source: palm/trunk/SOURCE/modules.f90 @ 2499

Last change on this file since 2499 was 2499, checked in by kanani, 4 years ago

minor bugfixes

  • Property svn:keywords set to Id
File size: 140.1 KB
Line 
1!> @file modules.f90
2!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
3! This file is part of PALM.
4!
5! PALM is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
6! terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
7! Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
8! version.
9!
10! PALM is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
11! WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
12! A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for more details.
13!
14! You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
15! PALM. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
16!
17! Copyright 1997-2017 Leibniz Universitaet Hannover
18!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
19!
20! Current revisions:
21! ------------------
22!
23!
24! Former revisions:
25! -----------------
26! $Id: modules.f90 2499 2017-09-22 16:47:58Z kanani $
27! Default changed to fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'
28!
29! 2408 2017-09-05 15:47:53Z gronemeier
30! Changed default value of mg_cycles from -1 to 4.
31!
32! 2375 2017-08-29 14:10:28Z schwenkel
33! Moved mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
34! vanthoff back from particle attributes because they can now also be used in
35! bulk microphysics.
36! Added aerosol_bulk, aerosol_nacl, aerosol_c3h4o4, aerosol_nh4no3
37!
38! 2372 2017-08-25 12:37:32Z sward
39! y_shift namelist parameter added
40!
41! 2339 2017-08-07 13:55:26Z gronemeier
42! corrected timestamp in header
43!
44! 2338 2017-08-07 12:15:38Z gronemeier
45! moved 1d-model varaibles to own module model_1d_mod
46!
47! 2337 2017-08-07 08:59:53Z gronemeier
48! -old_dt_1d
49! +l1d_diss
50!
51! 2326 2017-08-01 07:23:24Z gronemeier
52! Updated variable descriptions
53!
54! 2320 2017-07-21 12:47:43Z suehring
55! -ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, td_lsa_lpt, td_lsa_q, td_sub_lpt, td_sub_q, ug_vert,
56!  vg_vert, unudge, vnudge, wsubs_vert, shf_surf, p_surf, pt_surf, q_surt,
57!  qsws_surf, tmp_tnudge, timenudge, time_surf, time_vert
58!
59! 2300 2017-06-29 13:31:14Z raasch
60! default value for host changed to '????', default value for loop_optimization
61! changed to 'cache', default value for termination_time_needed set to 35.0
62!
63! 2298 2017-06-29 09:28:18Z raasch
64! missing variable descriptions have been added,
65! type of write_binary changed from CHARACTER to LOGICAL
66! -plot_precision, plot_3d_precision, return_addres, return_username,
67! avs_data_file, exchange_mg, sendrecvcound_yxd, sendrecv_in_background,
68! port_name, profile_number, cross_ts_numbers, cross_ts_number_count,
69! dots_crossindex, dots_index, cross_ts_uymax, cross_ts_uymax_computed,
70! cross_ts_uymin, cross_ts_uymin_computed
71!
72! 2296 2017-06-28 07:53:56Z maronga
73! Added parameters for model spinup
74!
75! 2292 2017-06-20 09:51:42Z schwenkel
76! Implementation of new microphysic scheme: cloud_scheme = 'morrison'
77! includes two more prognostic equations for cloud drop concentration (nc) 
78! and cloud water content (qc).
79!
80! 2277 2017-06-12 10:47:51Z kanani
81! Added doxygen comments for variables/parameters,
82! removed unused variables dissipation_control, do2d_xy_n, do2d_xz_n, do2d_yz_n,
83! do3d_avs_n, lptnudge, lqnudge, lunudge, lvnudge, lwnudge, skip_do_avs,
84! sums_up_fraction_l.
85!
86! 2259 2017-06-08 09:09:11Z gronemeier
87! Implemented synthetic turbulence generator
88!
89! 2256 2017-06-07 13:58:08Z suehring
90! Change default value of zeta_min to -20
91! Increase dimension for wall_heatflux, etc.
92!
93! 2233 2017-05-30 18:08:54Z suehring
94!
95! 2232 2017-05-30 17:47:52Z suehring
96! Renamed wall_flags_0 and wall_flags_00 into advc_flags_1 and advc_flags_2,
97! respectively. Moreover, introduced further flag array wall_flags_0.
98!
99! Adjustments for new topography concept:
100!   -fwxm, fwxp, fwym, fwyp, fxm, fxp, fym, fyp, rif_wall, wall_e_x, wall_e_y,
101!   -wall_v, wall_u, wall_w_x, wall_w_y, wall_qflux, wall_sflux, wall_nrflux,
102!   -wall_qrflux
103!
104! Adjustments for new surface concept:
105!   +land_surface
106!   -z0, z0h, z0q, us, ts, qs, qsws, nrs, nrsws, qrs, qrsws, ssws, ss, saswsb
107!   -nzb_diff_u, nzb_diff_v, nzt_diff
108!   -uswst, vswst, tswst, sswst, saswst, qswst, qrswst, nrswst, qswst_remote
109!
110! Generic tunnel setup:
111!   +tunnel_height, tunnel_length, tunnel_width_x, tunnel_width_y,
112!   +tunnel_wall_depth
113!
114! Topography input via netcdf
115!   +lod
116!
117! 2200 2017-04-11 11:37:51Z suehring
118! -monotonic_adjustment
119!
120! 2174 2017-03-13 08:18:57Z maronga
121! Changed default values for most_method to 'newton'
122!
123! 2118 2017-01-17 16:38:49Z raasch
124! -acc_rank, background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_south, j_north,
125!  num_acc_per_node, on_device
126!
127! 2107 2017-01-09 12:21:49Z kanani
128! Preparation for doxygen comments (Giersch)
129!
130! 2050 2016-11-08 15:00:55Z gronemeier
131! Implement turbulent outflow condition
132!
133! 2037 2016-10-26 11:15:40Z knoop
134! Anelastic approximation implemented
135!
136! 2031 2016-10-21 15:11:58Z knoop
137! renamed variable rho to rho_ocean and rho_av to rho_ocean_av
138!
139! 2011 2016-09-19 17:29:57Z kanani
140! +urban_surface, +lsf_exception, +varnamelength
141!
142! 2007 2016-08-24 15:47:17Z kanani
143! Increased DIMENSION of data_output, data_output_user, do2d, do3d
144!
145! 2000 2016-08-20 18:09:15Z knoop
146! Forced header and separation lines into 80 columns
147!
148! 1992 2016-08-12 15:14:59Z suehring
149! +constant_top_scalarflux, top_scalarflux
150! default of bc_s_t adjusted
151!
152! 1968 2016-07-18 12:01:49Z suehring
153! Changed dimension for MPI-datatypes type_x_int and type_y_int
154!
155! 1960 2016-07-12 16:34:24Z suehring
156! Separate humidity and passive scalar
157! +bc_s_t_val, diss_s_s, diss_l_s, flux_s_s, flux_l_s, s, sp, s1, s2, s3, ssws_av,
158!  s_init, s_surf, sums_wsss_ws_l, ss, ssws, sswst, ts_m, wall_sflux
159! +constant_scalarflux, ibc_s_b, ibc_s_t, s_vertical_gradient_level_ind
160!
