571    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_u              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - u-component
572    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_v              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - v-component
573    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_w              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - w-component
574    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu_mg                !< vertical grid size (u-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
575    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw_mg                !< vertical grid size (w-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
576    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_e              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
577    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
578    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
579    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_pt             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
580    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_q              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
581    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
582    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
583    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_s              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
584    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_sa             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
585    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_u              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
586    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_v              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
587    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_w              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
588    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f1_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
589    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f2_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
590    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f3_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
591    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_inflow_profiles  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
592    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_amount  !< precipitation amount due to gravitational settling (bulk microphysics)
593    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_rate    !< precipitation rate (bulk microphysics)
594    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_slope_ref          !< potential temperature in rotated coordinate system
595                                                                    !< (in case of sloped surface)
596    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_a            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (atmosphere data)
597    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_o            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (ocean data)
598   
599    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d          !< divergence
600    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dx      !< gradient of sgs tke in x-direction (lpm)
601    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dy      !< gradient of sgs tke in y-direction (lpm)
602    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dz      !< gradient of sgs tke in z-direction (lpm)
603    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss       !< TKE dissipation rate
604    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_e   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
605    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nc  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
606    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nr  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
607    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_pt  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - potential temperature
608    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_q   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - mixing ratio
609    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qc  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - cloudwater
610    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qr  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - rainwater
611    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_s   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - passive scalar
612    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_sa  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - salinity
613    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_u   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - u-component
614    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_v   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - v-component
615    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_w   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - w-component
616    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_e   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
617    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nc  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
618    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nr  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
619    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_pt  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
620    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_q   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
621    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qc  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
622    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qr  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
623    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_s   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
624    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_sa  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
625    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_u   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
626    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_v   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
627    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_w   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
628    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  kh         !< eddy diffusivity for heat
629    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  km         !< eddy diffusivity for momentum
630    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l_wall     !< near-wall mixing length
631    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  prr        !< rain rate
632    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  p_loc      !< local array in multigrid/sor solver containing the pressure which is iteratively advanced in each iteration step
633    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tend       !< tendency field (time integration)
634    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tric       !< coefficients of the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space
635    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_l      !< velocity data (u at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
636    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_n      !< velocity data (u at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
637    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_r      !< velocity data (u at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
638    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_s      !< velocity data (u at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
639    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_l      !< velocity data (v at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
640    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_n      !< velocity data (v at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
641    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_r      !< velocity data (v at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
642    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_s      !< velocity data (v at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
643    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_l      !< velocity data (w at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
644    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_n      !< velocity data (w at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
645    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_r      !< velocity data (w at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
646    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_s      !< velocity data (w at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
647
648#if defined( __nopointer )
649    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e          !< subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
650    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_p        !< prognostic value of sgs tke
651    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc         !< cloud drop number density
652    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_p       !< prognostic value of cloud drop number density
653    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr         !< rain drop number density
654    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_p       !< prognostic value of rain drop number density
655    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p          !< perturbation pressure
656    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho       !< potential density
657    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt         !< potential temperature
658    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_p       !< prognostic value of potential temperature
659    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q          !< specific humidity
660                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
661    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_p        !< prognostic value of specific humidity
662    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc         !< cloud water content
663    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_p       !< cloud water content
664    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql         !< liquid water content
665    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c       !< change in liquid water content due to
666                                                                   !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
667    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v       !< volume of liquid water
668    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp      !< liquid water weighting factor
669    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr         !< rain water content
670    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_p       !< prognostic value of rain water content
671    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean  !< density of ocean
672    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s          !< passive scalar
673    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_p        !< prognostic value of passive scalar
674    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa         !< ocean salinity
675    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_p       !< prognostic value of ocean salinity
676    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  te_m       !< weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
677    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnc_m      !< weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
678    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnr_m      !< weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
679    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tpt_m      !< weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
680    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tq_m       !< weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
681    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqc_m      !< weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
682    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqr_m      !< weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
683    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ts_m       !< weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
684    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tsa_m      !< weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
685    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tu_m       !< weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
686    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tv_m       !< weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
687    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tw_m       !< weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
688    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u          !< horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
689    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_p        !< prognostic value of u
690    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v          !< horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
691    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_p        !< prognostic value of v
692    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt        !< virtual potential temperature
693    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w          !< vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
694    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_p        !< prognostic value of w
695#else
696    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
697    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
698    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
699    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p       !< pointer: perturbation pressure
700    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
701    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
702    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
703    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
704    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
705    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
706    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
707    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
708    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
709    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
710    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
711    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
712    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
713    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
714    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
715    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
716    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v    !< pointer: volume of liquid water
717    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp   !< pointer: liquid water weighting factor
718    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
719    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
720    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
721    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
722    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
723    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
724    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
725    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
726    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
727    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
728    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
729    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
730    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
731    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
732    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
733    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
734    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
735    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
736    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
737    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
738    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
739    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
740
741    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  e          !< pointer: subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
742    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  e_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of sgs tke
743    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nc         !< pointer: cloud drop number density
744    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nc_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of cloud drop number density
745    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nr         !< pointer: rain drop number density
746    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain drop number density
747    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  prho       !< pointer: potential density
748    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  pt         !< pointer: potential temperature
749    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  pt_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of potential temperature
750    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  q          !< pointer: specific humidity
751    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  q_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of specific humidity
752    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qc         !< pointer: cloud water content
753    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qc_p       !< pointer: cloud water content
754    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ql         !< pointer: liquid water content
755    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ql_c       !< pointer: change in liquid water content due to
756                                                       !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
757    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qr         !< pointer: rain water content
758    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain water content
759    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  rho_ocean  !< pointer: density of ocean
760    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  s          !< pointer: passive scalar
761    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  s_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of passive scalar
762    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sa         !< pointer: ocean salinity
763    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sa_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of ocean salinity
764    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  te_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
765    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tnc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
766    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tnr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
767    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tpt_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
768    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tq_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
769    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tqc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
770    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tqr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
771    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ts_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
772    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tsa_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
773    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tu_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
774    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tv_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
775    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tw_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
776    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  u          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
777    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  u_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of u
778    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  v          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
779    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  v_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of v
780    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  vpt        !< pointer: virtual potential temperature
781    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  w          !< pointer: vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
782    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  w_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of w
783#endif
784
785    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tri    !<  array to hold the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space (4th dimension for threads)
786
787    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air      !< air density profile on the uv grid
788    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw   !< air density profile on the w grid
789    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air     !< inverse air density profile on the uv grid
790    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air_zw  !< inverse air density profile on the w grid
791
792    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_mg     !< air density profiles on the uv grid for multigrid
793    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw_mg  !< air density profiles on the w grid for multigrid
794
795    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_input_conversion       !< conversion factor array for heatflux input
796    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_input_conversion      !< conversion factor array for waterflux input
797    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_input_conversion   !< conversion factor array for momentumflux input
798    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_output_conversion      !< conversion factor array for heatflux output
799    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_output_conversion     !< conversion factor array for waterflux output
800    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_output_conversion  !< conversion factor array for momentumflux output
801
802    SAVE
803
804 END MODULE arrays_3d
805
806
807!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
808! Description:
809! ------------
810!> Definition of variables needed for time-averaging of 2d/3d data.
