source: palm/trunk/SOURCE/modules.f90 @ 4172

Last change on this file since 4172 was 4172, checked in by oliver.maas, 2 years ago

Added optional method for recycling of absolute values of pt and q instead of recycling only the deviations from the mean profile at the recycling plane. With the new method two problems are solved: 1. A horizontally homogeneous temperature and humidity field is achieved, even for non-neutral boundary layers and thus no thermal circulation is triggered. 2. No gravity waves build up at the inflow due to cyclic boundary conditions for pt and q.

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1!> @file modules.f90
2!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
3! This file is part of the PALM model system.
4!
5! PALM is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
6! terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
7! Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
8! version.
9!
10! PALM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
11! WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
12! A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.
13!
14! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
15! PALM. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
16!
17! Copyright 1997-2019 Leibniz Universitaet Hannover
18!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
19!
20! Current revisions:
21! ------------------
22!
23!
24! Former revisions:
25! -----------------
26! $Id: modules.f90 4172 2019-08-20 11:55:33Z oliver.maas $
27! added recycle_absolute_quantities and raq
28!
29! 4168 2019-08-16 13:50:17Z suehring
30! +topo_top_ind
31!
32! 4131 2019-08-02 11:06:18Z monakurppa
33! Add max_pr_salsa to control_parameters. Used in creating profile output for
34! salsa.
35!
36! 4110 2019-07-22 17:05:21Z suehring
37! -advc_flags_1, advc_flags_2
38! +advc_flags_m, advc_flags_s
39!
40! 4109 2019-07-22 17:00:34Z suehring
41! remove old_dt
42!
43! 4079 2019-07-09 18:04:41Z suehring
44! + monotonic_limiter_z
45!
46! 4069 2019-07-01 14:05:51Z Giersch
47! Masked output running index mid has been introduced as a local variable to
48! avoid runtime error (Loop variable has been modified) in time_integration
49!
50! 4017 2019-06-06 12:16:46Z schwenkel
51! increase maximum number of virtual flights
52!
53! 3987 2019-05-22 09:52:13Z kanani
54! Introduce alternative switch for debug output during timestepping
55!
56! 3885 2019-04-11 11:29:34Z kanani
57! Changes related to global restructuring of location messages and introduction
58! of additional debug messages
59!
60! 3871 2019-04-08 14:38:39Z knoop
61! Initialized parameter region
62!
63! 3746 2019-02-16 12:41:27Z gronemeier
64! Removed most_method
65!
66! 3648 2019-01-02 16:35:46Z suehring
67! -surface_data_output +surface_output
68!
69! 3636 2018-12-19 13:48:34Z raasch
70! nopointer option removed
71!
72! 3597 2018-12-04 08:40:18Z maronga
73! Added flag parameter do_output_at_2m for automatic output of 2m-temperature
74!
75! 3589 2018-11-30 15:09:51Z suehring
76! Move the control parameter "salsa" from salsa_mod to control_parameters
77! (M. Kurppa)
78!
79! 3582 2018-11-29 19:16:36Z suehring
80! dom_dwd_user, Schrempf:
81! -uv_exposure flag, UV model is now part of biometeorology_mod
82!
83! 3543 2018-11-20 17:06:15Z suehring
84! +type_x_byte, type_y_byte
85!
86! 3542 2018-11-20 17:04:13Z suehring
87! +run_zone
88!
89! 3473 2018-10-30 20:50:15Z suehring
90! +virtual_measurement
91!
92! 3472 2018-10-30 20:43:50Z suehring
93! Add indoor model (kanani, srissman, tlang)
94!
95! 3467 2018-10-30 19:05:21Z suehring
96! Add biometeorology
97!
98! 3435 2018-10-26 18:25:44Z gronemeier
99! +mask_k_over_surface, mask_surface
100!
101! 3422 2018-10-24 19:01:57Z gronemeier
102! bugfix: increase number of blanks in output string
103!
104! 3421 2018-10-24 18:39:32Z gronemeier
105! Renamed output variables
106! +surface_data_output
107!
108! 3355 2018-10-16 14:03:34Z knoop
109! (from branch resler)
110! Increase dimension of uv_heights etc.
111!
112! 3302 2018-10-03 02:39:40Z raasch
113! +u/v_stokes_zu, u/v_stokes_zw
114!
115! 3298 2018-10-02 12:21:11Z kanani
116! Minor formatting/clean-up (kanani)
117! Added some variables for time treatment (Russo)
118!
119! 3294 2018-10-01 02:37:10Z raasch
120! ocean renamed ocean_mode
121!
122! 3289 2018-09-28 10:23:58Z suehring
123! +num_mean_inflow_profiles
124!
125! 3288 2018-09-28 10:23:08Z suehring
126! Modularization of all bulk cloud physics code components
127!
128! 3240 2018-09-12 12:04:40Z Giersch
129! max_pr_user_tmp has been defined as a control variable because it is not
130! local anymore
131!
132! 3235 2018-09-07 14:06:15Z sward
133! Added global variable dim_size_agtnum to own module. Necessary to avoid
134! circular dependency in agent output.
135!
136! 3232 2018-09-07 12:21:44Z raasch
137! references to mrun replaced by palmrun, and updated
138!
139! 3198 2018-08-15 09:23:10Z sward
140! Added multi_agent_system_end and multi_agent_system_start
141!
142! 3183 2018-07-27 14:25:55Z suehring
143! Rename offline nesting variables:
144! -inflow_l, inflow_n, inflow_r, inflow_s,
145!  nest_bound_l, nest_bound_n, nest_bound_r, nest_bound_s, nest_domain, forcing,
146!  force_bound_l, force_bound_n, force_bound_r, force_bound_s, outflow_l,
147!  outflow_n, outflow_r, outflow_s
148! +bc_dirichlet_l, bc_dirichlet_n, bc_dirichlet_n, bc_dirichlet_r,
149!  bc_radiation_l, bc_radiation_n, bc_radiation_n, bc_radiation_r, child_domain
150!  nesting_offline
151!
152! 3182 2018-07-27 13:36:03Z suehring
153! Default value of dz_max has changed to a more uncommon value of 999 (value
154! of dz_max can not be part of dz values when using new stretching procedure)
155!
156! 3159 2018-07-20 11:20:01Z sward
157! Added multi agent system
158!
159! 3157 2018-07-19 21:08:49Z maronga
160! added use_free_convection_scaling
161!
162! 3129 2018-07-16 07:45:13Z gronemeier
163! add target attribute to km and kh, necessary for output in tcm_data_output_3d
164!
165! 3120 2018-07-11 18:30:57Z gronemeier
166! +les_dynamic
167!
168! 3083 2018-06-19 14:03:12Z gronemeier
169! set dt_3d = 0.01
170!
171! 3065 2018-06-12 07:03:02Z Giersch
172! Variables concerning stretching introduced or revised
173!
174! 3045 2018-05-28 07:55:41Z Giersch
175! z_max_do2d removed
176!
177! 3026 2018-05-22 10:30:53Z schwenkel
178! Changed the name specific humidity to mixing ratio, since we are computing
179! mixing ratios.
180!
181! 3014 2018-05-09 08:42:38Z maronga
182! Added default values of u_max, v_max, and w_max to avoid floating invalid
183! during spinup
184!
185! 3004 2018-04-27 12:33:25Z Giersch
186! precipitation_rate removed
187!
188! 3003 2018-04-23 10:22:58Z Giersch
189! The inversion height is defined as a global variable now which belongs to the
190! module statistics
191!
192! 2968 2018-04-13 11:52:24Z suehring
193! +topo_min_level
194!
195! 2964 2018-04-12 16:04:03Z raasch
196! *_time_count variables are all initialized with zero now
197!
198! 2918 2018-03-21 15:52:14Z gronemeier
199! -l_grid, -l_wall
200!
201! 2906 2018-03-19 08:56:40Z Giersch
202! Module control_parameters has been extended with ENVIRONMENT variables
203! read/write_svf
204!
205! 2894 2018-03-15 09:17:58Z Giersch
206! _prerun flags were removed, Control paramters restart_string and length have
207! been added
208!
209! 2881 2018-03-13 16:24:40Z suehring
210! Added flag for switching on/off calculation of soil moisture
211!
212! 2797 2018-02-08 13:24:35Z suehring
213! +ghf_av
214!
215! 2776 2018-01-31 10:44:42Z Giersch
216! Variable synthetic_turbulence_generator has been abbreviated and _prerun flags
217! for skipping module related restart data has beed introduced
218!
219! 2765 2018-01-22 11:34:58Z maronga
220! Set initial value for time_since_reference_point
221!
222! 2746 2018-01-15 12:06:04Z suehring
223! +plant_canopy
224!
225! 2742 2018-01-12 14:59:47Z suehring
226! +tsurf_av
227!
228! 2735 2018-01-11 12:01:27Z suehring
229! +r_a_av
230!
231! 2718 2018-01-02 08:49:38Z maronga
232! Corrected "Former revisions" section
233!
234! 2696 2017-12-14 17:12:51Z kanani
235! Change in file header (GPL part)
236! Implementation of uv exposure model (FK)
237! + turbulence closure variables (control_parameters)
238! + arrays for prognostic equation of disspiation (arrays_3d)
239! + km_av, kh_av (TG)
240! Implementation of chemistry module (FK)
241! -lod
242! +topo_distinct (MS)
243!
244! 2669 2017-12-06 16:03:27Z raasch
245! CONTIGUOUS-attribut added to 3d pointer arrays,
246! coupling_char extended to LEN=8
247!
248! 2575 2017-10-24 09:57:58Z maronga
249! Renamed phi -> latitude, moved longitude from radiation model to modules
250!
251! 2563 2017-10-19 15:36:10Z Giersch
252! Variable wind_turbine was added to control_parameters
253!
254! 2550 2017-10-16 17:12:01Z boeske
255! complex_terrain namelist parameter added
256!
257! 2508 2017-10-02 08:57:09Z suehring
258! Change default value for pt/q/s/sa_vertical_gradient_level
259!
260! 2499 2017-09-22 16:47:58Z kanani
261! Default changed to fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'
262!
263! 2408 2017-09-05 15:47:53Z gronemeier
264! Changed default value of mg_cycles from -1 to 4.
265!
266! 2375 2017-08-29 14:10:28Z schwenkel
267! Moved mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
268! vanthoff back from particle attributes because they can now also be used in
269! bulk microphysics.
270! Added aerosol_bulk, aerosol_nacl, aerosol_c3h4o4, aerosol_nh4no3
271!
272! 2372 2017-08-25 12:37:32Z sward
273! y_shift namelist parameter added
274!
275! 2339 2017-08-07 13:55:26Z gronemeier
276! corrected timestamp in header
277!
278! 2338 2017-08-07 12:15:38Z gronemeier
279! moved 1d-model varaibles to own module model_1d_mod
280!
281! 2337 2017-08-07 08:59:53Z gronemeier
282! -old_dt_1d
283! +l1d_diss
284!
285! 2326 2017-08-01 07:23:24Z gronemeier
286! Updated variable descriptions
287!
288! 2320 2017-07-21 12:47:43Z suehring
289! -ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, td_lsa_lpt, td_lsa_q, td_sub_lpt, td_sub_q, ug_vert,
290!  vg_vert, unudge, vnudge, wsubs_vert, shf_surf, p_surf, pt_surf, q_surt,
291!  qsws_surf, tmp_tnudge, timenudge, time_surf, time_vert
292!