161! Unused variables removed
162! -gamma_x, gamma_y, gamma_z, var_x, var_y, var_z
163!
164! Change initial values (in order to unify gradient calculation):
165! pt_vertical_gradient_level, sa_vertical_gradient_level
166!
167! 1957 2016-07-07 10:43:48Z suehring
168! +fl_max, num_leg, num_var_fl, num_var_fl_user, var_fl_max, virtual_flight
169!
170! 1918 2016-05-27 14:35:57Z raasch
171! default timestep switched from -1.0 to +1.0 in order to avoid wrong sign of
172! initially calculated divergence
173!
174! 1906 2016-05-24 14:38:08Z suehring
175! default value of mg_switch_to_pe0_level changed to -1
176!
177! 1849 2016-04-08 11:33:18Z hoffmann
178! bfactor, mass_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_solute, molecular_weight_of_water,
179! vanthoff moved to mod_particle_attributes.
180! dt_micro and several cloud_parameters moved to microphysics_mod.
181! 1d-microphysics profiles moved to microphysics_mod.
182!
183! 1845 2016-04-08 08:29:13Z raasch
184! -nzb_2d
185!
186! 1833 2016-04-07 14:23:03Z raasch
187! spectra parameter moved to spectra module
188!
189! 1831 2016-04-07 13:15:51Z hoffmann
190! curvature_solution_effects removed
191! turbulence renamed collision_turbulence, drizzle renamed
192! cloud_water_sedimentation
193!
194! 1822 2016-04-07 07:49:42Z hoffmann
195! icloud_scheme removed. microphysics_sat_adjust, microphysics_kessler,
196! microphysics_seifert added.
197!
198! 1815 2016-04-06 13:49:59Z raasch
199! cpp-directive for decalpha removed
200!
201! 1808 2016-04-05 19:44:00Z raasch
202! MPI module used by default on all machines
203!
204! 1804 2016-04-05 16:30:18Z maronga
205! Removed code for parameter file check (__check)
206!
207! 1788 2016-03-10 11:01:04Z maronga
208! Added roughness length for moisture (z0q)
209!
210! 1786 2016-03-08 05:49:27Z raasch
211! module spectrum moved to new separate module
212!
213! 1783 2016-03-06 18:36:17Z raasch
214! netcdf variables moved to the netcdf-interface module
215!
216! 1779 2016-03-03 08:01:28Z raasch
217! coupling_char extended to LEN=3
218!
219! 1764 2016-02-28 12:45:19Z raasch
220! some reformatting
221!
222! 1762 2016-02-25 12:31:13Z hellstea
223! +nest_* variables, size of volume_flow arrays increased by one element
224!
225! 1738 2015-12-18 13:56:05Z raasch
226! +mean_surface_level_height
227!
228! 1695 2015-10-27 10:03:11Z maronga
229! Removed rif (forgotten in last revision)
230!
231! 1693 2015-10-27 08:35:45Z maronga
232! Renamed zp -> z_mo
233!
234! 1691 2015-10-26 16:17:44Z maronga
235! Renamed Obukhov length. Added ol, removed rif. Increased number of profiles
236! (pr_palm). Changed default values for dissipation_1d to 'detering' and
237! (mixing_length_1d to 'blackadar'. Added most_method. rif_min and rif_max
238! renamed to zeta_min and zeta_max and new values assigned.
239!
240! 1682 2015-10-07 23:56:08Z knoop
241! Code annotations made doxygen readable
242!
243! 1677 2015-10-02 13:25:23Z boeske
244! +ngp_yz_int, type_xz_int, type_yz_int
245!
246! 1666 2015-09-23 07:31:10Z raasch
247! +user_interface_current_revision, user_interface_required_revision in
248! control_parameters
249!
250! 1639 2015-08-31 14:46:48Z knoop
251! Bugfix: string 'unknown' extended to match LEN=13
252!
253! 1575 2015-03-27 09:56:27Z raasch
254! +ngp_xz
255!
256! 1560 2015-03-06 10:48:54Z keck
257! +recycling_yshift
258!
259! 1557 2015-03-05 16:43:04Z suehring
260! +monotonic_adjustment
261!
262! 1551 2015-03-03 14:18:16Z maronga
263! Increased pr_palm to 120. Increased length of dots_unit and dots_label to 13
264! digits. Increased length of domask, do2d, and do3d to 20 digits.
265!
266! 1496 2014-12-02 17:25:50Z maronga
267! Renamed "radiation" -> "cloud_top_radiation"
268!
269! 1484 2014-10-21 10:53:05Z kanani
270! Changes due to new module structure of the plant canopy model:
271!   canopy-model related parameters/variables moved to module
272!   plant_canopy_model_mod
273!
274! 1468 2014-09-24 14:06:57Z maronga
275! Adapted for use on up to 6-digit processor cores.
276! Increased identifier string length for user-defined quantities to 20.
277!
278! 1450 2014-08-21 07:31:51Z heinze
279! ntnudge from 100 to 1000 increased to allow longer simulations
280!
281! 1431 2014-07-15 14:47:17Z suehring
282! +var_d
283!
284! 1429 2014-07-15 12:53:45Z knoop
285! +ensemble_member_nr to prepare the random_generator for ensemble runs
286!
287! 1382 2014-04-30 12:15:41Z boeske
288! Renamed variables which store large scale forcing tendencies
289! pt_lsa -> td_lsa_lpt, pt_subs -> td_sub_lpt,
290! q_lsa  -> td_lsa_q,   q_subs  -> td_sub_q
291!
292! 1365 2014-04-22 15:03:56Z boeske
293! Usage of large scale forcing enabled:
294! increase pr_palm from 90 to 100 to allow for more standard profiles
295! + ngp_sums_ls, pt_lsa, pt_subs, q_lsa, q_subs, tmp_tnudge, sums_ls_l,
296! use_subsidence_tendencies
297!
298! 1361 2014-04-16 15:17:48Z hoffmann
299! tend_* removed
300! call_microphysics_at_all_substeps added
301! default of drizzle set to true
302!
303! 1359 2014-04-11 17:15:14Z hoffmann
304! particle_attributes moved to mod_particle_attributes.f90
305!
306! 1353 2014-04-08 15:21:23Z heinze
307! REAL constants provided with KIND-attribute
308!
309! 1327 2014-03-21 11:00:16Z raasch
310! REAL constants defined as wp-kind
311! -avs_output, data_output_format, do3d_compress, iso2d_output, netcdf_output
312!
313! 1320 2014-03-20 08:40:49Z raasch
314! ONLY-attribute added to USE-statements,
315! kind-parameters added to all INTEGER and REAL declaration statements,
316! kinds are defined in new module kinds,
317! old module precision_kind is removed,
318! revision history before 2012 removed,
319! comment fields (!:) to be used for variable explanations added to
320! all variable declaration statements
321!
322! 1318 2014-03-17 13:35:16Z raasch
323! module cpulog moved to new separate module-file
324! interface for cpu_log removed
325!
326! 1314 2014-03-14 18:25:17Z suehring
327! + log_z_z0, number_of_sublayers, z0_av_global
328! 1308 2014-03-13 14:58:42Z fricke
329! +ntdim_2d_xy, ntdim_2d_xz, ntdim_2d_yz, ntdim_3d
330!