811!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
812 MODULE averaging
813 
814    USE kinds
815
816    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  lwp_av                 !< avg. liquid water path
817    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_rate_av  !< avg. precipitation rate
818    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ol_av                  !< avg. Obukhov length
819    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  qsws_av                !< avg. surface moisture flux
820    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ssws_av                !< avg. surface scalar flux
821    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  shf_av                 !< avg. surface heat flux
822    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_av                  !< avg. characteristic temperature scale
823    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  us_av                  !< avg. friction velocity
824    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0_av                  !< avg. roughness length for momentum
825    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0h_av                 !< avg. roughness length for heat
826    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0q_av                 !< avg. roughness length for moisture
827
828    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_av          !< avg. subgrid-scale tke
829    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  lpt_av        !< avg. liquid water potential temperature
830    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_av         !< avg. cloud drop number density
831    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_av         !< avg. rain drop number density
832    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p_av          !< avg. perturbation pressure
833    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pc_av         !< avg. particle/droplet concentration
834    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pr_av         !< avg. particle/droplet radius
835    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prr_av        !< avg. precipitation rate
836    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_av         !< avg. potential temperature
837    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_av          !< avg. specific humidity
838                                                                      !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
839    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_av         !< avg. cloud water content
840    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_av         !< avg. liquid water content
841    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c_av       !< avg. change in liquid water content due to
842                                                                      !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
843    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v_av       !< avg. volume of liquid water
844    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp_av      !< avg. liquid water weighting factor
845    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_av         !< avg. rain water content
846    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qv_av         !< avg. water vapor content (specific humidity)
847    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean_av  !< avg. ocean density
848    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_av          !< avg. passive scalar
849    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_av         !< avg. salinity
850    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component u
851    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component v
852    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_av        !< avg. virtual potential temperature
853    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_av          !< avg. vertical velocity component
854 
855 END MODULE averaging
856
857
858!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
859! Description:
860! ------------
861!> Definition of variables and constants for cloud physics.
862!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
863 MODULE cloud_parameters
864 
865    USE kinds
866
867    REAL(wp) ::  cp = 1005.0_wp         !< heat capacity of dry air (J kg-1 K-1)
868    REAL(wp) ::  l_v = 2.5E+06_wp       !< latent heat of vaporization (J kg-1)
869    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_cp                 !< l_v / cp
870    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_r                  !< l_v / r_d
871    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_rv                 !< l_v / r_v   
872    REAL(wp) ::  rho_l = 1.0E3_wp       !< density of water (kg m-3)
873    REAL(wp) ::  r_d = 287.0_wp         !< sp. gas const. dry air (J kg-1 K-1)
874    REAL(wp) ::  r_v = 461.51_wp        !< sp. gas const. water vapor (J kg-1 K-1)
875
876
877    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyrho   !< density of air calculated with hydrostatic pressure
878    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_d_t  !< ratio of potential and actual temperature
879    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  t_d_pt  !< ratio of actual and potential temperature
880
881    SAVE
882
883 END MODULE cloud_parameters
884
885
886!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
887! Description:
888! ------------
889!> Definition of general constants.
890!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
891 MODULE constants
892 
893    USE kinds
894
895    REAL(wp) ::  pi = 3.141592654_wp  !< PI
896    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_1            !< 1/4 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (1st-order part)
897    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_3            !< 1/24 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (3rd-order part)
898    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_5            !< 1/120 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (5th-order part)
899    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_1            !< 1/2 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (1st-order part)
900    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_3            !< 1/12 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (3rd-order part)
901    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_5            !< 1/60 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (5th-order part)
902   
903    SAVE
904
905 END MODULE constants
906
907 
908!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
909! Description:
910! ------------
911!> Definition of parameters for program control
912!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
913 MODULE control_parameters
914
915    USE kinds
916
917    TYPE file_status
918       LOGICAL ::  opened         !< file is currently open
919       LOGICAL ::  opened_before  !< file is currently closed, but has been openend before
920    END TYPE file_status
921   
922    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  mask_xyz_dimension = 100  !< limit of mask dimensions (100 points in each direction)
923    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  max_masks = 50            !< maximum number of masks
924    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  varnamelength = 30        !< length of output variable names
925
926    TYPE(file_status), DIMENSION(200+2*max_masks) ::                &  !< indicates if file is open or if it has been opened before
927                             openfile = file_status(.FALSE.,.FALSE.)
928
929    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  cycle_mg = 'w'                               !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
930    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  timestep_reason = ' '                        !< 'A'dvection or 'D'iffusion criterion, written to RUN_CONTROL file
931    CHARACTER (LEN=3)    ::  coupling_char = ''                           !< appended to filenames in coupled ocean-atmosphere runs ('_O': ocean PE, '_A': atmosphere PE)
932    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  most_method = 'newton'                       !< namelist parameter
933    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_date                                     !< date of simulation run, printed to HEADER file
934    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_time                                     !< time of simulation run, printed to HEADER file
935    CHARACTER (LEN=9)    ::  simulated_time_chr                           !< simulated time, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
936    CHARACTER (LEN=11)   ::  topography_grid_convention = ' '             !< namelist parameter
937    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  version = ' '                                !< PALM version number
938    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  revision = ' '                               !< PALM revision number
939    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_current_revision = ' '        !< revision number of the currently used user-interface (must match user_interface_required_revision)
940    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_required_revision = ' '       !< required user-interface revision number
941    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  conserve_volume_flow_mode = 'default'        !< namelist parameter
942    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  loop_optimization = 'cache'                  !< namelist parameter
943    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  momentum_advec = 'ws-scheme'                 !< namelist parameter
944    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  psolver = 'poisfft'                          !< namelist parameter
945    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  scalar_advec = 'ws-scheme'                   !< namelist parameter
946    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  approximation = 'boussinesq'                 !< namelist parameter
947    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_input_mode = 'approximation-specific'   !< type of flux input: dynamic or kinematic
948    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_output_mode = 'approximation-specific'  !< type of flux output: dynamic or kinematic
949    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_e_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
950    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_lr = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
951    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_ns = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
952    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
953    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_t = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
954    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
955    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_t = 'initial_gradient'                 !< namelist parameter
956    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
957    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_t = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
958    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
959    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_t = 'initial_gradient'                  !< namelist parameter
960    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_sa_t = 'neumann'                          !< namelist parameter
961    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
962    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_t = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
963    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  cloud_scheme = 'saturation_adjust'           !< namelist parameter
964    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode = 'uncoupled'                  !< coupling mode for atmosphere-ocean coupling 
965    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode_remote = 'uncoupled'           !< coupling mode of the remote process in case of coupled atmosphere-ocean runs
966    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  dissipation_1d = 'detering'                  !< namelist parameter
967    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  fft_method = 'system-specific'               !< namelist parameter
968    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  mixing_length_1d = 'blackadar'               !< namelist parameter
969    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  random_generator = 'random-parallel'         !< namelist parameter
970    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  reference_state = 'initial_profile'          !< namelist parameter 
971    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  timestep_scheme = 'runge-kutta-3'            !< namelist parameter       
972    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  topography = 'flat'                          !< namelist parameter
973    CHARACTER (LEN=64)   ::  host = '????'                                !< hostname on which PALM is running, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by mrun
974    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  log_message                                  !< user-defined message for debugging (sse data_log.f90)
975    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  run_identifier                               !< run identifier as given by mrun option -d, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by mrun
976    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  initializing_actions = ' '                   !< namelist parameter
977    CHARACTER (LEN=210)  ::  run_description_header                       !< string containing diverse run informations as run identifier, coupling mode, host, ensemble number, run date and time
978    CHARACTER (LEN=1000) ::  message_string = ' '                         !< dynamic string for error message output
979
980    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output = ' '       !< namelist parameter
981    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
982    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  doav = ' '              !< label array for multi-dimensional,
983                                                                              !< averaged output quantities
984                                           
985    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks = ' '       !< namelist parameter
986    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
987
988    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(300) ::  data_output_pr = ' '  !< namelist parameter
989   
990    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(200) ::  data_output_pr_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
991   
992    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,0:1,100) ::  domask = ' ' !< label array for multi-dimensional,
993                                                                                 !< masked output quantities
994   
995    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do2d = ' '  !< label array for 2d output quantities
996    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do3d = ' '  !< label array for 3d output quantities