293! 2300 2017-06-29 13:31:14Z raasch
294! default value for host changed to '????', default value for loop_optimization
295! changed to 'cache', default value for termination_time_needed set to 35.0
296!
297! 2298 2017-06-29 09:28:18Z raasch
298! missing variable descriptions have been added,
299! type of write_binary changed from CHARACTER to LOGICAL
300! -plot_precision, plot_3d_precision, return_addres, return_username,
301! avs_data_file, exchange_mg, sendrecvcound_yxd, sendrecv_in_background,
302! port_name, profile_number, cross_ts_numbers, cross_ts_number_count,
303! dots_crossindex, dots_index, cross_ts_uymax, cross_ts_uymax_computed,
304! cross_ts_uymin, cross_ts_uymin_computed
305!
306! 2296 2017-06-28 07:53:56Z maronga
307! Added parameters for model spinup
308!
309! 2292 2017-06-20 09:51:42Z schwenkel
310! Implementation of new microphysic scheme: cloud_scheme = 'morrison'
311! includes two more prognostic equations for cloud drop concentration (nc) 
312! and cloud water content (qc).
313!
314! 2277 2017-06-12 10:47:51Z kanani
315! Added doxygen comments for variables/parameters,
316! removed unused variables dissipation_control, do2d_xy_n, do2d_xz_n, do2d_yz_n,
317! do3d_avs_n, lptnudge, lqnudge, lunudge, lvnudge, lwnudge, skip_do_avs,
318! sums_up_fraction_l.
319!
320! 2259 2017-06-08 09:09:11Z gronemeier
321! Implemented synthetic turbulence generator
322!
323! 2256 2017-06-07 13:58:08Z suehring
324! Change default value of zeta_min to -20
325! Increase dimension for wall_heatflux, etc.
326!
327! 2233 2017-05-30 18:08:54Z suehring
328!
329! 2232 2017-05-30 17:47:52Z suehring
330! Renamed wall_flags_0 and wall_flags_00 into advc_flags_1 and advc_flags_2,
331! respectively. Moreover, introduced further flag array wall_flags_0.
332!
333! Adjustments for new topography concept:
334!   -fwxm, fwxp, fwym, fwyp, fxm, fxp, fym, fyp, rif_wall, wall_e_x, wall_e_y,
335!   -wall_v, wall_u, wall_w_x, wall_w_y, wall_qflux, wall_sflux, wall_nrflux,
336!   -wall_qrflux
337!
338! Adjustments for new surface concept:
339!   +land_surface
340!   -z0, z0h, z0q, us, ts, qs, qsws, nrs, nrsws, qrs, qrsws, ssws, ss, saswsb
341!   -nzb_diff_u, nzb_diff_v, nzt_diff
342!   -uswst, vswst, tswst, sswst, saswst, qswst, qrswst, nrswst, qswst_remote
343!
344! Generic tunnel setup:
345!   +tunnel_height, tunnel_length, tunnel_width_x, tunnel_width_y,
346!   +tunnel_wall_depth
347!
348! Topography input via netcdf
349!   +lod
350!
351! 2200 2017-04-11 11:37:51Z suehring
352! -monotonic_adjustment
353!
354! 2174 2017-03-13 08:18:57Z maronga
355! Changed default values for most_method to 'newton'
356!
357! 2118 2017-01-17 16:38:49Z raasch
358! -acc_rank, background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_south, j_north,
359!  num_acc_per_node, on_device
360!
361! 2107 2017-01-09 12:21:49Z kanani
362! Preparation for doxygen comments (Giersch)
363!
364! 2050 2016-11-08 15:00:55Z gronemeier
365! Implement turbulent outflow condition
366!
367! 2037 2016-10-26 11:15:40Z knoop
368! Anelastic approximation implemented
369!
370! 2031 2016-10-21 15:11:58Z knoop
371! renamed variable rho to rho_ocean and rho_av to rho_ocean_av
372!
373! 2011 2016-09-19 17:29:57Z kanani
374! +urban_surface, +lsf_exception, +varnamelength
375!
376! 2007 2016-08-24 15:47:17Z kanani
377! Increased DIMENSION of data_output, data_output_user, do2d, do3d
378!
379! 2000 2016-08-20 18:09:15Z knoop
380! Forced header and separation lines into 80 columns
381!
382! 1992 2016-08-12 15:14:59Z suehring
383! +constant_top_scalarflux, top_scalarflux
384! default of bc_s_t adjusted
385!
386! 1968 2016-07-18 12:01:49Z suehring
387! Changed dimension for MPI-datatypes type_x_int and type_y_int
388!
389! 1960 2016-07-12 16:34:24Z suehring
390! Separate humidity and passive scalar
391! +bc_s_t_val, diss_s_s, diss_l_s, flux_s_s, flux_l_s, s, sp, s1, s2, s3, ssws_av,
392!  s_init, s_surf, sums_wsss_ws_l, ss, ssws, sswst, ts_m, wall_sflux
393! +constant_scalarflux, ibc_s_b, ibc_s_t, s_vertical_gradient_level_ind
394!
395! Unused variables removed
396! -gamma_x, gamma_y, gamma_z, var_x, var_y, var_z
397!
398! Change initial values (in order to unify gradient calculation):
399! pt_vertical_gradient_level, sa_vertical_gradient_level
400!
401! 1957 2016-07-07 10:43:48Z suehring
402! +fl_max, num_leg, num_var_fl, num_var_fl_user, var_fl_max, virtual_flight
403!
404! 1918 2016-05-27 14:35:57Z raasch
405! default timestep switched from -1.0 to +1.0 in order to avoid wrong sign of
406! initially calculated divergence
407!
408! 1906 2016-05-24 14:38:08Z suehring
409! default value of mg_switch_to_pe0_level changed to -1
410!
411! 1849 2016-04-08 11:33:18Z hoffmann
412! bfactor, mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
413! vanthoff moved to mod_particle_attributes.
414! dt_micro and several cloud_parameters moved to microphysics_mod.
415! 1d-microphysics profiles moved to microphysics_mod.
416!
417! 1845 2016-04-08 08:29:13Z raasch
418! -nzb_2d
419!
420! 1833 2016-04-07 14:23:03Z raasch
421! spectra parameter moved to spectra module
422!
423! 1831 2016-04-07 13:15:51Z hoffmann
424! curvature_solution_effects removed
425! turbulence renamed collision_turbulence, drizzle renamed
426! cloud_water_sedimentation
427!
428! 1822 2016-04-07 07:49:42Z hoffmann
429! icloud_scheme removed. microphysics_sat_adjust, microphysics_kessler,
430! microphysics_seifert added.
431!
432! 1815 2016-04-06 13:49:59Z raasch
433! cpp-directive for decalpha removed
434!
435! 1808 2016-04-05 19:44:00Z raasch
436! MPI module used by default on all machines
437!
438! 1804 2016-04-05 16:30:18Z maronga
439! Removed code for parameter file check (__check)
440!
441! 1788 2016-03-10 11:01:04Z maronga
442! Added roughness length for moisture (z0q)
443!
444! 1786 2016-03-08 05:49:27Z raasch
445! module spectrum moved to new separate module
446!
447! 1783 2016-03-06 18:36:17Z raasch
448! netcdf variables moved to the netcdf-interface module
449!
450! 1779 2016-03-03 08:01:28Z raasch
451! coupling_char extended to LEN=3
452!
453! 1764 2016-02-28 12:45:19Z raasch
454! some reformatting
455!
456! 1762 2016-02-25 12:31:13Z hellstea
457! +nest_* variables, size of volume_flow arrays increased by one element
458!
459! 1738 2015-12-18 13:56:05Z raasch
460! +mean_surface_level_height
461!
462! 1695 2015-10-27 10:03:11Z maronga
463! Removed rif (forgotten in last revision)
464!
465! 1693 2015-10-27 08:35:45Z maronga
466! Renamed zp -> z_mo
467!
468! 1691 2015-10-26 16:17:44Z maronga
469! Renamed Obukhov length. Added ol, removed rif. Increased number of profiles
470! (pr_palm). Changed default values for dissipation_1d to 'detering' and
471! (mixing_length_1d to 'blackadar'. Added most_method. rif_min and rif_max
472! renamed to zeta_min and zeta_max and new values assigned.
473!
474! 1682 2015-10-07 23:56:08Z knoop
475! Code annotations made doxygen readable
476!
477! 1677 2015-10-02 13:25:23Z boeske
478! +ngp_yz_int, type_xz_int, type_yz_int
479!
480! 1666 2015-09-23 07:31:10Z raasch
481! +user_interface_current_revision, user_interface_required_revision in
482! control_parameters
483!
484! 1639 2015-08-31 14:46:48Z knoop
485! Bugfix: string 'unknown' extended to match LEN=13
486!
487! 1575 2015-03-27 09:56:27Z raasch
488! +ngp_xz
489!
490! 1560 2015-03-06 10:48:54Z keck
491! +recycling_yshift
492!
493! 1557 2015-03-05 16:43:04Z suehring
494! +monotonic_adjustment
495!
496! 1551 2015-03-03 14:18:16Z maronga
497! Increased pr_palm to 120. Increased length of dots_unit and dots_label to 13
498! digits. Increased length of domask, do2d, and do3d to 20 digits.
499!
500! 1496 2014-12-02 17:25:50Z maronga
501! Renamed "radiation" -> "cloud_top_radiation"
502!
503! 1484 2014-10-21 10:53:05Z kanani
504! Changes due to new module structure of the plant canopy model:
505!   canopy-model related parameters/variables moved to module
506!   plant_canopy_model_mod
507!
508! 1468 2014-09-24 14:06:57Z maronga
509! Adapted for use on up to 6-digit processor cores.
510! Increased identifier string length for user-defined quantities to 20.
511!
512! 1450 2014-08-21 07:31:51Z heinze
513! ntnudge from 100 to 1000 increased to allow longer simulations
514!
515! 1431 2014-07-15 14:47:17Z suehring
516! +var_d
517!
518! 1429 2014-07-15 12:53:45Z knoop
519! +ensemble_member_nr to prepare the random_generator for ensemble runs
520!
521! 1382 2014-04-30 12:15:41Z boeske
522! Renamed variables which store large scale forcing tendencies
523! pt_lsa -> td_lsa_lpt, pt_subs -> td_sub_lpt,
524! q_lsa  -> td_lsa_q,   q_subs  -> td_sub_q
525!
526! 1365 2014-04-22 15:03:56Z boeske
527! Usage of large scale forcing enabled:
528! increase pr_palm from 90 to 100 to allow for more standard profiles
529! + ngp_sums_ls, pt_lsa, pt_subs, q_lsa, q_subs, tmp_tnudge, sums_ls_l,
530! use_subsidence_tendencies
531!
532! 1361 2014-04-16 15:17:48Z hoffmann
533! tend_* removed
534! call_microphysics_at_all_substeps added
535! default of drizzle set to true
536!
537! 1359 2014-04-11 17:15:14Z hoffmann
538! particle_attributes moved to mod_particle_attributes.f90
539!
540! 1353 2014-04-08 15:21:23Z heinze
541! REAL constants provided with KIND-attribute
542!
543! 1327 2014-03-21 11:00:16Z raasch
544! REAL constants defined as wp-kind
545! -avs_output, data_output_format, do3d_compress, iso2d_output, netcdf_output
546!
