Changeset 108


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Aug 24, 2007 3:10:38 PM (14 years ago)
Author:
letzel
Message:
  • Improved coupler: evaporation - salinity-flux coupling for humidity = .T.,

avoid MPI hangs when coupled runs terminate, add DOC/app/chapter_3.8;

  • Optional calculation of km and kh from initial TKE e_init;
  • Default initialization of km,kh = 0.00001 for ocean = .T.;
  • Allow data_output_pr= q, wq, w"q", w*q* for humidity = .T.;
  • Bugfix: Rayleigh damping for ocean fixed.
Location:
palm/trunk
Files:
1 added
26 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_3.4.html

    r97 r108  
    11<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
    2 <html><head>
    3 <meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type"><title>chapter_3.4</title></head>
    4 <body><h3 style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">3.4 Input and
     2<html>
     3<head>
     4
     5
     6 
     7  <meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type">
     8
     9 
     10  <title>PALM chapter 3.4</title>
     11</head>
     12
     13
     14<body>
     15
     16
     17<h3 style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">3.4
     18Input and
    519output files</font></h3>
    6 <p style="line-height: 100%;"></p><p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">The
     20
     21
     22<p style="line-height: 100%;"></p>
     23
     24
     25<p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">The
    726model works
    827with a set of files, which are all located in the temporary working
     
    2241NetCDF call (NF90_CREATE or NF90_OPEN). These files are only created on
    2342machines where a NetCDF library is available.<br>
    24 </font></p><p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">The file
     43
     44
     45</font></p>
     46
     47
     48<p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">The
     49file
    2550names described in the list correspond to the names indicated in the
    2651respective OPEN instruction, i.e. the files are expected and saved
     
    34594.5.1</a> which gives more details about the PALM-NetCDF-output).</font>
    3560</p>
    36 <p style="line-height: 100%;"> </p><p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">On
     61
     62
     63<p style="line-height: 100%;"> </p>
     64
     65
     66<p style="line-height: 100%;"><font color="#000000">On
    3767parallel
    3868computers many of the files are read and/or written by the central
     
    6797expected and/or to which output files are written. The file names in
    6898these directories are always named _0000, _0001, _0002 etc. </font>
    69 </font></p><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">For internal use,
     99</font></p>
     100
     101
     102<p><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">For
     103internal use,
    70104the model may open a set of further files, which are not
    71105defined by the user but contain no usable information and
    72 therefore are not included in this list. <br>
    73 <br></font>
    74 <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="8%"> <p><font size="4"><b>Unit</b></font></p> </td>
    75 <td width="12%"> <p><font size="4"><b>Name</b></font></p>
    76 </td> <td width="4%"> <p><font size="4"><b>I/O</b></font></p>
    77 </td> <td width="9%"> <p><font size="4"><b>Format</b></font></p>
    78 </td> <td colspan="1" width="67%"> <p><font size="4"><b>Description/contents</b></font></p>
    79 </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%"> 11<br> </td>
    80 <td width="12%"> <p><a name="PARIN"></a>PARIN</p>
    81 </td> <td width="4%"> <p align="center">I</p>
    82 </td> <td style="width: 9%;"> <p>ASCII/&nbsp;
    83 <br>NAMELIST</p> </td> <td colspan="1" width="67%"> <p><font color="#000000">Parameter
     106therefore are not included in this list.</font></font></p>
     107<p><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">
     108
     109<a name="coupled"></a>In case of <a href="chapter_3.8.html">coupled</a> atmosphere-ocean
     110runs (see <a href="chapter_3.8.html">chapter 3.8</a>),
     111both the atmosphere and the </font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><a href="chapter_4.1.html#ocean">ocean</a> executable use
     112the same temporary working directory. However, each executable requires its own, unique set of files for I/O. In order to
     113distinguish between atmosphere and ocean files, coupled </font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">atmosphere-ocean
     114</font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">runs use the </font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">following
     115filename convention</font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">. </font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">The
     116atmosphere executable uses the set of normal filenames given in the
     117table below. The ocean executable uses a set of modified filenames that
     118have the string '_O' added to their normal name. The coupled
     119ocean filenames are given in brackets in the table below where
     120applicable. The string '_O' is simply appended </font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">to most
     121filenames</font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">; exceptions are highlighted in bold face. (<span style="font-weight: bold;">Note:</span> uncoupled
     122ocean runs use the normal set of filenames without '_O'.)</font></font></p>
     123<p></p>
     124<font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">
     125
     126<br>
     127
     128
     129</font>
     130<table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2">
     131
     132
     133  <tbody>
     134
     135
     136    <tr valign="top">
     137
     138
     139      <td width="8%">
     140     
     141      <p><font size="4"><b>Unit</b></font></p>
     142
     143
     144      </td>
     145
     146
     147      <td width="12%">
     148     
     149      <p><font size="4"><b>Name</b></font></p>
     150
     151
     152      </td>
     153
     154
     155      <td width="4%">
     156     
     157      <p><font size="4"><b>I/O</b></font></p>
     158
     159
     160      </td>
     161
     162
     163      <td width="9%">
     164     
     165      <p><font size="4"><b>Format</b></font></p>
     166
     167
     168      </td>
     169
     170
     171      <td colspan="1" width="67%">
     172     
     173      <p><font size="4"><b>Description/contents</b></font></p>
     174
     175
     176      </td>
     177
     178
     179    </tr>
     180
     181
     182    <tr valign="top">
     183
     184
     185      <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%"> 11<br>
     186
     187
     188      </td>
     189
     190
     191      <td width="12%">
     192     
     193      <p><a name="PARIN"></a>PARIN<br>
     194
     195
     196(PARIN_O)</p>
     197
     198
     199      </td>
     200
     201
     202      <td width="4%">
     203     
     204      <p align="center">I</p>
     205
     206
     207      </td>
     208
     209
     210      <td style="width: 9%;">
     211     
     212      <p>ASCII/&nbsp; <br>
     213
     214
     215NAMELIST</p>
     216
     217
     218      </td>
     219
     220
     221      <td colspan="1" width="67%">
     222     
     223      <p><font color="#000000">Parameter
    84224for model steering. This file
    85225is needed by the model in each case. Its content and structure is
     
    872274.0</a>. <a href="chapter_4.4.1.html">Chapter
    882284.4.1</a> <font color="#000000">shows a simple
    89 example. </font> </p> </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%"> <p align="center">13</p> </td>
    90 <td width="12%"> <p><a name="BININ"></a>BININ/</p>
    91 </td> <td width="4%"> <p align="center">I</p>
    92 </td> <td width="9%"> <p>Binary</p> </td>
    93 <td colspan="1" width="67%"> <p>Binary data,
     229example. </font> </p>
     230
     231
     232      </td>
     233
     234
     235    </tr>
     236
     237
     238    <tr valign="top">
     239
     240
     241      <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%">
     242     
     243      <p align="center">13</p>
     244
     245
     246      </td>
     247
     248
     249      <td width="12%">
     250     
     251      <p><a name="BININ"></a>BININ/<br>
     252
     253
     254(BININ<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>/)</p>
     255
     256
     257      </td>
     258
     259
     260      <td width="4%">
     261     
     262      <p align="center">I</p>
     263
     264
     265      </td>
     266
     267
     268      <td width="9%">
     269     
     270      <p>Binary</p>
     271
     272
     273      </td>
     274
     275
     276      <td colspan="1" width="67%">
     277     
     278      <p>Binary data,
    94279which are read in by the model at the beginning
    95280of a restart run (see <a href="chapter_3.3.html">chapter
     
    106291reads its own file and the file content is processor-dependent. The
    107292number of processors which can be used must not be changed during a job
    108 chain and/or if a job chain is continued.&nbsp; </p> <p>Knowledge
     293chain and/or if a job chain is continued.&nbsp; </p>
     294
     295
     296     
     297      <p>Knowledge
    109298of the file structure is usually not necessary,
    110299because the file is produced and also read again by the model, but it
    111300can be useful for error determination in case of read errors .
    112301Therefore the file structure is described in the following.&nbsp; </p>
    113 <p>The first record of this file contains a version number (ten
     302
     303
     304     
     305      <p>The first record of this file contains a version number
     306(ten
    114307character string) of the subroutine, which, which output the data that
    115308follows (write_var_list.f90). This number has to
     
    117310(read_var_list.f90) in case of a restart run. Otherwise the model run
    118311is aborted. Version numbers are changed whenever new code revisions
    119 require a change of the file format.&nbsp; </p> <p>Starting
     312require a change of the file format.&nbsp; </p>
     313
     314
     315     
     316      <p>Starting
    120317from the second record, all initial parameters follow
    121318(exception: <a href="chapter_4.1.html#initializing_actions">initializing_actions</a>),
     
    128325and <a href="chapter_4.1.html#statistic_regions">statistic_regions</a>.
    129326If a variable with unknown name is found the model run is
    130 aborted.&nbsp; </p> <p>At the end of the initial
     327aborted.&nbsp; </p>
     328
     329
     330     
     331      <p>At the end of the initial
    131332parameters a record with the string "<i>***
    132333end ***</i>"follows (filled up with trailing blanks up to a
    133334length of
    134 30 characters).&nbsp; </p> <p>Afterwards the fields
     33530 characters).&nbsp; </p>
     336
     337
     338     
     339      <p>Afterwards the fields
    135340of the prognostic and diagnostic
    136341variables follow. This part of the file also begins with a record
     
    138343version number of the subroutine that wrote the arrays that follow
    139344(write_3d_binary.f90). It must agree with the number of the reading
    140 subroutine (read_3d_binary.f90).&nbsp; </p> <p>The
     345subroutine (read_3d_binary.f90).&nbsp; </p>
     346
     347
     348     
     349      <p>The
    141350following record contains the number of processors which
    142351were used in the model run producing this file, the processor ID of the
     
    147356particular on parallel computers, because the jobs of a job chain
    148357always have to use the same number of processors and the same virtual
    149 processor grid.&nbsp; </p> <p>After these tests the
     358processor grid.&nbsp; </p>
     359
     360
     361     
     362      <p>After these tests the
    150363individual arrays as well as parameters
    151364and variables for plots of horizontally averaged vertical profiles
     
    158371parameter <a href="chapter_4.2.html#use_prior_plot1d_parameters">use_prior_plot1d_parameters</a>
    159372= <i>.TRUE</i> is selected, otherwise they will be
    160 skipped.&nbsp; </p> <p>At the end of the file there
     373skipped.&nbsp; </p>
     374
     375
     376     
     377      <p>At the end of the file there
    161378has to be a record with the
    162379character string "<span style="font-style: italic;"></span><i>***
    163380end
    164381***</i>"(filled up with trailing blanks up to a length of 20
    165 characters).</p> </td> </tr> <tr valign="top">
    166 <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%"> <p align="center">14</p> </td> <td width="12%">
    167 <p><a name="BINOUT"></a>BINOUT/</p> </td>
    168 <td width="4%"> <p align="center">O</p>
    169 </td> <td width="9%"> <p>Binary</p> </td>
    170 <td colspan="1" width="67%"> <p>Binary data,
     382characters).</p>
     383
     384
     385      </td>
     386
     387
     388    </tr>
     389
     390
     391    <tr valign="top">
     392
     393
     394      <td style="text-align: center;" width="8%">
     395     
     396      <p align="center">14</p>
     397
     398
     399      </td>
     400
     401
     402      <td width="12%">
     403     
     404      <p><a name="BINOUT"></a>BINOUT/<br>
     405
     406
     407(BINOUT<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>/)</p>
     408
     409
     410      </td>
     411
     412
     413      <td width="4%">
     414     
     415      <p align="center">O</p>
     416
     417
     418      </td>
     419
     420
     421      <td width="9%">
     422     
     423      <p>Binary</p>
     424
     425
     426      </td>
     427
     428
     429      <td colspan="1" width="67%">
     430     
     431      <p>Binary data,
    171432which are written by the model at the end of the
    172433run and possibly needed by restart runs (see <a href="chapter_3.3.html">chapter
     
    185446the
    186447description of the file <a href="#BININ">BININ</a>.&nbsp;
    187 </p> <p>The file BINOUT is written by the model only if,
     448      </p>
     449
     450
     451     
     452      <p>The file BINOUT is written by the model only if,
    188453with the help
    189454of the <b>mrun</b>-configuration file, the <font face="Thorndale, serif">value</font> <span style="font-family: monospace;">true</span> is
     
    192457variable <span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: monospace;">write_binary</span>
    193458(see <a href="chapter_3.3.html">chapter
    194 3.3</a>).&nbsp; </p> <p>With large grid point
     4593.3</a>).&nbsp; </p>
     460
     461
     462     
     463      <p>With large grid point
    195464numbers the file BINOUT (or the
    196465files residing in directory BINOUT/) will be very large and should
    197466be stored (if available) on the archive system of the remote computer.</p>
    198 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">15<br>
    199 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="RUN_CONTROL"></a>RUN_CONTROL</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii</td> <td colspan="1" width="67%"> <p>This file contains
     467
     468
     469      </td>
     470
     471
     472    </tr>
     473
     474
     475    <tr>
     476
     477
     478      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">15<br>
     479
     480
     481      </td>
     482
     483
     484      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="RUN_CONTROL"></a>RUN_CONTROL<br>
     485
     486
     487(RUN_CONTROL_O)</td>
     488
     489
     490      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O</td>
     491
     492
     493      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii</td>
     494
     495
     496      <td colspan="1" width="67%">
     497     
     498      <p>This file contains
    200499the so-called time step control output of
    201500the model. At certain temporal intervals, which are described by the
     
    206505file. Additionally, such a control line is always written, whenever the
    207506time step of the model changes. All data and quantities always refer to
    208 the entire model domain.&nbsp; </p> <p>If the
     507the entire model domain.&nbsp; </p>
     508
     509
     510     
     511      <p>If the
    2095121D-model is switched on for the initialization of the
    2105133D-models, then control lines are likewise written into this file at
    211514certain temporal intervals (see <a href="chapter_4.1.html#dt_run_control_1d">dt_run_control_1d</a>).&nbsp;
    212 </p> <p>By default, the file RUN_CONTROL only lists
     515      </p>
     516
     517
     518     
     519      <p>By default, the file RUN_CONTROL only lists
    213520information
    214521about the selected model parameters at the beginning of the
     
    220527it can be achieved that this information is also written at the
    221528beginning of the file RUN_CONTROL at restart runs.&nbsp; </p>
    222 <p>The individual columns of the 1D - time step control output
     529
     530
     531     
     532      <p>The individual columns of the 1D - time step control
     533output
    223534have the following meaning (listed by the respective heading of the
    224535appropriate
    225 column in the file):&nbsp; <br> </p> <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
    226 <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">ITER.</td>
    227 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Number of time steps
    228 accomplished so far</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">HH:MM:SS</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time (in hours: minutes:
    229 seconds)</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">DT</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time step (in s)</td> </tr>
    230 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX</td>
    231 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum absolute wind
     536column in the file):&nbsp; <br>
     537
     538
     539      </p>
     540
     541
     542     
     543      <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
     544
     545
     546        <tbody>
     547
     548
     549          <tr>
     550
     551
     552            <td style="vertical-align: top;">ITER.</td>
     553
     554
     555            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Number of
     556time steps
     557accomplished so far</td>
     558
     559
     560          </tr>
     561
     562
     563          <tr>
     564
     565
     566            <td style="vertical-align: top;">HH:MM:SS</td>
     567
     568
     569            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time (in
     570hours: minutes:
     571seconds)</td>
     572
     573
     574          </tr>
     575
     576
     577          <tr>
     578
     579
     580            <td style="vertical-align: top;">DT</td>
     581
     582
     583            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time step (in
     584s)</td>
     585
     586
     587          </tr>
     588
     589
     590          <tr>
     591
     592
     593            <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX</td>
     594
     595
     596            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum
     597absolute wind
    232598velocity
    233 (u-component) (in m/s)</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum absolute wind
     599(u-component) (in m/s)</td>
     600
     601
     602          </tr>
     603
     604
     605          <tr>
     606
     607
     608            <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX</td>
     609
     610
     611            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum
     612absolute wind
    234613velocity
    235 (v-component) (in m/s)</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">U *</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Friction velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s)</td> </tr>
    236 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">ALPHA</td>
    237 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Angle of the wind vector
     614(v-component) (in m/s)</td>
     615
     616
     617          </tr>
     618
     619
     620          <tr>
     621
     622
     623            <td style="vertical-align: top;">U *</td>
     624
     625
     626            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Friction
     627velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s)</td>
     628
     629
     630          </tr>
     631
     632
     633          <tr>
     634
     635
     636            <td style="vertical-align: top;">ALPHA</td>
     637
     638
     639            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Angle of the
     640wind vector
    238641(to the x-axis) at the top of the
    239642Prandtl layer (k=1) (<font color="#000000">in </font>degrees)</td>
    240 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">ENERG.</td>
    241 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Kinetic energy of the
     643
     644
     645          </tr>
     646
     647
     648          <tr>
     649
     650
     651            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">ENERG.</td>
     652
     653
     654            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Kinetic
     655energy of the
    2426561D-model (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>),
    243 averaged over all grid points</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
    244 <p>&nbsp;
     657averaged over all grid points</td>
     658
     659
     660          </tr>
     661
     662
     663       
     664        </tbody>
     665     
     666      </table>
     667
     668
     669     
     670      <p>&nbsp;
    245671The individual columns of the 3D - time step control output
    246672have the following meaning (listed by the respective heading of the
    247673appropriate
    248 column in the file):<br> </p> <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
    249 <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">RUN</td>
    250 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Serial-number of the job
     674column in the file):<br>
     675
     676
     677      </p>
     678
     679
     680     
     681      <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
     682
     683
     684        <tbody>
     685
     686
     687          <tr>
     688
     689
     690            <td style="vertical-align: top;">RUN</td>
     691
     692
     693            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Serial-number
     694of the job
    251695in the job chain. The initial
    252696run has the number 0, restart runs accordingly have larger numbers.</td>
    253 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">ITER.</td>
    254 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Number of time steps
     697
     698
     699          </tr>
     700
     701
     702          <tr>
     703
     704
     705            <td style="vertical-align: top;">ITER.</td>
     706
     707
     708            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Number of
     709time steps
    255710accomplished since starting time t=0 of
    256 the initial run.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">HH:MM:SS</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time (<font color="#000000">in
    257 </font>hours: minutes:
     711the initial run.</td>
     712
     713
     714          </tr>
     715
     716
     717          <tr>
     718
     719
     720            <td style="vertical-align: top;">HH:MM:SS</td>
     721
     722
     723            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time (<font color="#000000">in </font>hours: minutes:
    258724seconds) since starting time t=0 of the
    259 initial run.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">DT (E)</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time step (<font color="#000000">in </font>s). The
     725initial run.</td>
     726
     727
     728          </tr>
     729
     730
     731          <tr>
     732
     733
     734            <td style="vertical-align: top;">DT (E)</td>
     735
     736
     737            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time step (<font color="#000000">in </font>s). The
    260738following character indicates whether the
    261739time
     
    268746Euler). This
    269747does
    270 not apply for the default Runge-Kutta timestep scheme.</td> </tr>
    271 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX</td>
    272 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum absolute wind
     748not apply for the default Runge-Kutta timestep scheme.</td>
     749
     750
     751          </tr>
     752
     753
     754          <tr>
     755
     756
     757            <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX</td>
     758
     759
     760            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum
     761absolute wind
    273762velocity (u-component) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).
    274763If at
     