331! 1257 2013-11-08 15:18:40Z raasch
332! set default values for grid indices of maximum velocity components
333! u|v|w_max_ijk
334!
335! 1241 2013-10-30 11:36:58Z heinze
336! Usage of nudging enabled
337! +nudging, ntnudge, ptnudge, qnudge, tnudge, unudge, vnudge, wnudge
338! increase pr_palm from 80 to 90 to allow for more standard profiles
339!
340! Enable prescribed time depenend surface fluxes and geostrophic wind read in
341! from external file LSF_DATA
342! +large_scale_forcing, lsf_surf, lsf_vert, nlsf, time_surf, shf_surf, qsws_surf,
343!  pt_surf, q_surf, p_surf, time_vert, ug_vert, vg_vert, wsubs_vert
344!
345! 1221 2013-09-10 08:59:13Z raasch
346! wall_flags_0 changed to 32bit int, +wall_flags_00,
347! +rflags_s_inner, rflags_invers
348!
349! 1216 2013-08-26 09:31:42Z raasch
350! +transpose_compute_overlap,
351! several variables are now defined in the serial (non-parallel) case also
352!
353! 1212 2013-08-15 08:46:27Z raasch
354! +tri
355!
356! 1179 2013-06-14 05:57:58Z raasch
357! +reference_state, ref_state, use_initial_profile_as_reference, vpt_reference,
358! use_reference renamed use_single_reference_value
359!
360! 1159 2013-05-21 11:58:22Z fricke
361! -bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
362! +use_cmax
363!
364! 1128 2013-04-12 06:19:32Z raasch
365! +background_communication, i_left, i_right, j_north, j_south, req, req_count,
366! send_receive, sendrecv_in_background, wait_stat
367!
368! 1115 2013-03-26 18:16:16Z hoffmann
369! unused variables removed
370!
371! 1113 2013-03-10 02:48:14Z raasch
372! +on_device
373!
374! 1111 2013-03-08 23:54:10Z raasch
375! +tric, nr_timesteps_this_run
376!
377! 1106 2013-03-04 05:31:38Z raasch
378! array_kind renamed precision_kind, pdims defined in serial code
379! bugfix: default value assigned to coupling_start_time
380!
381! 1095 2013-02-03 02:21:01Z raasch
382! FORTRAN error in r1092 removed
383!
384! 1092 2013-02-02 11:24:22Z raasch
385! character length in some derived type changed for better alignment
386!
387! 1065 2012-11-22 17:42:36Z hoffmann
388! + c_sedimentation, limiter_sedimentation, turbulence, a_1, a_2, a_3, b_1, b_2,
389! + b_3, c_1, c_2, c_3, beta_cc
390!
391! bottom boundary condition of qr, nr changed from Dirichlet to Neumann
392!
393! 1053 2012-11-13 17:11:03Z hoffmann
394! necessary expansions according to the two new prognostic equations (nr, qr)
395! of the two-moment cloud physics scheme:
396! +*_init, flux_l_*, diss_l_*, flux_s_*, diss_s_*, *sws, *swst, tend_*, *, *_p
397! +t*_m, *_1, *_2, *_3, *_av, bc_*_b, bc_*_t, ibc_*_b, ibc_*_t, bc_*_t_val,
398! +*_vertical_gradient, *_surface_initial_change, *_vertical_gradient_level,
399! +*_vertical_gradient_level_ind, *_surface, constant_waterflux_*, 
400! +cloud_scheme, icloud_scheme, surface_waterflux_*, sums_ws*s_ws_l, wall_*flux
401!
402! constants for the two-moment scheme:
403! +a_vent, a_term, b_vent, b_term, c_evap, c_term, cof, eps_sb, k_cc, k_cr, k_rr,
404! +k_br, kappa_rr, kin_vis_air, mu_constant_value, nc, pirho_l, dpirho_l, rho_1,
405! +schmidt, schmidt_p_1d3, stp, x0, xmin, xmax, dt_precipitation, w_precipitation
406!
407! steering parameters for the two_moment scheme:
408! +mu_constant, ventilation_effect
409!
410! 1036 2012-10-22 13:43:42Z raasch
411! code put under GPL (PALM 3.9)
412!
413! 1031 2012-10-19 14:35:30Z raasch
414! +output_format_netcdf
415!
416! 1015 2012-09-27 09:23:24Z raasch
417! +acc_rank, num_acc_per_node,
418! -adjust_mixing_length
419!
420! 1010 2012-09-20 07:59:54Z raasch
421! pointer free version can be generated with cpp switch __nopointer
422!
423! 1003 2012-09-14 14:35:53Z raasch
424! -grid_matching, nxa, nya, etc., nnx_pe, nny_pe, spl_*
425!
426! 1001 2012-09-13 14:08:46Z raasch
427! -asselin_filter_factor, cut_spline_overshoot, dt_changed, last_dt_change,
428! last_dt_change_1d, long_filter_factor, overshoot_limit_*, ups_limit_*
429! several pointer/target arrays converted to normal ones
430!
431! 996 2012-09-07 10:41:47Z raasch
432! -use_prior_plot1d_parameters
433!
434! 978 2012-08-09 08:28:32Z fricke
435! +c_u_m, c_u_m_l, c_v_m, c_v_m_l, c_w_m, c_w_m_l,
436! +bc_lr_dirneu, bc_lr_neudir, bc_ns_dirneu, bc_ns_neudir
437! -km_damp_x, km_damp_y, km_damp_max, outflow_damping_width
438! +z0h, z0h_av, z0h_factor, z0h1d
439! +ptdf_x, ptdf_y, pt_damping_width, pt_damping_factor
440!
441! 964 2012-07-26 09:14:24Z raasch
442! -cross_linecolors, cross_linestyles, cross_normalized_x, cross_normx_factor,
443! cross_normalized_y, cross_normy_factor, cross_pnc_local,
444! cross_profile_numbers, cross_profile_number_counter, cross_uxmax,
445! cross_uxmax_computed, cross_uxmax_normalized,
446! cross_uxmax_normalized_computed, cross_uxmin, cross_uxmin_computed,
447! cross_uxmin_normalized, cross_uxmin_normalized_computed, cross_uymax,
448! cross_uymin, cross_xtext, dopr_crossindex, dopr_label, linecolors, linestyles,
449! nz_do1d, profil_output, z_max_do1d, z_max_do1d_normalized
450!
451! 951 2012-07-19 14:22:52Z hoffmann
452! changing profile_columns and profile_rows
453!
454! 940 2012-07-09 14:31:00Z raasch
455! +neutral
456!
457! 927 2012-06-06 19:15:04Z raasch
458! +masking_method
459!
460! 880 2012-04-13 06:28:59Z raasch
461! gathered_size, subdomain_size moved to control_parameters
462!
463! 866 2012-03-28 06:44:41Z raasch
464! interface for global_min_max changed
465!
466! 861 2012-03-26 14:18:34Z suehring
467! +wall_flags_0
468! -boundary_flags
469! +nzb_max
470! +adv_sca_1, +adv_mom_1
471!