547! 1320 2014-03-20 08:40:49Z raasch
548! ONLY-attribute added to USE-statements,
549! kind-parameters added to all INTEGER and REAL declaration statements,
550! kinds are defined in new module kinds,
551! old module precision_kind is removed,
552! revision history before 2012 removed,
553! comment fields (!:) to be used for variable explanations added to
554! all variable declaration statements
555!
556! 1318 2014-03-17 13:35:16Z raasch
557! module cpulog moved to new separate module-file
558! interface for cpu_log removed
559!
560! 1314 2014-03-14 18:25:17Z suehring
561! + log_z_z0, number_of_sublayers, z0_av_global
562! 1308 2014-03-13 14:58:42Z fricke
563! +ntdim_2d_xy, ntdim_2d_xz, ntdim_2d_yz, ntdim_3d
564!
565! 1257 2013-11-08 15:18:40Z raasch
566! set default values for grid indices of maximum velocity components
567! u|v|w_max_ijk
568!
569! 1241 2013-10-30 11:36:58Z heinze
570! Usage of nudging enabled
571! +nudging, ntnudge, ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, unudge, vnudge, wnudge
572! increase pr_palm from 80 to 90 to allow for more standard profiles
573!
574! Enable prescribed time depenend surface fluxes and geostrophic wind read in
575! from external file LSF_DATA
576! +large_scale_forcing, lsf_surf, lsf_vert, nlsf, time_surf, shf_surf, qsws_surf,
577!  pt_surf, q_surf, p_surf, time_vert, ug_vert, vg_vert, wsubs_vert
578!
579! 1221 2013-09-10 08:59:13Z raasch
580! wall_flags_0 changed to 32bit int, +wall_flags_00,
581! +rflags_s_inner, rflags_invers
582!
583! 1216 2013-08-26 09:31:42Z raasch
584! +transpose_compute_overlap,
585! several variables are now defined in the serial (non-parallel) case also
586!
587! 1212 2013-08-15 08:46:27Z raasch
588! +tri
589!
590! 1179 2013-06-14 05:57:58Z raasch
591! +reference_state, ref_state, use_initial_profile_as_reference, vpt_reference,
592! use_reference renamed use_single_reference_value
593!
594! 1159 2013-05-21 11:58:22Z fricke
595! -bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
596! +use_cmax
597!
598! 1128 2013-04-12 06:19:32Z raasch
599! +background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_north, j_south, req, req_count,
600! send_receive, sendrecv_in_background, wait_stat
601!
602! 1115 2013-03-26 18:16:16Z hoffmann
603! unused variables removed
604!
605! 1113 2013-03-10 02:48:14Z raasch
606! +on_device
607!
608! 1111 2013-03-08 23:54:10Z raasch
609! +tric, nr_timesteps_this_run
610!
611! 1106 2013-03-04 05:31:38Z raasch
612! array_kind renamed precision_kind, pdims defined in serial code
613! bugfix: default value assigned to coupling_start_time
614!
615! 1095 2013-02-03 02:21:01Z raasch
616! FORTRAN error in r1092 removed
617!
618! 1092 2013-02-02 11:24:22Z raasch
619! character length in some derived type changed for better alignment
620!
621! 1065 2012-11-22 17:42:36Z hoffmann
622! + c_sedimentation, limiter_sedimentation, turbulence, a_1, a_2, a_3, b_1, b_2,
623! + b_3, c_1, c_2, c_3, beta_cc
624!
625! bottom boundary condition of qr, nr changed from Dirichlet to Neumann
626!
627! 1053 2012-11-13 17:11:03Z hoffmann
628! necessary expansions according to the two new prognostic equations (nr, qr)
629! of the two-moment cloud physics scheme:
630! +*_init, flux_l_*, diss_l_*, flux_s_*, diss_s_*, *sws, *swst, tend_*, *, *_p
631! +t*_m, *_1, *_2, *_3, *_av, bc_*_b, bc_*_t, ibc_*_b, ibc_*_t, bc_*_t_val,
632! +*_vertical_gradient, *_surface_initial_change, *_vertical_gradient_level,
633! +*_vertical_gradient_level_ind, *_surface, constant_waterflux_*, 
634! +cloud_scheme, icloud_scheme, surface_waterflux_*, sums_ws*s_ws_l, wall_*flux
635!
636! constants for the two-moment scheme:
637! +a_vent, a_term, b_vent, b_term, c_evap, c_term, cof, eps_sb, k_cc, k_cr, k_rr,
638! +k_br, kappa_rr, kin_vis_air, mu_constant_value, nc, pirho_l, dpirho_l, rho_1,
639! +schmidt, schmidt_p_1d3, stp, x0, xmin, xmax, dt_precipitation, w_precipitation
640!
641! steering parameters for the two_moment scheme:
642! +mu_constant, ventilation_effect
643!
644! 1036 2012-10-22 13:43:42Z raasch
645! code put under GPL (PALM 3.9)
646!
647! 1031 2012-10-19 14:35:30Z raasch
648! +output_format_netcdf
649!
650! 1015 2012-09-27 09:23:24Z raasch
651! +acc_rank, num_acc_per_node,
652! -adjust_mixing_length
653!
654! 1010 2012-09-20 07:59:54Z raasch
655! pointer free version can be generated with cpp switch __nopointer
656!
657! 1003 2012-09-14 14:35:53Z raasch
658! -grid_matching, nxa, nya, etc., nnx_pe, nny_pe, spl_*
659!
660! 1001 2012-09-13 14:08:46Z raasch
661! -asselin_filter_factor, cut_spline_overshoot, dt_changed, last_dt_change,
662! last_dt_change_1d, long_filter_factor, overshoot_limit_*, ups_limit_*
663! several pointer/target arrays converted to normal ones
664!
665! 996 2012-09-07 10:41:47Z raasch
666! -use_prior_plot1d_parameters
667!
668! 978 2012-08-09 08:28:32Z fricke
669! +c_u_m, c_u_m_l, c_v_m, c_v_m_l, c_w_m, c_w_m_l,
670! +bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
671! -km_damp_x, km_damp_y, km_damp_max, outflow_damping_width
672! +z0h, z0h_av, z0h_factor, z0h1d
673! +ptdf_x, ptdf_y, pt_damping_width, pt_damping_factor
674!
675! 964 2012-07-26 09:14:24Z raasch
676! -cross_linecolors, cross_linestyles, cross_normalized_x, cross_normx_factor,
677! cross_normalized_y, cross_normy_factor, cross_pnc_local,
678! cross_profile_numbers, cross_profile_number_counter, cross_uxmax,
679! cross_uxmax_computed, cross_uxmax_normalized,
680! cross_uxmax_normalized_computed, cross_uxmin, cross_uxmin_computed,
681! cross_uxmin_normalized, cross_uxmin_normalized_computed, cross_uymax,
682! cross_uymin, cross_xtext, dopr_crossindex, dopr_label, linecolors, linestyles,
683! nz_do1d, profil_output, z_max_do1d, z_max_do1d_normalized
684!
685! 951 2012-07-19 14:22:52Z hoffmann
686! changing profile_columns and profile_rows
687!
688! 940 2012-07-09 14:31:00Z raasch
689! +neutral
690!
691! 927 2012-06-06 19:15:04Z raasch
692! +masking_method
693!
694! 880 2012-04-13 06:28:59Z raasch
695! gathered_size, subdomain_size moved to control_parameters
696!
697! 866 2012-03-28 06:44:41Z raasch
698! interface for global_min_max changed
699!
700! 861 2012-03-26 14:18:34Z suehring
701! +wall_flags_0
702! -boundary_flags
703! +nzb_max
704! +adv_sca_1, +adv_mom_1
705!
706! 849 2012-03-15 10:35:09Z raasch
707! +deleted_particles, deleted_tails, tr.._count_sum, tr.._count_recv_sum in
708! particle_attributes,
709! +de_dx, de_dy, de_dz in arrays_3d,
710! first_call_advec_particles renamed first_call_lpm
711!
712! 828 2012-02-21 12:00:36Z raasch
713! +dissipation_classes, radius_classes, use_kernel_tables,
714! particle feature color renamed class
715!
716! 825 2012-02-19 03:03:44Z raasch
717! +bfactor, curvature_solution_effects, eps_ros, molecular_weight_of_water,
718! vanthoff, -b_cond in cloud_parameters,
719! dopts_num increased to 29, particle attributes speed_x|y|z_sgs renamed
720! rvar1|2|3
721! wang_collision_kernel and turbulence_effects_on_collision replaced by
722! collision_kernel, hall_kernel, palm_kernel, wang_kernel
723!
724! 809 2012-01-30 13:32:58Z marongas
725! Bugfix: replaced .AND. and .NOT. with && and ! in the preprocessor directives
726!
727! 807 2012-01-25 11:53:51Z maronga
728! New cpp directive "__check" implemented which is used by check_namelist_files.
729! New parameter check_restart has been defined which is needed by
730! check_namelist_files only.
731!
732! 805 2012-01-17 15:53:28Z franke
733! Bugfix collective_wait must be out of parallel branch for runs in serial mode
734!
735! 801 2012-01-10 17:30:36Z suehring
736! Dimesion of sums_wsus_ws_l, ! sums_wsvs_ws_l, sums_us2_ws_l, sums_vs2_ws_l,
737! sums_ws2_ws_l, sums_wspts_ws_l, sums_wsqs_ws_l, sums_wssas_ws_l increased.
738! for thread-safe summation in advec_ws.
739!
740! RCS Log replace by Id keyword, revision history cleaned up
741!
742! Revision 1.95  2007/02/11 13:18:30  raasch
743! version 3.1b (last under RCS control)
744!
745! Revision 1.1  1997/07/24 11:21:26  raasch
746! Initial revision
747!
748!
749!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
750! Description:
751! ------------
752!> Definition of global variables
753!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
754
755
756!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
757! Description:
758! ------------
759!> Definition of variables for special advection schemes.
760!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
761 MODULE advection
762 
763    USE kinds
764
765    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  aex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
766    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  bex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
767    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
768    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  eex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
769   
770    SAVE
771
772 END MODULE advection
773
774
775
776!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
777! Description:
778! ------------
779!> The variable in this module is used by multi_agent_system_mod AND
780!> netcdf_interface_mod. It must be here to avoid circular dependency.
781!> This is a workaround.
782!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
783 MODULE mas_global_attributes
784 
785    USE kinds
786
787    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dim_size_agtnum  !< size of agent number dimension for netCDF output
788
789    SAVE
790
791 END MODULE mas_global_attributes
792
793
794!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
795! Description:
796! ------------
797!> Definition of all arrays defined on the computational grid.