    277766horizontal velocity field (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#create_disturbances">create_disturbances</a>),
    278767the character D will appear directly after the velocity value.</td>
    279 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX</td>
    280 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum absolute wind
     768
     769
     770          </tr>
     771
     772
     773          <tr>
     774
     775
     776            <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX</td>
     777
     778
     779            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum
     780absolute wind
    281781velocity (v-component) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).
    282782If at
     
    285785horizontal velocity field (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#create_disturbances">create_disturbances</a>),
    286786the character D will appear directly after the velocity value.</td>
    287 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">WMAX</td>
    288 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum absolute wind
     787
     788
     789          </tr>
     790
     791
     792          <tr>
     793
     794
     795            <td style="vertical-align: top;">WMAX</td>
     796
     797
     798            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Maximum
     799absolute wind
    289800velocity (w-component) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    290 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">U
    291 *</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Horizontal
     801
     802
     803          </tr>
     804
     805
     806          <tr>
     807
     808
     809            <td style="vertical-align: top;">U
     810*</td>
     811
     812
     813            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Horizontal
    292814average of the
    293815friction velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    294 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">W
    295 *</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Convective
     816
     817
     818          </tr>
     819
     820
     821          <tr>
     822
     823
     824            <td style="vertical-align: top;">W
     825*</td>
     826
     827
     828            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Convective
    296829velocity scale
    297830(<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s). The assumed
    298831boundary layer
    299 height is determined via the heat flux minimum criterion.</td> </tr>
    300 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">THETA *</td>
    301 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Characteristic
     832height is determined via the heat flux minimum criterion.</td>
     833
     834
     835          </tr>
     836
     837
     838          <tr>
     839
     840
     841            <td style="vertical-align: top;">THETA *</td>
     842
     843
     844            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Characteristic
    302845temperature
    303846of the Prandtl - layer (<font color="#000000">in </font>K).</td>
    304 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Z_I</td>
    305 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Height of the convective
     847
     848
     849          </tr>
     850
     851
     852          <tr>
     853
     854
     855            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Z_I</td>
     856
     857
     858            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Height of the
     859convective
    306860boundary layer (<font color="#000000">in </font>m),
    307861determined via
    308 the criterion of the heat flux minimum.</td> </tr> <tr>
    309 <td style="vertical-align: middle;">ENERG.</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Average resolved total
     862the criterion of the heat flux minimum.</td>
     863
     864
     865          </tr>
     866
     867
     868          <tr>
     869
     870
     871            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">ENERG.</td>
     872
     873
     874            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Average
     875resolved total
    310876energy of the flow field (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>),
    311 normalized with the total number of grid points.</td> </tr>
    312 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">DISTENERG</td>
    313 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Average resolved
     877normalized with the total number of grid points.</td>
     878
     879
     880          </tr>
     881
     882
     883          <tr>
     884
     885
     886            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">DISTENERG</td>
     887
     888
     889            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Average
     890resolved
    314891disturbance energy of flow field (<font color="#000000">in
    315 </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>),
    316 normalized with the total number of grid points.</td> </tr>
    317 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">DIVOLD</td>
    318 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Divergence
     892            </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>),
     893normalized with the total number of grid points.</td>
     894
     895
     896          </tr>
     897
     898
     899          <tr>
     900
     901
     902            <td style="vertical-align: top;">DIVOLD</td>
     903
     904
     905            <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Divergence
    319906of the velocity field (sum of
    320907the absolute values) (</font><font color="#000000">in
    321 </font><font color="#000000">1/s) before call of the
     908            </font><font color="#000000">1/s) before
     909call of the
    322910pressure solver,
    323911normalized with the total number of grid points.</font></td>
    324 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">DIVNEW</td>
    325 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Divergence
     912
     913
     914          </tr>
     915
     916
     917          <tr>
     918
     919
     920            <td style="vertical-align: top;">DIVNEW</td>
     921
     922
     923            <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Divergence
    326924of the velocity field (sum of
    327925the absolute values) (</font><font color="#000000">in
    328 </font><font color="#000000">1/s) after call of the
     926            </font><font color="#000000">1/s) after
     927call of the
    329928pressure solver, normalized</font>
    330 with the total number of grid points.</td> </tr> <tr>
    331 <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX (KJI)</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of the grid point
     929with the total number of grid points.</td>
     930
     931
     932          </tr>
     933
     934
     935          <tr>
     936
     937
     938            <td style="vertical-align: top;">UMAX (KJI)</td>
     939
     940
     941            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of
     942the grid point
    332943with the maximum absolute
    333 u-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td> </tr>
    334 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX (KJI)</td>
    335 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of the grid point
     944u-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td>
     945
     946
     947          </tr>
     948
     949
     950          <tr>
     951
     952
     953            <td style="vertical-align: top;">VMAX (KJI)</td>
     954
     955
     956            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of
     957the grid point
    336958with the maximum absolute
    337 v-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td> </tr>
    338 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">WMAX (KJI)</td>
    339 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of the grid point
     959v-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td>
     960
     961
     962          </tr>
     963
     964
     965          <tr>
     966
     967
     968            <td style="vertical-align: top;">WMAX (KJI)</td>
     969
     970
     971            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Indices of
     972the grid point
    340973with the maximum absolute
    341 w-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td> </tr>
    342 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">ADVECX</td>
    343 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Distance (<font color="#000000">in </font>km) the
     974w-component of the wind velocity (sequence: k, j, i).</td>
     975
     976
     977          </tr>
     978
     979
     980          <tr>
     981
     982
     983            <td style="vertical-align: top;">ADVECX</td>
     984
     985
     986            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Distance (<font color="#000000">in </font>km) the
    344987coordinate system has been moved in
    345988x-direction with Galilei-Transformation switched on (see <a href="chapter_4.1.html#galilei_transformation">galilei_transformation</a>).</td>
    346 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">ADVECY</td>
    347 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Distance (<font color="#000000">in </font>km) the
     989
     990
     991          </tr>
     992
     993
     994          <tr>
     995
     996
     997            <td style="vertical-align: top;">ADVECY</td>
     998
     999
     1000            <td style="vertical-align: top;">Distance (<font color="#000000">in </font>km) the
    3481001coordinate system has been moved in
    3491002y-direction with Galilei-Transformation switched on (see <a href="chapter_4.1.html#galilei_transformation">galilei_transformation</a>).</td>
    350 </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr>
    351 <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">16<br>
    352 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="LIST_PROFIL"></a>LIST_PROFIL </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This file contains horizontally
     1003
     1004
     1005          </tr>
     1006
     1007
     1008       
     1009        </tbody>
     1010     
     1011      </table>
     1012
     1013
     1014      </td>
     1015
     1016
     1017    </tr>
     1018
     1019
     1020    <tr>
     1021
     1022
     1023      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">16<br>
     1024
     1025
     1026      </td>
     1027
     1028
     1029      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="LIST_PROFIL"></a>LIST_PROFIL<br>
     1030
     1031
     1032(LIST_PROFIL_O) </td>
     1033
     1034
     1035      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     1036
     1037
     1038      </td>
     1039
     1040
     1041      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br>
     1042
     1043
     1044      </td>
     1045
     1046
     1047      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This file contains
     1048horizontally
    3531049(and possibly temporally)
    3541050averaged vertical profiles of some model variables. The quantities
     
    3631059the respective subdomain (see <a href="chapter_4.3.html#region">region</a>)
    3641060appears in the header of the respective table. <br>
     1061
     1062
    3651063In each case the tables consist of a header, followed by the
    3661064profiles arranged next to each other in columns. The header contains
     
    3701068computer, date, time of the beginning of the run, name of the
    3711069subdomain, output time, kind of averaging). On the u-v-level the
    372 following columns are written: <br> <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
    373 <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
    374 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
    375 grid point index.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">zu<br>
    376 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Height
     1070following columns are written: <br>
     1071
     1072
     1073     
     1074      <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
     1075
     1076
     1077        <tbody>
     1078
     1079
     1080          <tr>
     1081
     1082
     1083            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
     1084
     1085
     1086            </td>
     1087
     1088
     1089            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
     1090grid point index.</td>
     1091
     1092
     1093          </tr>
     1094
     1095
     1096          <tr>
     1097
     1098
     1099            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">zu<br>
     1100
     1101
     1102            </td>
     1103
     1104
     1105            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Height
    3771106of the grid point
    3781107level (<font color="#000000">in </font>m).</td>
    379 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u<br>
    380 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u-component
     1108
     1109
     1110          </tr>
     1111
     1112
     1113          <tr>
     1114
     1115
     1116            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u<br>
     1117
     1118
     1119            </td>
     1120
     1121
     1122            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u-component
    3811123of the wind
    3821124velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    383 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">du<br>
    384 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
     1125
     1126
     1127          </tr>
     1128
     1129
     1130          <tr>
     1131
     1132
     1133            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">du<br>
     1134
     1135
     1136            </td>
     1137
     1138
     1139            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
    3851140of the
    3861141u-component from the initial profile at the
    3871142time t=0 (initialization profile) (<font color="#000000">in
    388 </font>m/s).</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v<br>
    389 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v-component
     1143            </font>m/s).</td>
     1144
     1145
     1146          </tr>
     1147
     1148
     1149          <tr>
     1150
     1151
     1152            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v<br>
     1153
     1154
     1155            </td>
     1156
     1157
     1158            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v-component
    3901159of the wind
    3911160velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    392 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">dv<br>
    393 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
     1161
     1162
     1163          </tr>
     1164
     1165
     1166          <tr>
     1167
     1168
     1169            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">dv<br>
     1170
     1171
     1172            </td>
     1173
     1174
     1175            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
    3941176of the
    3951177v-component from the initial profile at the
    3961178time t=0 (initialization profile) (<font color="#000000">in
    397 </font>m/s).</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">pt&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    398 <br> </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Potential
     1179            </font>m/s).</td>
     1180
     1181
     1182          </tr>
     1183
     1184
     1185          <tr>
     1186
     1187
     1188            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">pt&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     1189            <br>
     1190
     1191
     1192            </td>
     1193
     1194
     1195            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Potential
    3991196temperature (<font color="#000000">in </font>K).</td>
    400 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">dpt<br>
    401 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
     1197
     1198
     1199          </tr>
     1200
     1201
     1202          <tr>
     1203
     1204
     1205            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">dpt<br>
     1206
     1207
     1208            </td>
     1209
     1210
     1211            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Deviation
    4021212of potential
    4031213temperature from the initial profile at
    4041214the time t=0 (initialization profile) (<font color="#000000">in
    405 </font>K).</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">e<br>
    406 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1215            </font>K).</td>
     1216
     1217
     1218          </tr>
     1219
     1220
     1221          <tr>
     1222
     1223
     1224            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">e<br>
     1225
     1226
     1227            </td>
     1228
     1229
     1230            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4071231kinetic energy
    4081232(subgrid-scale) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    409 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Km<br>
    410 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1233
     1234
     1235          </tr>
     1236
     1237
     1238          <tr>
     1239
     1240
     1241            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Km<br>
     1242
     1243
     1244            </td>
     1245
     1246
     1247            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4111248diffusion
    4121249coefficient for momentum (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s).</td>
    413 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Kh<br>
    414 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1250
     1251
     1252          </tr>
     1253
     1254
     1255          <tr>
     1256
     1257
     1258            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Kh<br>
     1259
     1260
     1261            </td>
     1262
     1263
     1264            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4151265diffusion
    4161266coefficient for heat (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s).</td>
    417 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">l<br>
    418 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Mixing
     1267
     1268
     1269          </tr>
     1270
     1271
     1272          <tr>
     1273
     1274
     1275            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">l<br>
     1276
     1277
     1278            </td>
     1279
     1280
     1281            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Mixing
    4191282length (<font color="#000000">in </font>m).</td>
    420 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
    421 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td>
    422 </tr> </tbody> </table>
    423 On the w-level the following columns are written:<br> <br>
    424 <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
    425 <tbody> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
    426 </td> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
     1283
     1284
     1285          </tr>
     1286
     1287
     1288          <tr>
     1289
     1290
     1291            <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     1292
     1293
     1294            </td>
     1295
     1296
     1297            <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     1298
     1299
     1300            </td>
     1301
     1302
     1303          </tr>
     1304
     1305
     1306       
     1307        </tbody>
     1308     
     1309      </table>
     1310
     1311
     1312On the w-level the following columns are written:<br>
     1313
     1314
     1315      <br>
     1316
     1317
     1318     
     1319      <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
     1320
     1321
     1322        <tbody>
     1323
     1324
     1325          <tr>
     1326
     1327
     1328            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
     1329
     1330
     1331            </td>
     1332
     1333
     1334            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
    4271335grid point
    428 index.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">zw<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Height of the grid
     1336index.</td>
     1337
     1338
     1339          </tr>
     1340
     1341
     1342          <tr>
     1343
     1344
     1345            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">zw<br>
     1346
     1347
     1348            </td>
     1349
     1350
     1351            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Height of
     1352the grid
    4291353point
    4301354level (<font color="#000000">in </font>m).</td>
    431 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'pt'</td>
    432 <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical subgrid-scale
     1355
     1356
     1357          </tr>
     1358
     1359
     1360          <tr>
     1361
     1362
     1363            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'pt'</td>
     1364
     1365
     1366            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
     1367subgrid-scale
    4331368kinematic heat flux (<font color="#000000">in </font>K
    434 m/s).</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wpt</td> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical total (
     1369m/s).</td>
     1370
     1371
     1372          </tr>
     1373
     1374
     1375          <tr>
     1376
     1377
     1378            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wpt</td>
     1379
     1380
     1381            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
     1382total (
    4351383subgrid-scale + resolved)
    4361384kinematic heat flux (<font color="#000000">in </font>K
    437 m/s).</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'u'</td> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">u-component of the
     1385m/s).</td>
     1386
     1387
     1388          </tr>
     1389
     1390
     1391          <tr>
     1392
     1393
     1394            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'u'</td>
     1395
     1396
     1397            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">u-component
     1398of the
    4381399vertical subgrid-scale momentum flux (<font color="#000000">in
    439 </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    440 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wu</td>
    441 <td style="vertical-align: middle;">u-component of the
     1400            </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
     1401
     1402
     1403          </tr>
     1404
     1405
     1406          <tr>
     1407
     1408
     1409            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wu</td>
     1410
     1411
     1412            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">u-component
     1413of the
    4421414total
    4431415vertical momentum flux (
    4441416subgrid-scale + resolved) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    445 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'v'</td>
    446 <td style="vertical-align: middle;">v-component of the
     1417
     1418
     1419          </tr>
     1420
     1421
     1422          <tr>
     1423
     1424
     1425            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">w'v'</td>
     1426
     1427
     1428            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">v-component
     1429of the
    4471430vertical subgrid-scale momentum flux (<font color="#000000">in
    448 </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    449 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wv</td>
    450 <td style="vertical-align: middle;">v-component of the
     1431            </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
     1432
     1433
     1434          </tr>
     1435
     1436
     1437          <tr>
     1438
     1439
     1440            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">wv</td>
     1441
     1442
     1443            <td style="vertical-align: middle;">v-component
     1444of the
    4511445total
    4521446vertical momentum flux (
    4531447subgrid-scale + resolved) (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    454 </tr> </tbody> </table> <br> </td> </tr>
    455 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">17
    456 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="LIST_PROFIL_1D"></a>LIST_PROFIL_1D </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This file contains the vertical
     1448
     1449
     1450          </tr>
     1451
     1452
     1453       
     1454        </tbody>
     1455     
     1456      </table>
     1457
     1458
     1459      <br>
     1460
     1461
     1462      </td>
     1463
     1464
     1465    </tr>
     1466
     1467
     1468    <tr>
     1469
     1470
     1471      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">17
     1472      </td>
     1473
     1474
     1475      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="LIST_PROFIL_1D"></a>LIST_PROFIL_1D<br>
     1476
     1477
     1478(LIST_PROFIL_1D_O)</td>
     1479
     1480
     1481      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     1482
     1483
     1484      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td>
     1485
     1486
     1487      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This file contains
     1488the vertical
    4571489profiles calculated by the
    45814901D-model within initial runs. The quantities saved are set
     
    4661498only switched on at initial runs), executing computer, date,
    4671499time of the beginning of the run, output time). Afterwards the
    468 following columns appear:<br> <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
    469 <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
    470 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
    471 grid point index.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">zu<br>
    472 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Height
     1500following columns appear:<br>
     1501
     1502
     1503     
     1504      <table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" cellpadding="2">
     1505
     1506
     1507        <tbody>
     1508
     1509
     1510          <tr>
     1511
     1512
     1513            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">k<br>
     1514
     1515
     1516            </td>
     1517
     1518
     1519            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Vertical
     1520grid point index.</td>
     1521
     1522
     1523          </tr>
     1524
     1525
     1526          <tr>
     1527
     1528
     1529            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">zu<br>
     1530
     1531
     1532            </td>
     1533
     1534
     1535            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Height
    4731536of the grid point
    4741537level (<font color="#000000">in </font>m).</td>
    475 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u<br>
    476 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u-component
     1538
     1539
     1540          </tr>
     1541
     1542
     1543          <tr>
     1544
     1545
     1546            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u<br>
     1547
     1548
     1549            </td>
     1550
     1551
     1552            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">u-component
    4771553of the wind
    4781554velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    479 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v<br>
    480 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v-component
     1555
     1556
     1557          </tr>
     1558
     1559
     1560          <tr>
     1561
     1562
     1563            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v<br>
     1564
     1565
     1566            </td>
     1567
     1568
     1569            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">v-component
    4811570of the wind
    4821571velocity (<font color="#000000">in </font>m/s).</td>
    483 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">pt<br>
    484 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Potential
     1572
     1573
     1574          </tr>
     1575
     1576
     1577          <tr>
     1578
     1579
     1580            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">pt<br>
     1581
     1582
     1583            </td>
     1584
     1585
     1586            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Potential
    4851587temperature (<font color="#000000">in </font>K).</td>
    486 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">e<br>
    487 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1588
     1589
     1590          </tr>
     1591
     1592
     1593          <tr>
     1594
     1595
     1596            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">e<br>
     1597
     1598
     1599            </td>
     1600
     1601
     1602            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4881603kinetic energy (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s<sup>2</sup>).</td>
    489 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">rif<br>
    490 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Flux
    491 Richardson number</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Km<br>
    492 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1604
     1605
     1606          </tr>
     1607
     1608
     1609          <tr>
     1610
     1611
     1612            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">rif<br>
     1613
     1614
     1615            </td>
     1616
     1617
     1618            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Flux
     1619Richardson number</td>
     1620
     1621
     1622          </tr>
     1623
     1624
     1625          <tr>
     1626
     1627
     1628            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Km<br>
     1629
     1630
     1631            </td>
     1632
     1633
     1634            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4931635diffusion
    4941636coefficient for momentum (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s).</td>
    495 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Kh<br>
    496 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
     1637
     1638
     1639          </tr>
     1640
     1641
     1642          <tr>
     1643
     1644
     1645            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Kh<br>
     1646
     1647
     1648            </td>
     1649
     1650
     1651            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">Turbulent
    4971652diffusion
    4981653coefficient for heat (<font color="#000000">in </font>m<sup>2</sup>/s).</td>
    499 </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">l<br>
    500 </td> <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;"><font color="#000000">Mixing
    501 length (</font><font color="#000000">in </font><font color="#000000">m).</font></td> </tr> </tbody>
    502 </table> <br> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">18 </td>
    503 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="CPU_MEASURES"></a>CPU_MEASURES
    504 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
    505 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time measurements are
     1654
     1655
     1656          </tr>
     1657
     1658
     1659          <tr>
     1660
     1661
     1662            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;">l<br>
     1663
     1664
     1665            </td>
     1666
     1667
     1668            <td style="text-align: left; vertical-align: middle;"><font color="#000000">Mixing
     1669length (</font><font color="#000000">in </font><font color="#000000">m).</font></td>
     1670
     1671
     1672          </tr>
     1673
     1674
     1675       
     1676        </tbody>
     1677     
     1678      </table>
     1679
     1680
     1681      <br>
     1682
     1683
     1684      </td>
     1685
     1686
     1687    </tr>
     1688
     1689
     1690    <tr>
     1691
     1692
     1693      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">18
     1694      </td>
     1695
     1696
     1697      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="CPU_MEASURES"></a>CPU_MEASURES<br>
     1698
     1699
     1700(CPU_MEASURES_O)</td>
     1701
     1702
     1703      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     1704
     1705
     1706      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td>
     1707
     1708
     1709      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Time measurements
     1710are
    5061711accomplished through the subroutine <span style="font-family: monospace;">cpu_log.f90.</span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"></span> The file
    5071712CPU_MEASURES contains a header with some basic information of the
     