472! 849 2012-03-15 10:35:09Z raasch
473! +deleted_particles, deleted_tails, tr.._count_sum, tr.._count_recv_sum in
474! particle_attributes,
475! +de_dx, de_dy, de_dz in arrays_3d,
476! first_call_advec_particles renamed first_call_lpm
477!
478! 828 2012-02-21 12:00:36Z raasch
479! +dissipation_classes, radius_classes, use_kernel_tables,
480! particle feature color renamed class
481!
482! 825 2012-02-19 03:03:44Z raasch
483! +bfactor, curvature_solution_effects, eps_ros, molecular_weight_of_water,
484! vanthoff, -b_cond in cloud_parameters,
485! dopts_num increased to 29, particle attributes speed_x|y|z_sgs renamed
486! rvar1|2|3
487! wang_collision_kernel and turbulence_effects_on_collision replaced by
488! collision_kernel, hall_kernel, palm_kernel, wang_kernel
489!
490! 809 2012-01-30 13:32:58Z marongas
491! Bugfix: replaced .AND. and .NOT. with && and ! in the preprocessor directives
492!
493! 807 2012-01-25 11:53:51Z maronga
494! New cpp directive "__check" implemented which is used by check_namelist_files.
495! New parameter check_restart has been defined which is needed by
496! check_namelist_files only.
497!
498! 805 2012-01-17 15:53:28Z franke
499! Bugfix collective_wait must be out of parallel branch for runs in serial mode
500!
501! 801 2012-01-10 17:30:36Z suehring
502! Dimesion of sums_wsus_ws_l, ! sums_wsvs_ws_l, sums_us2_ws_l, sums_vs2_ws_l,
503! sums_ws2_ws_l, sums_wspts_ws_l, sums_wsqs_ws_l, sums_wssas_ws_l increased.
504! for thread-safe summation in advec_ws.
505!
506! RCS Log replace by Id keyword, revision history cleaned up
507!
508! Revision 1.95  2007/02/11 13:18:30  raasch
509! version 3.1b (last under RCS control)
510!
511! Revision 1.1  1997/07/24 11:21:26  raasch
512! Initial revision
513!
514!
515!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
516! Description:
517! ------------
518!> Definition of global variables
519!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
520
521
522!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
523! Description:
524! ------------
525!> Definition of variables for special advection schemes.
526!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
527 MODULE advection
528 
529    USE kinds
530
531    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  aex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
532    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  bex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
533    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
534    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  eex  !< exponential coefficient for the Bott-Chlond advection scheme
535   
536    SAVE
537
538 END MODULE advection
539
540
541!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
542! Description:
543! ------------
544!> Definition of all arrays defined on the computational grid.
545!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
546 MODULE arrays_3d
547
548    USE kinds
549
550    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition
551    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for u-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
552    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition
553    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for v-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
554    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m                  !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition
555    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w_m_l                !< mean phase velocity at outflow for w-component used in radiation boundary condition (local subdomain value)
556    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu                   !< 1/dzu
557    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzu_pres              !< modified ddzu for pressure solver
558    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dd2zu                  !< 1/(dzu(k)+dzu(k+1))
559    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu                    !< vertical grid size (u-grid)
560    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddzw                   !< 1/dzw
561    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw                    !< vertical grid size (w-grid)
562    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyp                    !< hydrostatic pressure
563    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  inflow_damping_factor  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
564    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l_grid                 !< geometric mean of grid sizes dx, dy, dz
565    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_x                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in x-direction
566    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ptdf_y                 !< damping factor for potential temperature in y-direction
567    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_init                !< initial profile of potential temperature
568    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  q_init                 !< initial profile of specific humidity
569                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
570    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf                    !< rayleigh damping factor for velocity components
571    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rdf_sc                 !< rayleigh damping factor for scalar quantities
572    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ref_state              !< reference state of potential temperature
573                                                                   !< (and density in case of ocean simulation)
574    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  s_init                 !< initial profile of passive scalar concentration
575    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sa_init                !< initial profile of salinity (ocean)
576    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ug                     !< geostrophic wind component in x-direction
577    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component u
578    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  vg                     !< geostrophic wind component in y-direction
579    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_init                 !< initial profile of horizontal velocity component v
580    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_subs                 !< subsidence/ascent velocity
581    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu                     !< vertical grid coordinate of u-grid (in m)
582    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw                     !< vertical grid coordinate of w-grid (in m)
583
584    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_u                   !< phase speed of u-velocity component
585    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_v                   !< phase speed of v-velocity component
586    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  c_w                   !< phase speed of w-velocity component
587    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_e              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
588    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration   
589    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_nr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration   
590    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_pt             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
591    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_q              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
592    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qc             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
593    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_qr             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
594    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_s              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
595    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_sa             !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - salinity
596    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_u              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - u-component
597    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_v              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - v-component
598    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_s_w              !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at south face of grid box - w-component
599    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzu_mg                !< vertical grid size (u-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
600    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dzw_mg                !< vertical grid size (w-grid) for multigrid pressure solver
601    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_e              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
602    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
603    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_nr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
604    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_pt             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
605    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_q              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
606    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qc             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
607    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_qr             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
608    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_s              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
609    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_sa             !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
610    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_u              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
611    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_v              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
612    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_s_w              !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
613    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f1_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
614    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f2_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
615    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  f3_mg                 !< grid factor used in right hand side of Gauss-Seidel equation (multigrid)
616    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_inflow_profiles  !< used for turbulent inflow (non-cyclic boundary conditions)
617    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_amount  !< precipitation amount due to gravitational settling (bulk microphysics)
618    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_rate    !< precipitation rate (bulk microphysics)
619    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_slope_ref          !< potential temperature in rotated coordinate system
620                                                                    !< (in case of sloped surface)
621    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_a            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (atmosphere data)
622    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  total_2d_o            !< horizontal array to store the total domain data, used for atmosphere-ocean coupling (ocean data)
623   
624    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  d          !< divergence
625    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dx      !< gradient of sgs tke in x-direction (lpm)
626    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dy      !< gradient of sgs tke in y-direction (lpm)
627    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  de_dz      !< gradient of sgs tke in z-direction (lpm)
628    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss       !< TKE dissipation rate
629    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_e   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
630    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nc  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
631    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_nr  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
632    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_pt  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - potential temperature
633    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_q   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - mixing ratio
634    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qc  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - cloudwater
635    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_qr  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - rainwater
636    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_s   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - passive scalar
637    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_sa  !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - salinity
638    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_u   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - u-component
639    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_v   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - v-component
640    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  diss_l_w   !< artificial numerical dissipation flux at left face of grid box - w-component
641    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_e   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - subgrid-scale TKE
642    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nc  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - clouddrop-number concentration
643    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_nr  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - raindrop-number concentration
644    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_pt  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - potential temperature
645    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_q   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - mixing ratio
646    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qc  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - cloudwater
647    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_qr  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - rainwater
648    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_s   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - passive scalar
649    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_sa  !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - salinity
650    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_u   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - u-component
651    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_v   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - v-component
652    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  flux_l_w   !< 6th-order advective flux at south face of grid box - w-component
653    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  kh         !< eddy diffusivity for heat
654    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  km         !< eddy diffusivity for momentum
655    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  l_wall     !< near-wall mixing length
656    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  prr        !< rain rate
657    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  p_loc      !< local array in multigrid/sor solver containing the pressure which is iteratively advanced in each iteration step
658    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tend       !< tendency field (time integration)
659    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tric       !< coefficients of the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space
660    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_l      !< velocity data (u at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
661    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_n      !< velocity data (u at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
662    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_r      !< velocity data (u at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
663    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  u_m_s      !< velocity data (u at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