997
998    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  fl_max = 100     !< maximum number of virtual-flight measurements
999    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  var_fl_max = 20  !< maximum number of different sampling variables in virtual flight measurements
1000   
1001    INTEGER(iwp) ::  abort_mode = 1                    !< abort condition (nested runs)
1002    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_pr = 0              !< number of samples in vertical-profile output
1003    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_3d = 0              !< number of samples in 3d output
1004    INTEGER(iwp) ::  current_timestep_number = 0       !< current timestep number, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1005    INTEGER(iwp) ::  coupling_topology = 0             !< switch for atmosphere-ocean-coupling: 0: same number of grid points and PEs along x and y in atmosphere and ocean, otherwise 1
1006    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_range = 0                    !< switch for steering the horizontal disturbance range, 1: inflow disturbances in case of non-cyclic horizontal BC, 0: otherwise
1007    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_b           !< lowest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1008    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_t           !< highest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1009    INTEGER(iwp) ::  doav_n = 0                        !< number of 2d/3d output quantities subject to time averaging
1010    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_n = 0                        !< number of profile output quantities subject to time averaging
1011    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for profile output
1012    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopts_time_count = 0              !< number of output intervals for particle data timeseries
1013    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dots_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for timeseries output
1014    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dp_level_ind_b = 0                !< lowest grid index for external pressure gradient forcing
1015    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_filecount = 0                !< parameter for dvr visualization software
1016    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_index            !< vertical grid level index above which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1017    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ensemble_member_nr = 0            !< namelist parameter
1018    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gamma_mg                          !< switch for steering the multigrid cycle: 1: v-cycle, 2: w-cycle
1019    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gathered_size                     !< number of total domain grid points of the grid level which is gathered on PE0 (multigrid solver)
1020    INTEGER(iwp) ::  grid_level                        !< current grid level handled in the multigrid solver
1021    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_e_b                           !< integer flag for bc_e_b
1022    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_b                           !< integer flag for bc_p_b
1023    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_t                           !< integer flag for bc_p_t
1024    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_b                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_b
1025    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_t                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_t
1026    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_b                           !< integer flag for bc_q_b
1027    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_t                           !< integer flag for bc_q_t
1028    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_b                           !< integer flag for bc_s_b
1029    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_t                           !< integer flag for bc_s_t
1030    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_sa_t                          !< integer flag for bc_sa_t
1031    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_b                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_b
1032    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_t                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_t
1033    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_begin = -1     !< namelist parameter
1034    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_end = -1       !< namelist parameter
1035    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count       !< number of current Runge-Kutta substep
1036    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count_max   !< maximum number of Runge-Kutta substeps
1037    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_group = 0                      !< I/O group to which the PE belongs (= #PE / io_blocks)
1038    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_blocks = 1                     !< number of blocks for which I/O is done in sequence (total number of PEs / maximum_parallel_io_streams)
1039    INTEGER(iwp) ::  iran = -1234567                   !< integer random number used for flow disturbances
1040    INTEGER(iwp) ::  lod = 1                           !< level of detail, topography input parameter
1041    INTEGER(iwp) ::  masks = 0                         !< counter for number of masked output quantities
1042    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_grid_level                !< number of grid levels that the multigrid solver is using
1043    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_parallel_io_streams = -1  !< maximum number of parallel io streams that the underlying parallel file system allows, set with mrun option -w, ENVPAR namelist parameter, provided by mrun
1044    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user = 0                   !< number of user-defined profiles (must not change within a job chain)
1045    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mgcycles = 0                      !< number of multigrid cycles that the multigrid solver has actually carried out
1046    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_cycles = -1                    !< namelist parameter
1047    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_switch_to_pe0_level = -1       !< namelist parameter
1048    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mid                               !< masked output running index
1049    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngsrb = 2                         !< namelist parameter
1050    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nr_timesteps_this_run = 0         !< number of timesteps (cpu time measurements)
1051    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor = 20                         !< namelist parameter
1052    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor_ini = 100                    !< namelist parameter
1053    INTEGER(iwp) ::  n_sor                             !< number of iterations to be used in SOR-scheme
1054    INTEGER(iwp) ::  normalizing_region = 0            !< namelist parameter
1055    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_leg=0                         !< number of different legs in virtual flight measurements
1056    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl                        !< number of sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1057    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl_user=0                 !< number of user-defined sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1058    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_do3d = -9999                   !< namelist parameter
1059    INTEGER(iwp) ::  prt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for particle data output
1060    INTEGER(iwp) ::  recycling_plane                   !< position of recycling plane along x (in grid points) in case of turbulence recycling
1061    INTEGER(iwp) ::  runnr = 0                         !< number of run in job chain
1062    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subdomain_size                    !< number of grid points in (3d) subdomain including ghost points
1063    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled = 0             !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs
1064    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled_remote = 0      !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs (condition of the remote model)
1065    INTEGER(iwp) ::  timestep_count = 0                !< number of timesteps carried out since the beginning of the initial run
1066    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxl(0:1)                               !< left boundary of disturbance region
1067    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxr(0:1)                               !< right boundary of disturbance region
1068    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nyn(0:1)                               !< north boundary of disturbance region
1069    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nys(0:1)                               !< south boundary of disturbance region
1070    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 2d output quantities
1071    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xy_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1072    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xz_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1073    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_yz_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1074    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 3d output quantities
1075    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_time_count(0:1)                        !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1076    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_no(max_masks,0:1) = 0                !< number of masked output quantities
1077    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_time_count(max_masks,0:1)            !< number of output intervals for masked data
1078    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size(max_masks,3) = -1                 !< size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1079    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size_l(max_masks,3) = -1               !< subdomain size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1080    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_start_l(max_masks,3) = -1              !< subdomain start index of mask array (for netcdf output)
1081    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of pt_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1082    INTEGER(iwp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of q_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1083    INTEGER(iwp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of s_vertical_gradient_level(s)   
1084    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of sa_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1085    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section(100,3)                              !< collective array for section_xy/xz/yz
1086    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xy(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1087    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1088    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_yz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1089    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of ug_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1090    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of vg_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1091    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level_i(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of subs_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1092
1093    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xy  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1094    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1095    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_yz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1096    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_3d     !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1097
1098    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  grid_level_count  !< internal switch for steering the multigrid v- and w-cycles
1099
1100    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1101    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1102    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1103    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1104    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1105    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1106
1107    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_cyc =.TRUE.                            !< left-right boundary condition cyclic?
1108    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_dirrad = .FALSE.                       !< left-right boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1109    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_raddir = .FALSE.                       !< left-right boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1110    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_cyc = .TRUE.                           !< north-south boundary condition cyclic?
1111    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_dirrad = .FALSE.                       !< north-south boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1112    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_raddir = .FALSE.                       !< north-south boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1113    LOGICAL ::  call_microphysics_at_all_substeps = .FALSE.  !< namelist parameter
1114    LOGICAL ::  call_psolver_at_all_substeps = .TRUE.        !< namelist parameter
1115    LOGICAL ::  cloud_droplets = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1116    LOGICAL ::  cloud_physics = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1117    LOGICAL ::  cloud_top_radiation = .FALSE.                !< namelist parameter
1118    LOGICAL ::  conserve_volume_flow = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1119    LOGICAL ::  constant_diffusion = .FALSE.                 !< diffusion coefficient constant?
1120    LOGICAL ::  constant_flux_layer = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1121    LOGICAL ::  constant_heatflux = .TRUE.                   !< heat flux at all surfaces constant?
1122    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_heatflux = .TRUE.               !< heat flux at domain top constant?
1123    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_momentumflux = .FALSE.          !< momentum flux at domain topconstant?
1124    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_salinityflux = .TRUE.           !< salinity flux at ocean domain top?
1125    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_scalarflux = .TRUE.             !< passive-scalar flux at domain top constant?