    5171722measures) overlaps (in particular with the parts described in the first
    5181723table) are possible.&nbsp; <br>
     1724
     1725
    5191726For each model part it is indicated in the following columns how much
    5201727CPU time was needed (absolutely and relative), and how often it was
     
    5271734parallelization the CPU times on the individual processors should
    5281735differ only little from each other and the standard deviation should be
    529 small.&nbsp; </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">19 </td>
    530 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="HEADER"></a>HEADER
    531 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
    532 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>Information about
     1736small.&nbsp; </td>
     1737
     1738
     1739    </tr>
     1740
     1741
     1742    <tr>
     1743
     1744
     1745      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">19
     1746      </td>
     1747
     1748
     1749      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="HEADER"></a>HEADER<br>
     1750
     1751
     1752(HEADER_O) </td>
     1753
     1754
     1755      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     1756
     1757
     1758      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td>
     1759
     1760
     1761      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1762     
     1763      <p>Information about
    5331764the selected model parameters (physical and
    5341765numerical values) as well as general information about the
    535 run.&nbsp; </p> <p>This file contains the values of
     1766run.&nbsp; </p>
     1767
     1768
     1769     
     1770      <p>This file contains the values of
    5361771all important steering
    5371772parameters
     
    5541789time reached is missing etc.) and then briefly before the normal end of
    5551790the simulation. The second, now complete output overwrites the first
    556 output.).&nbsp; </p> <p>At the end of the file,
     1791output.).&nbsp; </p>
     1792
     1793
     1794     
     1795      <p>At the end of the file,
    5571796information about the values of user
    5581797parameters (see <a href="chapter_3.7.html">chapter
     
    5711810profiles and time series are output. All further information to appear
    5721811here, must be provided by the user (by appropriate
    573 WRITE statements in <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">user_header</font></tt>).</p> </td>
    574 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">21 </td>
    575 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY"></a>PLOT2D_XY
    576 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td>
    577 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td>
    578 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>This file
     1812WRITE statements in <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">user_header</font></tt>).</p>
     1813
     1814
     1815      </td>
     1816
     1817
     1818    </tr>
     1819
     1820
     1821    <tr>
     1822
     1823
     1824      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">21
     1825      </td>
     1826
     1827
     1828      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY"></a>PLOT2D_XY<br>
     1829
     1830
     1831(PLOT2D_XY_O)</td>
     1832
     1833
     1834      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     1835
     1836
     1837      </td>
     1838
     1839
     1840      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     1841
     1842
     1843      </td>
     1844
     1845
     1846      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1847     
     1848      <p>This file
    5791849contains data of the two-dimensional horizontal
    5801850cross sections written by the model (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
     
    5881858local files <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>
    5891859and <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>.&nbsp;
    590 </p> <p>With parallel runs and choice of <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_2d_on_each_pe">data_output_2d_on_each_pe</a>
     1860      </p>
     1861
     1862
     1863     
     1864      <p>With parallel runs and choice of <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_2d_on_each_pe">data_output_2d_on_each_pe</a>
    5911865= <i>.T.</i> each processing element writes the data of
    5921866its subdomain
     
    6081882possibly existing files of the other cross sections (xz and/or yz)
    6091883and three-dimensional arrays (see <a href="#PLOT3D_DATA">PLOT3D_DATA</a>)
    610 are also combined.&nbsp; </p> <p>Further information
     1884are also combined.&nbsp; </p>
     1885
     1886
     1887     
     1888      <p>Further information
    6111889about the output of plots of
    6121890two-dimensional cross sections is found in the description of the run
    6131891parameter <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>.</p>
    614 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">22<br>
    615 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ"></a>PLOT2D_XZ </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>This file contains
     1892
     1893
     1894      </td>
     1895
     1896
     1897    </tr>
     1898
     1899
     1900    <tr>
     1901
     1902
     1903      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">22<br>
     1904
     1905
     1906      </td>
     1907
     1908
     1909      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ"></a>PLOT2D_XZ<br>
     1910
     1911
     1912(PLOT2D_XZ_O) </td>
     1913
     1914
     1915      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     1916
     1917
     1918      </td>
     1919
     1920
     1921      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     1922
     1923
     1924      </td>
     1925
     1926
     1927      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1928     
     1929      <p>This file contains
    6161930the data of the xz
    6171931cross sections written by the model.&nbsp; </p>
     1932
     1933
    6181934The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY">PLOT2D_XY</a>
    619 applies to this file, respectively </td> </tr> <tr>
    620 <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">23<br>
    621 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ"></a>PLOT2D_YZ </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>This file contains
     1935applies to this file, respectively </td>
     1936
     1937
     1938    </tr>
     1939
     1940
     1941    <tr>
     1942
     1943
     1944      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">23<br>
     1945
     1946
     1947      </td>
     1948
     1949
     1950      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ"></a>PLOT2D_YZ<br>
     1951
     1952
     1953      <font color="#000000">(PLOT2D_YZ_O)</font></td>
     1954
     1955
     1956      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     1957
     1958
     1959      </td>
     1960
     1961
     1962      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     1963
     1964
     1965      </td>
     1966
     1967
     1968      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1969     
     1970      <p>This file contains
    6221971the data of the xz
    6231972cross sections written by the model.&nbsp; </p>
     1973
     1974
    6241975The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY">PLOT2D_XY</a>
    625 applies to this file, respectively </td> </tr> <tr>
    626 <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">27<br>
    627 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL </td>
    628 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br> </td>
    629 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST -
     1976applies to this file, respectively </td>
     1977
     1978
     1979    </tr>
     1980
     1981
     1982    <tr>
     1983
     1984
     1985      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">27<br>
     1986
     1987
     1988      </td>
     1989
     1990
     1991      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL<br>
     1992
     1993
     1994(PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL_O)</td>
     1995
     1996
     1997      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     1998
     1999
     2000      </td>
     2001
     2002
     2003      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br>
     2004
     2005
     2006      </td>
     2007
     2008
     2009      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2010     
     2011      <p>NAMELIST -
    6302012parameter sets, with which the plot layout of the
    6312013data in the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY">PLOT2D_XY</a>
     
    6352017field
    6362018present at the file PLOT2D_XY). After the model run these parameter
    637 sets can be edited by the user, if neccessary.&nbsp; </p> <p>Additionally
     2019sets can be edited by the user, if neccessary.&nbsp; </p>
     2020
     2021
     2022     
     2023      <p>Additionally
    6382024ISO2D still needs another so-called global
    6392025parameter set. This is saved by the model to the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>.
     
    6502036(only then e.g. when the final value of the global ISO2D - parameter <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/iso2d_beschreibung.html#PLANZ">planz</a>
    6512037is known), while the local parameter sets are written continuously
    652 to the file PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL during the run.</p> </td> </tr>
    653 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">28<br>
    654 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_XZ_LOCAL </td>
    655 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br> </td>
    656 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST -
     2038to the file PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL during the run.</p>
     2039
     2040
     2041      </td>
     2042
     2043
     2044    </tr>
     2045
     2046
     2047    <tr>
     2048
     2049
     2050      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">28<br>
     2051
     2052
     2053      </td>
     2054
     2055
     2056      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_XZ_LOCAL<br>
     2057
     2058
     2059      <font color="#000000">(PLOT2D_XZ_LOCAL_O)</font>
     2060      </td>
     2061
     2062
     2063      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2064
     2065
     2066      </td>
     2067
     2068
     2069      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br>
     2070
     2071
     2072      </td>
     2073
     2074
     2075      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2076     
     2077      <p>NAMELIST -
    6572078parameter sets, with which the plot layout of the
    6582079data in the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XZ">PLOT2D_XZ</a>
    6592080can be steered, if they are visualized with the plot program <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/iso2d_beschreibung.html">ISO2D</a>.&nbsp;
    660 </p> <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>
    661 applies to this file, respectively. </p> </td> </tr>
    662 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">29<br>
    663 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_YZ_LOCAL </td>
    664 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br> </td>
    665 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST -
     2081      </p>
     2082
     2083
     2084     
     2085      <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>
     2086applies to this file, respectively. </p>
     2087
     2088
     2089      </td>
     2090
     2091
     2092    </tr>
     2093
     2094
     2095    <tr>
     2096
     2097
     2098      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">29<br>
     2099
     2100
     2101      </td>
     2102
     2103
     2104      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ_LOCAL"></a>PLOT2D_YZ_LOCAL<br>
     2105
     2106
     2107      <font color="#000000">(PLOT2D_YZ_LOCAL_O)</font></td>
     2108
     2109
     2110      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2111
     2112
     2113      </td>
     2114
     2115
     2116      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/ NAMELIST<br>
     2117
     2118
     2119      </td>
     2120
     2121
     2122      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2123     
     2124      <p>NAMELIST -
    6662125parameter sets, with which the plot layout of the
    6672126data in the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_YZ">PLOT2D_YZ</a>
    6682127can be steered, if they are visualized with the plot program <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/iso2d_beschreibung.html">ISO2D</a>.&nbsp;
    669 </p> <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>
    670 applies to this file, respectively. </p> </td> </tr>
    671 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">30<br>
    672 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_DATA"></a>PLOT3D_DATA </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>This file contains
     2128      </p>
     2129
     2130
     2131     
     2132      <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>
     2133applies to this file, respectively. </p>
     2134
     2135
     2136      </td>
     2137
     2138
     2139    </tr>
     2140
     2141
     2142    <tr>
     2143
     2144
     2145      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">30<br>
     2146
     2147
     2148      </td>
     2149
     2150
     2151      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_DATA"></a>PLOT3D_DATA<br>
     2152
     2153
     2154(PLOT3D_DATA_O) </td>
     2155
     2156
     2157      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2158
     2159
     2160      </td>
     2161
     2162
     2163      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     2164
     2165
     2166      </td>
     2167
     2168
     2169      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2170     
     2171      <p>This file contains
    6732172the data of the three-dimensional arrays
    6742173(see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
     
    6852184the file PLOT3D_FLD by the user after the end of the model run (e.g.
    6862185with an appropriate OUTPUT - command in the MRUN - configuration file: "<span style="font-family: monospace;">cat PLOT3D_FLD_COOR
    687 &gt;&gt; PLOT3D_FLD</span>").&nbsp; </p> <p>With
     2186&gt;&gt; PLOT3D_FLD</span>").&nbsp; </p>
     2187
     2188
     2189     
     2190      <p>With
    6882191parallel runs each processing element writes the data of
    6892192its subdomain to a separate file with the name
     
    7012204found). By the call of <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">combine_plot_fields.x</font></tt>
    7022205also possibly existing files with two-dimensional plot data (see e.g. <a href="#PLOT2D_XY">PLOT2D_XY</a>)
    703 are combined.&nbsp; </p> <p>With parallel runs the
     2206are combined.&nbsp; </p>
     2207
     2208
     2209     
     2210      <p>With parallel runs the
    7042211output of data of large volume is also
    7052212possible in compressed form. For this purpose the initialization
     
    7142221and a further entry in the MRUN-configuration file are needed. More
    7152222details can be found in <a href="chapter_4.5.6.html">chapter
    716 4.5.6</a>.</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">31<br>
    717 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_COOR"></a>PLOT3D_COOR </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>Coordinate
     22234.5.6</a>.</p>
     2224
     2225
     2226      </td>
     2227
     2228
     2229    </tr>
     2230
     2231
     2232    <tr>
     2233
     2234
     2235      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">31<br>
     2236
     2237
     2238      </td>
     2239
     2240
     2241      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_COOR"></a>PLOT3D_COOR </td>
     2242
     2243
     2244      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2245
     2246
     2247      </td>
     2248
     2249
     2250      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     2251
     2252
     2253      </td>
     2254
     2255
     2256      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2257     
     2258      <p>Coordinate
    7182259information concerning
    7192260the three-dimensional arrays (see <a href="#PLOT3D_DATA">PLOT3D_DATA</a>)
    720 needed by the visualization software AVS.&nbsp; </p> <p>The
     2261needed by the visualization software AVS.&nbsp; </p>
     2262
     2263
     2264     
     2265      <p>The
    7212266file PLOT3D_COOR should be saved by the user into the same
    722 permanent directory as the file PLOT3D_DATA.&nbsp; </p> <p>For
    723 parallel runs PLOT3D_COOR is written by PE0 only.</p> </td>
    724 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">32<br>
    725 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_FLD"></a>PLOT3D_FLD </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
    726 AVS-Fld </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>AVS-fld-file
     2267permanent directory as the file PLOT3D_DATA.&nbsp; </p>
     2268
     2269
     2270     
     2271      <p>For
     2272parallel runs PLOT3D_COOR is written by PE0 only.</p>
     2273
     2274
     2275      </td>
     2276
     2277
     2278    </tr>
     2279
     2280
     2281    <tr>
     2282
     2283
     2284      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">32<br>
     2285
     2286
     2287      </td>
     2288
     2289
     2290      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_FLD"></a>PLOT3D_FLD </td>
     2291
     2292
     2293      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2294
     2295
     2296      </td>
     2297
     2298
     2299      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
     2300
     2301
     2302AVS-Fld </td>
     2303
     2304
     2305      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2306     
     2307      <p>AVS-fld-file
    7272308describing the three-dimensional
    7282309array data, saved by the model into the local file <a href="#PLOT3D_DATA">PLOT3D_DATA</a>,
    729 needed by the visualization software AVS.&nbsp; </p> <p>This
     2310needed by the visualization software AVS.&nbsp; </p>
     2311
     2312
     2313     
     2314      <p>This
    7302315file describes the structure of the file PLOT3D_DATA
    7312316(e.g. number of arrays, array dimensions, data type etc.). It uses the
     
    7452330that AVS can find the file PLOT3D_DATA without any problems. If the two
    7462331files lie in different directories, then the path name of the file
    747 PLOT3D_DATA must be added.&nbsp; </p> <p>AVS-fld-files
     2332PLOT3D_DATA must be added.&nbsp; </p>
     2333
     2334
     2335     
     2336      <p>AVS-fld-files
    7482337are expected by AVS to have the
    7492338suffix "<span style="font-family: monospace;">.fld</span>"<font face="Cumberland, monospace">.</font>
     
    7542343if&nbsp;"<span style="font-family: monospace;">fld</span>"
    7552344is indicated in the <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/mrun_beschreibung.html#Spalte6">column
    756 6 </a>of the file connection statement.&nbsp; </p> <p>Likewise,
     23456 </a>of the file connection statement.&nbsp; </p>
     2346
     2347
     2348     
     2349      <p>Likewise,
    7572350AVS expects information about the coordinate
    7582351system underlying the arrays on this file. This information is output
     
    7632356MRUN-configuration file: &ldquo;cat PLOT3D_FLD_COOR
    7642357&gt;&gt;
    765 PLOT3D_FLD&rdquo;).&nbsp; </p> <p>For parallel
    766 runs, PLOT3D_FLD is produced by PE0 only.</p> </td> </tr>
    767 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">33
    768 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_FLD_COOR"></a>PLOT3D_FLD_COOR </td>
    769 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
    770 AVS-Fld </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>File
     2358PLOT3D_FLD&rdquo;).&nbsp; </p>
     2359
     2360
     2361     
     2362      <p>For parallel
     2363runs, PLOT3D_FLD is produced by PE0 only.</p>
     2364
     2365
     2366      </td>
     2367
     2368
     2369    </tr>
     2370
     2371
     2372    <tr>
     2373
     2374
     2375      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">33
     2376      </td>
     2377
     2378
     2379      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT3D_FLD_COOR"></a>PLOT3D_FLD_COOR </td>
     2380
     2381
     2382      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2383
     2384
     2385      </td>
     2386
     2387
     2388      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
     2389
     2390
     2391AVS-Fld </td>
     2392
     2393
     2394      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2395     
     2396      <p>File
    7712397for the description of the coordinate information output
    7722398by the model into the local file <a href="#PLOT3D_COOR">PLOT3D_COOR</a>,
    7732399which is needed for the visualization of three-dimensional array data
    774 by visualization-software AVS.&nbsp; </p> <p>This
     2400by visualization-software AVS.&nbsp; </p>
     2401
     2402
     2403     
     2404      <p>This
    7752405file describes the structure of the file PLOT3D_COOR
    7762406(e.g. grid spacing, data type etc.) using the so-called AVS-Fld-format.
     