664    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_l      !< velocity data (v at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
665    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_n      !< velocity data (v at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
666    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_r      !< velocity data (v at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
667    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  v_m_s      !< velocity data (v at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
668    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_l      !< velocity data (w at left boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
669    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_n      !< velocity data (w at north boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
670    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_r      !< velocity data (w at right boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
671    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  w_m_s      !< velocity data (w at south boundary) from time level t-dt required for radiation boundary condition
672
673#if defined( __nopointer )
674    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e          !< subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
675    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_p        !< prognostic value of sgs tke
676    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc         !< cloud drop number density
677    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_p       !< prognostic value of cloud drop number density
678    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr         !< rain drop number density
679    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_p       !< prognostic value of rain drop number density
680    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p          !< perturbation pressure
681    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho       !< potential density
682    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt         !< potential temperature
683    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_p       !< prognostic value of potential temperature
684    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q          !< specific humidity
685                                                                   !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
686    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_p        !< prognostic value of specific humidity
687    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc         !< cloud water content
688    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_p       !< cloud water content
689    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql         !< liquid water content
690    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c       !< change in liquid water content due to
691                                                                   !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
692    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v       !< volume of liquid water
693    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp      !< liquid water weighting factor
694    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr         !< rain water content
695    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_p       !< prognostic value of rain water content
696    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean  !< density of ocean
697    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s          !< passive scalar
698    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_p        !< prognostic value of passive scalar
699    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa         !< ocean salinity
700    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_p       !< prognostic value of ocean salinity
701    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  te_m       !< weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
702    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnc_m      !< weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
703    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tnr_m      !< weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
704    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tpt_m      !< weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
705    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tq_m       !< weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
706    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqc_m      !< weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
707    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tqr_m      !< weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
708    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ts_m       !< weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
709    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tsa_m      !< weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
710    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tu_m       !< weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
711    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tv_m       !< weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
712    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  tw_m       !< weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
713    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u          !< horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
714    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_p        !< prognostic value of u
715    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v          !< horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
716    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_p        !< prognostic value of v
717    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt        !< virtual potential temperature
718    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w          !< vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
719    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_p        !< prognostic value of w
720#else
721    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
722    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
723    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
724    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p       !< pointer: perturbation pressure
725    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prho_1  !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
726    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
727    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
728    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
729    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
730    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
731    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
732    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
733    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
734    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
735    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
736    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
737    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
738    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
739    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
740    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
741    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v    !< pointer: volume of liquid water
742    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp   !< pointer: liquid water weighting factor
743    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
744    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
745    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
746    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
747    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
748    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
749    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
750    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
751    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
752    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_1    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
753    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_2    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
754    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_3    !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
755    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
756    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
757    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
758    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
759    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
760    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
761    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_1   !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
762    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_1     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
763    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_2     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
764    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_3     !< pointer for swapping of timelevels for respective quantity
765
766    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  e          !< pointer: subgrid-scale turbulence kinetic energy (sgs tke)
767    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  e_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of sgs tke
768    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nc         !< pointer: cloud drop number density
769    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nc_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of cloud drop number density
770    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nr         !< pointer: rain drop number density
771    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  nr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain drop number density
772    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  prho       !< pointer: potential density
773    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  pt         !< pointer: potential temperature
774    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  pt_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of potential temperature
775    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  q          !< pointer: specific humidity
776    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  q_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of specific humidity
777    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qc         !< pointer: cloud water content
778    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qc_p       !< pointer: cloud water content
779    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ql         !< pointer: liquid water content
780    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ql_c       !< pointer: change in liquid water content due to
781                                                       !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
782    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qr         !< pointer: rain water content
783    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  qr_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of rain water content
784    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  rho_ocean  !< pointer: density of ocean
785    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  s          !< pointer: passive scalar
786    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  s_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of passive scalar
787    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sa         !< pointer: ocean salinity
788    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sa_p       !< pointer: prognostic value of ocean salinity
789    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  te_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of e for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
790    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tnc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
791    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tnr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of nr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
792    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tpt_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of pt for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
793    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tq_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of q for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
794    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tqc_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qc for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
795    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tqr_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of qr for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
796    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  ts_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of s for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
797    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tsa_m      !< pointer: weighted tendency of sa for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
798    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tu_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of u for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
799    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tv_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of v for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
800    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  tw_m       !< pointer: weighted tendency of w for previous sub-timestep (Runge-Kutta)
801    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  u          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component u (x-direction)
802    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  u_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of u
803    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  v          !< pointer: horizontal velocity component v (y-direction)
804    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  v_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of v
805    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  vpt        !< pointer: virtual potential temperature
806    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  w          !< pointer: vertical velocity component w (z-direction)
807    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  w_p        !< pointer: prognostic value of w
808#endif
809
810    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  tri    !<  array to hold the tridiagonal matrix for solution of the Poisson equation in Fourier space (4th dimension for threads)
811
812    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air      !< air density profile on the uv grid
813    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw   !< air density profile on the w grid
814    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air     !< inverse air density profile on the uv grid
815    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  drho_air_zw  !< inverse air density profile on the w grid
816
817    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_mg     !< air density profiles on the uv grid for multigrid
818    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rho_air_zw_mg  !< air density profiles on the w grid for multigrid
819
820    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_input_conversion       !< conversion factor array for heatflux input
821    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_input_conversion      !< conversion factor array for waterflux input
822    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_input_conversion   !< conversion factor array for momentumflux input
823    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  heatflux_output_conversion      !< conversion factor array for heatflux output
824    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  waterflux_output_conversion     !< conversion factor array for waterflux output
825    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  momentumflux_output_conversion  !< conversion factor array for momentumflux output
826
827    SAVE
828
829 END MODULE arrays_3d
830
831
832!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
833! Description:
834! ------------
835!> Definition of variables needed for time-averaging of 2d/3d data.