1126    LOGICAL ::  constant_scalarflux = .TRUE.                 !< passive-scalar flux at surfaces constant?
1127    LOGICAL ::  constant_waterflux = .TRUE.                  !< water flux at all surfaces constant?
1128    LOGICAL ::  create_disturbances = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1129    LOGICAL ::  data_output_during_spinup = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1130    LOGICAL ::  data_output_2d_on_each_pe = .TRUE.           !< namelist parameter
1131    LOGICAL ::  disturbance_created = .FALSE.                !< flow disturbance imposed?
1132    LOGICAL ::  do2d_at_begin = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1133    LOGICAL ::  do3d_at_begin = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1134    LOGICAL ::  do_sum = .FALSE.                             !< contribute to time average of profile data?
1135    LOGICAL ::  dp_external = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1136    LOGICAL ::  dp_smooth = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1137    LOGICAL ::  dt_fixed = .FALSE.                           !< fixed timestep (namelist parameter dt set)?
1138    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached                                !< internal timestep for particle advection
1139    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached_l                              !< internal timestep for particle advection
1140    LOGICAL ::  first_call_lpm = .TRUE.                      !< call lpm only once per timestep?
1141    LOGICAL ::  force_print_header = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1142    LOGICAL ::  galilei_transformation = .FALSE.             !< namelist parameter
1143    LOGICAL ::  humidity = .FALSE.                           !< namelist parameter
1144    LOGICAL ::  humidity_remote = .FALSE.                    !< switch for receiving near-surface humidity flux (atmosphere-ocean coupling)
1145    LOGICAL ::  inflow_l = .FALSE.                           !< left domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1146    LOGICAL ::  inflow_n = .FALSE.                           !< north domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1147    LOGICAL ::  inflow_r = .FALSE.                           !< right domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1148    LOGICAL ::  inflow_s = .FALSE.                           !< south domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1149    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_forcing = .FALSE.                !< namelist parameter
1150    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_subsidence = .FALSE.             !< namelist parameter
1151    LOGICAL ::  land_surface = .FALSE.                       !< use land surface model?
1152    LOGICAL ::  lsf_exception = .FALSE.                      !< use of lsf with buildings (temporary)?
1153    LOGICAL ::  lsf_surf = .TRUE.                            !< use surface forcing (large scale forcing)?
1154    LOGICAL ::  lsf_vert = .TRUE.                            !< use atmospheric forcing (large scale forcing)?
1155    LOGICAL ::  masking_method = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1156    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_sat_adjust = .FALSE.            !< use saturation adjust bulk scheme?
1157    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_kessler = .FALSE.               !< use kessler bulk scheme?
1158    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_morrison = .FALSE.              !< use 2-moment Morrison (add. prog. eq. for nc and qc)
1159    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_seifert = .FALSE.               !< use 2-moment Seifert and Beheng scheme
1160    LOGICAL ::  mg_switch_to_pe0 = .FALSE.                   !< internal multigrid switch for steering the ghost point exchange in case that data has been collected on PE0
1161    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_l = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on left side?
1162    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_n = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on north side?
1163    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_r = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on right side?
1164    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_s = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on south side?
1165    LOGICAL ::  nest_domain  = .FALSE.                       !< domain is nested into a parent domain?
1166    LOGICAL ::  neutral = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1167    LOGICAL ::  nudging = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1168    LOGICAL ::  ocean = .FALSE.                              !< namelist parameter
1169    LOGICAL ::  outflow_l = .FALSE.                          !< left domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1170    LOGICAL ::  outflow_n = .FALSE.                          !< north domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1171    LOGICAL ::  outflow_r = .FALSE.                          !< right domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1172    LOGICAL ::  outflow_s = .FALSE.                          !< south domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1173    LOGICAL ::  passive_scalar = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1174    LOGICAL ::  precipitation = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1175    LOGICAL ::  random_heatflux = .FALSE.                    !< namelist parameter
1176    LOGICAL ::  recycling_yshift = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1177    LOGICAL ::  run_control_header = .FALSE.                 !< onetime output of RUN_CONTROL header
1178    LOGICAL ::  run_coupled = .TRUE.                         !< internal switch telling PALM to run in coupled mode (i.e. to exchange surface data) in case of atmosphere-ocean coupling
1179    LOGICAL ::  scalar_rayleigh_damping = .TRUE.             !< namelist parameter
1180    LOGICAL ::  sloping_surface = .FALSE.                    !< use sloped surface? (namelist parameter alpha_surface)
1181    LOGICAL ::  spinup = .FALSE.                             !< perform model spinup without atmosphere code?
1182    LOGICAL ::  stop_dt = .FALSE.                            !< internal switch to stop the time stepping
1183    LOGICAL ::  synchronous_exchange = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1184    LOGICAL ::  synthetic_turbulence_generator = .FALSE.     !< flag for synthetic turbulence generator module
1185    LOGICAL ::  terminate_run = .FALSE.                      !< terminate run (cpu-time limit, restarts)?
1186    LOGICAL ::  transpose_compute_overlap = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1187    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_inflow = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1188    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_outflow = .FALSE.                  !< namelist parameter
1189    LOGICAL ::  urban_surface = .FALSE.                      !< use urban surface model?
1190    LOGICAL ::  use_cmax = .TRUE.                            !< namelist parameter
1191    LOGICAL ::  use_initial_profile_as_reference = .FALSE.   !< use of initial profiles as reference state?
1192    LOGICAL ::  use_prescribed_profile_data = .FALSE.        !< use of prescribed wind profiles?
1193                                                             !< (namelist parameters u_profile, v_profile)
1194    LOGICAL ::  use_single_reference_value = .FALSE.         !< use of single value as reference state?
1195    LOGICAL ::  use_subsidence_tendencies = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1196    LOGICAL ::  use_surface_fluxes = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1197    LOGICAL ::  use_top_fluxes = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1198    LOGICAL ::  use_ug_for_galilei_tr = .TRUE.               !< namelist parameter
1199    LOGICAL ::  use_upstream_for_tke = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1200    LOGICAL ::  virtual_flight = .FALSE.                     !< use virtual flight model?
1201    LOGICAL ::  wall_adjustment = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1202    LOGICAL ::  write_binary = .FALSE.                       !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer restart I/O (ENVPAR is created by mrun)
1203    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_sca = .FALSE.                      !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (scalar advection)?
1204    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_mom = .FALSE.                      !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (momentum advection)?
1205
1206    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xy(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xy cross-section data?
1207    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xz cross-section data?