798!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
799 MODULE arrays_3d
800
801    USE kinds
802
803    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition
804    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
805    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition
806    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
807    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition
808    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
809    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu                   !< 1/dzu
810    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu_pres              !< modified ddzu for pressure solver
811    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dd2zu                  !< 1/(dzu(k)+dzu(k+1))
812    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu                    !< vertical grid size (u-grid)
813    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzw                   !< 1/dzw
814    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw                    !< vertical grid size (w-grid)
815    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyp                    !< hydrostatic pressure
816    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  inflow_damping_factor  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
817    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_x                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in x-direction
818    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_y                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in y-direction
819    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_init                !< initial profile of potential temperature
820    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  q_init                 !< initial profile of total water mixing ratio
821                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
822    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf                    !< rayleigh damping factor for velocity components
823    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf_sc                 !< rayleigh damping factor for scalar quantities
824    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ref_state              !< reference state of potential temperature
825                                                                   !< (and density in case of ocean simulation)
826    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  s_init                 !< initial profile of passive scalar concentration
827    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sa_init                !< initial profile of salinity (ocean)
828    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ug                     !< geostrophic wind component in x-direction
829    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component u
830    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_stokes_zu            !< u-component of Stokes drift velocity at zu levels
831    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_stokes_zw            !< u-component of Stokes drift velocity at zw levels
832    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  vg                     !< geostrophic wind component in y-direction
833    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component v
834    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_stokes_zu            !< v-component of Stokes drift velocity at zu levels
835    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_stokes_zw            !< v-component of Stokes drift velocity at zw levels
836    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_subs                 !< subsidence/ascent velocity
837    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  x                      !< horizontal grid coordinate of v-grid (in m)
838    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  xu                     !< horizontal grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
839    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  y                      !< horizontal grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
840    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  yv                     !< horizontal grid coordinate of v-grid (in m)
841    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu                     !< vertical grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
842    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw                     !< vertical grid coordinate of w-grid (in m)
843
844    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u                   !< phase speed of u-velocity component
845    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v                   !< phase speed of v-velocity component
846    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w                   !< phase speed of w-velocity component
847    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_diss           !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
848    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_e              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
849    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration   
850    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration   
851    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_pt             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
852    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_q              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
853    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
854    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
855    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_s              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
856    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_sa             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - salinity
857    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_u              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - u-component
858    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_v              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - v-component
859    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_w              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - w-component
860    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu_mg                !< vertical grid size (u-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
861    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw_mg                !< vertical grid size (w-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
862    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_diss           !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
863    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_e              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
864    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
865    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
866    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_pt             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
867    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_q              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
868    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
869    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
870    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_s              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
871    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_sa             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
872    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_u              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
873    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_v              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
874    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_w              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
875    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f1_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
876    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f2_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
877    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f3_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
878    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_inflow_profiles  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
879    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_amount  !< precipitation amount due to gravitational settling (bulk microphysics)
880    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_slope_ref          !< potential temperature in rotated coordinate system
881                                                                    !< (in case of sloped surface)
882    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_a            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (atmosphere data)
883    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_o            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (ocean data)
884   
885    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d           !< divergence
886    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dx       !< gradient of sgs tke in x-direction (lpm)
887    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dy       !< gradient of sgs tke in y-direction (lpm)
888    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dz       !< gradient of sgs tke in z-direction (lpm)
889    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_diss !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - TKE dissipation
890    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_e    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
891    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nc   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
892    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nr   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
893    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_pt   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - potential temperature
894    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_q    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - mixing ratio
895    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qc   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - cloudwater
896    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qr   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - rainwater
897    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_s    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - passive scalar
898    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_sa   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - salinity
899    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_u    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - u-component
900    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_v    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - v-component
901    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_w    !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - w-component
902    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_diss !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - TKE dissipation
903    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_e    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
904    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nc   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
905    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nr   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
906    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_pt   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
907    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_q    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
908    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qc   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
909    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qr   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
910    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_s    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
911    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_sa   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
912    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_u    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
913    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_v    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
914    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_w    !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
915    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  kh  !< eddy diffusivity for heat
916    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  km  !< eddy diffusivity for momentum
917    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  prr         !< rain rate
918    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  p_loc       !< local array in multigrid/sor solver containing the pressure which is iteratively advanced in each iteration step
919    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tend        !< tendency field (time integration)
920    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tric        !< coefficients of the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space
921    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_l       !< velocity data (u at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
922    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_n       !< velocity data (u at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
923    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_r       !< velocity data (u at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
924    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_s       !< velocity data (u at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
925    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_l       !< velocity data (v at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
926    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_n       !< velocity data (v at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
927    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_r       !< velocity data (v at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
928    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_s       !< velocity data (v at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
929    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_l       !< velocity data (w at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
930    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_n       !< velocity data (w at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
931    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_r       !< velocity data (w at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
932    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_s       !< velocity data (w at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
933
934    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
935    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_2  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
936    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_3  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
937    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
938    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
939    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
940    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p       !< pointer: perturbation pressure
941    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
942    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
943    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
944    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
945    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
946    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
947    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
948    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
949    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
950    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
951    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
952    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
953    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
954    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
955    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
956    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
957    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v    !< pointer: volume of liquid water
958    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp   !< pointer: liquid water weighting factor
959    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
960    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
961    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
962    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
963    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
964    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
965    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
966    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
967    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
968    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
969    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
970    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
971    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
972    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
973    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
974    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
975    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
976    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
977    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
978    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
979    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
980    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
981
982    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  diss       !< pointer: TKE dissipation
983    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  diss_p     !< pointer: prognostic value of TKE dissipation
984    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  e          !< pointer: subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
985    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  e_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of sgs tke
986    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nc         !< pointer: cloud drop number density
987    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nc_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of cloud drop number density
988    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nr         !< pointer: rain drop number density
989    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  nr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain drop number density
990    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  prho       !< pointer: potential density
991    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  pt         !< pointer: potential temperature
992    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  pt_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of potential temperature
993    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  q          !< pointer: mixing ratio
994    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  q_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of mixing ratio
995    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qc         !< pointer: cloud water content
996    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qc_p       !< pointer: cloud water content
997    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ql         !< pointer: liquid water content
998    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ql_c       !< pointer: change in liquid water content due to
999                                                                   !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
1000    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qr         !< pointer: rain water content
1001    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  qr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain water content
1002    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  rho_ocean  !< pointer: density of ocean
1003    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  s          !< pointer: passive scalar
1004    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  s_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of passive scalar
1005    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  sa         !< pointer: ocean salinity
1006    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  sa_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of ocean salinity
1007    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tdiss_m    !< pointer: weighted tendency of diss for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1008    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  te_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1009    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tnc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1010    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tnr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1011    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tpt_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1012    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tq_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1013    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tqc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1014    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tqr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1015    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  ts_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1016    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tsa_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1017    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tu_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1018    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tv_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1019    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  tw_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
1020    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  u          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
1021    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  u_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of u
1022    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  v          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
1023    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  v_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of v
1024    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  vpt        !< pointer: virtual potential temperature
1025    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  w          !< pointer: vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
1026    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER, CONTIGUOUS ::  w_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of w
1027
1028    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tri    !<  array to hold the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space (4th dimension for threads)
1029
1030    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air      !< air density profile on the uv grid
1031    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw   !< air density profile on the w grid
1032    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air     !< inverse air density profile on the uv grid
1033    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air_zw  !< inverse air density profile on the w grid
1034
1035    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_mg     !< air density profiles on the uv grid for multigrid
1036    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw_mg  !< air density profiles on the w grid for multigrid
1037
1038    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_input_conversion       !< conversion factor array for heatflux input
1039    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_input_conversion      !< conversion factor array for waterflux input
1040    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_input_conversion   !< conversion factor array for momentumflux input
1041    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_output_conversion      !< conversion factor array for heatflux output
1042    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_output_conversion     !< conversion factor array for waterflux output
1043    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_output_conversion  !< conversion factor array for momentumflux output
1044
1045    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyrho   !< density of air calculated with hydrostatic pressure
1046    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  exner   !< ratio of actual and potential temperature
1047    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d_exner !< ratio of potential and actual temperature
1048
1049    SAVE
1050
1051 END MODULE arrays_3d
1052
1053
1054!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1055! Description:
1056! ------------
1057!> Definition of variables needed for time-averaging of 2d/3d data.
1058!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1059 MODULE averaging
1060 
1061    USE kinds
1062
1063    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ghf_av                 !< avg. ground heat flux
1064    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  lwp_av                 !< avg. liquid water path
1065    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ol_av                  !< avg. Obukhov length
1066    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_2m_av               !< avg. 2m- air potential temperature
1067    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  qsws_av                !< avg. surface moisture flux
1068    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  r_a_av                 !< avg. resistance
1069    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ssws_av                !< avg. surface scalar flux
1070    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  shf_av                 !< avg. surface heat flux
1071    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tsurf_av               !< avg. surface temperature
1072    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_av                  !< avg. characteristic temperature scale
1073    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  us_av                  !< avg. friction velocity
1074    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0_av                  !< avg. roughness length for momentum
1075    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0h_av                 !< avg. roughness length for heat
1076    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0q_av                 !< avg. roughness length for moisture
1077
1078    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  diss_av       !< avg. tke dissipation rate
1079    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_av          !< avg. subgrid-scale tke
1080    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  kh_av         !< avg. eddy diffusivity for heat
1081    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  km_av         !< avg. eddy diffusivity for momentum
1082    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  lpt_av        !< avg. liquid water potential temperature
1083    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_av         !< avg. cloud drop number density
1084    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_av         !< avg. rain drop number density
1085    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p_av          !< avg. perturbation pressure
1086    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pc_av         !< avg. particle/droplet concentration
1087    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pr_av         !< avg. particle/droplet radius
1088    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prr_av        !< avg. precipitation rate
1089    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_av         !< avg. potential temperature
1090    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_av          !< avg. mixing ratio
1091                                                                      !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
1092    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_av         !< avg. cloud water content
1093    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_av         !< avg. liquid water content
1094    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c_av       !< avg. change in liquid water content due to
1095                                                                      !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
1096    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v_av       !< avg. volume of liquid water
1097    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp_av      !< avg. liquid water weighting factor
1098    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_av         !< avg. rain water content
1099    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qv_av         !< avg. water vapor content (mixing ratio)
1100    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean_av  !< avg. ocean density
1101    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_av          !< avg. passive scalar
1102    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_av         !< avg. salinity
1103    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component u
1104    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component v
1105    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_av        !< avg. virtual potential temperature
1106    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_av          !< avg. vertical velocity component
1107 
1108 END MODULE averaging
1109
1110 
1111!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1112! Description:
1113! ------------
1114!> Definition of parameters for program control
1115!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1116 MODULE control_parameters
1117
1118    USE kinds
1119
1120    TYPE file_status
1121       LOGICAL ::  opened         !< file is currently open
1122       LOGICAL ::  opened_before  !< file is currently closed, but has been openend before
1123    END TYPE file_status
1124   
1125    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  mask_xyz_dimension = 100  !< limit of mask dimensions (100 points in each direction)
1126    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  max_masks = 50            !< maximum number of masks
1127    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  varnamelength = 30        !< length of output variable names
1128
1129    TYPE(file_status), DIMENSION(200+2*max_masks) ::                &  !< indicates if file is open or if it has been opened before
1130                             openfile = file_status(.FALSE.,.FALSE.)