836!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
837 MODULE averaging
838 
839    USE kinds
840
841    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  lwp_av                 !< avg. liquid water path
842    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  precipitation_rate_av  !< avg. precipitation rate
843    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ol_av                  !< avg. Obukhov length
844    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  qsws_av                !< avg. surface moisture flux
845    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ssws_av                !< avg. surface scalar flux
846    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  shf_av                 !< avg. surface heat flux
847    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_av                  !< avg. characteristic temperature scale
848    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  us_av                  !< avg. friction velocity
849    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0_av                  !< avg. roughness length for momentum
850    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0h_av                 !< avg. roughness length for heat
851    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  z0q_av                 !< avg. roughness length for moisture
852
853    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  e_av          !< avg. subgrid-scale tke
854    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  lpt_av        !< avg. liquid water potential temperature
855    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nc_av         !< avg. cloud drop number density
856    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  nr_av         !< avg. rain drop number density
857    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  p_av          !< avg. perturbation pressure
858    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pc_av         !< avg. particle/droplet concentration
859    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pr_av         !< avg. particle/droplet radius
860    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  prr_av        !< avg. precipitation rate
861    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  pt_av         !< avg. potential temperature
862    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  q_av          !< avg. specific humidity
863                                                                      !< (or total water content with active cloud physics)
864    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qc_av         !< avg. cloud water content
865    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_av         !< avg. liquid water content
866    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_c_av       !< avg. change in liquid water content due to
867                                                                      !< condensation/evaporation during last time step
868    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_v_av       !< avg. volume of liquid water
869    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  ql_vp_av      !< avg. liquid water weighting factor
870    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qr_av         !< avg. rain water content
871    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  qv_av         !< avg. water vapor content (specific humidity)
872    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  rho_ocean_av  !< avg. ocean density
873    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  s_av          !< avg. passive scalar
874    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  sa_av         !< avg. salinity
875    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  u_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component u
876    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  v_av          !< avg. horizontal velocity component v
877    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  vpt_av        !< avg. virtual potential temperature
878    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE, TARGET ::  w_av          !< avg. vertical velocity component
879 
880 END MODULE averaging
881
882
883!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
884! Description:
885! ------------
886!> Definition of variables and constants for cloud physics.
887!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
888 MODULE cloud_parameters
889 
890    USE kinds
891
892    REAL(wp) ::  cp = 1005.0_wp                            !< heat capacity of dry air (J kg-1 K-1)
893    REAL(wp) ::  l_v = 2.5E+06_wp                          !< latent heat of vaporization (J kg-1)
894    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_cp                                    !< l_v / cp
895    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_r                                     !< l_v / r_d
896    REAL(wp) ::  l_d_rv                                    !< l_v / r_v   
897    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_weight_of_solute = 0.05844_wp   !< mol. m. NaCl (kg mol-1)
898    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_weight_of_water = 0.01801528_wp !< mol. m. H2O (kg mol-1)
899    REAL(wp) ::  rho_l = 1.0E3_wp                          !< density of water (kg m-3)
900    REAL(wp) ::  rho_s = 2165.0_wp                         !< density of NaCl (kg m-3)
901    REAL(wp) ::  r_d = 287.0_wp                            !< sp. gas const. dry air (J kg-1 K-1)
902    REAL(wp) ::  r_v = 461.51_wp                           !< sp. gas const. water vapor (J kg-1 K-1)
903    REAL(wp) ::  vanthoff = 2.0_wp                         !< van't Hoff factor for NaCl
904
905
906
907    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hyrho   !< density of air calculated with hydrostatic pressure
908    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  pt_d_t  !< ratio of potential and actual temperature
909    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  t_d_pt  !< ratio of actual and potential temperature
910
911    SAVE
912
913 END MODULE cloud_parameters
914
915
916!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
917! Description:
918! ------------
919!> Definition of general constants.
920!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
921 MODULE constants
922 
923    USE kinds
924
925    REAL(wp) ::  pi = 3.141592654_wp  !< PI
926    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_1            !< 1/4 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (1st-order part)
927    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_3            !< 1/24 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (3rd-order part)
928    REAL(wp) ::  adv_mom_5            !< 1/120 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for momentum advection (5th-order part)
929    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_1            !< 1/2 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (1st-order part)
930    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_3            !< 1/12 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (3rd-order part)
931    REAL(wp) ::  adv_sca_5            !< 1/60 - constant used in 5th-order advection scheme for scalar advection (5th-order part)
932   
933    SAVE
934
935 END MODULE constants
936
937 
938!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
939! Description:
940! ------------
941!> Definition of parameters for program control
942!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
943 MODULE control_parameters
944
945    USE kinds
946
947    TYPE file_status
948       LOGICAL ::  opened         !< file is currently open
949       LOGICAL ::  opened_before  !< file is currently closed, but has been openend before
950    END TYPE file_status
951   
952    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  mask_xyz_dimension = 100  !< limit of mask dimensions (100 points in each direction)
953    INTEGER, PARAMETER      ::  max_masks = 50            !< maximum number of masks
954    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  varnamelength = 30        !< length of output variable names
955
956    TYPE(file_status), DIMENSION(200+2*max_masks) ::                &  !< indicates if file is open or if it has been opened before
957                             openfile = file_status(.FALSE.,.FALSE.)
958
959    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  cycle_mg = 'w'                               !< namelist parameter (see documentation)
960    CHARACTER (LEN=1)    ::  timestep_reason = ' '                        !< 'A'dvection or 'D'iffusion criterion, written to RUN_CONTROL file
961    CHARACTER (LEN=3)    ::  coupling_char = ''                           !< appended to filenames in coupled ocean-atmosphere runs ('_O': ocean PE, '_A': atmosphere PE)
962    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  most_method = 'newton'                       !< namelist parameter
963    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_date                                     !< date of simulation run, printed to HEADER file
964    CHARACTER (LEN=8)    ::  run_time                                     !< time of simulation run, printed to HEADER file
965    CHARACTER (LEN=9)    ::  simulated_time_chr                           !< simulated time, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
966    CHARACTER (LEN=11)   ::  topography_grid_convention = ' '             !< namelist parameter
967    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  version = ' '                                !< PALM version number
968    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  revision = ' '                               !< PALM revision number
969    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_current_revision = ' '        !< revision number of the currently used user-interface (must match user_interface_required_revision)
970    CHARACTER (LEN=12)   ::  user_interface_required_revision = ' '       !< required user-interface revision number
971    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  conserve_volume_flow_mode = 'default'        !< namelist parameter
972    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  loop_optimization = 'cache'                  !< namelist parameter
973    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  momentum_advec = 'ws-scheme'                 !< namelist parameter
974    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  psolver = 'poisfft'                          !< namelist parameter
975    CHARACTER (LEN=16)   ::  scalar_advec = 'ws-scheme'                   !< namelist parameter
976    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  approximation = 'boussinesq'                 !< namelist parameter
977    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_input_mode = 'approximation-specific'   !< type of flux input: dynamic or kinematic
978    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  flux_output_mode = 'approximation-specific'  !< type of flux output: dynamic or kinematic
979    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_e_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
980    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_lr = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
981    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_ns = 'cyclic'                             !< namelist parameter
982    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_b = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
983    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_p_t = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
984    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
985    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_pt_t = 'initial_gradient'                 !< namelist parameter