1208    LOGICAL ::  data_output_yz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of yz cross-section data?
1209
1210    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_x = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along x
1211                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1212    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_y = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along y
1213                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1214    REAL(wp) ::  alpha_surface = 0.0_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1215    REAL(wp) ::  atmos_ocean_sign = 1.0_wp                     !< vertical-grid conversion factor
1216                                                               !< (=1.0 in atmosphere, =-1.0 in ocean)
1217    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1218    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1219    REAL(wp) ::  bc_pt_t_val                                   !< vertical gradient of pt near domain top
1220    REAL(wp) ::  bc_q_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of humidity near domain top
1221    REAL(wp) ::  bc_s_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of passive scalar near domain top
1222    REAL(wp) ::  bottom_salinityflux = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1223    REAL(wp) ::  building_height = 50.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1224    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_x = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1225    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_y = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1226    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1227    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1228    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_height = 50.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1229    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1230    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1231    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1232    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1233    REAL(wp) ::  cfl_factor = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1234    REAL(wp) ::  cos_alpha_surface                             !< cosine of alpha_surface
1235    REAL(wp) ::  coupling_start_time = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1236    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_amplitude = 0.25_wp               !< namelist parameter
1237    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_energy_limit = 0.01_wp            !< namelist parameter
1238    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_b = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1239    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_t = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1240    REAL(wp) ::  dp_level_b = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1241    REAL(wp) ::  dt = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1242    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1243    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1244    REAL(wp) ::  dt_coupling = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1245    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1246    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1247    REAL(wp) ::  dt_disturb = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1248    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1249    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr_listing = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1250    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopts = 9999999.9_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1251    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dots = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1252    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1253    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1254    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1255    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1256    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dvrp = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1257    REAL(wp) ::  dt_max = 20.0_wp                              !< namelist parameter
1258    REAL(wp) ::  dt_restart = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1259    REAL(wp) ::  dt_run_control = 60.0_wp                      !< namelist parameter
1260    REAL(wp) ::  dt_spinup = 60.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1261    REAL(wp) ::  dt_3d = 1.0_wp                                !< time step
1262    REAL(wp) ::  dz = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1263    REAL(wp) ::  dz_max = 9999999.9_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1264    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor = 1.08_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1265    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level = 100000.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1266    REAL(wp) ::  e_init = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1267    REAL(wp) ::  e_min = 0.0_wp                                !< namelist parameter
1268    REAL(wp) ::  end_time = 0.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1269    REAL(wp) ::  f = 0.0_wp                                    !< Coriolis parameter
1270    REAL(wp) ::  fs = 0.0_wp                                   !< Coriolis parameter
1271    REAL(wp) ::  g = 9.81_wp                                   !< gravitational acceleration
1272    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_height = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1273    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_width = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1274    REAL(wp) ::  kappa = 0.4_wp                                !< von Karman constant
1275    REAL(wp) ::  km_constant = -1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1276    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_x = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1277    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_y = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1278    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_z = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1279    REAL(wp) ::  maximum_cpu_time_allowed = 0.0_wp             !< given wall time for run
1280    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_viscosity = 1.461E-5_wp             !< molecular viscosity (used in lsm and lpm)
1281    REAL(wp) ::  old_dt = 1.0E-10_wp                           !< length of previous timestep
1282    REAL(wp) ::  omega = 7.29212E-5_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1283    REAL(wp) ::  omega_sor = 1.8_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1284    REAL(wp) ::  outflow_source_plane = -9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1285    REAL(wp) ::  particle_maximum_age = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1286    REAL(wp) ::  phi = 55.0_wp                                 !< namelist parameter
1287    REAL(wp) ::  prandtl_number = 1.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1288    REAL(wp) ::  precipitation_amount_interval = 9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1289    REAL(wp) ::  prho_reference                                !< reference state of potential density
1290    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_factor = 0.0_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1291    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_width = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1292    REAL(wp) ::  pt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1293    REAL(wp) ::  pt_slope_offset = 0.0_wp                      !< temperature difference between left and right
1294                                                               !< boundary of total domain
1295    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface = 300.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1296    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp            !< namelist parameter
1297    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1298    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1299    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_factor = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1300    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_height = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1301    REAL(wp) ::  recycling_width = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1302    REAL(wp) ::  residual_limit = 1.0E-4_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1303    REAL(wp) ::  restart_time = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1304    REAL(wp) ::  rho_reference                                 !< reference state of density
1305    REAL(wp) ::  rho_surface                                   !< surface value of density
1306    REAL(wp) ::  roughness_length = 0.1_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1307    REAL(wp) ::  sa_surface = 35.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1308    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time = 0.0_wp                       !< elapsed simulated time
1309    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time_at_begin                       !< elapsed simulated time of previous run (job chain)
1310    REAL(wp) ::  sin_alpha_surface                             !< sine of alpha_surface (sloped surface)
1311    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output = 0.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1312    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter
1313    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1314    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1315    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1316    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1317    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1318    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_amplitude = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1319    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_mean = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1320    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_time = 0.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1321    REAL(wp) ::  surface_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1322    REAL(wp) ::  surface_pressure = 1013.25_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1323    REAL(wp) ::  surface_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1324    REAL(wp) ::  surface_waterflux = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1325    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1326    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1327    REAL(wp) ::  termination_time_needed = 35.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1328    REAL(wp) ::  time_coupling = 0.0_wp                        !< time since last coupling (surface_coupler)
1329    REAL(wp) ::  time_disturb = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last flow disturbance
1330    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last profile output
1331    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged profile output
1332    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_listing = 0.0_wp                    !< time since last profile output (ASCII) on file
1333    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopts = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last particle timeseries output
1334    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last spectra output
1335    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged spectra output
1336    REAL(wp) ::  time_dots = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last timeseries output
1337    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xy = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xy cross-section output
1338    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xz cross-section output
1339    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_yz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last yz cross-section output
1340    REAL(wp) ::  time_do3d = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last 3d output
1341    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_av = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last averaged-data output
1342    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_sla = 0.0_wp                          !< time since last
1343    REAL(wp) ::  time_dvrp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last dvrp output
1344    REAL(wp) ::  time_restart = 9999999.9_wp                   !< time at which run shall be terminated and restarted
1345    REAL(wp) ::  time_run_control = 0.0_wp                     !< time since last RUN_CONTROL output
1346    REAL(wp) ::  time_since_reference_point                    !< time after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated, or time after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1347    REAL(wp) ::  top_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1348    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_u = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1349    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_v = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1350    REAL(wp) ::  top_salinityflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1351    REAL(wp) ::  top_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1352    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_height = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1353    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_length = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1354    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1355    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1356    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_wall_depth = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1357    REAL(wp) ::  ug_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1358    REAL(wp) ::  u_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1359    REAL(wp) ::  u_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1360    REAL(wp) ::  vg_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1361    REAL(wp) ::  vpt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                  !< reference state of virtual potential temperature
1362    REAL(wp) ::  v_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1363    REAL(wp) ::  v_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1364    REAL(wp) ::  wall_adjustment_factor = 1.8_wp               !< adjustment factor for mixing length l
1365    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_max = 20.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1366    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_min = -20.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1367    REAL(wp) ::  z_max_do2d = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1368    REAL(wp) ::  z0h_factor = 1.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1369
1370    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xy_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xy output
1371    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xz output
1372    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_yz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous yz output
1373    REAL(wp) ::  dpdxy(1:2) = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1374    REAL(wp) ::  dt_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1375    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale(3)                                     !< collective array for mask_scale_x/y/z
1376    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1377    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp          !< namelist parameter
1378    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1379    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp           !< namelist parameter
1380    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1381    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp           !< namelist parameter
1382    REAL(wp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1383    REAL(wp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp          !< namelist parameter
1384    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp        !< namelist parameter
1385    REAL(wp) ::  threshold(20) = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1386    REAL(wp) ::  time_domask(max_masks) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1387    REAL(wp) ::  tsc(10) = (/ 1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, &    !< array used for controlling time-integration at different substeps
1388                 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp /)
1389    REAL(wp) ::  u_profile(100) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1390    REAL(wp) ::  uv_heights(100) = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1391    REAL(wp) ::  v_profile(100) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1392    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1393    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1394    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1395    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1396    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow(1:3) = 0.0_wp                         !< volume flow through 1:yz-plane, 2: xz-plane, 3: xy-plane (nest childs only)
1397    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_area(1:3) = 0.0_wp                    !< area of the respective volume flow planes
1398    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_initial(1:3) = 0.0_wp                 !< initial volume flow (t=0) through the respective volume flow planes
1399    REAL(wp) ::  wall_heatflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1400    REAL(wp) ::  wall_humidityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1401    REAL(wp) ::  wall_salinityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1402    REAL(wp) ::  wall_scalarflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1403    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp               !< namelist parameter
1404    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1405
1406    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dp_smooth_factor  !< smoothing factor for external pressure gradient forcing
1407
1408    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_x = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1409    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_y = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1410    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_z = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1411   
1412    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_x_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1413    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_y_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1414    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_z_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1415   
1416!
1417!--    internal mask arrays ("mask,dimension,selection")
1418       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask       !< collective array for mask_x/y/z
1419       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_loop  !< collective array for mask_x/y/z_loop
1420
1421    SAVE
1422
1423 END MODULE control_parameters
1424
1425
1426!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1427! Description:
1428! ------------
1429!> Definition of variables used with dvrp-software.