    7852415registered as "unknown" in the file
    7862416PLOT3D_FLD_COOR and the actual name
    787 must be inserted later by hand.&nbsp; </p> <p>AVS
     2417must be inserted later by hand.&nbsp; </p>
     2418
     2419
     2420     
     2421      <p>AVS
    7882422expects the information contained in the file
    7892423PLOT3D_FLD_COOR, as well as the remaining information about the
     
    7942428MRUN-configuration file: &ldquo;cat PLOT3D_FLD_COOR
    7952429&gt;&gt;
    796 PLOT3D_FLD&rdquo;).&nbsp; </p> <p>For parallel
    797 runs, PLOT3D_FLD_COOR is written by PE0 only.</p> </td> </tr>
    798 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">
    799 <p align="center">40&nbsp; </p> <p align="center">and/or&nbsp; <br>
    800 possibly&nbsp; </p> <p align="center">40-49</p>
    801 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="PLOT1D_DATA"></a>PLOT1D_DATA&nbsp; </p>
    802 <p>and/or&nbsp; <br>
     2430PLOT3D_FLD&rdquo;).&nbsp; </p>
     2431
     2432
     2433     
     2434      <p>For parallel
     2435runs, PLOT3D_FLD_COOR is written by PE0 only.</p>
     2436
     2437
     2438      </td>
     2439
     2440
     2441    </tr>
     2442
     2443
     2444    <tr>
     2445
     2446
     2447      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">
     2448     
     2449      <p align="center">40&nbsp; </p>
     2450
     2451
     2452     
     2453      <p align="center">and/or&nbsp; <br>
     2454
     2455
    8032456possibly&nbsp; </p>
     2457
     2458
     2459     
     2460      <p align="center">40-49</p>
     2461
     2462
     2463      </td>
     2464
     2465
     2466      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2467     
     2468      <p><a name="PLOT1D_DATA"></a>PLOT1D_DATA<br>
     2469
     2470
     2471(PLOT1D_DATA_O) </p>
     2472
     2473
     2474     
     2475      <p>and/or&nbsp; <br>
     2476
     2477
     2478possibly&nbsp; </p>
     2479
     2480
    8042481PLOT1D_DATA_0&nbsp; <br>
    805 PLOT1D_DATA_1&nbsp; </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>This file contains
     2482
     2483
     2484PLOT1D_DATA_1<br>
     2485
     2486
     2487...<br>
     2488
     2489
     2490      <br>
     2491
     2492
     2493(PLOT1D_DATA<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>_0&nbsp;<br>
     2494
     2495
     2496      <font color="#000000">PLOT1D_DATA<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>_1 <br>
     2497
     2498
     2499      </font><font color="#000000">...)<span style="font-weight: bold;"></span>&nbsp;</font></td>
     2500
     2501
     2502      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     2503
     2504
     2505      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td>
     2506
     2507
     2508      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     2509     
     2510      <p>This file contains
    8062511data (possibly horizontally and/or
    8072512temporally averaged) of the vertical profiles (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_pr">data_output_pr</a>)
     
    8182523(<b>data_output_pr</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'u'</span>, <span style="font-style: italic;">'v'</span>,&hellip;
    8192524means that the file starts with the data of the u-component profile,
    820 followed by the v-component profile, etc.).&nbsp;</p> <p><br>
     2525followed by the v-component profile, etc.).&nbsp;</p>
     2526
     2527
     2528     
     2529      <p><br>
     2530
     2531
    8212532The data can only be visualized with <span style="font-weight: bold;">profil</span>
    8222533using NAMELIST-parameter sets, which are saved by the
    8232534model into the local file <a href="#PLOT1D_PAR">PLOT1D_PAR</a>.&nbsp;
    824 </p> <p>The profile data written to the file are described
     2535      </p>
     2536
     2537
     2538     
     2539      <p>The profile data written to the file are described
    8252540with the
    8262541run parameter <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_pr">data_output_pr</a>.
     
    8472562to the file name (e.g. PLOT1D_DATA_1). The name of the file with the
    8482563data of the total
    849 domain in this case reads PLOT1D_DATA_0.&nbsp; </p> <p>For
     2564domain in this case reads PLOT1D_DATA_0.&nbsp; </p>
     2565
     2566
     2567     
     2568      <p>For
    8502569presentation in the same plot, profile data of the restart
    8512570runs can be attached to existing data of preceding runs of a job chain.
     
    8572576wrong plots (i.e. <span style="font-family: monospace;">use_prior_plot1d_parameters
    8582577= .T.</span> and "<span style="font-family: monospace;">tra</span>"
    859 must be specified together)!&nbsp; </p> <p>Further
     2578must be specified together)!&nbsp; </p>
     2579
     2580
     2581     
     2582      <p>Further
    8602583information about output of
    8612584vertical profile data is given in the description of the run parameter <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_pr">data_output_pr</a>.</p>
    862 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">80 </td>
    863 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_INFOS"></a>PARTICLE_INFOS/ </td>
    864 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2585
     2586
     2587      </td>
     2588
     2589
     2590    </tr>
     2591
     2592
     2593    <tr>
     2594
     2595
     2596      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">80
     2597      </td>
     2598
     2599
     2600      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_INFOS"></a>PARTICLE_INFOS/<br>
     2601
     2602
     2603(PARTICLE_INFOS<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>/)
     2604      </td>
     2605
     2606
     2607      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     2608
     2609
     2610      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii </td>
     2611
     2612
     2613      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    8652614file is created in case of particle transport (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">particles
    8662615package</a>). It contains statistical informations about the
     
    8692618single PE. These informations are output after every timestep if
    8702619switched on by parameter <a href="chapter_4.2.html#write_particle_statistics">write_particle_statistics</a>.
    871 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">81 </td>
    872 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_X_PAR"></a>PLOTSP_X_PAR
    873 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
    874 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/<br>
    875 NAMELIST </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2620      </td>
     2621
     2622
     2623    </tr>
     2624
     2625
     2626    <tr>
     2627
     2628
     2629      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">81
     2630      </td>
     2631
     2632
     2633      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_X_PAR"></a>PLOTSP_X_PAR<br>
     2634
     2635
     2636(PLOTSP_X_PAR_O)</td>
     2637
     2638
     2639      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O </td>
     2640
     2641
     2642      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/<br>
     2643
     2644
     2645NAMELIST </td>
     2646
     2647
     2648      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    8762649file is created if spectra along x are calculated and output (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">spectra
    8772650package</a>). It contains the NAMELIST parameter set, with which
     
    8802653of the data in the local file <a href="#PLOTSP_X_DATA">PLOTSP_X_DATA</a>
    8812654can be steered, if these data are plotted with the plot software <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/profil_beschreibung.html">profil</a>.<br>
    882 <p>It contains the so-called RAHMEN (frame)- and
     2655
     2656
     2657     
     2658      <p>It contains the so-called RAHMEN (frame)- and
    8832659CROSS-parameter sets (NAMELIST- group names <span style="font-style: normal;">&amp;RAHMEN and/or
    8842660&amp;CROSS</span>)
    8852661needed by <span style="font-weight: bold;">profil</span>.
    8862662The user can edit these parameter sets (and thus all details of the
    887 plot layout) after the run.<br> </p> <p>By default,
     2663plot layout) after the run.<br>
     2664
     2665
     2666      </p>
     2667
     2668
     2669     
     2670      <p>By default,
    8882671for one quantity, all spectra at different heights
    8892672are plotted into a single panel. Different colors and line styles are
     
    8922675additional page(s). If there is more than one output time (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#dt_dosp">dt_dosp</a>),
    8932676additional pages will be plotted for each single output time. </p>
    894 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">82<br>
    895 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_X_DATA"></a>PLOTSP_X_DATA </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2677
     2678
     2679      </td>
     2680
     2681
     2682    </tr>
     2683
     2684
     2685    <tr>
     2686
     2687
     2688      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">82<br>
     2689
     2690
     2691      </td>
     2692
     2693
     2694      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_X_DATA"></a>PLOTSP_X_DATA<br>
     2695
     2696
     2697(PLOTSP_X_DATA_O) </td>
     2698
     2699
     2700      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2701
     2702
     2703      </td>
     2704
     2705
     2706      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br>
     2707
     2708
     2709      </td>
     2710
     2711
     2712      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    8962713file is created if spectra along x are calculated and output (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">spectra
    8972714package</a>). It contains the spectral data along x (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_sp">data_output_sp</a>)
     
    9002717using NAMELIST parameter sets, which are written by
    9012718the model to the local file <a href="#PLOTSP_X_PAR">PLOTSP_X_PAR</a>.<br>
    902 <br>
     2719
     2720
     2721      <br>
     2722
     2723
    9032724Regardless of the (sub)set of spectra specified by <a href="chapter_4.2.html#plot_spectra_level">plot_spectra_level</a>
    9042725for actual plotting, this file contains all data of spectra specified
    9052726by <a href="chapter_4.2.html#comp_spectra_level">comp_spectra_level</a>.<br>
    906 <br> <font>Each data point of a spectrum is output in a
     2727
     2728
     2729      <br>
     2730
     2731
     2732      <font>Each data point of a spectrum is output in a
    9072733single line
    9082734(1st column:
     
    9122738subsequent columns. </font>The order
    9132739of the data in the file follows the order used in the assignment for <span style="font-style: italic;"></span><span style="font-style: italic;"></span><a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_sp">data_output_sp</a>.<br>
    914 <br>
     2740
     2741
     2742      <br>
     2743
     2744
    9152745For orientation, a header of comment lines (one for each height level)
    9162746is placed in front of the spectral data of each quantity. They indicate
    9172747the respective quantity and the output time. The text of these comment
    918 lines is used as a legend in the plot. </td> </tr> <tr>
    919 <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">83<br>
    920 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_Y_PAR"></a>PLOTSP_Y_PAR </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2748lines is used as a legend in the plot. </td>
     2749
     2750
     2751    </tr>
     2752
     2753
     2754    <tr>
     2755
     2756
     2757      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">83<br>
     2758
     2759
     2760      </td>
     2761
     2762
     2763      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_Y_PAR"></a>PLOTSP_Y_PAR<br>
     2764
     2765
     2766(PLOTSP_Y_PAR_O)</td>
     2767
     2768
     2769      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2770
     2771
     2772      </td>
     2773
     2774
     2775      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br>
     2776
     2777
     2778      </td>
     2779
     2780
     2781      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    9212782file is created if spectra along y are calculated and output (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">spectra
    9222783package</a>). It contains the NAMELIST parameter set, with which
     
    9252786of the data in the local file <a href="#PLOTSP_Y_DATA">PLOTSP_Y_DATA</a>
    9262787can be steered, if these data are plotted with the plot software <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/profil_beschreibung.html">profil</a>.<br>
    927 <br>
     2788
     2789
     2790      <br>
     2791
     2792
    9282793For more details see <a href="#PLOTSP_X_PAR">PLOTSP_X_PAR</a>.<br>
    929 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">84<br>
    930 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_Y_DATA"></a>PLOTSP_Y_DATA</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2794
     2795
     2796      </td>
     2797
     2798
     2799    </tr>
     2800
     2801
     2802    <tr>
     2803
     2804
     2805      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">84<br>
     2806
     2807
     2808      </td>
     2809
     2810
     2811      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOTSP_Y_DATA"></a>PLOTSP_Y_DATA<br>
     2812
     2813
     2814(PLOTSP_Y_DATA_O)</td>
     2815
     2816
     2817      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2818
     2819
     2820      </td>
     2821
     2822
     2823      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii<br>
     2824
     2825
     2826      </td>
     2827
     2828
     2829      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    9312830file is created if spectra along x are calculated and output (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">spectra
    9322831package</a>). It contains the spectral data along y (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output_sp">data_output_sp</a>)
     
    9352834using NAMELIST parameter sets, which are written by
    9362835the model to the local file <a href="#PLOTSP_Y_PAR">PLOTSP_Y_PAR</a>.<br>
    937 <br>
     2836
     2837
     2838      <br>
     2839
     2840
    9382841For more details see <a href="#PLOTSP_X_DATA">PLOTSP_X_DATA</a>.</td>
    939 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">85<br>
    940 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_DATA"></a>PARTICLE_DATA/</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
     2842
     2843
     2844    </tr>
     2845
     2846
     2847    <tr>
     2848
     2849
     2850      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">85<br>
     2851
     2852
     2853      </td>
     2854
     2855
     2856      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_DATA"></a>PARTICLE_DATA/<br>
     2857
     2858
     2859(PARTICLE_DATA<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>/)</td>
     2860
     2861
     2862      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2863
     2864
     2865      </td>
     2866
     2867
     2868      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     2869
     2870
     2871      </td>
     2872
     2873
     2874      <td style="vertical-align: top;">This
    9412875file is created if particle transport is switched on (see the <a href="chapter_4.2.html#particles_package">particles
    9422876package</a>) and contains all particle data for one or several
    9432877output
    9442878times (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#dt_write_particle_data">dt_write_particle_data</a>).<br>
    945 <br>
     2879
     2880
     2881      <br>
     2882
     2883
    9462884The first record of this file contains an identification string (PALM
    9472885version number, run identifier, etc., 80 characters long). The second
     
    9532891the actual particle data. A FORTRAN TYPE structure is used for storing
    9542892the particle attributes. See file <span style="font-family: monospace;">advec_particles.f90</span>
    955 for the detailed format.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90</td>
    956 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN"></a>PARTICLE_RESTART_<br>
    957 DATA_IN/</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">I<br>
    958 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
    959 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary
     2893for the detailed format.</td>
     2894
     2895
     2896    </tr>
     2897
     2898
     2899    <tr>
     2900
     2901
     2902      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90</td>
     2903
     2904
     2905      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN"></a>PARTICLE_RESTART_<br>
     2906
     2907
     2908DATA_IN/</td>
     2909
     2910
     2911      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I<br>
     2912
     2913
     2914      </td>
     2915
     2916
     2917      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     2918
     2919
     2920      </td>
     2921
     2922
     2923      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary
    9602924data, which are read in by the model at the beginning
    9612925of a restart run (see <a href="chapter_3.3.html">chapter
     
    9712935The
    9722936number of processors which can be used must not be changed during a job
    973 chain and/or if a job chain is continued. <br> <br>
     2937chain and/or if a job chain is continued. <br>
     2938
     2939
     2940      <br>
     2941
     2942
    9742943The first record of this file contains a version number (four character
    9752944string) of the subroutine, which output the data that follows (<span style="font-family: monospace;">write_particles</span>,
     
    9922961attributes. For detailed informations about the file format see the
    9932962corresponding READ statements in file <span style="font-family: monospace;">init_particles.f90</span>
    994 .<br> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
    995 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN"></a>PARTICLE_RESTART_<br>
    996 DATA_OUT/</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
    997 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
    998 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary
     2963.<br>
     2964
     2965
     2966      </td>
     2967
     2968
     2969    </tr>
     2970
     2971
     2972    <tr>
     2973
     2974
     2975      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
     2976
     2977
     2978      </td>
     2979
     2980
     2981      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN"></a>PARTICLE_RESTART_<br>
     2982
     2983
     2984DATA_OUT/</td>
     2985
     2986
     2987      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     2988
     2989
     2990      </td>
     2991
     2992
     2993      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary<br>
     2994
     2995
     2996      </td>
     2997
     2998
     2999      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Binary
    9993000data, which are output at the end of the
    10003001run and possibly needed by restart runs (see <a href="chapter_3.3.html">chapter
     
    10043005package</a>). For a more detailed description of the file
    10053006structure see <a href="#PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN">PARTICLE_RESTART_DATA_IN</a>.</td>
    1006 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
    1007 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="PLOT1D_PAR"></a>PLOT1D_PAR&nbsp; </p>
    1008 <p>and/or&nbsp; <br>
    1009 possibly&nbsp; </p> <p>PLOT1D_PAR_0&nbsp; <br>
     3007
     3008
     3009    </tr>
     3010
     3011
     3012    <tr>
     3013
     3014
     3015      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
     3016
     3017
     3018      </td>
     3019
     3020
     3021      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     3022     
     3023      <p><a name="PLOT1D_PAR"></a>PLOT1D_PAR<br>
     3024
     3025
     3026(PLOT1D_PAR_O) </p>
     3027
     3028
     3029     
     3030      <p>and/or&nbsp; <br>
     3031
     3032
     3033possibly&nbsp; </p>
     3034
     3035
     3036     
     3037      <p>PLOT1D_PAR_0&nbsp; <br>
     3038
     3039
    10103040PLOT1D_PAR_1&nbsp; <br>
     3041
     3042
    10113043&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    10123044.&nbsp; <br>
     3045
     3046
    10133047&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    10143048.&nbsp; <br>
     3049
     3050
    10153051&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    10163052.&nbsp; <br>
    1017 PLOT1D_PAR_9</p> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
    1018 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/
    1019 NAMELIST<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">
    1020 <p>NAMELIST parameter set, with which the layout of a plot
     3053
     3054
     3055PLOT1D_PAR_9</p>
     3056
     3057
     3058     
     3059      <p></p>
     3060
     3061
     3062     
     3063      <p>(PLOT1D_PAR<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>_0&nbsp;
     3064      <br>
     3065
     3066
     3067PLOT1D_PAR<font color="#000000"><span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span></font>_1&nbsp;
     3068      <br>
     3069
     3070
     3071&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3072.&nbsp; <br>
     3073
     3074
     3075&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3076.&nbsp; <br>
     3077
     3078
     3079&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
     3080.&nbsp; <br>
     3081
     3082
     3083PLOT1D_PAR<font color="#000000"><span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span></font>_9)</p>
     3084
     3085
     3086      </td>
     3087
     3088
     3089      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     3090
     3091
     3092      </td>
     3093
     3094
     3095      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/
     3096NAMELIST<br>
     3097
     3098
     3099      </td>
     3100
     3101
     3102      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     3103     
     3104      <p>NAMELIST parameter set, with which the layout of a plot
    10213105of the data in the local file <a href="#PLOT1D_DATA">PLOT1D_DATA</a>
    10223106can be steered, if these data are visualized with the plot program <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/profil_beschreibung.html">profil</a>.&nbsp;
    1023 </p> <p>This file contains the so-called RAHMEN (frame)-
     3107      </p>
     3108
     3109
     3110     
     3111      <p>This file contains the so-called RAHMEN (frame)-
    10243112and
    10253113CROSS-parameter sets (NAMELIST- group names <span style="font-style: normal;">&amp;RAHMEN and/or
     
    10323120into which plane and how these planes are arranged on the
    10333121plot, is determined with the parameters <a href="chapter_4.2.html#cross_profiles">cross_profiles</a>,
    1034 <a href="chapter_4.2.html#profile_columns">profile_columns</a>
     3122      <a href="chapter_4.2.html#profile_columns">profile_columns</a>
    10353123and <a href="chapter_4.2.html#profile_rows">profile_rows</a>.&nbsp;
    1036 </p> <p>The file PLOT1D_PAR is created by the model
     3124      </p>
     3125
     3126
     3127     
     3128      <p>The file PLOT1D_PAR is created by the model
    10373129briefly before
    10383130the end of a run. If a model run crashes uncontrolled (run time
    10393131errors or CPU - time exceeded), this file is usually missing, although
    1040 profile data were saved to the file PLOT1D_DATA.&nbsp; </p> <p>If
     3132profile data were saved to the file PLOT1D_DATA.&nbsp; </p>
     3133
     3134
     3135     
     3136      <p>If
    10413137the model has to create profiles for different subdomains
    10423138(see <a href="chapter_4.1.html#statistic_regions">statistic_regions</a>),
     
    10443140the respective subdomain (e.g. PLOT1D_PAR_1). In this case the name of
    10453141the file with NAMELIST parameters of the total domain is
    1046 PLOT1D_PAR_0.&nbsp; </p> <p>For presentation in the
     3142PLOT1D_PAR_0.&nbsp; </p>
     3143
     3144
     3145     
     3146      <p>For presentation in the
    10473147same plot, profile data of the restart
    10483148runs can be appended to existing data of preceding runs of a job chain.
     