986    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
987    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_q_t = 'neumann'                           !< namelist parameter
988    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_b = 'dirichlet'                         !< namelist parameter
989    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_s_t = 'initial_gradient'                  !< namelist parameter
990    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_sa_t = 'neumann'                          !< namelist parameter
991    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_b = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
992    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  bc_uv_t = 'dirichlet'                        !< namelist parameter
993    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  aerosol_bulk = 'nacl'                        !< namelist parameter
994    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  cloud_scheme = 'saturation_adjust'           !< namelist parameter
995    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode = 'uncoupled'                  !< coupling mode for atmosphere-ocean coupling 
996    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  coupling_mode_remote = 'uncoupled'           !< coupling mode of the remote process in case of coupled atmosphere-ocean runs
997    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  dissipation_1d = 'detering'                  !< namelist parameter
998    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  fft_method = 'temperton-algorithm'           !< namelist parameter
999    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  mixing_length_1d = 'blackadar'               !< namelist parameter
1000    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  random_generator = 'random-parallel'         !< namelist parameter
1001    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  reference_state = 'initial_profile'          !< namelist parameter 
1002    CHARACTER (LEN=20)   ::  timestep_scheme = 'runge-kutta-3'            !< namelist parameter       
1003    CHARACTER (LEN=40)   ::  topography = 'flat'                          !< namelist parameter
1004    CHARACTER (LEN=64)   ::  host = '????'                                !< hostname on which PALM is running, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by mrun
1005    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  log_message                                  !< user-defined message for debugging (sse data_log.f90)
1006    CHARACTER (LEN=80)   ::  run_identifier                               !< run identifier as given by mrun option -d, ENVPAR namelist parameter provided by mrun
1007    CHARACTER (LEN=100)  ::  initializing_actions = ' '                   !< namelist parameter
1008    CHARACTER (LEN=210)  ::  run_description_header                       !< string containing diverse run informations as run identifier, coupling mode, host, ensemble number, run date and time
1009    CHARACTER (LEN=1000) ::  message_string = ' '                         !< dynamic string for error message output
1010
1011    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1012    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  data_output_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1013    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(500) ::  doav = ' '              !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1014                                                                              !< averaged output quantities
1015                                           
1016    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks = ' '       !< namelist parameter
1017    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,100) ::  data_output_masks_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1018
1019    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(300) ::  data_output_pr = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1020   
1021    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(200) ::  data_output_pr_user = ' '  !< namelist parameter
1022   
1023    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(max_masks,0:1,100) ::  domask = ' ' !< label array for multi-dimensional,
1024                                                                                 !< masked output quantities
1025   
1026    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do2d = ' '  !< label array for 2d output quantities
1027    CHARACTER (LEN=varnamelength), DIMENSION(0:1,500) ::  do3d = ' '  !< label array for 3d output quantities
1028
1029    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  fl_max = 100     !< maximum number of virtual-flight measurements
1030    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  var_fl_max = 20  !< maximum number of different sampling variables in virtual flight measurements
1031   
1032    INTEGER(iwp) ::  abort_mode = 1                    !< abort condition (nested runs)
1033    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_pr = 0              !< number of samples in vertical-profile output
1034    INTEGER(iwp) ::  average_count_3d = 0              !< number of samples in 3d output
1035    INTEGER(iwp) ::  current_timestep_number = 0       !< current timestep number, printed to RUN_CONTROL file
1036    INTEGER(iwp) ::  coupling_topology = 0             !< switch for atmosphere-ocean-coupling: 0: same number of grid points and PEs along x and y in atmosphere and ocean, otherwise 1
1037    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_range = 0                    !< switch for steering the horizontal disturbance range, 1: inflow disturbances in case of non-cyclic horizontal BC, 0: otherwise
1038    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_b           !< lowest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1039    INTEGER(iwp) ::  disturbance_level_ind_t           !< highest grid index where flow disturbance is applied
1040    INTEGER(iwp) ::  doav_n = 0                        !< number of 2d/3d output quantities subject to time averaging
1041    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_n = 0                        !< number of profile output quantities subject to time averaging
1042    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for profile output
1043    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopts_time_count = 0              !< number of output intervals for particle data timeseries
1044    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dots_time_count = 0               !< number of output intervals for timeseries output
1045    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dp_level_ind_b = 0                !< lowest grid index for external pressure gradient forcing
1046    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_filecount = 0                !< parameter for dvr visualization software
1047    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dz_stretch_level_index            !< vertical grid level index above which the vertical grid spacing is stretched
1048    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ensemble_member_nr = 0            !< namelist parameter
1049    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gamma_mg                          !< switch for steering the multigrid cycle: 1: v-cycle, 2: w-cycle
1050    INTEGER(iwp) ::  gathered_size                     !< number of total domain grid points of the grid level which is gathered on PE0 (multigrid solver)
1051    INTEGER(iwp) ::  grid_level                        !< current grid level handled in the multigrid solver
1052    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_e_b                           !< integer flag for bc_e_b
1053    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_b                           !< integer flag for bc_p_b
1054    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_p_t                           !< integer flag for bc_p_t
1055    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_b                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_b
1056    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_pt_t                          !< integer flag for bc_pt_t
1057    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_b                           !< integer flag for bc_q_b
1058    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_q_t                           !< integer flag for bc_q_t
1059    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_b                           !< integer flag for bc_s_b
1060    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_s_t                           !< integer flag for bc_s_t
1061    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_sa_t                          !< integer flag for bc_sa_t
1062    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_b                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_b
1063    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibc_uv_t                          !< integer flag for bc_uv_t
1064    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_begin = -1     !< namelist parameter
1065    INTEGER(iwp) ::  inflow_disturbance_end = -1       !< namelist parameter
1066    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count       !< number of current Runge-Kutta substep
1067    INTEGER(iwp) ::  intermediate_timestep_count_max   !< maximum number of Runge-Kutta substeps
1068    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_group = 0                      !< I/O group to which the PE belongs (= #PE / io_blocks)
1069    INTEGER(iwp) ::  io_blocks = 1                     !< number of blocks for which I/O is done in sequence (total number of PEs / maximum_parallel_io_streams)
1070    INTEGER(iwp) ::  iran = -1234567                   !< integer random number used for flow disturbances
1071    INTEGER(iwp) ::  lod = 1                           !< level of detail, topography input parameter
1072    INTEGER(iwp) ::  masks = 0                         !< counter for number of masked output quantities
1073    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_grid_level                !< number of grid levels that the multigrid solver is using
1074    INTEGER(iwp) ::  maximum_parallel_io_streams = -1  !< maximum number of parallel io streams that the underlying parallel file system allows, set with mrun option -w, ENVPAR namelist parameter, provided by mrun
1075    INTEGER(iwp) ::  max_pr_user = 0                   !< number of user-defined profiles (must not change within a job chain)
1076    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mgcycles = 0                      !< number of multigrid cycles that the multigrid solver has actually carried out
1077    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_cycles = 4                     !< namelist parameter
1078    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mg_switch_to_pe0_level = -1       !< namelist parameter
1079    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mid                               !< masked output running index
1080    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngsrb = 2                         !< namelist parameter
1081    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nr_timesteps_this_run = 0         !< number of timesteps (cpu time measurements)
1082    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor = 20                         !< namelist parameter
1083    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nsor_ini = 100                    !< namelist parameter
1084    INTEGER(iwp) ::  n_sor                             !< number of iterations to be used in SOR-scheme