1430!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1431 MODULE dvrp_variables
1432
1433    USE kinds
1434
1435    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  dvrp_output = 'rtsp'        !< dvr namelist parameter
1436    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_color = 'none'     !< dvr namelist parameter
1437    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_dvrpsize = 'none'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1438
1439    CHARACTER (LEN=20), DIMENSION(10) ::  mode_dvrp = &  !< dvr namelist parameter
1440                                     (/ ( '                    ', i9 = 1,10 ) /)
1441
1442    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_directory = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1443    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_file      = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1444    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_host      = 'origin.rvs.uni-hannover.de'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1445    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_password  = '********'                    !< dvr namelist parameter
1446    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_username  = ' '                           !< dvr namelist parameter
1447
1448    INTEGER(iwp) ::  cluster_size = 1                   !< dvr namelist parameter
1449    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries = 4        !< internal dvr software variable
1450    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries_prt = 22   !< internal dvr software variable
1451    INTEGER(iwp) ::  islice_dvrp                        !< internal dvr software variable
1452    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1453    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1454    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1455    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1456    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1457    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1458    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1459    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeintime = 5           !< dvr namelist parameter
1460    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeouttime = 5          !< dvr namelist parameter
1461    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_linecount = 1000         !< dvr namelist parameter
1462    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_maxhistory = 40          !< dvr namelist parameter
1463    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavecount = 10           !< dvr namelist parameter
1464    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavetime = 50            !< dvr namelist parameter
1465    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_gradient_normals = 0            !< dvr namelist parameter
1466    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_mode = 0                        !< dvr namelist parameter
1467    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_x = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1468    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_y = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1469    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_z = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1470
1471    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(10) ::  slicer_position_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1472
1473    LOGICAL ::  cyclic_dvrp = .FALSE.                      !< internal dvr software variable
1474    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_overlap                               !< internal dvr software variable
1475    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_total_overlap                         !< internal dvr software variable
1476    LOGICAL ::  local_dvrserver_running                    !< namelist parameter (ENVPAR namelist provided by mrun)
1477    LOGICAL ::  lock_steering_update = .FALSE.             !< internal dvr software variable
1478    LOGICAL ::  use_seperate_pe_for_dvrp_output = .FALSE.  !< internal dvr software variable
1479
1480    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_l = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1481    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_n = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1482    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_r = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1483    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_s = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1484    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation = 1.0_wp     !< dvr namelist parameter
1485    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_x = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1486    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_y = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1487    REAL(wp) ::  vc_alpha = 38.0_wp          !< dvr namelist parameter
1488
1489    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  color_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)     !< dvr namelist parameter
1490    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  dvrpsize_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1491
1492    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  groundplate_color = (/ 0.0_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1493    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  topography_color = (/ 0.8_wp, 0.7_wp, 0.6_wp /)   !< dvr namelist parameter
1494
1495    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2,10) ::  slicer_range_limits_dvrp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1496
1497    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3,10) ::  isosurface_color  !< dvr namelist parameter
1498
1499    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp          !< internal dvr software variable
1500    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp_prt      !< internal dvr software variable
1501    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp               !< internal dvr software variable
1502    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp_prt           !< internal dvr software variable
1503    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp = 0.5_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1504    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp_prt = 0.5_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1505    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp = 1.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1506    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp_prt = 1.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1507    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp = 0.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1508    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp_prt = 0.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1509
1510    DATA  slicer_range_limits_dvrp / -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1511                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1512                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1513                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp /
1514
1515    DATA  isosurface_color / 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp,  0.8_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1516                             0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.6_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, &
1517                             0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.4_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, &
1518                             0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, 0.1_wp /
1519
1520    DATA  interval_h_dvrp / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1521                            25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1522
1523    DATA  interval_h_dvrp_prt / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1524                                25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1525
1526    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  xcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1527    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ycoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1528    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1529
1530    TYPE steering
1531       CHARACTER (LEN=24) ::  name  !< internal dvr software variable
1532       REAL(sp)           ::  min   !< internal dvr software variable
1533       REAL(sp)           ::  max   !< internal dvr software variable
1534       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imin  !< internal dvr software variable
1535       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imax  !< internal dvr software variable
1536    END TYPE steering
1537
1538    TYPE(steering), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  steering_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1539
1540    SAVE
1541
1542 END MODULE dvrp_variables
1543
1544
1545!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1546! Description:
1547! ------------
1548!> Definition of grid spacings.
1549!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1550 MODULE grid_variables
1551
1552    USE kinds
1553
1554    REAL(wp) ::  ddx          !< 1/dx
1555    REAL(wp) ::  ddx2         !< 1/dx2
1556    REAL(wp) ::  dx = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along x-direction)
1557    REAL(wp) ::  dx2          !< dx*dx
1558    REAL(wp) ::  ddy          !< 1/dy
1559    REAL(wp) ::  ddy2         !< 1/dy2
1560    REAL(wp) ::  dy = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along y-direction)
1561    REAL(wp) ::  dy2          !< dy*dy
1562
1563    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddx2_mg  !< 1/dx_l**2 (dx_l: grid spacing along x on different multigrid level)
1564    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddy2_mg  !< 1/dy_l**2 (dy_l: grid spacing along y on different multigrid level)
1565
1566    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu_s_inner  !< height of topography top on scalar grid
1567    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw_w_inner  !< height of topography top on w grid
1568                                             
1569    SAVE
1570
1571 END MODULE grid_variables
1572
1573
1574!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1575! Description:
1576! ------------
1577!> Definition of array bounds, number of gridpoints, and wall flag arrays.
1578!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1579 MODULE indices
1580
1581    USE kinds
1582
1583    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nbgp = 3     !< number of boundary ghost points
1584    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums     !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of output profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1585    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums_ls  !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of large-scale forcing profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1586    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnx          !< number of subdomain grid points in x-direction
1587    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx = 0       !< nx+1 = total number of grid points in x-direction
1588    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_a         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (atmosphere)
1589    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_o         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (ocean)
1590    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl          !< left-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1591    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlg         !< left-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1592    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlu         !< =nxl+1 (at left domain boundary with inflow from left), else =nxl (used for u-velocity component)
1593    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr          !< right-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1594    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxrg         !< right-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1595    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_on_file   !< nx of previous run in job chain
1596    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nny          !< number of subdomain grid points in y-direction
1597    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny = 0       !< ny+1 = total number of grid points in y-direction
1598    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_a         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (atmosphere)
1599    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_o         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (ocean)
1600    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn          !< north-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1601    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyng         !< north-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1602    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys          !< south-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1603    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysg         !< south-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1604    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysv         !< =nys+1 (at south domain boundary with inflow from south), else =nys (used for v-velocity component)
1605    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_on_file   !< ny of previous run in job chain
1606    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnz          !< number of subdomain grid points in z-direction
1607    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz = 0       !< total number of grid points in z-direction
1608    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb          !< bottom grid index of computational domain
1609    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_diff     !< will be removed
1610    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_max      !< vertical index of topography top
1611    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt          !< nzt+1 = top grid index of computational domain
1612
1613    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d        !< number of grid points of the total domain
1614    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d_inner  !< ! need to have 64 bit for grids > 2E9
1615                   
1616    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh  !< number of grid points of a horizontal cross section through the total domain
1617    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxl_mg   !< left-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1618    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxr_mg   !< right-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1619    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nyn_mg   !< north-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1620    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nys_mg   !< south-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1621    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzt_mg   !< top-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1622
1623
1624    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_outer     !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography and non-surface-bounded
1625    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_s_inner   !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography
1626    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mg_loc_ind        !< internal array to store index bounds of all PEs of that multigrid level where data is collected to PE0
1627    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_inner  !< will be removed
1628    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_outer  !< will be removed
1629    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_inner         !< will be removed
1630    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_outer         !< will be removed
1631    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_inner       !< will be removed
1632    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_outer       !< will be removed
1633    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_inner       !< will be removed
1634    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_outer       !< will be removed
1635    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_inner       !< will be removed
1636    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_outer       !< will be removed
1637    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_inner       !< will be removed
1638    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_outer       !< will be removed
1639
1640    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  flags  !< pointer to wall_flags_1-10
1641
1642    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_1   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 1
1643    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_2   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 2
1644    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_3   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 3
1645    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_4   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 4
1646    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_5   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 5
1647    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_6   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 6
1648    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_7   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 7
1649    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_8   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 8
1650    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_9   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 9
1651    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_10  !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 10
1652
1653    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_1            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1654    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_2            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1655    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  wall_flags_0            !< flags to mask topography and surface-bounded grid points
1656
1657    SAVE
1658
1659 END MODULE indices
1660
1661
1662!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1663! Description:
1664! ------------
1665!> Interfaces for special subroutines which use optional parameters.