    10553155wrong plots (i.e. <span style="font-family: monospace;">use_prior_plot1d_parameters
    10563156= .T.</span> and "<span style="font-family: monospace;">tra</span>"
    1057 must be specified together)!</p> </td> </tr> <tr>
    1058 <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
    1059 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</td>
    1060 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
    1061 NAMELIST</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST
     3157must be specified together)!</p>
     3158
     3159
     3160      </td>
     3161
     3162
     3163    </tr>
     3164
     3165
     3166    <tr>
     3167
     3168
     3169      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
     3170
     3171
     3172      </td>
     3173
     3174
     3175      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL<br>
     3176
     3177
     3178(PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL_O)</td>
     3179
     3180
     3181      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     3182
     3183
     3184      </td>
     3185
     3186
     3187      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
     3188
     3189
     3190NAMELIST</td>
     3191
     3192
     3193      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     3194     
     3195      <p>NAMELIST
    10623196parameter set, with which the plot layout
    10633197of the data in local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY">PLOT2D_XY</a>
     
    10703204will be drawn onto a separate page (thus no color shading
    10713205presentation, no vector arrows, streamlines etc.).&nbsp; </p>
    1072 <p>Additionally <span style="font-weight: bold;">iso2d</span>
     3206
     3207
     3208     
     3209      <p>Additionally <span style="font-weight: bold;">iso2d</span>
    10733210needs the so-called local parameter
    10743211sets. These are saved by the model to the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL">PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL</a>.
     
    10893226to the file PLOT2D_XY_LOCAL during the run. Since the file
    10903227PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL needs to be addressed only briefly once, output-unit
    1091 90 is used, which is also used for other files.</p> </td> </tr>
    1092 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
    1093 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_XZ_GLOBAL</td>
    1094 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
    1095 NAMELIST</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST
     322890 is used, which is also used for other files.</p>
     3229
     3230
     3231      </td>
     3232
     3233
     3234    </tr>
     3235
     3236
     3237    <tr>
     3238
     3239
     3240      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
     3241
     3242
     3243      </td>
     3244
     3245
     3246      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_XZ_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_XZ_GLOBAL<br>
     3247
     3248
     3249(PLOT2D_XZ_GLOBAL_O)</td>
     3250
     3251
     3252      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     3253
     3254
     3255      </td>
     3256
     3257
     3258      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
     3259
     3260
     3261NAMELIST</td>
     3262
     3263
     3264      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     3265     
     3266      <p>NAMELIST
    10963267parameter set, with which the plot layout of the data
    10973268in the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XZ">PLOT2D_XZ</a>
    10983269can be steered, if they are visualized with the plot program <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/iso2d_beschreibung.html">iso2d</a>.&nbsp;
    1099 </p> <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>
    1100 applies to this file, respectively.</p> </td> </tr>
    1101 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
    1102 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_YZ_GLOBAL</td>
    1103 <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br> </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
    1104 NAMELIST</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p>NAMELIST
     3270      </p>
     3271
     3272
     3273     
     3274      <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>
     3275applies to this file, respectively.</p>
     3276
     3277
     3278      </td>
     3279
     3280
     3281    </tr>
     3282
     3283
     3284    <tr>
     3285
     3286
     3287      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90<br>
     3288
     3289
     3290      </td>
     3291
     3292
     3293      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="PLOT2D_YZ_GLOBAL"></a>PLOT2D_YZ_GLOBAL<br>
     3294
     3295
     3296(PLOT2D_YZ_GLOBAL_O)</td>
     3297
     3298
     3299      <td style="vertical-align: top;">O<br>
     3300
     3301
     3302      </td>
     3303
     3304
     3305      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii/&nbsp; <br>
     3306
     3307
     3308NAMELIST</td>
     3309
     3310
     3311      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     3312     
     3313      <p>NAMELIST
    11053314parameter set, with which the plot layout of the data
    11063315in the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_YZ">PLOT2D_YZ</a>
    11073316can be steered, if they are visualized with the plot program <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/institut/software/iso2d_beschreibung.html">iso2d</a>.&nbsp;
    1108 </p> <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>
    1109 applies to this file, respectively.</p> </td> </tr>
    1110 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90</td>
    1111 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="TOPOGRAPHY_DATA"></a>TOPOGRAPHY_DATA</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">I</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii</td> <td>Two-dimensional&nbsp;<font color="#000000">topography height information</font>
     3317      </p>
     3318
     3319
     3320     
     3321      <p>The description of the local file <a href="#PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL">PLOT2D_XY_GLOBAL</a>
     3322applies to this file, respectively.</p>
     3323
     3324
     3325      </td>
     3326
     3327
     3328    </tr>
     3329
     3330
     3331    <tr>
     3332
     3333
     3334      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">90</td>
     3335
     3336
     3337      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="TOPOGRAPHY_DATA"></a>TOPOGRAPHY_DATA</td>
     3338
     3339
     3340      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I</td>
     3341
     3342
     3343      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Ascii</td>
     3344
     3345
     3346      <td>Two-dimensional&nbsp;<font color="#000000">topography
     3347height information</font>
    11123348in m.<br>
     3349
     3350
    11133351In case of &nbsp;<a href="chapter_4.1.html#topography">topography</a>
    11143352= <span style="font-style: italic;">'read_from_file'</span>
     
    11173355a free floating point format. The data on file are laid out naturally,
    11183356i.e. in W-E orientation horizontally and in S-N orientation vertically,
    1119 they must thus be organized as follows:<br> <ul> <li>each
     3357they must thus be organized as follows:<br>
     3358
     3359
     3360     
     3361      <ul>
     3362
     3363
     3364        <li>each
    11203365line contains height information in m from <span style="font-style: italic;">i = 0, ..., nx</span>,</li>
    1121 <li>the top line contains height information in m for <span style="font-style: italic;">j = ny</span> (North), the
     3366
     3367
     3368        <li>the top line contains height information in m for <span style="font-style: italic;">j = ny</span> (North), the
    11223369bottom line for <span style="font-style: italic;">j = 0</span>
    1123 (South),</li> <li>individual data must be separated by at
    1124 least one blank.</li> </ul>
    1125 Layout sketch:<br> <span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp;
     3370(South),</li>
     3371
     3372
     3373        <li>individual data must be separated by at
     3374least one blank.</li>
     3375
     3376
     3377     
     3378      </ul>
     3379
     3380
     3381Layout sketch:<br>
     3382
     3383
     3384      <span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp;
    11263385&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
    11273386&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;N<br>
     3387
     3388
    11283389&nbsp; &nbsp; (0,ny) &nbsp;&nbsp;</span><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(1,ny)
    11293390&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(2,ny) &nbsp;
    11303391...&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(nx,ny) &nbsp;
    11313392&nbsp; &nbsp;<span style="font-family: Times New Roman,Times,serif;"></span></span></font><font color="#000000">&nbsp;top of file</font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,Times,serif;"></span></span></font><br>
    1132 <font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp; &nbsp;
     3393
     3394
     3395      <font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp; &nbsp;
    11333396(0,ny-1)&nbsp;</span><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(1,ny-1)&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(2,ny-1)
    11343397...&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(nx,ny-1) &nbsp;<br>
    1135 </span></font></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;"></span></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">W &nbsp;
     3398
     3399
     3400      </span></font></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;"></span></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">W &nbsp;
    11363401(0,ny-2)&nbsp;</span><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(1,ny-2)&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(2,ny-2)
    11373402...&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(nx,ny-2) &nbsp; E<br>
    1138 </span></font></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp;
     3403
     3404
     3405      </span></font></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp;
    11393406&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
    11403407&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;:<br>
     3408
     3409
    11413410&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
    11423411&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
    1143 &nbsp;:<br> </span></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp; &nbsp;
     3412&nbsp;:<br>
     3413
     3414
     3415      </span></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp;
     3416&nbsp;
    11443417(0,0) &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(1,0)
    11453418&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(2,0)
    11463419&nbsp; &nbsp;...&nbsp;</span></font><font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">(nx,0)
    11473420&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</span></font></font></font><font color="#000000">&nbsp;bottom of file</font><br>
    1148 <font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp; &nbsp;
     3421
     3422
     3423      <font color="#000000"><span style="font-family: Cumberland AMT;">&nbsp; &nbsp;
    11493424&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
    11503425&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;S</span></font><br>
    1151 <span style="font-family: Arial;"></span><br>
     3426
     3427
     3428      <span style="font-family: Arial;"></span><br>
     3429
     3430
    11523431These data must exactly match the horizontal grid.<br>
     3432
     3433
    11533434Alternatively, the user may add code to the user interface subroutine <a href="chapter_3.5.1.html#user_init_grid">user_init_grid</a>
    1154 to allow different data formats.</td> <td><br> </td>
    1155 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">101</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_XY_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XY_NETCDF</font></td>
    1156 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1157 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3435to allow different data formats.</td>
     3436
     3437
     3438      <td><br>
     3439
     3440
     3441      </td>
     3442
     3443
     3444    </tr>
     3445
     3446
     3447    <tr>
     3448
     3449
     3450      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">101</font></td>
     3451
     3452
     3453      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_XY_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XY_NETCDF<br>
     3454
     3455
     3456(DATA_2D_XY_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3457
     3458
     3459      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3460
     3461
     3462      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3463
     3464
    11583465NetCDF-<br>
    1159 format</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3466
     3467
     3468format</font></td>
     3469
     3470
     3471      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    11603472contains data of the two-dimensional horizontal
    11613473cross sections (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    11623474in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1163 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3475graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3476
     3477
     3478      <br>
     3479
     3480
    11643481More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></td>
    1165 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1166 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">102</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_XZ_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XZ_NETCDF</font></td>
    1167 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1168 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3482
     3483
     3484      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3485
     3486
     3487      </td>
     3488
     3489
     3490    </tr>
     3491
     3492
     3493    <tr>
     3494
     3495
     3496      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">102</font></td>
     3497
     3498
     3499      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_XZ_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XZ_NETCDF<br>
     3500
     3501
     3502(DATA_2D_XZ_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3503
     3504
     3505      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3506
     3507
     3508      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3509
     3510
    11693511NetCDF-<br>
    1170 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3512
     3513
     3514format</font></font></td>
     3515
     3516
     3517      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    11713518contains data of the two-dimensional vertical (xz)
    11723519cross sections (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    11733520in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1174 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3521graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3522
     3523
     3524      <br>
     3525
     3526
    11753527More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1176 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1177 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">103</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_YZ_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_YZ_NETCDF</font></td>
    1178 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1179 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3528
     3529
     3530      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3531
     3532
     3533      </td>
     3534
     3535
     3536    </tr>
     3537
     3538
     3539    <tr>
     3540
     3541
     3542      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">103</font></td>
     3543
     3544
     3545      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_YZ_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_YZ_NETCDF<br>
     3546
     3547
     3548(DATA_2D_YZ_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3549
     3550
     3551      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3552
     3553
     3554      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3555
     3556
    11803557NetCDF-<br>
    1181 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3558
     3559
     3560format</font></font></td>
     3561
     3562
     3563      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    11823564contains data of the two-dimensional vertical
    11833565(yz) cross sections (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    11843566in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1185 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3567graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3568
     3569
     3570      <br>
     3571
     3572
    11863573More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1187 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1188 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">104</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_PR_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_PR_NETCDF</font></td>
    1189 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1190 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3574
     3575
     3576      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3577
     3578
     3579      </td>
     3580
     3581
     3582    </tr>
     3583
     3584
     3585    <tr>
     3586
     3587
     3588      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">104</font></td>
     3589
     3590
     3591      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_PR_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_PR_NETCDF<br>
     3592
     3593
     3594(DATA_1D_PR_NETCFD_O)</font></td>
     3595
     3596
     3597      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3598
     3599
     3600      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3601
     3602
    11913603NetCDF-<br>
    1192 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3604
     3605
     3606format</font></font></td>
     3607
     3608
     3609      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    11933610contains data of the horizontally averaged vertical profiles (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output_pr">data_output_pr</a>)
    11943611in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1195 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3612graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3613
     3614
     3615      <br>
     3616
     3617
    11963618More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1197 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1198 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">105</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_TS_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_TS_NETCDF</font></td>
    1199 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1200 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3619
     3620
     3621      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3622
     3623
     3624      </td>
     3625
     3626
     3627    </tr>
     3628
     3629
     3630    <tr>
     3631
     3632
     3633      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">105</font></td>
     3634
     3635
     3636      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_TS_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_TS_NETCDF<br>
     3637
     3638
     3639(DATA_1D_TS_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3640
     3641
     3642      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3643
     3644
     3645      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3646
     3647
    12013648NetCDF-<br>
    1202 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3649
     3650
     3651format</font></font></td>
     3652
     3653
     3654      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    12033655contains data of the timeseries (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#dt_dots">dt_dots</a>)
    12043656in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1205 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3657graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3658
     3659
     3660      <br>
     3661
     3662
    12063663More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1207 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1208 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">106</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_3D_NETCDF"></a>DATA_3D_NETCDF</font></td>
    1209 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1210 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3664
     3665
     3666      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3667
     3668
     3669      </td>
     3670
     3671
     3672    </tr>
     3673
     3674
     3675    <tr>
     3676
     3677
     3678      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">106</font></td>
     3679
     3680
     3681      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_3D_NETCDF"></a>DATA_3D_NETCDF<br>
     3682
     3683
     3684(DATA_3D_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3685
     3686
     3687      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3688
     3689
     3690      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3691
     3692
    12113693NetCDF-<br>
    1212 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3694
     3695
     3696format</font></font></td>
     3697
     3698
     3699      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    12133700contains data of the 3d-volume data (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    12143701in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1215 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3702graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3703
     3704
     3705      <br>
     3706
     3707
    12163708More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1217 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1218 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">107</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_SP_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_SP_NETCDF</font></td>
    1219 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1220 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3709
     3710
     3711      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3712
     3713
     3714      </td>
     3715
     3716
     3717    </tr>
     3718
     3719
     3720    <tr>
     3721
     3722
     3723      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">107</font></td>
     3724
     3725
     3726      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_1D_SP_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_SP_NETCDF<br>
     3727
     3728
     3729(DATA_1D_SP_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3730
     3731
     3732      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3733
     3734
     3735      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3736
     3737
    12213738NetCDF-<br>
    1222 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3739
     3740
     3741format</font></font></td>
     3742
     3743
     3744      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    12233745contains data of the horizontal spectra (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#data_output_sp">data_output_sp</a>)
    12243746in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1225 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3747graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3748
     3749
     3750      <br>
     3751
     3752
    12263753More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1227 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1228 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">108</font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_PRT_NETCDF"></a>DATA_PRT_NETCDF/</font></td>
    1229 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
    1230 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3754
     3755
     3756      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3757
     3758
     3759      </td>
     3760
     3761
     3762    </tr>
     3763
     3764
     3765    <tr>
     3766
     3767
     3768      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;"><font color="#000000">108</font></td>
     3769
     3770
     3771      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_PRT_NETCDF"></a>DATA_PRT_NETCDF/<br>
     3772
     3773
     3774(DATA_PRT_NETCDF<span style="font-weight: bold;">_O</span>/)</font></td>
     3775
     3776
     3777      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000">I/O</font></td>
     3778
     3779
     3780      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3781
     3782
    12313783NetCDF-<br>
    1232 format</font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3784
     3785
     3786format</font></font></td>
     3787
     3788
     3789      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    12333790contains particle data (see <a href="../app/chapter_4.2.html#dt_prel">dt_prel</a>)
    12343791in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1235 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3792graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3793
     3794
     3795      <br>
     3796
     3797
    12363798More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="../app/chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1237 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br> </td> </tr>
    1238 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">109</td>
    1239 <td align="left" valign="top"><a name="DATA_1D_PTS_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_PTS_NETCDF</td>
    1240 <td align="left" valign="top">I/O</td> <td align="left" valign="top">Binary/<br>
     3799
     3800
     3801      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><br>
     3802
     3803
     3804      </td>
     3805
     3806
     3807    </tr>
     3808
     3809
     3810    <tr>
     3811
     3812
     3813      <td style="vertical-align: top; text-align: center;">109</td>
     3814
     3815
     3816      <td align="left" valign="top"><a name="DATA_1D_PTS_NETCDF"></a>DATA_1D_PTS_NETCDF<br>
     3817
     3818
     3819(DATA_1D_PTS_NETCDF_O)</td>
     3820
     3821
     3822      <td align="left" valign="top">I/O</td>
     3823
     3824
     3825      <td align="left" valign="top">Binary/<br>
     3826
     3827
    12413828NetCDF-<br>
    1242 format</td> <td align="left" valign="top">This
     3829
     3830
     3831format</td>
     3832
     3833
     3834      <td align="left" valign="top">This
    12433835file contains data of the timeseries of particle quantities (<font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#dt_prel">dt_prel</a>)
    12443836in NetCDF format.&nbsp;</font></font></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">The data
    12453837in this file can be visualized by any graphic software which provides a
    12463838NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL
    1247 </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).
     3839      </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;">
     3840ferret</span>).
    12483841For a list of available output quantities see </font></font></font></font><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"> <a href="chapter_4.2.html#dt_dopts">dt_dopts</a>.</font></font></font></font></font><br>
    1249 <font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><br>
    1250 </font></font></font></font><span lang="en-GB"><font face="Thorndale">In case of
     3842
     3843
     3844      <font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><br>
     3845
     3846
     3847      </font></font></font></font><span lang="en-GB"><font face="Thorndale">In case of
    12513848using more than one particle group (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#number_of_particle_groups">number_of_particle_groups</a>),
    12523849seperate time series are output for each of the groups. The long names
     