1131
1132    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  cycle_mg = 'w'                               !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1133    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  timestep_reason = ' '                        !< 'A'dvection or 'D'iffusion criterion, written to RUN_CONTROL file
1134    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  coupling_char = ''                           !< appended to filenames in coupled or nested runs ('_O': ocean PE,
1135                                                                          !< '_NV': vertically nested atmosphere PE, '_N##': PE of nested domain ##
1136    CHARACTER (LEN=10)   ::  run_date = ' '                               !< date of simulation run
1137    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_time = ' '                               !< time of simulation run
1138    CHARACTER (LEN=5)    ::  run_zone = ' '                               !< time zone of simulation run
1139    CHARACTER (LEN=9)    ::  simulated_time_chr                           !< simulated time, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1140    CHARACTER (LEN=11)   ::  topography_grid_convention = ' '             !< namelist parameter
1141    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  version = ' '                                !< PALM version number
1142    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  revision = ' '                               !< PALM revision number
1143    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_current_revision = ' '        !< revision number of the currently used user-interface (must match user_interface_required_revision)
1144    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_required_revision = ' '       !< required user-interface revision number
1145    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  conserve_volume_flow_mode = 'default'        !< namelist parameter
1146    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  loop_optimization = 'cache'                  !< namelist parameter
1147    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  momentum_advec = 'ws-scheme'                 !< namelist parameter
1148    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  psolver = 'poisfft'                          !< namelist parameter
1149    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  scalar_advec = 'ws-scheme'                   !< namelist parameter
1150    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  approximation = 'boussinesq'                 !< namelist parameter
1151    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_input_mode = 'approximation-specific'   !< type of flux input: dynamic or kinematic
1152    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_output_mode = 'approximation-specific'  !< type of flux output: dynamic or kinematic
1153    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_e_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1154    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_lr = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
1155    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_ns = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
1156    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1157    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_t = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1158    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1159    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_t = 'initial_gradient'                 !< namelist parameter
1160    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1161    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_t = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
1162    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
1163    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_t = 'initial_gradient'                  !< namelist parameter
1164    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1165    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_t = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
1166    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode = 'uncoupled'                  !< coupling mode for atmosphere-ocean coupling 
1167    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode_remote = 'uncoupled'           !< coupling mode of the remote process in case of coupled atmosphere-ocean runs
1168    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  dissipation_1d = 'detering'                  !< namelist parameter
1169    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'           !< namelist parameter
1170    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  mixing_length_1d = 'blackadar'               !< namelist parameter
1171    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  random_generator = 'random-parallel'         !< namelist parameter
1172    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  reference_state = 'initial_profile'          !< namelist parameter 
1173    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  timestep_scheme = 'runge-kutta-3'            !< namelist parameter       
1174    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  turbulence_closure = 'Moeng_Wyngaard'        !< namelist parameter
1175    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  topography = 'flat'                          !< namelist parameter
1176    CHARACTER (LEN=64)   ::  host = '????'                                !< configuration identifier as given by palmrun option -c, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by palmrun
1177    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  log_message                                  !< user-defined message for debugging (sse data_log.f90)
1178    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  run_identifier                               !< run identifier as given by palmrun option -r, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by palmrun
1179    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  initializing_actions = ' '                   !< namelist parameter
1180    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  restart_string = ' '                         !< for storing strings in case of writing/reading restart data
1181    CHARACTER (LEN=210)  ::  run_description_header                       !< string containing diverse run informations as run identifier, coupling mode, host, ensemble number, run date and time
1182    CHARACTER (LEN=1000) ::  debug_string = ' '                           !<.....
1183    CHARACTER (LEN=1000) ::  message_string = ' '                         !< dynamic string for error message output
1184
1185    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1186    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1187    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  doav = ' '              !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1188                                                                              !< averaged output quantities
1189                                           
1190    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1191    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1192
1193    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(300) ::  data_output_pr = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1194   
1195    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(200) ::  data_output_pr_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1196   
1197    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,0:1,100) ::  domask = ' ' !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1198                                                                                 !< masked output quantities
1199   
1200    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do2d = ' '  !< label array for 2d output quantities
1201    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do3d = ' '  !< label array for 3d output quantities
1202     
1203    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(7) :: recycle_absolute_quantities = ' '    !< namelist parameter
1204   
1205    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  fl_max = 500     !< maximum number of virtual-flight measurements
1206    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  var_fl_max = 20  !< maximum number of different sampling variables in virtual flight measurements
1207   
1208    INTEGER(iwp) ::  abort_mode = 1                    !< abort condition (nested runs)
1209    INTEGER(iwp) ::  agt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for agent data output
1210    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_pr = 0              !< number of samples in vertical-profile output
1211    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_3d = 0              !< number of samples in 3d output
1212    INTEGER(iwp) ::  current_timestep_number = 0       !< current timestep number, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1213    INTEGER(iwp) ::  coupling_topology = 0             !< switch for atmosphere-ocean-coupling: 0: same number of grid points and PEs along x and y in atmosphere and ocean, otherwise 1
1214    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_range = 0                    !< switch for steering the horizontal disturbance range, 1: inflow disturbances in case of non-cyclic horizontal BC, 0: otherwise
1215    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_b           !< lowest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1216    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_t           !< highest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1217    INTEGER(iwp) ::  doav_n = 0                        !< number of 2d/3d output quantities subject to time averaging
1218    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_n = 0                        !< number of profile output quantities subject to time averaging
1219    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for profile output
1220    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopts_time_count = 0              !< number of output intervals for particle data timeseries
1221    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dots_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for timeseries output
1222    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dp_level_ind_b = 0                !< lowest grid index for external pressure gradient forcing
1223    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ensemble_member_nr = 0            !< namelist parameter
1224    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gamma_mg                          !< switch for steering the multigrid cycle: 1: v-cycle, 2: w-cycle
1225    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gathered_size                     !< number of total domain grid points of the grid level which is gathered on PE0 (multigrid solver)
1226    INTEGER(iwp) ::  grid_level                        !< current grid level handled in the multigrid solver
1227    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_e_b                           !< integer flag for bc_e_b
1228    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_b                           !< integer flag for bc_p_b
1229    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_t                           !< integer flag for bc_p_t
1230    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_b                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_b
1231    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_t                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_t
1232    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_b                           !< integer flag for bc_q_b
1233    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_t                           !< integer flag for bc_q_t
1234    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_b                           !< integer flag for bc_s_b
1235    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_t                           !< integer flag for bc_s_t
1236    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_b                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_b
1237    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_t                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_t
1238    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_begin = -1     !< namelist parameter
1239    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_end = -1       !< namelist parameter
1240    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count       !< number of current Runge-Kutta substep
1241    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count_max   !< maximum number of Runge-Kutta substeps
1242    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_group = 0                      !< I/O group to which the PE belongs (= #PE / io_blocks)
1243    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_blocks = 1                     !< number of blocks for which I/O is done in sequence (total number of PEs / maximum_parallel_io_streams)
1244    INTEGER(iwp) ::  iran = -1234567                   !< integer random number used for flow disturbances
1245    INTEGER(iwp) ::  length = 0                        !< integer that specifies the length of a string in case of writing/reading restart data
1246    INTEGER(iwp) ::  masks = 0                         !< counter for number of masked output quantities
1247    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_grid_level                !< number of grid levels that the multigrid solver is using
1248    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_parallel_io_streams = -1  !< maximum number of parallel io streams that the underlying parallel file system allows, set with palmrun option -w, ENVPAR namelist parameter, provided by palmrun
1249    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_salsa = 0                  !< number of salsa profiles (must not change within a job chain)
1250    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user = 0                   !< number of user-defined profiles (must not change within a job chain)
1251    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user_tmp = 0               !< number of user-defined profiles that is temporary stored to check it against max_pr_user in case of restarts
1252    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mgcycles = 0                      !< number of multigrid cycles that the multigrid solver has actually carried out
1253    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_cycles = 4                     !< namelist parameter
1254    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_switch_to_pe0_level = -1       !< namelist parameter
1255    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngsrb = 2                         !< namelist parameter
1256    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nr_timesteps_this_run = 0         !< number of timesteps (cpu time measurements)
1257    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor = 20                         !< namelist parameter
1258    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor_ini = 100                    !< namelist parameter
1259    INTEGER(iwp) ::  n_sor                             !< number of iterations to be used in SOR-scheme
1260    INTEGER(iwp) ::  normalizing_region = 0            !< namelist parameter
1261    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_mean_inflow_profiles = 7      !< number of mean inflow profiles in case of turbulent inflow
1262    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_leg=0                         !< number of different legs in virtual flight measurements
1263    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl                        !< number of sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1264    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl_user=0                 !< number of user-defined sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1265    INTEGER(iwp) ::  number_stretch_level_start        !< number of user-specified start levels for stretching
1266    INTEGER(iwp) ::  number_stretch_level_end          !< number of user-specified end levels for stretching
1267    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_do3d = -9999                   !< namelist parameter
1268    INTEGER(iwp) ::  prt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for particle data output
1269    INTEGER(iwp) ::  recycling_plane                   !< position of recycling plane along x (in grid points) in case of turbulence recycling
1270    INTEGER(iwp) ::  runnr = 0                         !< number of run in job chain
1271    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subdomain_size                    !< number of grid points in (3d) subdomain including ghost points
1272    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled = 0             !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs
1273    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled_remote = 0      !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs (condition of the remote model)
1274    INTEGER(iwp) ::  timestep_count = 0                !< number of timesteps carried out since the beginning of the initial run
1275    INTEGER(iwp) ::  y_shift = 0                       !< namelist parameter
1276   
1277    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxl(0:1)                               !< left boundary of disturbance region
1278    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxr(0:1)                               !< right boundary of disturbance region
1279    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nyn(0:1)                               !< north boundary of disturbance region
1280    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nys(0:1)                               !< south boundary of disturbance region
1281    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 2d output quantities
1282    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xy_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1283    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xz_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1284    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_yz_time_count(0:1) = 0                 !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1285    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 3d output quantities
1286    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_time_count(0:1) = 0                    !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1287    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_no(max_masks,0:1) = 0                !< number of masked output quantities
1288    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_time_count(max_masks,0:1)            !< number of output intervals for masked data
1289    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_end_index(9)               !< vertical grid level index until which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1290    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_start_index(9)             !< vertical grid level index above which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1291    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size(max_masks,3) = -1                 !< size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1292    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size_l(max_masks,3) = -1               !< subdomain size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1293    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_start_l(max_masks,3) = -1              !< subdomain start index of mask array (for netcdf output)
1294    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of pt_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1295    INTEGER(iwp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of q_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1296    INTEGER(iwp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of s_vertical_gradient_level(s)   
1297    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section(100,3)                              !< collective array for section_xy/xz/yz
1298    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xy(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1299    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1300    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_yz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1301    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of ug_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1302    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of vg_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1303    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level_i(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of subs_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1304
1305    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xy  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1306    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1307    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_yz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1308    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_3d     !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1309
1310    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  grid_level_count  !< internal switch for steering the multigrid v- and w-cycles
1311
1312    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1313    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1314    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1315    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1316    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1317    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1318
1319    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_k_over_surface = -1  !< namelist parameter, k index of height over surface
1320   
1321    LOGICAL ::  agent_time_unlimited = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1322    LOGICAL ::  air_chemistry = .FALSE.                          !< chemistry model switch
1323    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_l                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on left model boundary
1324    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_n                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on north model boundary
1325    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_r                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on right model boundary
1326    LOGICAL ::  bc_dirichlet_s                                   !< flag indicating dirichlet boundary condition on south model boundary
1327    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_cyc =.TRUE.                                !< left-right boundary condition cyclic?
1328    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_dirrad = .FALSE.                           !< left-right boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1329    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_raddir = .FALSE.                           !< left-right boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1330    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_cyc = .TRUE.                               !< north-south boundary condition cyclic?
1331    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_dirrad = .FALSE.                           !< north-south boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1332    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_raddir = .FALSE.                           !< north-south boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1333    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_l = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at left domain boundary
1334    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_n = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at north domain boundary
1335    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_r = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at right domain boundary
1336    LOGICAL ::  bc_radiation_s = .FALSE.                         !< radiation boundary condition for outflow at south domain boundary
1337    LOGICAL ::  biometeorology = .FALSE.                         !< biometeorology module switch
1338    LOGICAL ::  calc_soil_moisture_during_spinup = .FALSE.       !< namelist parameter
1339    LOGICAL ::  call_psolver_at_all_substeps = .TRUE.            !< namelist parameter
1340    LOGICAL ::  child_domain  = .FALSE.                          !< flag indicating that model is nested in a parent domain
1341    LOGICAL ::  cloud_droplets = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1342    LOGICAL ::  complex_terrain = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1343    LOGICAL ::  conserve_volume_flow = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1344    LOGICAL ::  constant_diffusion = .FALSE.                     !< diffusion coefficient constant?