1666!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1667 MODULE interfaces
1668
1669    INTERFACE
1670
1671!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1672! Description:
1673! ------------
1674!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1675!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1676       SUBROUTINE global_min_max ( i1, i2, j1, j2, k1, k2, array, mode, offset, &
1677                                   result, result_ijk, result1, result1_ijk )
1678
1679          USE kinds
1680
1681          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  mode                      !< mode of global min/max function: can be 'min', 'max', 'minmax', 'abs', or 'absoff'
1682          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1683          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1684          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1685          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1686          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1687          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1688          INTEGER(iwp)                  ::  result_ijk(3)             !< grid index result of min/max function
1689          INTEGER(iwp), OPTIONAL        ::  result1_ijk(3)            !< optional grid index result of min/max function
1690          REAL(wp)                      ::  offset                    !< min/max function calculates absolute value with respect to an offset
1691          REAL(wp)                      ::  result                    !< result of min/max function
1692          REAL(wp), OPTIONAL            ::  result1                   !< optional result of min/max function
1693          REAL(wp), INTENT(IN)          ::  array(i1:i2,j1:j2,k1:k2)  !< input array of min/max function
1694
1695       END SUBROUTINE global_min_max
1696
1697    END INTERFACE
1698
1699    SAVE
1700
1701 END MODULE interfaces
1702
1703
1704!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1705! Description:
1706! ------------
1707!> Interfaces for subroutines with pointer arguments called in
1708!> prognostic_equations.
1709!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1710 MODULE pointer_interfaces
1711
1712    INTERFACE
1713
1714!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1715! Description:
1716! ------------
1717!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1718!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1719       SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc( sk, sk_char )
1720
1721          USE kinds
1722
1723          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  sk_char  !< string for treated scalar in Bott-Chlond scheme
1724#if defined( __nopointer )
1725          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:) ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1726#else
1727          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1728#endif
1729       END SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc
1730
1731    END INTERFACE
1732
1733    SAVE
1734
1735 END MODULE pointer_interfaces
1736
1737
1738!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1739! Description:
1740! ------------
1741!> Definition of variables for the 1D-model.
1742!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1743 MODULE model_1d
1744
1745    USE kinds
1746
1747    INTEGER(iwp) ::  current_timestep_number_1d = 0  !< current timestep number (1d-model)
1748    INTEGER(iwp) ::  damp_level_ind_1d               !< lower grid index of damping layer (1d-model)
1749
1750    LOGICAL ::  run_control_header_1d = .FALSE.  !< flag for output of run control header (1d-model)
1751    LOGICAL ::  stop_dt_1d = .FALSE.             !< termination flag, used in case of too small timestep (1d-model)
1752
1753    REAL(wp) ::  damp_level_1d = -1.0_wp       !< namelist parameter
1754    REAL(wp) ::  dt_1d = 60.0_wp               !< dynamic timestep (1d-model)
1755    REAL(wp) ::  dt_max_1d = 300.0_wp          !< timestep limit (1d-model)
1756    REAL(wp) ::  dt_pr_1d = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter
1757    REAL(wp) ::  dt_run_control_1d = 60.0_wp   !< namelist parameter
1758    REAL(wp) ::  end_time_1d = 864000.0_wp     !< namelist parameter
1759    REAL(wp) ::  old_dt_1d = 1.0E-10_wp        !< previous timestep (1d-model)
1760    REAL(wp) ::  qs1d                          !< characteristic humidity scale (1d-model)
1761    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time_1d = 0.0_wp    !< updated simulated time (1d-model)
1762    REAL(wp) ::  time_pr_1d = 0.0_wp           !< updated simulated time for profile output (1d-model)
1763    REAL(wp) ::  time_run_control_1d = 0.0_wp  !< updated simulated time for run-control output (1d-model)
1764    REAL(wp) ::  ts1d                          !< characteristic temperature scale (1d-model)
1765    REAL(wp) ::  us1d                          !< friction velocity (1d-model)
1766    REAL(wp) ::  usws1d                        !< u-component of the momentum flux (1d-model)
1767    REAL(wp) ::  vsws1d                        !< v-component of the momentum flux (1d-model)   
1768    REAL(wp) ::  z01d                          !< roughness length for momentum (1d-model)
1769    REAL(wp) ::  z0h1d                         !< roughness length for scalars (1d-model)
1770
1771
1772    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  e1d      !< tke (1d-model)
1773    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  e1d_p    !< prognostic value of tke (1d-model)
1774    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  kh1d     !< turbulent diffusion coefficient for heat (1d-model)
1775    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  km1d     !< turbulent diffusion coefficient for momentum (1d-model)
1776    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l_black  !< mixing length Blackadar (1d-model)
1777    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l1d      !< mixing length (1d-model)
1778    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rif1d    !< Richardson flux number (1d-model)
1779    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_e     !< tendency of e (1d-model)
1780    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_em    !< weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (1d-model)
1781    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_u     !< tendency of u (1d-model)
1782    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_um    !< weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (1d-model)
1783    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_v     !< tendency of v (1d-model)
1784    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  te_vm    !< weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (1d-model)
1785    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u1d      !< u-velocity component (1d-model)
1786    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u1d_p    !< prognostic value of u-velocity component (1d-model)
1787    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v1d      !< v-velocity component (1d-model)
1788    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v1d_p    !< prognostic value of v-velocity component (1d-model)
1789
1790    SAVE
1791
1792 END MODULE model_1d
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1798! Description:
1799! ------------
1800!> Definition of variables which define processor topology and the exchange of
1801!> ghost point layers. This module must be placed in all routines containing
1802!> MPI-calls.