    12543851timeseries all end with the string</font><span style="font-style: italic; font-family: monospace;">' PG ##'</span><font face="Thorndale">, where ## is the number of the particle
    12553852group (<span style="font-style: italic;">01</span>, <span style="font-style: italic;">02</span>, etc.). <br>
    1256 <br> </font></span><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">More detailed informations about the
     3853
     3854
     3855      <br>
     3856
     3857
     3858      </font></span><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">More detailed informations about the
    12573859PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp;
    125838604.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></font></td>
    1259 <td align="left" valign="top"></td> </tr>
    1260 <tr> <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">111</td>
    1261 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="DATA_2D_XY_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XY_AV_NETCDF</td>
    1262 <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3861
     3862
     3863      <td align="left" valign="top"></td>
     3864
     3865
     3866    </tr>
     3867
     3868
     3869    <tr>
     3870
     3871
     3872      <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">111</td>
     3873
     3874
     3875      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="DATA_2D_XY_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XY_AV_NETCDF<br>
     3876
     3877
     3878(DATA_2D_XY_AV_NETCDF_O)</td>
     3879
     3880
     3881      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td>
     3882
     3883
     3884      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3885
     3886
    12633887NetCDF-<br>
    1264 format</font></font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3888
     3889
     3890format</font></font></font></td>
     3891
     3892
     3893      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
    12653894contains data of the temporally averaged two-dimensional horizontal
    12663895cross sections (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    12673896in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1268 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3897graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3898
     3899
     3900      <br>
     3901
     3902
    12693903More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></td>
    1270 <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">112</td>
    1271 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="DATA_2D_XZ_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XZ_AV_NETCDF</td>
    1272 <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3904
     3905
     3906      <td></td>
     3907
     3908
     3909    </tr>
     3910
     3911
     3912    <tr>
     3913
     3914
     3915      <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">112</td>
     3916
     3917
     3918      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="DATA_2D_XZ_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_XZ_AV_NETCDF<br>
     3919
     3920
     3921(DATA_2D_XZ_AV_NETCDF_O)</td>
     3922
     3923
     3924      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td>
     3925
     3926
     3927      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3928
     3929
    12733930NetCDF-<br>
    1274 format</font></font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file contains data of the temporally
     3931
     3932
     3933format</font></font></font></td>
     3934
     3935
     3936      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3937contains data of the temporally
    12753938averaged two-dimensional vertical (xz)
    12763939cross sections (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    12773940in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1278 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3941graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3942
     3943
     3944      <br>
     3945
     3946
    12793947More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></font></td>
    1280 <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">113</td>
    1281 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_YZ_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_YZ_AV_NETCDF</font></td>
    1282 <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3948
     3949
     3950      <td></td>
     3951
     3952
     3953    </tr>
     3954
     3955
     3956    <tr>
     3957
     3958
     3959      <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">113</td>
     3960
     3961
     3962      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_2D_YZ_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_2D_YZ_AV_NETCDF<br>
     3963
     3964
     3965(DATA_2D_YZ_AV_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     3966
     3967
     3968      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td>
     3969
     3970
     3971      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3972
     3973
    12833974NetCDF-<br>
    1284 format</font></font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file contains data of the temporally
     3975
     3976
     3977format</font></font></font></td>
     3978
     3979
     3980      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     3981contains data of the temporally
    12853982averaged two-dimensional vertical
    12863983(yz) cross sections (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    12873984in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1288 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     3985graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     3986
     3987
     3988      <br>
     3989
     3990
    12893991More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></font></td>
    1290 <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">116</td>
    1291 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_3D_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_3D_AV_NETCDF</font></td>
    1292 <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     3992
     3993
     3994      <td></td>
     3995
     3996
     3997    </tr>
     3998
     3999
     4000    <tr>
     4001
     4002
     4003      <td style="text-align: center; vertical-align: top;">116</td>
     4004
     4005
     4006      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><a name="DATA_3D_AV_NETCDF"></a>DATA_3D_AV_NETCDF<br>
     4007
     4008
     4009(DATA_3D_AV_NETCDF_O)</font></td>
     4010
     4011
     4012      <td style="vertical-align: top;">I/O</td>
     4013
     4014
     4015      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">Binary/<br>
     4016
     4017
    12934018NetCDF-<br>
    1294 format</font></font></font></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file contains data of the temporally
     4019
     4020
     4021format</font></font></font></td>
     4022
     4023
     4024      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000"><font color="#000000">This file
     4025contains data of the temporally
    12954026averaged 3d-volume data (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#data_output">data_output</a>)
    12964027in NetCDF format. The data in this file can be visualized by any
    1297 graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br> <br>
     4028graphic software which provides a NetCDF interface (e.g. <span style="font-weight: bold;">NCL </span>or<span style="font-weight: bold;"> ferret</span>).<br>
     4029
     4030
     4031      <br>
     4032
     4033
    12984034More detailed informations about the PALM-NetCDF-output are given in <a href="chapter_4.5.1.html">chapter&nbsp; 4.5.1</a>.</font></font></font></font></td>
    1299 <td></td> </tr> </tbody>
    1300 </table><font color="#000000"><br>
     4035
     4036
     4037      <td></td>
     4038
     4039
     4040    </tr>
     4041
     4042
     4043 
     4044  </tbody>
     4045</table>
     4046
     4047
     4048<font color="#000000"><br>
     4049
     4050
    13014051</font><br>
    1302 <font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.3.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="left.gif" name="Grafik1" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_3.5.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="right.gif" name="Grafik3" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a></font></font><br>&nbsp;
     4052
     4053
     4054<font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.3.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="left.gif" name="Grafik1" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_3.5.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="right.gif" name="Grafik3" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a></font></font><br>
     4055
     4056
     4057&nbsp;
    13034058<br>
     4059
     4060
    13044061&nbsp;
    13054062<span style="font-style: italic;">Last change:</span>
    13064063$Id$<br>
    1307 </font><br></body></html>
     4064
     4065
     4066</font><br>
     4067
     4068
     4069</body>
     4070</html>
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_3.7.html

    r61 r108  
    11<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
    2 <html><head>
    3 <meta http-equiv="CONTENT-TYPE" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>PALM
    4 chapter 3.7</title> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="StarOffice 7 (Win32)"> <meta name="AUTHOR" content="Siegfried Raasch"> <meta name="CREATED" content="20040809;13460943"> <meta name="CHANGED" content="20041112;15085727"> <meta name="KEYWORDS" content="parallel LES model"> <style>
     2<html>
     3<head>
     4
     5  <meta http-equiv="CONTENT-TYPE" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252">
     6  <title>PALM chapter 3.7</title>
     7 
     8  <meta name="GENERATOR" content="StarOffice 7 (Win32)">
     9 
     10  <meta name="AUTHOR" content="Siegfried Raasch">
     11 
     12  <meta name="CREATED" content="20040809;13460943">
     13 
     14  <meta name="CHANGED" content="20041112;15085727">
     15 
     16  <meta name="KEYWORDS" content="parallel LES model">
     17 
     18  <style>
    519<!--
    620@page { size: 21cm 29.7cm }
    721-->
    8 </style></head>
     22  </style>
     23</head>
    924
    10 <body style="direction: ltr;" lang="en-US"><h3 style="line-height: 100%;">3.7 Optional software packages</h3>
     25<body style="direction: ltr;" lang="en-US">
     26<h3 style="line-height: 100%;">3.7 Optional software packages</h3>
     27
    1128<p style="line-height: 100%;">Starting from version 2.1
    1229PALM includes
     
    1936compilation time as well as the memory demand of the model is limited
    2037to the real needs. </p>
     38
    2139<p style="line-height: 100%;">To use software packages in
    2240a model run,
     
    3149the <b>mrun</b> call
    3250has to be: </p>
    33 <ul> <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">mrun ... -p
     51
     52<ul>
     53 
     54  <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">mrun ... -p
    3455&ldquo;package1 package2&rdquo; </font>.</tt></p>
    35 </ul><p style="line-height: 100%;">Starting from version 3.2, the particles-package is part of the default model, so it does not have to be switched on using <span style="font-weight: bold;">mrun</span>-option <span style="font-family: Courier New,Courier,monospace;">-p</span>. However, the respective parameters have still to be set by using the NAMELIST group <span style="font-family: Courier New,Courier,monospace;">particles_par</span>.</p><p style="line-height: 100%;">Further package
     56
     57</ul>
     58<p style="line-height: 100%;">Starting from version 3.2, the particles-package is part of the default model, so it does not have to be switched on using <span style="font-weight: bold;">mrun</span>-option <span style="font-family: Courier New,Courier,monospace;">-p</span>. However, the respective parameters have still to be set by using the NAMELIST group <span style="font-family: Courier New,Courier,monospace;">particles_par</span>.</p>
     59<p style="line-height: 100%;">Further package
    3660names can be added to
    3761the list, separated by blanks. If the respective packages permit user
     
    4367group name is given in the table below. For the example above one
    4468would have to add the following lines to PARIN (example): &nbsp; </p>
    45 <ul> <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">&amp;namelist_packagename1
     69
     70<ul>
     71 
     72  <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">&amp;namelist_packagename1
    4673var1 = 1,0, var2 =
    4774&ldquo;abcd&rdquo; /</font></tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2"> </font> </p>
    48 <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">&amp;namelist_packagename2
     75
     76  <p style="line-height: 100%;"><tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">&amp;namelist_packagename2
    4977var3 = .TRUE.,
    5078var4 = 0 /</font></tt></p>
    51 </ul><p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The
     79
     80</ul>
     81<p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The
    5282following
    5383packages are available: <br>
     84
    5485&nbsp; <br>
     86
    5587&nbsp; </p>
    56 <table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><b>Package
    57 name:</b></p> </td> <td> <p><b>NAMELIST
    58 group name:</b></p> </td> <td> <p><b>Functionality:</b></p>
    59 </td> <td> <p><b>Control parameter:</b></p>
    60 </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td> <p>--- (see above)</p>
    61 </td> <td> <p>particles_par</p> </td> <td>
    62 <p>Release and advection of particles. The particle sources can
     88
     89<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" width="100%">
     90 <tbody>
     91 <tr>
     92 <td>
     93      <p><b>Package
     94name:</b></p>
     95 </td>
     96 <td>
     97      <p><b>NAMELIST
     98group name:</b></p>
     99 </td>
     100 <td>
     101      <p><b>Functionality:</b></p>
     102
     103      </td>
     104 <td>
     105      <p><b>Control parameter:</b></p>
     106
     107      </td>
     108 </tr>
     109 <tr valign="top">
     110 <td>
     111      <p>--- (see above)</p>
     112
     113      </td>
     114 <td>
     115      <p>particles_par</p>
     116 </td>
     117 <td>
     118      <p>Release and advection of particles. The particle sources can
    63119additionally be defined by the user in subroutine <tt><font style="font-size: 10pt;" size="2">user_init_particles</font></tt>
    64 .</p> </td> <td> <p>see section 4.2</p>
    65 </td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td> <p>dvrp_graphics</p>
    66 </td> <td> <p>dvrp_graphics_par</p> </td>
    67 <td> <p>Graphical output with the dvrp software of the
     120.</p>
     121 </td>
     122 <td>
     123      <p>see section 4.2</p>
     124
     125      </td>
     126 </tr>
     127 <tr valign="top">
     128 <td>
     129      <p>dvrp_graphics</p>
     130
     131      </td>
     132 <td>
     133      <p>dvrp_graphics_par</p>
     134 </td>
     135
     136      <td>
     137      <p>Graphical output with the dvrp software of the
    68138RRZN. This is
    69139only available on the IBM Regatta "hanni" of the HLRN. Possible output
    70140are iso-surfaces, cross-sections and particles (if the particle package
    71 is selected). The use of this package is described in section <a href="chapter_4.5.7.html">4.5.7</a>.</p> </td>
    72 <td> <p>see section 4.2</p> </td> </tr>
    73 <tr valign="top"> <td> <p>spectra</p> </td>
    74 <td> <p>spectra_par</p> </td> <td> <p>Computation
     141is selected). The use of this package is described in section <a href="chapter_4.5.7.html">4.5.7</a>.</p>
     142 </td>
     143
     144      <td>
     145      <p>see section 4.2</p>
     146 </td>
     147 </tr>
     148
     149    <tr valign="top">
     150 <td>
     151      <p>spectra</p>
     152 </td>
     153
     154      <td>
     155      <p>spectra_par</p>
     156 </td>
     157 <td>
     158      <p>Computation
    75159and output of horizontal power spectra of the
    76 prognostic variables. </p> </td> <td> <p>see
     160prognostic variables. </p>
     161 </td>
     162 <td>
     163      <p>see
    77164section <a href="chapter_4.2.html#spectra_package">4.2</a></p>
    78 </td> </tr> </tbody>
    79 </table><hr>
    80 <p style="line-height: 100%;"><br><font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.6.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="left.gif" name="Grafik1" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_4.0.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="right.gif" name="Grafik3" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a></font></font></p>
     165
     166      </td>
     167 </tr>
     168 
     169  </tbody>
     170</table>
     171<hr>
     172<p style="line-height: 100%;"><br>
     173<font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.6.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="left.gif" name="Grafik1" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_3.8.html"><font color="#000080"><img style="border: 2px solid ; width: 32px; height: 32px;" alt="" src="right.gif" name="Grafik3"></font></a></font></font></p>
     174
    81175<p style="line-height: 100%;"><i>Last
    82176change:&nbsp;</i> $Id$</p>
    83 </body></html>
     177
     178</body>
     179</html>
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_4.0.html

    r97 r108  
    11<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
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    3 <meta http-equiv="CONTENT-TYPE" content="text/html; charset=windows-1252"><title>PALM chapter 4.0</title> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="StarOffice 7 (Win32)"> <meta name="AUTHOR" content="Siegfried Raasch"> <meta name="CREATED" content="20040809;14214479"> <meta name="CHANGED" content="20041112;15151993"> <meta name="KEYWORDS" content="parallel LES model"> <style>
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    8 <body style="direction: ltr;" lang="en-US"><h2 style="line-height: 100%;"><font size="4">4.0
     37  </style>
     38</head>
     39
     40
     41<body style="direction: ltr;" lang="en-US">
     42
     43<h2 style="line-height: 100%;"><font size="4">4.0
    944Steering parameters</font></h2>
     45
     46
    1047<p style="line-height: 100%;">Before carrying out a model
    1148run, the user
     
    1754should be, at which times and points plot output are supposed to be
    1855made, etc. <br>
    19 </p><p style="line-height: 100%;">These data are
     56
     57
     58</p>
     59
     60<p style="line-height: 100%;">These data are
    2061assigned with the help of
    2162so-called&nbsp;&ldquo;NAMELIST-driven input&rdquo; (FORTRAN -
     
    3172example shows the format of the file
    3273PARIN: <br>
    33 &nbsp; </p>
    34 <ul> <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;inipar
     74
     75
     76&nbsp; </p>
     77
     78
     79<ul>
     80
     81 
     82 
     83  <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;inipar
    3584nx
    3685= 79, ny = 79, nz = 40, <br>
     86
     87
    3788&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    3889dx = 50.0, dy = 50.0, dz =
    399050.0, <br>
     91
     92
    4093&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    4194initializing_actions =
    4295"set_1d-model_profiles", <br>
     96
     97
    4398&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
    44 prandtl_layer = .TRUE.,/ </p> <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;d3par&nbsp;
    45 end_time = 9000.0, section_xy = 1, 10, 20,/ </p> <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;packagename
    46 var1 = .TRUE. / </p> <p style="line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: monospace;">&amp;userpar
     99prandtl_layer = .TRUE.,/ </p>
     100
     101 
     102 
     103  <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;d3par&nbsp;
     104end_time = 9000.0, section_xy = 1, 10, 20,/ </p>
     105
     106 
     107 
     108  <p style="line-height: 100%; font-family: monospace;">&amp;packagename
     109var1 = .TRUE. / </p>
     110
     111 
     112 
     113  <p style="line-height: 100%;"><span style="font-family: monospace;">&amp;userpar
    47114abcd = 1234,0,/ </span><br>
     115
     116
    48117&nbsp; <br>
     118
     119
    49120&nbsp;</p>
    50 </ul><p style="line-height: 100%;">The parameters
     121
     122
     123</ul>
     124
     125<p style="line-height: 100%;">The parameters
    51126are separated into four
    52127different groups which all start with the so-called NAMELIST group
     
    65140concerning the NAMELIST syntax, refer to
    66141appropriate FORTRAN manuals. <br>
    67 </p><p style="line-height: 100%;">Parameters
     142
     143
     144</p>
     145
     146<p style="line-height: 100%;">Parameters
    68147belonging to the group <span style="font-family: monospace;">inipar</span>
    69148are first read by PALM.
     
    84163(see chapter <a href="chapter_3.7.html">3.7</a>),
    85164further NAMELIST groups may be inserted before the group <span style="font-family: monospace;">userpar</span>.
    86 </p><p style="line-height: 100%;"><b>The
     165</p>
     166
     167<p style="line-height: 100%;"><b>The
    87168initialization, run</b> and
    88169<b>package parameters</b> differ as follows: </p>
    89 <ul> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The <b>initialization
     170
     171
     172<ul>
     173
     174 <li>
     175   
     176    <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The <b>initialization
    90177parameters </b>are steering the basic settings of the model run.
    91178They
     
    101188value<span style="font-family: thorndale,serif,mon;"> </span><span style="font-family: monospace; font-style: italic;">read_restart_data</span><span style="font-family: thorndale,serif,mon;"> for </span>restart
    102189runs). <br>
    103 &nbsp; </p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The <b>run
     190
     191
     192&nbsp; </p>
     193
     194 </li>
     195
     196 <li>
     197   
     198    <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The <b>run
    104199parameters</b> are generally steering actions to be carried out
    105200during
     
    111206usually keep their values, provided that the NAMELIST input file was
    112207not changed by the user in the meantime). <br>
    113 &nbsp; </p> </li> <li> <p style="line-height: 100%;"><b>Package parameters</b>
     208
     209
     210&nbsp; </p>
     211
     212 </li>
     213
     214 <li>
     215   
     216    <p style="line-height: 100%;"><b>Package parameters</b>
    114217behave like <b>run parameters</b>. Package parameters
    115218determine the behavior of
    116 the additional (not user-defined) software packages . </p> </li>
    117 </ul><p style="line-height: 100%;">The user-defined
     219the additional (not user-defined) software packages . </p>
     220
     221 </li>
     222
     223
     224</ul>
     225
     226<p style="line-height: 100%;">The user-defined
    118227parameters are assigned
    119228by the user within the NAMELIST group name <tt>&amp;userpar</tt>
     
    137246(described in <a href="chapter_3.2.html">chapter
    1382473.2</a>) for the execution of a model test run. </p>
     248
     249
    139250<p style="line-height: 100%;">PALM assigns default
    140251values to nearly all parameters. They become effective
     
    142253default values as well as the parameter name, type and its
    143254explanation are described in the lists of the following subsections. <br>
    144 &nbsp; </p>
    145 <hr><p style="line-height: 100%;"><br>
    146 <font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.6.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="left.gif" name="Grafik1" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_4.1.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="right.gif" name="Grafik3" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a></font></font><br>&nbsp;
     255
     256
     257&nbsp; </p>
     258
     259
     260<hr>
     261<p style="line-height: 100%;"><br>
     262
     263
     264<font color="#000080"><font color="#000080"><a href="chapter_3.8.html"><font color="#000080"><img style="border: 2px solid ; width: 32px; height: 32px;" alt="" src="left.gif" name="Grafik1"></font></a><a href="index.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="up.gif" name="Grafik2" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a><a href="chapter_4.1.html"><font color="#000080"><img src="right.gif" name="Grafik3" align="bottom" border="2" height="32" width="32"></font></a></font></font><br>
     265
     266&nbsp;
    147267<br>
     268
     269
    148270&nbsp;<span style="font-style: italic;">Last change:</span>
    149271$Id$<br>
    150 </p></body></html>
     272
     273
     274</p>
     275
     276</body>
     277</html>
  • palm/trunk/DOC/app/chapter_4.1.html

    r103 r108  
    11<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
    2 <html><head>
    3 <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"><title>PALM chapter 4.1</title></head>
    4 <body><h3><a name="chapter4.1"></a>4.1
     2<html>
     3<head>
     4
     5
     6
     7
     8 
     9 
     10 
     11  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
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     17 
     18  <title>PALM chapter 4.1</title>
     19</head>
     20
     21
     22<body>
     23
     24
     25
     26<h3><a name="chapter4.1"></a>4.1
    527Initialization parameters</h3>
    6 <br><table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2"> <tbody>
    7 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Parameter name</b></font></td>
    8 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Type</b></font></td>
    9 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><b><font size="4">Default</font></b> <br> <b><font size="4">value</font></b></p> </td>
    10 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Explanation</b></font></td>
    11 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">
    12 <p><a name="adjust_mixing_length"></a><b>adjust_mixing_length</b></p>
    13 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">L</td>
    14 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">.F.</span></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Near-surface adjustment of the
    15 mixing length to the Prandtl-layer law.&nbsp; </p> <p>Usually
     28
     29
     30
     31
     32<br>
     33
     34
     35
     36<table style="text-align: left; width: 100%;" border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2">
     37
     38
     39
     40 <tbody>
     41
     42
     43
     44
     45    <tr>
     46
     47
     48
     49 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Parameter name</b></font></td>
     50
     51
     52
     53
     54      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Type</b></font></td>
     55
     56
     57
     58
     59      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     60     
     61     
     62     
     63      <p><b><font size="4">Default</font></b> <br>
     64
     65
     66
     67 <b><font size="4">value</font></b></p>
     68
     69
     70
     71 </td>
     72
     73
     74
     75
     76      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><font size="4"><b>Explanation</b></font></td>
     77
     78
     79
     80
     81    </tr>
     82
     83
     84
     85 <tr>
     86
     87
     88
     89 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     90     
     91     
     92     
     93      <p><a name="adjust_mixing_length"></a><b>adjust_mixing_length</b></p>
     94
     95
     96
     97
     98      </td>
     99
     100
     101
     102 <td style="vertical-align: top;">L</td>
     103
     104
     105
     106
     107      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">.F.</span></td>
     108
     109
     110
     111 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     112     
     113     
     114     
     115      <p style="font-style: normal;">Near-surface adjustment of the
     116mixing length to the Prandtl-layer law.&nbsp; </p>
     117
     118
     119
     120 
     121     
     122     
     123     
     124      <p>Usually
    16125the mixing length in LES models l<sub>LES</sub>
    17126depends (as in PALM) on the grid size and is possibly restricted
     