1345    LOGICAL ::  constant_flux_layer = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1346    LOGICAL ::  constant_heatflux = .TRUE.                       !< heat flux at all surfaces constant?
1347    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_heatflux = .TRUE.                   !< heat flux at domain top constant?
1348    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_momentumflux = .FALSE.              !< momentum flux at domain topconstant?
1349    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_salinityflux = .TRUE.               !< constant salinity flux at ocean surface
1350    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_scalarflux = .TRUE.                 !< passive-scalar flux at domain top constant?
1351    LOGICAL ::  constant_scalarflux = .TRUE.                     !< passive-scalar flux at surfaces constant?
1352    LOGICAL ::  constant_waterflux = .TRUE.                      !< water flux at all surfaces constant?
1353    LOGICAL ::  create_disturbances = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1354    LOGICAL ::  data_output_during_spinup = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1355    LOGICAL ::  data_output_2d_on_each_pe = .TRUE.               !< namelist parameter
1356    LOGICAL ::  debug_output = .FALSE.                           !< namelist parameter
1357    LOGICAL ::  debug_output_timestep = .FALSE.                  !< namelist parameter
1358    LOGICAL ::  disturbance_created = .FALSE.                    !< flow disturbance imposed?
1359    LOGICAL ::  do2d_at_begin = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1360    LOGICAL ::  do3d_at_begin = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1361    LOGICAL ::  do_output_at_2m = .FALSE.                        !< flag for activating calculation of potential temperature at z = 2 m
1362    LOGICAL ::  do_sum = .FALSE.                                 !< contribute to time average of profile data?
1363    LOGICAL ::  dp_external = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1364    LOGICAL ::  dp_smooth = .FALSE.                              !< namelist parameter
1365    LOGICAL ::  dt_fixed = .FALSE.                               !< fixed timestep (namelist parameter dt set)?
1366    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached                                    !< internal timestep for particle advection
1367    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached_l                                  !< internal timestep for particle advection
1368    LOGICAL ::  first_call_lpm = .TRUE.                          !< call lpm only once per timestep?
1369    LOGICAL ::  first_call_mas = .TRUE.                          !< call mas only once per timestep
1370    LOGICAL ::  force_print_header = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1371    LOGICAL ::  galilei_transformation = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1372    LOGICAL ::  humidity = .FALSE.                               !< namelist parameter
1373    LOGICAL ::  humidity_remote = .FALSE.                        !< switch for receiving near-surface humidity flux (atmosphere-ocean coupling)
1374    LOGICAL ::  indoor_model = .FALSE.                           !< switch for indoor-climate and energy-demand model
1375    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_forcing = .FALSE.                    !< namelist parameter
1376    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_subsidence = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1377    LOGICAL ::  land_surface = .FALSE.                           !< use land surface model?
1378    LOGICAL ::  les_dynamic = .FALSE.                            !< use dynamic subgrid model as turbulence closure for LES mode
1379    LOGICAL ::  les_mw = .FALSE.                                 !< use Moeng-Wyngaard turbulence closure for LES mode
1380    LOGICAL ::  lsf_exception = .FALSE.                          !< use of lsf with buildings (temporary)?
1381    LOGICAL ::  lsf_surf = .TRUE.                                !< use surface forcing (large scale forcing)?
1382    LOGICAL ::  lsf_vert = .TRUE.                                !< use atmospheric forcing (large scale forcing)?
1383    LOGICAL ::  masking_method = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1384    LOGICAL ::  mg_switch_to_pe0 = .FALSE.                       !< internal multigrid switch for steering the ghost point exchange in case that data has been collected on PE0
1385    LOGICAL ::  monotonic_limiter_z = .FALSE.                    !< use monotonic flux limiter for vertical scalar advection
1386    LOGICAL ::  nesting_offline = .FALSE.                        !< flag controlling offline nesting in COSMO model 
1387    LOGICAL ::  neutral = .FALSE.                                !< namelist parameter
1388    LOGICAL ::  nudging = .FALSE.                                !< namelist parameter
1389    LOGICAL ::  ocean_mode = .FALSE.                             !< namelist parameter
1390    LOGICAL ::  passive_scalar = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1391    LOGICAL ::  plant_canopy = .FALSE.                           !< switch for use of plant canopy model
1392    LOGICAL ::  random_heatflux = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1393    LOGICAL ::  rans_mode = .FALSE.                              !< switch between RANS and LES mode
1394    LOGICAL ::  rans_tke_e = .FALSE.                             !< use TKE-e turbulence closure for RANS mode
1395    LOGICAL ::  rans_tke_l = .FALSE.                             !< use TKE-l turbulence closure for RANS mode
1396    LOGICAL ::  read_svf = .FALSE.                               !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer input of svf (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1397    LOGICAL ::  recycling_yshift = .FALSE.                       !< namelist parameter
1398    LOGICAL ::  run_control_header = .FALSE.                     !< onetime output of RUN_CONTROL header
1399    LOGICAL ::  run_coupled = .TRUE.                             !< internal switch telling PALM to run in coupled mode (i.e. to exchange surface data) in case of atmosphere-ocean coupling
1400    LOGICAL ::  salsa = .FALSE.                                  !< switch for the sectional aerosol module salsa
1401    LOGICAL ::  scalar_rayleigh_damping = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1402    LOGICAL ::  sloping_surface = .FALSE.                        !< use sloped surface? (namelist parameter alpha_surface)
1403    LOGICAL ::  spinup = .FALSE.                                 !< perform model spinup without atmosphere code?
1404    LOGICAL ::  surface_output = .FALSE.                         !< output of surface data
1405    LOGICAL ::  stop_dt = .FALSE.                                !< internal switch to stop the time stepping
1406    LOGICAL ::  synchronous_exchange = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1407    LOGICAL ::  syn_turb_gen = .FALSE.                           !< flag for synthetic turbulence generator module
1408    LOGICAL ::  terminate_run = .FALSE.                          !< terminate run (cpu-time limit, restarts)?
1409    LOGICAL ::  topo_no_distinct = .FALSE.                       !< flag controlling classification of topography surfaces
1410    LOGICAL ::  transpose_compute_overlap = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1411    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_inflow = .FALSE.                       !< namelist parameter
1412    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_outflow = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1413    LOGICAL ::  urban_surface = .FALSE.                          !< use urban surface model?
1414    LOGICAL ::  use_cmax = .TRUE.                                !< namelist parameter
1415    LOGICAL ::  use_free_convection_scaling = .FALSE.            !< namelist parameter to switch on free convection velocity scale in calculation of horizontal wind speed (surface_layer_fluxes)
1416    LOGICAL ::  use_initial_profile_as_reference = .FALSE.       !< use of initial profiles as reference state?
1417    LOGICAL ::  use_prescribed_profile_data = .FALSE.            !< use of prescribed wind profiles?
1418                                                                 !< (namelist parameters u_profile, v_profile)
1419    LOGICAL ::  use_single_reference_value = .FALSE.             !< use of single value as reference state?
1420    LOGICAL ::  use_subsidence_tendencies = .FALSE.              !< namelist parameter
1421    LOGICAL ::  use_surface_fluxes = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1422    LOGICAL ::  use_top_fluxes = .FALSE.                         !< namelist parameter
1423    LOGICAL ::  use_ug_for_galilei_tr = .TRUE.                   !< namelist parameter
1424    LOGICAL ::  use_upstream_for_tke = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1425    LOGICAL ::  virtual_flight = .FALSE.                         !< use virtual flight model
1426    LOGICAL ::  virtual_measurement = .FALSE.                    !< control parameter to switch-on virtual measurements
1427    LOGICAL ::  wall_adjustment = .TRUE.                         !< namelist parameter
1428    LOGICAL ::  wind_turbine = .FALSE.                           !< flag for use of wind turbine model
1429    LOGICAL ::  write_binary = .FALSE.                           !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer restart I/O (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1430    LOGICAL ::  write_svf = .FALSE.                              !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer output of svf (ENVPAR is provided by palmrun)
1431    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_sca = .FALSE.                          !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (scalar advection)?
1432    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_mom = .FALSE.                          !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (momentum advection)?
1433
1434    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xy(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xy cross-section data?
1435    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xz cross-section data?