1803!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1804 MODULE pegrid
1805
1806    USE kinds
1807
1808#if defined( __parallel )
1809#if defined( __mpifh )
1810    INCLUDE "mpif.h"
1811#else
1812    USE MPI
1813#endif
1814#endif
1815    CHARACTER(LEN=2) ::  send_receive = 'al'     !<
1816    CHARACTER(LEN=7) ::  myid_char = ''          !< character string containing processor id number
1817   
1818    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dx                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along x
1819    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dy                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along y
1820    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm2d                      !< standard 2d (xy) communicator used in PALM for the process group the PE belongs to
1821    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_inter                  !< intercommunicator that connects atmosphere/ocean process groups
1822    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_palm                   !< internal communicator used during the MPI setup at the beginning of a run
1823    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_inflow = 0               !< myidx of procs at inflow (turbulent inflow method)
1824    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow = 0              !< myidx of procs at outflow (turbulent outflow method)
1825    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow_source = 0       !< myidx of procs including ouflow source plane (turbulent outflow method)
1826    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_recycling = 0            !< myidx of procs containing the recycling plane (turbulence recycling method)
1827    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ierr                        !< standard error parameter in MPI calls
1828    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myid = 0                    !< id number of processor element
1829    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidx = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along x-direction
1830    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidy = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along y-direction
1831    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ndim = 2                    !< dimension of the virtual PE grid
1832    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_a                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (atmosphere)
1833    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_o                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (ocean)
1834    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_xy                      !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: number of grid points of the subdomain
1835    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_y                       !< number of subdomain grid points along y including ghost points
1836    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npex = -1                   !< number of processor elements in x-direction
1837    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npey = -1                   !< number of processor elements in y-direction
1838    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs = 1                !< total number of appointed processor elements
1839    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs_previous_run = -1  !< total number of appointed processor elements in previous run (job chain)
1840    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pleft                       !< MPI-address of the processor left of the current one
1841    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pnorth                      !< MPI-address of the processor north of the current one
1842    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pright                      !< MPI-address of the processor right of the current one
1843    INTEGER(iwp) ::  psouth                      !< MPI-address of the processor south of the current one
1844    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req_count = 0               !< MPI return variable - checks if Send-Receive operation is already finished
1845    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_xy            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions (y --> x, or x --> y) or second (2d) transposition x --> y
1846    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_yz            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in third (2d) transposition y --> z
1847    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zx            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in first (2d) transposition z --> x
1848    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zyd           !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions z --> y (used for calculating spectra)
1849    INTEGER(iwp) ::  target_id                   !< in atmosphere/ocean coupling: id of the ocean/atmosphere counterpart PE with whom the atmosphere/ocean PE exchanges data
1850    INTEGER(iwp) ::  tasks_per_node = -9999      !< MPI tasks per compute node
1851    INTEGER(iwp) ::  threads_per_task = 1        !< number of OPENMP threads per MPI task
1852    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1853    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xy                     !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1854    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D exchange in atmosphere-ocean coupler
1855
1856    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pdims(2) = 1  !< number of processors along x-y dimension
1857    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req(100)      !< MPI return variable indicating if send-receive operation is finished
1858
1859    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds               !< horizontal index bounds
1860    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds_previous_run  !< horizontal index bounds of previous run
1861
1862    LOGICAL ::  collective_wait = .FALSE.          !< switch to set an explicit MPI barrier in front of all collective MPI calls
1863
1864#if defined( __parallel )
1865    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibuf(12)                 !< internal buffer for calculating MPI settings
1866    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pcoord(2)                !< PE coordinates along x and y
1867    INTEGER(iwp) ::  status(MPI_STATUS_SIZE)  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1868   
1869    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(MPI_STATUS_SIZE,100) ::  wait_stat  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1870   
1871    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_yz_int   !< number of ghost points in yz-plane
1872    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xz_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1873    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_yz_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1874
1875    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz      !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
1876    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz      !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
1877    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_x_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1878    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1879    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_y_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1880    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1881
1882    LOGICAL ::  left_border_pe  = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on left border of computational domain
1883    LOGICAL ::  north_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on north border of computational domain
1884    LOGICAL ::  reorder = .TRUE.           !< switch to allow MPI the reorder of ranking (e.g. row-major or column-major)
1885    LOGICAL ::  right_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on right border of computational domain
1886    LOGICAL ::  south_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on south border of computational domain
1887
1888    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  cyclic = (/ .TRUE. , .TRUE. /)  !< boundary conditions of the virtual PE grid
1889    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  remain_dims                     !< internal array used to determine sub-topologies for transpositions
1890#endif
1891
1892    SAVE
1893
1894 END MODULE pegrid
1895
1896
1897!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1898! Description:
1899! ------------
1900!> Definition of variables which control PROFIL-output.
1901!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1902 MODULE profil_parameter
1903
1904    USE kinds
1905
1906    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  crmax = 100  !< maximum number of coordinate systems for profile output
1907
1908    CHARACTER (LEN=20), DIMENSION(20) ::  cross_ts_profiles = &  !< time series to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1909                           (/ ' E E*               ', ' dt                 ', &
1910                              ' u* w*              ', ' th*                ', &
1911                              ' umax vmax wmax     ', ' div_old div_new    ', &
1912                              ' z_i_wpt z_i_pt     ', ' w"pt"0 w"pt" wpt   ', &
1913                              ' pt(0) pt(zp)       ', ' splux spluy spluz  ', &
1914                              ' L                  ',                         &
1915                            ( '                    ', i9 = 1, 9 ) /)
1916
1917    CHARACTER (LEN=100), DIMENSION(crmax) ::  cross_profiles = &  !< quantities to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1918                           (/ ' u v                           ', &
1919                              ' pt                            ', &
1920                              ' w"pt" w*pt* w*pt*BC wpt wptBC ', &
1921                              ' w"u" w*u* wu w"v" w*v* wv     ', &
1922                              ' km kh                         ', &
1923                              ' l                             ', &
1924                         ( '                               ', i9 = 1, 94 ) /)
1925
1926    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_columns = 2  !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per column
1927    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_rows = 3     !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per row
1928
1929    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_index(300) = 0                !< index number of respective profile quantity
1930    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_initial_index(300) = 0        !< index number of initial profiles to be output
1931               
1932    SAVE
1933
1934 END MODULE profil_parameter
1935
1936!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1937! Description:
1938! ------------
1939!> Definition of statistical quantities, e.g. global sums.
1940!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1941 MODULE statistics
1942
1943    USE kinds
1944
1945    CHARACTER (LEN=40) ::  region(0:9)  !< label for statistic region
1946   
1947    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pr_palm = 130          !< maximum number of output profiles
1948    INTEGER(iwp) ::  statistic_regions = 0  !< identifier for statistic regions
1949   
1950    INTEGER(iwp) ::  u_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where u_max occurs
1951    INTEGER(iwp) ::  v_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where v_max occurs
1952    INTEGER(iwp) ::  w_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where w_max occurs
1953   
1954    LOGICAL ::  flow_statistics_called = .FALSE.  !< flag that tells other routines if flow statistics was executed
1955                                                  !< (after each timestep)
1956   
1957    REAL(wp) ::  u_max  !< maximum of absolute u-veloctiy in entire domain
1958    REAL(wp) ::  v_max  !< maximum of absolute v-veloctiy in entire domain
1959    REAL(wp) ::  w_max  !< maximum of absolute w-veloctiy in entire domain
1960   
1961    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_surface_level_height  !< mean surface level height for the different statistic regions
1962    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divnew_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence after pressure
1963                                                                       !< solver call (new)
1964    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divold_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence before pressure
1965                                                                       !< solver call (old)
1966    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_substep             !< weighting factor for substeps in timestepping
1967    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_pres                !< substep weighting factor for pressure solver
1968   
1969    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums             !< global sum array for the various output quantities
1970    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsts_bc_l   !< subdomain sum of sensible heat flux in Bott-Chlond scheme
1971    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_value         !< timeseries output array for the various output quantities
1972    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsus_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1973    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsvs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1974    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_us2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux u'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1975    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_vs2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux v'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1976    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ws2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'w' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1977    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsncs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical clouddrop-number concentration flux w'nc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1978    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsnrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical raindrop-number concentration flux w'nr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1979    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wspts_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical sensible heat flux w'pt' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1980    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical latent heat flux w'q' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1981    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqcs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical cloudwater flux w'qc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1982    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical rainwater flux w'qr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1983    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wssas_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical salinity flux w'sa' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1984    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsss_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical passive scalar flux w's' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1985    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ls_l        !< subdomain sum of large scale forcing and nudging tendencies
1986                                             
1987    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom_sum             !< sum array for horizontal mean
1988    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rmask               !< REAL flag array (0.0 or 1.0) for statistic regions
1989    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) gathered for various quantities
1990    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l_l            !< subdomain sum (_l) of mixing length from diffusivities
1991
1992    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom  !< horizontal mean of various quantities (profiles/timeseries)
1993
1994    SAVE
1995
1996 END MODULE statistics
1997
1998
1999
2000!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2001! Description:
2002! ------------
2003!> Definition of indices for transposed arrays.
2004!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2005 MODULE transpose_indices
2006
2007    USE kinds
2008
2009    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2010    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2011    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2012    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2013    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2014    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2015    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2016    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2017    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2018    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2019    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2020    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2021    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2022    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2023    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2024    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2025               
2026    SAVE
2027
2028 END MODULE transpose_indices
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