    25134mixing length at
    26135the bottom boundary and considers the fact that eddy sizes
    27 decrease in the vicinity of the wall.&nbsp; </p> <p style="font-style: normal;"><b>Warning:</b> So
     136decrease in the vicinity of the wall.&nbsp; </p>
     137
     138
     139
     140 
     141     
     142     
     143     
     144      <p style="font-style: normal;"><b>Warning:</b> So
    28145far, there is
    29146no good experience with <b>adjust_mixing_length</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span> !&nbsp; </p>
    30 <p>With <b>adjust_mixing_length</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span> and the
     147
     148
     149
     150
     151     
     152     
     153     
     154      <p>With <b>adjust_mixing_length</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">.T.</span> and the
    31155Prandtl-layer being
    32156switched on (see <a href="#prandtl_layer">prandtl_layer</a>)
    33 <span style="font-style: italic;">'(u*)** 2+neumann'</span>
     157      <span style="font-style: italic;">'(u*)** 2+neumann'</span>
    34158should always be set as the lower boundary condition for the TKE (see <a href="#bc_e_b">bc_e_b</a>),
    35159otherwise the near-surface value of the TKE is not in agreement with
     
    37161should provide the same value for K<sub>m</sub>). A warning
    38162is given,
    39 if this is not the case.</p> </td> </tr> <tr>
    40 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="alpha_surface"></a><b>alpha_surface</b></p>
    41 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">R<br> </td>
    42 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span><br> </td>
    43 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Inclination of the model domain
    44 with respect to the horizontal (in degrees).&nbsp; </p> <p style="font-style: normal;">By means of <b>alpha_surface</b>
     163if this is not the case.</p>
     164
     165
     166
     167 </td>
     168
     169
     170
     171 </tr>
     172
     173
     174
     175 <tr>
     176
     177
     178
     179
     180      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     181     
     182     
     183     
     184      <p><a name="alpha_surface"></a><b>alpha_surface</b></p>
     185
     186
     187
     188
     189      </td>
     190
     191
     192
     193 <td style="vertical-align: top;">R<br>
     194
     195
     196
     197 </td>
     198
     199
     200
     201
     202      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span><br>
     203
     204
     205
     206 </td>
     207
     208
     209
     210
     211      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     212     
     213     
     214     
     215      <p style="font-style: normal;">Inclination of the model domain
     216with respect to the horizontal (in degrees).&nbsp; </p>
     217
     218
     219
     220 
     221     
     222     
     223     
     224      <p style="font-style: normal;">By means of <b>alpha_surface</b>
    45225the model domain can be inclined in x-direction with respect to the
    46226horizontal. In this way flows over inclined surfaces (e.g. drainage
    47227flows, gravity flows) can be simulated. In case of <b>alpha_surface
    48 </b>/= <span style="font-style: italic;">0</span>
     228      </b>/= <span style="font-style: italic;">0</span>
    49229the buoyancy term
    50230appears both in
    51231the equation of motion of the u-component and of the w-component.<br>
    52 </p> <p style="font-style: normal;">An inclination
     232
     233
     234
     235
     236      </p>
     237
     238
     239
     240 
     241     
     242     
     243     
     244      <p style="font-style: normal;">An inclination
    53245is only possible in
    54246case of cyclic horizontal boundary conditions along x AND y (see <a href="#bc_lr">bc_lr</a>
    55247and <a href="#bc_ns">bc_ns</a>) and <a href="#topography">topography</a> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'flat'</span>. </p>
    56 <p>Runs with inclined surface still require additional
     248
     249
     250
     251
     252     
     253     
     254     
     255      <p>Runs with inclined surface still require additional
    57256user-defined code as well as modifications to the default code. Please
    58257ask the <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/PALM_group.html#0">PALM
    59 developer&nbsp; group</a>.</p> </td> </tr>
    60 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_e_b"></a><b>bc_e_b</b></p> </td>
    61 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
    62 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    63 TKE.&nbsp; </p> <p><b>bc_e_b</b> may be
     258developer&nbsp; group</a>.</p>
     259
     260
     261
     262 </td>
     263
     264
     265
     266 </tr>
     267
     268
     269
     270
     271    <tr>
     272
     273
     274
     275 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     276     
     277     
     278     
     279      <p><a name="bc_e_b"></a><b>bc_e_b</b></p>
     280
     281
     282
     283 </td>
     284
     285
     286
     287
     288      <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     289
     290
     291
     292 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
     293
     294
     295
     296
     297      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     298     
     299     
     300     
     301      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     302TKE.&nbsp; </p>
     303
     304
     305
     306 
     307     
     308     
     309     
     310      <p><b>bc_e_b</b> may be
    64311set to&nbsp;<span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    65312or <span style="font-style: italic;">'(u*) ** 2+neumann'</span>.
    66 <b>bc_e_b</b>
     313      <b>bc_e_b</b>
    67314= <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    68315yields to
     
    76323is reset
    77324to <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>.&nbsp;
    78 </p> <p style="font-style: normal;">At the top
     325      </p>
     326
     327
     328
     329 
     330     
     331     
     332     
     333      <p style="font-style: normal;">At the top
    79334boundary a Neumann
    80 boundary condition is generally used: (e(nz+1) = e(nz)).</p> </td>
    81 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">
    82 <p><a name="bc_lr"></a><b>bc_lr</b></p>
    83 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    84 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'cyclic'</span></td>
    85 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Boundary
    86 condition along x (for all quantities).<br> <br>
    87 By default, a cyclic boundary condition is used along x.<br> <br>
    88 <span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_lr</span> may
     335boundary condition is generally used: (e(nz+1) = e(nz)).</p>
     336
     337
     338
     339 </td>
     340
     341
     342
     343
     344    </tr>
     345
     346
     347
     348 <tr>
     349
     350
     351
     352 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     353     
     354     
     355     
     356      <p><a name="bc_lr"></a><b>bc_lr</b></p>
     357
     358
     359
     360
     361      </td>
     362
     363
     364
     365 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     366
     367
     368
     369
     370      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'cyclic'</span></td>
     371
     372
     373
     374
     375      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Boundary
     376condition along x (for all quantities).<br>
     377
     378
     379
     380 <br>
     381
     382
     383
     384
     385By default, a cyclic boundary condition is used along x.<br>
     386
     387
     388
     389 <br>
     390
     391
     392
     393
     394      <span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_lr</span> may
    89395also be
    90396assigned the values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet/radiation'</span>
     
    93399right, outflow to the left). This requires the multi-grid method to be
    94400used for solving the Poisson equation for perturbation pressure (see <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#psolver">psolver</a>)
    95 and it also requires cyclic boundary conditions along y (see&nbsp;<a href="#bc_ns">bc_ns</a>).<br> <br>
     401and it also requires cyclic boundary conditions along y (see&nbsp;<a href="#bc_ns">bc_ns</a>).<br>
     402
     403
     404
     405 <br>
     406
     407
     408
     409
    96410In case of these non-cyclic lateral boundaries, a Dirichlet condition
    97411is used at the inflow for all quantities (initial vertical profiles -
     
    101415gradient) condition is used for the scalars. For perturbation
    102416pressure Neumann (zero gradient) conditions are assumed both at the
    103 inflow and at the outflow.<br> <br>
     417inflow and at the outflow.<br>
     418
     419
     420
     421 <br>
     422
     423
     424
     425
    104426When using non-cyclic lateral boundaries, a filter is applied to the
    105427velocity field in the vicinity of the outflow in order to suppress any
    106428reflections of outgoing disturbances (see <a href="#km_damp_max">km_damp_max</a>
    107429and <a href="#outflow_damping_width">outflow_damping_width</a>).<br>
    108 <br>
     430
     431
     432
     433
     434      <br>
     435
     436
     437
     438
    109439In order to maintain a turbulent state of the flow, it may be
    110440neccessary to continuously impose perturbations on the horizontal
     
    115445and <a href="#inflow_disturbance_end">inflow_disturbance_end</a>.
    116446The vertical range and the perturbation amplitude are given by <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#psolver">disturbance_level_b</a>,
    117 <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#psolver">disturbance_level_t</a>,
     447      <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#psolver">disturbance_level_t</a>,
    118448and <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#psolver">disturbance_amplitude</a>.
    119449The time interval at which perturbations are to be imposed is set by <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#dt_disturb">dt_disturb</a>.<br>
    120 <br>
     450
     451
     452
     453
     454      <br>
     455
     456
     457
     458
    121459In case of non-cyclic horizontal boundaries <a href="http://www.muk.uni-hannover.de/%7Eraasch/PALM_group/doc/app/chapter_4.2.html#call_psolver_at_all_substeps">call_psolver
    122 at_all_substeps</a> = .T. should be used.<br> <br> <span style="font-weight: bold;">Note:</span><br>
     460at_all_substeps</a> = .T. should be used.<br>
     461
     462
     463
     464 <br>
     465
     466
     467
     468 <span style="font-weight: bold;">Note:</span><br>
     469
     470
     471
     472
    123473Using non-cyclic lateral boundaries requires very sensitive adjustments
    124474of the inflow (vertical profiles) and the bottom boundary conditions,
    125475e.g. a surface heating should not be applied near the inflow boundary
    126476because this may significantly disturb the inflow. Please check the
    127 model results very carefully.</td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_ns"></a><b>bc_ns</b></p>
    128 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    129 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'cyclic'</span></td>
    130 <td style="vertical-align: top;">Boundary
    131 condition along y (for all quantities).<br> <br>
    132 By default, a cyclic boundary condition is used along y.<br> <br>
    133 <span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_ns</span> may
     477model results very carefully.</td>
     478
     479
     480
     481 </tr>
     482
     483
     484
     485 <tr>
     486
     487
     488
     489 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     490     
     491     
     492     
     493      <p><a name="bc_ns"></a><b>bc_ns</b></p>
     494
     495
     496
     497
     498      </td>
     499
     500
     501
     502 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     503
     504
     505
     506
     507      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'cyclic'</span></td>
     508
     509
     510
     511
     512      <td style="vertical-align: top;">Boundary
     513condition along y (for all quantities).<br>
     514
     515
     516
     517 <br>
     518
     519
     520
     521
     522By default, a cyclic boundary condition is used along y.<br>
     523
     524
     525
     526 <br>
     527
     528
     529
     530
     531      <span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_ns</span> may
    134532also be
    135533assigned the values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet/radiation'</span>
     
    139537method to be used for solving the Poisson equation for perturbation
    140538pressure (see <a href="chapter_4.2.html#psolver">psolver</a>)
    141 and it also requires cyclic boundary conditions along x (see<br> <a href="#bc_lr">bc_lr</a>).<br> <br>
     539and it also requires cyclic boundary conditions along x (see<br>
     540
     541
     542
     543 <a href="#bc_lr">bc_lr</a>).<br>
     544
     545
     546
     547 <br>
     548
     549
     550
     551
    142552In case of these non-cyclic lateral boundaries, a Dirichlet condition
    143553is used at the inflow for all quantities (initial vertical profiles -
     
    147557gradient) condition is used for the scalars. For perturbation
    148558pressure Neumann (zero gradient) conditions are assumed both at the
    149 inflow and at the outflow.<br> <br>
     559inflow and at the outflow.<br>
     560
     561
     562
     563 <br>
     564
     565
     566
     567
    150568For further details regarding non-cyclic lateral boundary conditions
    151 see <a href="#bc_lr">bc_lr</a>.</td> </tr>
    152 <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_p_b"></a><b>bc_p_b</b></p> </td>
    153 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
    154 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    155 perturbation pressure.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed values
     569see <a href="#bc_lr">bc_lr</a>.</td>
     570
     571
     572
     573 </tr>
     574
     575
     576
     577
     578    <tr>
     579
     580
     581
     582 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     583     
     584     
     585     
     586      <p><a name="bc_p_b"></a><b>bc_p_b</b></p>
     587
     588
     589
     590 </td>
     591
     592
     593
     594
     595      <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     596
     597
     598
     599 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
     600
     601
     602
     603
     604      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     605     
     606     
     607     
     608      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     609perturbation pressure.&nbsp; </p>
     610
     611
     612
     613 
     614     
     615     
     616     
     617      <p>Allowed values
    156618are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>,
    157 <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
     619      <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    158620and <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann+inhomo'</span>.&nbsp;
    159 <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
     621      <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    160622sets
    161623p(k=0)=0.0,&nbsp; <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
     
    1686301209)). This condition is only permitted with the Prandtl-layer
    169631switched on (<a href="#prandtl_layer">prandtl_layer</a>),
    170 otherwise the run is terminated.&nbsp; </p> <p>Since
     632otherwise the run is terminated.&nbsp; </p>
     633
     634
     635
     636 
     637     
     638     
     639     
     640      <p>Since
    171641at the bottom boundary of the model the vertical
    172642velocity
     
    177647conditions both at the bottom and at the top boundary (<a href="#bc_p_t">bc_p_t</a>)
    178648usually yields no consistent solution for the perturbation pressure and
    179 should be avoided.</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_p_t"></a><b>bc_p_t</b></p>
    180 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    181 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    182 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
    183 perturbation pressure.&nbsp; </p> <p style="font-style: normal;">Allowed values are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
     649should be avoided.</p>
     650
     651
     652
     653 </td>
     654
     655
     656
     657 </tr>
     658
     659
     660
     661 <tr>
     662
     663
     664
     665 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     666     
     667     
     668     
     669      <p><a name="bc_p_t"></a><b>bc_p_t</b></p>
     670
     671
     672
     673
     674      </td>
     675
     676
     677
     678 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     679
     680
     681
     682
     683      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     684
     685
     686
     687
     688      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     689     
     690     
     691     
     692      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
     693perturbation pressure.&nbsp; </p>
     694
     695
     696
     697 
     698     
     699     
     700     
     701      <p style="font-style: normal;">Allowed values are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    184702(p(k=nz+1)= 0.0) or <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    185 (p(k=nz+1)=p(k=nz)).&nbsp; </p> <p>Simultaneous use
     703(p(k=nz+1)=p(k=nz)).&nbsp; </p>
     704
     705
     706
     707 
     708     
     709     
     710     
     711      <p>Simultaneous use
    186712of Neumann boundary conditions both at the
    187713top and bottom boundary (<a href="#bc_p_b">bc_p_b</a>)
     
    189715should be avoided. Since at the bottom boundary the Neumann
    190716condition&nbsp; is a good choice (see <a href="#bc_p_b">bc_p_b</a>),
    191 a Dirichlet condition should be set at the top boundary.</p> </td>
    192 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">
    193 <p><a name="bc_pt_b"></a><b>bc_pt_b</b></p>
    194 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C*20</td>
    195 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    196 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    197 potential temperature.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed values
     717a Dirichlet condition should be set at the top boundary.</p>
     718
     719
     720
     721 </td>
     722
     723
     724
     725
     726    </tr>
     727
     728
     729
     730 <tr>
     731
     732
     733
     734 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     735     
     736     
     737     
     738      <p><a name="bc_pt_b"></a><b>bc_pt_b</b></p>
     739
     740
     741
     742
     743      </td>
     744
     745
     746
     747 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C*20</td>
     748
     749
     750
     751
     752      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     753
     754
     755
     756
     757      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     758     
     759     
     760     
     761      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     762potential temperature.&nbsp; </p>
     763
     764
     765
     766 
     767     
     768     
     769     
     770      <p>Allowed values
    198771are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    199772(pt(k=0) = const. = <a href="#pt_surface">pt_surface</a>
     
    202775and <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    203776(pt(k=0)=pt(k=1)).&nbsp; <br>
     777
     778
     779
     780
    204781When a constant surface sensible heat flux is used (<a href="#surface_heatflux">surface_heatflux</a>), <b>bc_pt_b</b>
    205782= <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    206783must be used, because otherwise the resolved scale may contribute to
    207784the surface flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p>
    208 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="pc_pt_t"></a><b>bc_pt_t</b></p>
    209 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    210 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'initial_ gradient'</span></td>
    211 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
    212 potential temperature.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed are the
     785
     786
     787
     788     
     789     
     790     
     791      <p>In the <a href="chapter_3.8.html">coupled</a> atmosphere executable,&nbsp;<a href="chapter_4.2.html#bc_pt_b">bc_pt_b</a> is internally set and does not need to be prescribed.</p>
     792
     793
     794
     795
     796      </td>
     797
     798
     799
     800 </tr>
     801
     802
     803
     804 <tr>
     805
     806
     807
     808 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     809     
     810     
     811     
     812      <p><a name="pc_pt_t"></a><b>bc_pt_t</b></p>
     813
     814
     815
     816
     817      </td>
     818
     819
     820
     821 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     822
     823
     824
     825
     826      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'initial_ gradient'</span></td>
     827
     828
     829
     830
     831      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     832     
     833     
     834     
     835      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
     836potential temperature.&nbsp; </p>
     837
     838
     839
     840 
     841     
     842     
     843     
     844      <p>Allowed are the
    213845values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet' </span>(pt(k=nz+1)
    214846does not change during the run), <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
     