1436    LOGICAL ::  data_output_yz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of yz cross-section data?
1437
1438    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(max_masks) ::  mask_surface = .FALSE.   !< flag for surface-following masked output
1439   
1440    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(7) ::  raq = .FALSE.                    !< recycle absolute quantities (u,v,w,theta,e,q,s) in inflow_turbulence
1441   
1442    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_x = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along x
1443                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1444    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_y = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along y
1445                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1446    REAL(wp) ::  alpha_surface = 0.0_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1447    REAL(wp) ::  atmos_ocean_sign = 1.0_wp                     !< vertical-grid conversion factor
1448                                                               !< (=1.0 in atmosphere, =-1.0 in ocean)
1449    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1450    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1451    REAL(wp) ::  bc_pt_t_val                                   !< vertical gradient of pt near domain top
1452    REAL(wp) ::  bc_q_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of humidity near domain top
1453    REAL(wp) ::  bc_s_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of passive scalar near domain top
1454    REAL(wp) ::  bottom_salinityflux = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1455    REAL(wp) ::  building_height = 50.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1456    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_x = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1457    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_y = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1458    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1459    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1460    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_height = 50.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1461    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1462    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1463    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1464    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1465    REAL(wp) ::  cfl_factor = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1466    REAL(wp) ::  cos_alpha_surface                             !< cosine of alpha_surface
1467    REAL(wp) ::  coupling_start_time = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1468    REAL(wp) ::  days_since_reference_point = 0.0_wp           !< days after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated,
1469                                                               !< or after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1470    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_amplitude = 0.25_wp               !< namelist parameter
1471    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_energy_limit = 0.01_wp            !< namelist parameter
1472    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_b = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1473    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_t = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1474    REAL(wp) ::  dp_level_b = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1475    REAL(wp) ::  dt = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1476    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1477    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1478    REAL(wp) ::  dt_coupling = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1479    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1480    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1481    REAL(wp) ::  dt_disturb = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1482    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1483    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr_listing = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1484    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopts = 9999999.9_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1485    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dots = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1486    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1487    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1488    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1489    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1490    REAL(wp) ::  dt_max = 20.0_wp                              !< namelist parameter
1491    REAL(wp) ::  dt_restart = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1492    REAL(wp) ::  dt_run_control = 60.0_wp                      !< namelist parameter
1493    REAL(wp) ::  dt_spinup = 60.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1494    REAL(wp) ::  dt_write_agent_data = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1495    REAL(wp) ::  dt_3d = 0.01_wp                               !< time step
1496    REAL(wp) ::  dz_max = 999.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1497    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor = 1.08_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1498    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level = -9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1499    REAL(wp) ::  e_init = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1500    REAL(wp) ::  e_min = 0.0_wp                                !< namelist parameter
1501    REAL(wp) ::  end_time = 0.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1502    REAL(wp) ::  f = 0.0_wp                                    !< Coriolis parameter
1503    REAL(wp) ::  fs = 0.0_wp                                   !< Coriolis parameter
1504    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_height = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1505    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_width = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1506    REAL(wp) ::  km_constant = -1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1507    REAL(wp) ::  latitude = 55.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1508    REAL(wp) ::  longitude = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1509    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_x = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1510    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_y = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1511    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_z = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1512    REAL(wp) ::  maximum_cpu_time_allowed = 0.0_wp             !< given wall time for run
1513    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_viscosity = 1.461E-5_wp             !< molecular viscosity (used in lsm and lpm)
1514    REAL(wp) ::  multi_agent_system_end   = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1515    REAL(wp) ::  multi_agent_system_start = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
1516    REAL(wp) ::  omega = 7.29212E-5_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1517    REAL(wp) ::  omega_sor = 1.8_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1518    REAL(wp) ::  outflow_source_plane = -9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1519    REAL(wp) ::  particle_maximum_age = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1520    REAL(wp) ::  prandtl_number = 1.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1521    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_factor = 0.0_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1522    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_width = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1523    REAL(wp) ::  pt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1524    REAL(wp) ::  pt_slope_offset = 0.0_wp                      !< temperature difference between left and right
1525                                                               !< boundary of total domain
1526    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface = 300.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1527    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp            !< namelist parameter
1528    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1529    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1530    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_factor = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1531    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_height = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1532    REAL(wp) ::  recycling_width = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1533    REAL(wp) ::  residual_limit = 1.0E-4_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1534    REAL(wp) ::  restart_time = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1535    REAL(wp) ::  rho_reference                                 !< reference state of density
1536    REAL(wp) ::  rho_surface                                   !< surface value of density
1537    REAL(wp) ::  roughness_length = 0.1_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1538    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time = 0.0_wp                       !< elapsed simulated time
1539    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time_at_begin                       !< elapsed simulated time of previous run (job chain)
1540    REAL(wp) ::  sin_alpha_surface                             !< sine of alpha_surface (sloped surface)
1541    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output = 0.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1542    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter
1543    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1544    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1545    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1546    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1547    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1548    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_amplitude = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1549    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_mean = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1550    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_time = 0.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1551    REAL(wp) ::  surface_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1552    REAL(wp) ::  surface_pressure = 1013.25_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1553    REAL(wp) ::  surface_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1554    REAL(wp) ::  surface_waterflux = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1555    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1556    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1557    REAL(wp) ::  termination_time_needed = 35.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1558    REAL(wp) ::  time_coupling = 0.0_wp                        !< time since last coupling (surface_coupler)
1559    REAL(wp) ::  time_disturb = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last flow disturbance
1560    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last profile output
1561    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged profile output
1562    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_listing = 0.0_wp                    !< time since last profile output (ASCII) on file
1563    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopts = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last particle timeseries output
1564    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last spectra output
1565    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged spectra output
1566    REAL(wp) ::  time_dots = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last timeseries output
1567    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xy = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xy cross-section output
1568    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xz cross-section output
1569    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_yz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last yz cross-section output
1570    REAL(wp) ::  time_do3d = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last 3d output
1571    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_av = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last averaged-data output
1572    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_sla = 0.0_wp                          !< time since last
1573    REAL(wp) ::  time_restart = 9999999.9_wp                   !< time at which run shall be terminated and restarted
1574    REAL(wp) ::  time_run_control = 0.0_wp                     !< time since last RUN_CONTROL output
1575    REAL(wp) ::  time_since_reference_point = 0.0_wp           !< time after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated, or time after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1576    REAL(wp) ::  top_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1577    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_u = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1578    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_v = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1579    REAL(wp) ::  top_salinityflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1580    REAL(wp) ::  top_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1581    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_height = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1582    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_length = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1583    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1584    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1585    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_wall_depth = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1586    REAL(wp) ::  ug_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1587    REAL(wp) ::  u_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1588    REAL(wp) ::  u_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1589    REAL(wp) ::  vg_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1590    REAL(wp) ::  vpt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                  !< reference state of virtual potential temperature
1591    REAL(wp) ::  v_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1592    REAL(wp) ::  v_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1593    REAL(wp) ::  wall_adjustment_factor = 1.8_wp               !< adjustment factor for mixing length l
1594    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_max = 20.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1595    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_min = -20.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1596    REAL(wp) ::  z0h_factor = 1.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1597
1598    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xy_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xy output
1599    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xz output
1600    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_yz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous yz output
1601    REAL(wp) ::  dpdxy(1:2) = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1602    REAL(wp) ::  dt_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1603    REAL(wp) ::  dz(10) = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1604    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level_start(9) = -9999999.9_wp         !< namelist parameter
1605    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level_end(9) = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1606    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor_array(9) = 1.08_wp              !< namelist parameter
1607    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale(3)                                     !< collective array for mask_scale_x/y/z
1608    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1609    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp   !< namelist parameter
1610    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1611    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1612    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1613    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1614    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp        !< namelist parameter
1615    REAL(wp) ::  threshold(20) = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1616    REAL(wp) ::  time_domask(max_masks) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1617    REAL(wp) ::  tsc(10) = (/ 1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, &    !< array used for controlling time-integration at different substeps
1618                 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp /)
1619    REAL(wp) ::  u_profile(200) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1620    REAL(wp) ::  uv_heights(200) = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1621    REAL(wp) ::  v_profile(200) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1622    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1623    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1624    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1625    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1626    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow(1:3) = 0.0_wp                         !< volume flow through 1:yz-plane, 2: xz-plane, 3: xy-plane (nest childs only)
1627    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_area(1:3) = 0.0_wp                    !< area of the respective volume flow planes
1628    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_initial(1:3) = 0.0_wp                 !< initial volume flow (t=0) through the respective volume flow planes
1629    REAL(wp) ::  wall_heatflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1630    REAL(wp) ::  wall_humidityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1631    REAL(wp) ::  wall_salinityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1632    REAL(wp) ::  wall_scalarflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1633    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp               !< namelist parameter
1634    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1635
1636    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dp_smooth_factor  !< smoothing factor for external pressure gradient forcing
1637
1638    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_x = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1639    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_y = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1640    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_z = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1641   
1642    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_x_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1643    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_y_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1644    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_z_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1645   
1646!
1647!--    internal mask arrays ("mask,dimension,selection")
1648       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask       !< collective array for mask_x/y/z
1649       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_loop  !< collective array for mask_x/y/z_loop
1650
1651    SAVE
1652
1653 END MODULE control_parameters
1654
1655
1656!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1657! Description:
1658! ------------
1659!> Definition of grid spacings.
1660!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1661 MODULE grid_variables
1662
1663    USE kinds
1664
1665    REAL(wp) ::  ddx          !< 1/dx
1666    REAL(wp) ::  ddx2         !< 1/dx2
1667    REAL(wp) ::  dx = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along x-direction)
1668    REAL(wp) ::  dx2          !< dx*dx
1669    REAL(wp) ::  ddy          !< 1/dy
1670    REAL(wp) ::  ddy2         !< 1/dy2
1671    REAL(wp) ::  dy = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along y-direction)
1672    REAL(wp) ::  dy2          !< dy*dy
1673
1674    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddx2_mg  !< 1/dx_l**2 (dx_l: grid spacing along x on different multigrid level)
1675    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddy2_mg  !< 1/dy_l**2 (dy_l: grid spacing along y on different multigrid level)
1676
1677    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu_s_inner  !< height of topography top on scalar grid
1678    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw_w_inner  !< height of topography top on w grid
1679                                             
1680    SAVE
1681
1682 END MODULE grid_variables
1683
1684
1685!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1686! Description:
1687! ------------
1688!> Definition of array bounds, number of gridpoints, and wall flag arrays.
1689!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1690 MODULE indices
1691
1692    USE kinds
1693
1694    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nbgp = 3       !< number of boundary ghost points
1695    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums       !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of output profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1696    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums_ls    !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of large-scale forcing profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1697    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnx            !< number of subdomain grid points in x-direction
1698    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx = 0         !< nx+1 = total number of grid points in x-direction
1699    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_a           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (atmosphere)
1700    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_o           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (ocean)
1701    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl            !< left-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1702    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlg           !< left-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1703    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlu           !< =nxl+1 (at left domain boundary with inflow from left), else =nxl (used for u-velocity component)
1704    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr            !< right-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1705    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxrg           !< right-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1706    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_on_file     !< nx of previous run in job chain
1707    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nny            !< number of subdomain grid points in y-direction
1708    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny = 0         !< ny+1 = total number of grid points in y-direction
1709    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_a           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (atmosphere)
1710    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_o           !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (ocean)
1711    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn            !< north-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1712    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyng           !< north-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1713    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys            !< south-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1714    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysg           !< south-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1715    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysv           !< =nys+1 (at south domain boundary with inflow from south), else =nys (used for v-velocity component)
1716    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_on_file     !< ny of previous run in job chain
1717    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnz            !< number of subdomain grid points in z-direction
1718    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz = 0         !< total number of grid points in z-direction
1719    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb            !< bottom grid index of computational domain
1720    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_diff       !< will be removed
1721    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_max        !< vertical index of topography top
1722    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt            !< nzt+1 = top grid index of computational domain
1723    INTEGER(iwp) ::  topo_min_level !< minimum topography-top index (usually equal to nzb)
1724
1725    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d        !< number of grid points of the total domain
1726    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d_inner  !< ! need to have 64 bit for grids > 2E9
1727                   
1728    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh  !< number of grid points of a horizontal cross section through the total domain
1729    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxl_mg   !< left-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1730    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxr_mg   !< right-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1731    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nyn_mg   !< north-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1732    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nys_mg   !< south-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1733    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzt_mg   !< top-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1734
1735
1736    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_outer     !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography and non-surface-bounded
1737    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_s_inner   !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography
1738    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mg_loc_ind        !< internal array to store index bounds of all PEs of that multigrid level where data is collected to PE0
1739    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_inner  !< will be removed
1740    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_outer  !< will be removed
1741    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_inner         !< will be removed
1742    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_outer         !< will be removed
1743    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_inner       !< will be removed
1744    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_outer       !< will be removed
1745    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_inner       !< will be removed
1746    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_outer       !< will be removed
1747    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_inner       !< will be removed
1748    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_outer       !< will be removed
1749    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_inner       !< will be removed
1750    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_outer       !< will be removed
1751
1752    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  flags  !< pointer to wall_flags_1-10
1753
1754    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_1   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 1
1755    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_2   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 2
1756    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_3   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 3
1757    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_4   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 4
1758    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_5   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 5
1759    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_6   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 6
1760    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_7   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 7
1761    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_8   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 8
1762    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_9   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 9
1763    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_10  !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 10
1764
1765    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_m            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme for momentum
1766    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_s            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme for scalar quantities
1767    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  topo_top_ind            !< precalculated topography top indices
1768    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  wall_flags_0            !< flags to mask topography and surface-bounded grid points
1769
1770    SAVE
1771
1772 END MODULE indices
1773
1774
1775!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1776! Description:
1777! ------------
1778!> Interfaces for special subroutines which use optional parameters.