    218850calculated from the initial
    219851temperature profile (see <a href="#pt_surface">pt_surface</a>,
    220 <a href="#pt_vertical_gradient">pt_vertical_gradient</a>)
     852      <a href="#pt_vertical_gradient">pt_vertical_gradient</a>)
    221853by bc_pt_t_val = (pt_init(k=nz+1) -
    222854pt_init(k=nz)) / dzu(nz+1).<br>
     855
     856
     857
     858
    223859Using this value (assumed constant during the
    224860run) the temperature boundary values are calculated as&nbsp; </p>
    225 <ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">pt(k=nz+1) =
     861
     862
     863
     864
     865     
     866     
     867     
     868      <ul>
     869
     870
     871
     872 
     873       
     874       
     875       
     876        <p style="font-style: normal;">pt(k=nz+1) =
    226877pt(k=nz) +
    227 bc_pt_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p> </ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">(up to k=nz the prognostic
     878bc_pt_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p>
     879
     880
     881
     882 
     883     
     884     
     885     
     886      </ul>
     887
     888
     889
     890 
     891     
     892     
     893     
     894      <p style="font-style: normal;">(up to k=nz the prognostic
    228895equation for the temperature is solved).<br>
     896
     897
     898
     899
    229900When a constant sensible heat flux is used at the top boundary (<a href="chapter_4.1.html#top_heatflux">top_heatflux</a>),
    230 <b>bc_pt_t</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
     901      <b>bc_pt_t</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    231902must be used, because otherwise the resolved scale may contribute to
    232 the top flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p> </td>
    233 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;">
    234 <p><a name="bc_q_b"></a><b>bc_q_b</b></p>
    235 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    236 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    237 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    238 specific humidity / total water content.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed
     903the top flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p>
     904
     905
     906
     907 </td>
     908
     909
     910
     911
     912    </tr>
     913
     914
     915
     916 <tr>
     917
     918
     919
     920 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     921     
     922     
     923     
     924      <p><a name="bc_q_b"></a><b>bc_q_b</b></p>
     925
     926
     927
     928
     929      </td>
     930
     931
     932
     933 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     934
     935
     936
     937
     938      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     939
     940
     941
     942
     943      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     944     
     945     
     946     
     947      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     948specific humidity / total water content.&nbsp; </p>
     949
     950
     951
     952 
     953     
     954     
     955     
     956      <p>Allowed
    239957values are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    240958(q(k=0) = const. = <a href="#q_surface">q_surface</a>
     
    243961and <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    244962(q(k=0)=q(k=1)).&nbsp; <br>
     963
     964
     965
     966
    245967When a constant surface latent heat flux is used (<a href="#surface_waterflux">surface_waterflux</a>), <b>bc_q_b</b>
    246968= <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    247969must be used, because otherwise the resolved scale may contribute to
    248970the surface flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p>
    249 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_q_t"></a><b>bc_q_t</b></p>
    250 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">C
    251 * 20</span></td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
    252 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
    253 specific humidity / total water content.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed
     971
     972
     973
     974
     975      </td>
     976
     977
     978
     979 </tr>
     980
     981
     982
     983 <tr>
     984
     985
     986
     987 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     988     
     989     
     990     
     991      <p><a name="bc_q_t"></a><b>bc_q_t</b></p>
     992
     993
     994
     995
     996      </td>
     997
     998
     999
     1000 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">C
     1001* 20</span></td>
     1002
     1003
     1004
     1005 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
     1006
     1007
     1008
     1009
     1010      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1011     
     1012     
     1013     
     1014      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
     1015specific humidity / total water content.&nbsp; </p>
     1016
     1017
     1018
     1019 
     1020     
     1021     
     1022     
     1023      <p>Allowed
    2541024are the values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    2551025(q(k=nz) and q(k=nz+1) do
     
    2591029from the
    2601030initial humidity profile (see <a href="#q_surface">q_surface</a>,
    261 <a href="#q_vertical_gradient">q_vertical_gradient</a>)
     1031      <a href="#q_vertical_gradient">q_vertical_gradient</a>)
    2621032by: bc_q_t_val = ( q_init(k=nz) - q_init(k=nz-1)) / dzu(nz).<br>
     1033
     1034
     1035
     1036
    2631037Using this value (assumed constant during the run) the humidity
    2641038boundary values
    265 are calculated as&nbsp; </p> <ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">q(k=nz+1) =q(k=nz) +
    266 bc_q_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p> </ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">(up tp k=nz the prognostic
    267 equation for q is solved). </p> </td> </tr> <tr>
    268 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_s_b"></a><b>bc_s_b</b></p> </td>
    269 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    270 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    271 scalar concentration.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed values
     1039are calculated as&nbsp; </p>
     1040
     1041
     1042
     1043 
     1044     
     1045     
     1046     
     1047      <ul>
     1048
     1049
     1050
     1051 
     1052       
     1053       
     1054       
     1055        <p style="font-style: normal;">q(k=nz+1) =q(k=nz) +
     1056bc_q_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p>
     1057
     1058
     1059
     1060 
     1061     
     1062     
     1063     
     1064      </ul>
     1065
     1066
     1067
     1068 
     1069     
     1070     
     1071     
     1072      <p style="font-style: normal;">(up tp k=nz the prognostic
     1073equation for q is solved). </p>
     1074
     1075
     1076
     1077 </td>
     1078
     1079
     1080
     1081 </tr>
     1082
     1083
     1084
     1085 <tr>
     1086
     1087
     1088
     1089
     1090      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1091     
     1092     
     1093     
     1094      <p><a name="bc_s_b"></a><b>bc_s_b</b></p>
     1095
     1096
     1097
     1098 </td>
     1099
     1100
     1101
     1102
     1103      <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     1104
     1105
     1106
     1107 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     1108
     1109
     1110
     1111
     1112      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1113     
     1114     
     1115     
     1116      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     1117scalar concentration.&nbsp; </p>
     1118
     1119
     1120
     1121 
     1122     
     1123     
     1124     
     1125      <p>Allowed values
    2721126are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    2731127(s(k=0) = const. = <a href="#s_surface">s_surface</a>
     
    2771131(s(k=0) =
    2781132s(k=1)).&nbsp; <br>
     1133
     1134
     1135
     1136
    2791137When a constant surface concentration flux is used (<a href="#surface_scalarflux">surface_scalarflux</a>), <b>bc_s_b</b>
    2801138= <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    2811139must be used, because otherwise the resolved scale may contribute to
    2821140the surface flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p>
    283 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_s_t"></a><b>bc_s_t</b></p>
    284 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    285 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
    286 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
    287 scalar concentration.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed are the
     1141
     1142
     1143
     1144
     1145      </td>
     1146
     1147
     1148
     1149 </tr>
     1150
     1151
     1152
     1153 <tr>
     1154
     1155
     1156
     1157 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1158     
     1159     
     1160     
     1161      <p><a name="bc_s_t"></a><b>bc_s_t</b></p>
     1162
     1163
     1164
     1165
     1166      </td>
     1167
     1168
     1169
     1170 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     1171
     1172
     1173
     1174
     1175      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
     1176
     1177
     1178
     1179
     1180      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1181     
     1182     
     1183     
     1184      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
     1185scalar concentration.&nbsp; </p>
     1186
     1187
     1188
     1189 
     1190     
     1191     
     1192     
     1193      <p>Allowed are the
    2881194values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    2891195(s(k=nz) and s(k=nz+1) do
     
    2941200from the initial scalar concentration profile (see <a href="#s_surface">s_surface</a>, <a href="#s_vertical_gradient">s_vertical_gradient</a>)
    2951201by: bc_s_t_val = (s_init(k=nz) - s_init(k=nz-1)) / dzu(nz).<br>
     1202
     1203
     1204
     1205
    2961206Using this value (assumed constant during the run) the concentration
    2971207boundary values
    298 are calculated as </p> <ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">s(k=nz+1) = s(k=nz) +
    299 bc_s_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p> </ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">(up to k=nz the prognostic
     1208are calculated as </p>
     1209
     1210
     1211
     1212 
     1213     
     1214     
     1215     
     1216      <ul>
     1217
     1218
     1219
     1220 
     1221       
     1222       
     1223       
     1224        <p style="font-style: normal;">s(k=nz+1) = s(k=nz) +
     1225bc_s_t_val * dzu(nz+1)</p>
     1226
     1227
     1228
     1229 
     1230     
     1231     
     1232     
     1233      </ul>
     1234
     1235
     1236
     1237 
     1238     
     1239     
     1240     
     1241      <p style="font-style: normal;">(up to k=nz the prognostic
    3001242equation for the scalar concentration is
    301 solved).</p> </td> </tr> <tr><td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="bc_sa_t"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_sa_t</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td><td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top;"><p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the salinity.&nbsp; </p> <p>This parameter only comes into effect for ocean runs (see parameter <a href="#ocean">ocean</a>).</p><p style="font-style: normal;">Allowed are the
     1243solved).</p>
     1244
     1245
     1246
     1247 </td>
     1248
     1249
     1250
     1251 </tr>
     1252
     1253
     1254
     1255 <tr>
     1256
     1257
     1258
     1259      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="bc_sa_t"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">bc_sa_t</span></td>
     1260
     1261
     1262
     1263      <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     1264
     1265
     1266
     1267      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span></td>
     1268
     1269
     1270
     1271      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1272     
     1273     
     1274     
     1275      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the salinity.&nbsp; </p>
     1276
     1277
     1278
     1279 
     1280     
     1281     
     1282     
     1283      <p>This parameter only comes into effect for ocean runs (see parameter <a href="#ocean">ocean</a>).</p>
     1284
     1285
     1286
     1287     
     1288     
     1289     
     1290      <p style="font-style: normal;">Allowed are the
    3021291values <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet' </span>(sa(k=nz+1)
    3031292does not change during the run) and <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    304 (sa(k=nz+1)=sa(k=nz))<span style="font-style: italic;"></span>.&nbsp;<br><br>
     1293(sa(k=nz+1)=sa(k=nz))<span style="font-style: italic;"></span>.&nbsp;<br>
     1294
     1295
     1296
     1297      <br>
     1298
     1299
     1300
     1301
    3051302When a constant salinity flux is used at the top boundary (<a href="chapter_4.1.html#top_salinityflux">top_salinityflux</a>),
    306 <b>bc_sa_t</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
     1303      <b>bc_sa_t</b> = <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>
    3071304must be used, because otherwise the resolved scale may contribute to
    308 the top flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p></td></tr><tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_uv_b"></a><b>bc_uv_b</b></p>
    309 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    310 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    311 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
    312 horizontal velocity components u and v.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed
     1305the top flux so that a constant value cannot be guaranteed.</p>
     1306
     1307
     1308
     1309      </td>
     1310
     1311
     1312
     1313    </tr>
     1314
     1315
     1316
     1317    <tr>
     1318
     1319
     1320
     1321 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1322     
     1323     
     1324     
     1325      <p><a name="bc_uv_b"></a><b>bc_uv_b</b></p>
     1326
     1327
     1328
     1329
     1330      </td>
     1331
     1332
     1333
     1334 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     1335
     1336
     1337
     1338
     1339      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     1340
     1341
     1342
     1343
     1344      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1345     
     1346     
     1347     
     1348      <p style="font-style: normal;">Bottom boundary condition of the
     1349horizontal velocity components u and v.&nbsp; </p>
     1350
     1351
     1352
     1353 
     1354     
     1355     
     1356     
     1357      <p>Allowed
    3131358values are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet' </span>and
    314 <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>. <b>bc_uv_b</b>
     1359      <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>. <b>bc_uv_b</b>
    3151360= <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    3161361yields the
     
    3191364(below the bottom), while u(k=1) and v(k=1) are located at z = +0,5 *
    3201365dz. u=v=0 at the bottom is guaranteed using mirror boundary
    321 condition:&nbsp; </p> <ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">u(k=0) = - u(k=1) and v(k=0) = -
    322 v(k=1)</p> </ul> <p style="font-style: normal;">The
     1366condition:&nbsp; </p>
     1367
     1368
     1369
     1370 
     1371     
     1372     
     1373     
     1374      <ul>
     1375
     1376
     1377
     1378 
     1379       
     1380       
     1381       
     1382        <p style="font-style: normal;">u(k=0) = - u(k=1) and v(k=0) = -
     1383v(k=1)</p>
     1384
     1385
     1386
     1387 
     1388     
     1389     
     1390     
     1391      </ul>
     1392
     1393
     1394
     1395 
     1396     
     1397     
     1398     
     1399      <p style="font-style: normal;">The
    3231400Neumann boundary condition
    3241401yields the free-slip condition with u(k=0) = u(k=1) and v(k=0) =
     
    3261403With Prandtl - layer switched on, the free-slip condition is not
    3271404allowed (otherwise the run will be terminated)<font color="#000000">.</font></p>
    328 </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p><a name="bc_uv_t"></a><b>bc_uv_t</b></p>
    329 </td> <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
    330 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
    331 <td style="vertical-align: top;"> <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
    332 horizontal velocity components u and v.&nbsp; </p> <p>Allowed
     1405
     1406
     1407
     1408
     1409      </td>
     1410
     1411
     1412
     1413 </tr>
     1414
     1415
     1416
     1417 <tr>
     1418
     1419
     1420
     1421 <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1422     
     1423     
     1424     
     1425      <p><a name="bc_uv_t"></a><b>bc_uv_t</b></p>
     1426
     1427
     1428
     1429
     1430      </td>
     1431
     1432
     1433
     1434 <td style="vertical-align: top;">C * 20</td>
     1435
     1436
     1437
     1438
     1439      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span></td>
     1440
     1441
     1442
     1443
     1444      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1445     
     1446     
     1447     
     1448      <p style="font-style: normal;">Top boundary condition of the
     1449horizontal velocity components u and v.&nbsp; </p>
     1450
     1451
     1452
     1453 
     1454     
     1455     
     1456     
     1457      <p>Allowed
    3331458values are <span style="font-style: italic;">'dirichlet'</span>
    3341459and <span style="font-style: italic;">'neumann'</span>.
     
    3381463Neumann condition yields the free-slip condition with u(k=nz+1) =
    3391464u(k=nz) and v(k=nz+1) = v(k=nz) (up to k=nz the prognostic equations
    340 for the velocities are solved).</p> </td> </tr> <tr><td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="bottom_salinityflux"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">bottom_salinityflux</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td><td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top;"><p>Kinematic salinity flux near the surface (in psu m/s).&nbsp;</p>This parameter only comes into effect for ocean runs (see parameter <a href="chapter_4.1.html#ocean">ocean</a>).<p>The
     1465for the velocities are solved).</p>
     1466
     1467
     1468
     1469     
     1470     
     1471     
     1472      <p>In the <a href="chapter_3.8.html">coupled</a> ocean executable, <a href="chapter_4.2.html#bc_uv_t">bc_uv_t</a>&nbsp;is internally set ('neumann') and does not need to be prescribed.</p>
     1473
     1474
     1475
     1476 </td>
     1477
     1478
     1479
     1480 </tr>
     1481
     1482
     1483
     1484 <tr>
     1485
     1486
     1487
     1488      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><a name="bottom_salinityflux"></a><span style="font-weight: bold;">bottom_salinityflux</span></td>
     1489
     1490
     1491
     1492      <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td>
     1493
     1494
     1495
     1496      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">0.0</span></td>
     1497
     1498
     1499
     1500      <td style="vertical-align: top;">
     1501     
     1502     
     1503     
     1504      <p>Kinematic salinity flux near the surface (in psu m/s).&nbsp;</p>
     1505
     1506
     1507
     1508This parameter only comes into effect for ocean runs (see parameter <a href="chapter_4.1.html#ocean">ocean</a>).
     1509     
     1510     
     1511     
     1512      <p>The
    3411513respective salinity flux value is used
    3421514as bottom (horizontally homogeneous) boundary condition for the salinity equation. This additionally requires that a Neumann
    343 condition must be used for the salinity, which is currently the only available condition.<br> </p> </td></tr><tr>
    344 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_height"></a>building_height</span></td>
    345 <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td> <td>Height
    346 of a single building in m.<br> <br> <span style="font-weight: bold;">building_height</span> must
     1515condition must be used for the salinity, which is currently the only available condition.<br>
     1516
     1517
     1518
     1519 </p>
     1520
     1521
     1522
     1523 </td>
     1524
     1525
     1526
     1527    </tr>
     1528
     1529
     1530
     1531    <tr>
     1532
     1533
     1534
     1535
     1536      <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_height"></a>building_height</span></td>
     1537
     1538
     1539
     1540
     1541      <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td>
     1542
     1543
     1544
     1545 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td>
     1546
     1547
     1548
     1549 <td>Height
     1550of a single building in m.<br>
     1551
     1552
     1553
     1554 <br>
     1555
     1556
     1557
     1558 <span style="font-weight: bold;">building_height</span> must
    3471559be less than the height of the model domain. This parameter requires
    3481560the use of&nbsp;<a href="#topography">topography</a>
    3491561= <span style="font-style: italic;">'single_building'</span>.</td>
    350 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_length_x"></a>building_length_x</span></td>
    351 <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td> <td><span style="font-style: italic;"></span>Width of a single
    352 building in m.<br> <br>
     1562
     1563
     1564
     1565
     1566    </tr>
     1567
     1568
     1569
     1570 <tr>
     1571
     1572
     1573
     1574 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_length_x"></a>building_length_x</span></td>
     1575
     1576
     1577
     1578
     1579      <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td>
     1580
     1581
     1582
     1583 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td>
     1584
     1585
     1586
     1587 <td><span style="font-style: italic;"></span>Width of a single
     1588building in m.<br>
     1589
     1590
     1591
     1592 <br>
     1593
     1594
     1595
     1596
    3531597Currently, <span style="font-weight: bold;">building_length_x</span>
    3541598must be at least <span style="font-style: italic;">3
    3551599*&nbsp;</span><a style="font-style: italic;" href="#dx">dx</a> and no more than <span style="font-style: italic;">(&nbsp;</span><a style="font-style: italic;" href="#nx">nx</a><span style="font-style: italic;"> - 1 ) </span><span style="font-style: italic;"> * <a href="#dx">dx</a>
    356 </span><span style="font-style: italic;">- <a href="#building_wall_left">building_wall_left</a></span>.
     1600      </span><span style="font-style: italic;">- <a href="#building_wall_left">building_wall_left</a></span>.
    3571601This parameter requires the use of&nbsp;<a href="#topography">topography</a>
    3581602= <span style="font-style: italic;">'single_building'</span>.</td>
    359 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_length_y"></a>building_length_y</span></td>
    360 <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td> <td>Depth
    361 of a single building in m.<br> <br>
     1603
     1604
     1605
     1606
     1607    </tr>
     1608
     1609
     1610
     1611 <tr>
     1612
     1613
     1614
     1615 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_length_y"></a>building_length_y</span></td>
     1616
     1617
     1618
     1619
     1620      <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td>
     1621
     1622
     1623
     1624 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">50.0</span></td>
     1625
     1626
     1627
     1628 <td>Depth
     1629of a single building in m.<br>
     1630
     1631
     1632
     1633 <br>
     1634
     1635
     1636
     1637
    3621638Currently, <span style="font-weight: bold;">building_length_y</span>
    3631639must be at least <span style="font-style: italic;">3
     
    3651641the use of&nbsp;<a href="#topography">topography</a>
    3661642= <span style="font-style: italic;">'single_building'</span>.</td>
    367 </tr> <tr> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_wall_left"></a>building_wall_left</span></td>
    368 <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td> <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">building centered in x-direction</span></td>
    369 <td>x-coordinate of the left building wall (distance between the
     1643
     1644
     1645
     1646
     1647    </tr>
     1648
     1649
     1650
     1651 <tr>
     1652
     1653
     1654
     1655 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-weight: bold;"><a name="building_wall_left"></a>building_wall_left</span></td>
     1656
     1657
     1658
     1659
     1660      <td style="vertical-align: top;">R</td>
     1661
     1662
     1663
     1664 <td style="vertical-align: top;"><span style="font-style: italic;">building centered in x-direction</span></td>
     1665
     1666
     1667
     1668
     1669      <td>x-coordinate of the left building wall (distance between the
    3701670left building wall and the left border of the model domain) in m.<br>
    371 <br>
     1671
     1672
     1673
     1674
     1675      <br>
     1676
     1677
     1678
     1679
    3721680Currently, <span style="font-weight: bold;">building_wall_left</span>
    3731681must be at least <span style="font-style: italic;">1