1779!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1780 MODULE interfaces
1781
1782    INTERFACE
1783
1784!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1785! Description:
1786! ------------
1787!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1788!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1789       SUBROUTINE global_min_max ( i1, i2, j1, j2, k1, k2, array, mode, offset, &
1790                                   result, result_ijk, result1, result1_ijk )
1791
1792          USE kinds
1793
1794          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  mode                      !< mode of global min/max function: can be 'min', 'max', 'minmax', 'abs', or 'absoff'
1795          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1796          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1797          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1798          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1799          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1800          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1801          INTEGER(iwp)                  ::  result_ijk(3)             !< grid index result of min/max function
1802          INTEGER(iwp), OPTIONAL        ::  result1_ijk(3)            !< optional grid index result of min/max function
1803          REAL(wp)                      ::  offset                    !< min/max function calculates absolute value with respect to an offset
1804          REAL(wp)                      ::  result                    !< result of min/max function
1805          REAL(wp), OPTIONAL            ::  result1                   !< optional result of min/max function
1806          REAL(wp), INTENT(IN)          ::  array(i1:i2,j1:j2,k1:k2)  !< input array of min/max function
1807
1808       END SUBROUTINE global_min_max
1809
1810    END INTERFACE
1811
1812    SAVE
1813
1814 END MODULE interfaces
1815
1816
1817!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1818! Description:
1819! ------------
1820!> Interfaces for subroutines with pointer arguments called in
1821!> prognostic_equations.
1822!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1823 MODULE pointer_interfaces
1824
1825    INTERFACE
1826
1827!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1828! Description:
1829! ------------
1830!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1831!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1832       SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc( sk, sk_char )
1833
1834          USE kinds
1835
1836          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  sk_char  !< string for treated scalar in Bott-Chlond scheme
1837
1838          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1839
1840       END SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc
1841
1842    END INTERFACE
1843
1844    SAVE
1845
1846 END MODULE pointer_interfaces
1847
1848
1849!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1850! Description:
1851! ------------
1852!> Definition of variables which define processor topology and the exchange of
1853!> ghost point layers. This module must be placed in all routines containing
1854!> MPI-calls.
1855!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1856 MODULE pegrid
1857
1858    USE kinds
1859
1860#if defined( __parallel )
1861#if defined( __mpifh )
1862    INCLUDE "mpif.h"
1863#else
1864    USE MPI
1865#endif
1866#endif
1867    CHARACTER(LEN=2) ::  send_receive = 'al'     !<
1868    CHARACTER(LEN=7) ::  myid_char = ''          !< character string containing processor id number
1869   
1870    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dx                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along x
1871    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dy                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along y
1872    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm2d                      !< standard 2d (xy) communicator used in PALM for the process group the PE belongs to
1873    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_inter                  !< intercommunicator that connects atmosphere/ocean process groups
1874    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_palm                   !< internal communicator used during the MPI setup at the beginning of a run
1875    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_inflow = 0               !< myidx of procs at inflow (turbulent inflow method)
1876    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow = 0              !< myidx of procs at outflow (turbulent outflow method)
1877    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow_source = 0       !< myidx of procs including ouflow source plane (turbulent outflow method)
1878    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_recycling = 0            !< myidx of procs containing the recycling plane (turbulence recycling method)
1879    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ierr                        !< standard error parameter in MPI calls
1880    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myid = 0                    !< id number of processor element
1881    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidx = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along x-direction
1882    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidy = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along y-direction
1883    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ndim = 2                    !< dimension of the virtual PE grid
1884    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_a                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (atmosphere)
1885    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_o                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (ocean)
1886    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_xy                      !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: number of grid points of the subdomain
1887    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_y                       !< number of subdomain grid points along y including ghost points
1888    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npex = -1                   !< number of processor elements in x-direction
1889    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npey = -1                   !< number of processor elements in y-direction
1890    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs = 1                !< total number of appointed processor elements
1891    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs_previous_run = -1  !< total number of appointed processor elements in previous run (job chain)
1892    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pleft                       !< MPI-address of the processor left of the current one
1893    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pnorth                      !< MPI-address of the processor north of the current one
1894    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pright                      !< MPI-address of the processor right of the current one
1895    INTEGER(iwp) ::  psouth                      !< MPI-address of the processor south of the current one
1896    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req_count = 0               !< MPI return variable - checks if Send-Receive operation is already finished
1897    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_xy            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions (y --> x, or x --> y) or second (2d) transposition x --> y
1898    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_yz            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in third (2d) transposition y --> z
1899    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zx            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in first (2d) transposition z --> x
1900    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zyd           !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions z --> y (used for calculating spectra)
1901    INTEGER(iwp) ::  target_id                   !< in atmosphere/ocean coupling: id of the ocean/atmosphere counterpart PE with whom the atmosphere/ocean PE exchanges data
1902    INTEGER(iwp) ::  tasks_per_node = -9999      !< MPI tasks per compute node
1903    INTEGER(iwp) ::  threads_per_task = 1        !< number of OPENMP threads per MPI task
1904    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1905    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xy                     !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1906    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D exchange in atmosphere-ocean coupler
1907
1908    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pdims(2) = 1  !< number of processors along x-y dimension
1909    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req(100)      !< MPI return variable indicating if send-receive operation is finished
1910
1911    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds               !< horizontal index bounds
1912    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds_previous_run  !< horizontal index bounds of previous run
1913
1914    LOGICAL ::  collective_wait = .FALSE.          !< switch to set an explicit MPI barrier in front of all collective MPI calls
1915
1916#if defined( __parallel )
1917    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibuf(12)                 !< internal buffer for calculating MPI settings
1918    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pcoord(2)                !< PE coordinates along x and y
1919    INTEGER(iwp) ::  status(MPI_STATUS_SIZE)  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1920   
1921    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(MPI_STATUS_SIZE,100) ::  wait_stat  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1922   
1923    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x_byte !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D 8-bit integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1924    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y_byte !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1925   
1926    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz      !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
1927    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz_int  !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
1928    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz      !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
1929    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz_int  !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
1930    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_x_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1931    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1932    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz_int !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1933    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_y_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1934    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1935    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz_int !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1936
1937    LOGICAL ::  left_border_pe  = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on left border of computational domain
1938    LOGICAL ::  north_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on north border of computational domain
1939    LOGICAL ::  reorder = .TRUE.           !< switch to allow MPI the reorder of ranking (e.g. row-major or column-major)
1940    LOGICAL ::  right_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on right border of computational domain
1941    LOGICAL ::  south_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on south border of computational domain
1942
1943    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  cyclic = (/ .TRUE. , .TRUE. /)  !< boundary conditions of the virtual PE grid
1944    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  remain_dims                     !< internal array used to determine sub-topologies for transpositions
1945#endif
1946
1947    SAVE
1948
1949 END MODULE pegrid
1950
1951
1952!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1953! Description:
1954! ------------
1955!> Definition of variables which control PROFIL-output.
1956!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1957 MODULE profil_parameter
1958
1959    USE kinds
1960
1961    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  crmax = 100  !< maximum number of coordinate systems for profile output
1962
1963    CHARACTER (LEN=27), DIMENSION(20) ::  cross_ts_profiles = &  !< time series to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1964                           (/ ' E E*                      ', &
1965                              ' dt                        ', &
1966                              ' u* w*                     ', &
1967                              ' th*                       ', &
1968                              ' umax vmax wmax            ', &
1969                              ' div_old div_new           ', &
1970                              ' zi_wtheta zi_theta        ', &
1971                              ' w"theta"0 w"theta" wtheta ', &
1972                              ' theta(0) theta(zp)        ', &
1973                              ' splux spluy spluz         ', &
1974                              ' L                         ', &
1975                            ( '                           ', i9 = 1, 9 ) /)
1976
1977    CHARACTER (LEN=100), DIMENSION(crmax) ::  cross_profiles = &  !< quantities to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1978                          (/ ' u v                                          ', &
1979                             ' pt                                           ', &
1980                             ' w"theta" w*theta* w*theta*BC wtheta wthetaBC ', &
1981                             ' w"u" w*u* wu w"v" w*v* wv                    ', &
1982                             ' km kh                                        ', &
1983                             ' l                                            ', &
1984             ( '                                              ', i9 = 1, 94 ) /)
1985
1986    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_columns = 2  !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per column
1987    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_rows = 3     !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per row
1988
1989    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_index(300) = 0                !< index number of respective profile quantity
1990    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_initial_index(300) = 0        !< index number of initial profiles to be output
1991               
1992    SAVE
1993
1994 END MODULE profil_parameter
1995
1996!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1997! Description:
1998! ------------
1999!> Definition of statistical quantities, e.g. global sums.
2000!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2001 MODULE statistics
2002
2003    USE kinds
2004
2005    CHARACTER (LEN=40) ::  region(0:9) =  &  !< label for statistic region
2006                           'total domain                            '
2007 
2008    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pr_palm = 200          !< maximum number of output profiles
2009    INTEGER(iwp) ::  statistic_regions = 0  !< identifier for statistic regions
2010
2011    INTEGER(iwp) ::  u_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where u_max occurs
2012    INTEGER(iwp) ::  v_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where v_max occurs
2013    INTEGER(iwp) ::  w_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where w_max occurs
2014   
2015    LOGICAL ::  flow_statistics_called = .FALSE.  !< flag that tells other routines if flow statistics was executed
2016                                                  !< (after each timestep)
2017   
2018    REAL(wp) ::  u_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute u-veloctiy in entire domain
2019    REAL(wp) ::  v_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute v-veloctiy in entire domain
2020    REAL(wp) ::  w_max = 0.0_wp  !< maximum of absolute w-veloctiy in entire domain
2021
2022    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  z_i  !< inversion height
2023   
2024    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_surface_level_height  !< mean surface level height for the different statistic regions
2025    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divnew_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence after pressure
2026                                                                       !< solver call (new)
2027    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divold_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence before pressure
2028                                                                       !< solver call (old)
2029    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_substep             !< weighting factor for substeps in timestepping
2030    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_pres                !< substep weighting factor for pressure solver
2031   
2032    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums             !< global sum array for the various output quantities
2033    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_salsa_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical salsa flux w's' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2034    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsts_bc_l   !< subdomain sum of sensible heat flux in Bott-Chlond scheme
2035    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_value         !< timeseries output array for the various output quantities
2036    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsus_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2037    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsvs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2038    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_us2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux u'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2039    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_vs2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux v'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2040    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ws2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'w' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2041    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsncs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical clouddrop-number concentration flux w'nc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2042    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsnrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical raindrop-number concentration flux w'nr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2043    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wspts_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical sensible heat flux w'pt' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2044    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical latent heat flux w'q' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2045    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqcs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical cloudwater flux w'qc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2046    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical rainwater flux w'qr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2047    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wssas_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical salinity flux w'sa' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2048    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsss_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical passive scalar flux w's' (5th-order advection scheme only)
2049    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ls_l        !< subdomain sum of large scale forcing and nudging tendencies
2050                                             
2051    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom_sum             !< sum array for horizontal mean
2052    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rmask               !< REAL flag array (0.0 or 1.0) for statistic regions
2053    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) gathered for various quantities
2054    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l_l            !< subdomain sum (_l) of mixing length from diffusivities
2055   
2056    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom  !< horizontal mean of various quantities (profiles/timeseries)
2057
2058    SAVE
2059
2060 END MODULE statistics
2061
2062
2063
2064!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2065! Description:
2066! ------------
2067!> Definition of indices for transposed arrays.
2068!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
2069 MODULE transpose_indices
2070
2071    USE kinds
2072
2073    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2074    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2075    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2076    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2077    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2078    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2079    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2080    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2081    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2082    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2083    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2084    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2085    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2086    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2087    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2088    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2089               
2090    SAVE
2091
2092 END MODULE transpose_indices
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