1085    INTEGER(iwp) ::  normalizing_region = 0            !< namelist parameter
1086    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_leg=0                         !< number of different legs in virtual flight measurements
1087    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl                        !< number of sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1088    INTEGER(iwp) ::  num_var_fl_user=0                 !< number of user-defined sampling/output variables in virtual flight measurements
1089    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_do3d = -9999                   !< namelist parameter
1090    INTEGER(iwp) ::  prt_time_count = 0                !< number of output intervals for particle data output
1091    INTEGER(iwp) ::  recycling_plane                   !< position of recycling plane along x (in grid points) in case of turbulence recycling
1092    INTEGER(iwp) ::  runnr = 0                         !< number of run in job chain
1093    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subdomain_size                    !< number of grid points in (3d) subdomain including ghost points
1094    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled = 0             !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs
1095    INTEGER(iwp) ::  terminate_coupled_remote = 0      !< switch for steering termination in case of coupled runs (condition of the remote model)
1096    INTEGER(iwp) ::  timestep_count = 0                !< number of timesteps carried out since the beginning of the initial run
1097    INTEGER(iwp) ::  y_shift = 0                       !< namelist parameter
1098    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxl(0:1)                               !< left boundary of disturbance region
1099    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nxr(0:1)                               !< right boundary of disturbance region
1100    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nyn(0:1)                               !< north boundary of disturbance region
1101    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dist_nys(0:1)                               !< south boundary of disturbance region
1102    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 2d output quantities
1103    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xy_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1104    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_xz_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1105    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do2d_yz_time_count(0:1)                     !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1106    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_no(0:1) = 0                            !< number of 3d output quantities
1107    INTEGER(iwp) ::  do3d_time_count(0:1)                        !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1108    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_no(max_masks,0:1) = 0                !< number of masked output quantities
1109    INTEGER(iwp) ::  domask_time_count(max_masks,0:1)            !< number of output intervals for masked data
1110    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size(max_masks,3) = -1                 !< size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1111    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_size_l(max_masks,3) = -1               !< subdomain size of mask array per mask and dimension (for netcdf output)
1112    INTEGER(iwp) ::  mask_start_l(max_masks,3) = -1              !< subdomain start index of mask array (for netcdf output)
1113    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of pt_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1114    INTEGER(iwp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of q_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1115    INTEGER(iwp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999   !< grid index values of s_vertical_gradient_level(s)   
1116    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of sa_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1117    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section(100,3)                              !< collective array for section_xy/xz/yz
1118    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xy(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1119    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_xz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1120    INTEGER(iwp) ::  section_yz(100) = -9999                     !< namelist parameter
1121    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of ug_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1122    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level_ind(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of vg_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1123    INTEGER(iwp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level_i(10) = -9999  !< grid index values of subs_vertical_gradient_level(s)
1124
1125    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xy  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xy)
1126    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_xz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (xz)
1127    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_2d_yz  !< number of output intervals for 2d data (yz)
1128    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(0:1) ::  ntdim_3d     !< number of output intervals for 3d data
1129
1130    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  grid_level_count  !< internal switch for steering the multigrid v- and w-cycles
1131
1132    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1133    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1134    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k         !< subdomain grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1135    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_i_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on x-dimension
1136    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_j_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on y-dimension
1137    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_k_global  !< global grid index of masked output point on z-dimension
1138
1139    LOGICAL ::  aerosol_nacl =.TRUE.                         !< nacl aerosol for bulk scheme
1140    LOGICAL ::  aerosol_c3h4o4 =.FALSE.                      !< malonic acid aerosol for bulk scheme
1141    LOGICAL ::  aerosol_nh4no3 =.FALSE.                      !< malonic acid aerosol for bulk scheme
1142    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_cyc =.TRUE.                            !< left-right boundary condition cyclic?
1143    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_dirrad = .FALSE.                       !< left-right boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1144    LOGICAL ::  bc_lr_raddir = .FALSE.                       !< left-right boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1145    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_cyc = .TRUE.                           !< north-south boundary condition cyclic?
1146    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_dirrad = .FALSE.                       !< north-south boundary condition dirichlet/radiation?
1147    LOGICAL ::  bc_ns_raddir = .FALSE.                       !< north-south boundary condition radiation/dirichlet?
1148    LOGICAL ::  call_microphysics_at_all_substeps = .FALSE.  !< namelist parameter
1149    LOGICAL ::  call_psolver_at_all_substeps = .TRUE.        !< namelist parameter
1150    LOGICAL ::  cloud_droplets = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1151    LOGICAL ::  cloud_physics = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1152    LOGICAL ::  cloud_top_radiation = .FALSE.                !< namelist parameter
1153    LOGICAL ::  conserve_volume_flow = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1154    LOGICAL ::  constant_diffusion = .FALSE.                 !< diffusion coefficient constant?
1155    LOGICAL ::  constant_flux_layer = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1156    LOGICAL ::  constant_heatflux = .TRUE.                   !< heat flux at all surfaces constant?
1157    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_heatflux = .TRUE.               !< heat flux at domain top constant?
1158    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_momentumflux = .FALSE.          !< momentum flux at domain topconstant?
1159    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_salinityflux = .TRUE.           !< salinity flux at ocean domain top?
1160    LOGICAL ::  constant_top_scalarflux = .TRUE.             !< passive-scalar flux at domain top constant?
1161    LOGICAL ::  constant_scalarflux = .TRUE.                 !< passive-scalar flux at surfaces constant?
1162    LOGICAL ::  constant_waterflux = .TRUE.                  !< water flux at all surfaces constant?
1163    LOGICAL ::  create_disturbances = .TRUE.                 !< namelist parameter
1164    LOGICAL ::  data_output_during_spinup = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1165    LOGICAL ::  data_output_2d_on_each_pe = .TRUE.           !< namelist parameter
1166    LOGICAL ::  disturbance_created = .FALSE.                !< flow disturbance imposed?
1167    LOGICAL ::  do2d_at_begin = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1168    LOGICAL ::  do3d_at_begin = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1169    LOGICAL ::  do_sum = .FALSE.                             !< contribute to time average of profile data?
1170    LOGICAL ::  dp_external = .FALSE.                        !< namelist parameter
1171    LOGICAL ::  dp_smooth = .FALSE.                          !< namelist parameter
1172    LOGICAL ::  dt_fixed = .FALSE.                           !< fixed timestep (namelist parameter dt set)?
1173    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached                                !< internal timestep for particle advection
1174    LOGICAL ::  dt_3d_reached_l                              !< internal timestep for particle advection
1175    LOGICAL ::  first_call_lpm = .TRUE.                      !< call lpm only once per timestep?
1176    LOGICAL ::  force_print_header = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1177    LOGICAL ::  galilei_transformation = .FALSE.             !< namelist parameter
1178    LOGICAL ::  humidity = .FALSE.                           !< namelist parameter
1179    LOGICAL ::  humidity_remote = .FALSE.                    !< switch for receiving near-surface humidity flux (atmosphere-ocean coupling)
1180    LOGICAL ::  inflow_l = .FALSE.                           !< left domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1181    LOGICAL ::  inflow_n = .FALSE.                           !< north domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1182    LOGICAL ::  inflow_r = .FALSE.                           !< right domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1183    LOGICAL ::  inflow_s = .FALSE.                           !< south domain boundary has non-cyclic inflow?
1184    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_forcing = .FALSE.                !< namelist parameter
1185    LOGICAL ::  large_scale_subsidence = .FALSE.             !< namelist parameter
1186    LOGICAL ::  land_surface = .FALSE.                       !< use land surface model?
1187    LOGICAL ::  lsf_exception = .FALSE.                      !< use of lsf with buildings (temporary)?
1188    LOGICAL ::  lsf_surf = .TRUE.                            !< use surface forcing (large scale forcing)?
1189    LOGICAL ::  lsf_vert = .TRUE.                            !< use atmospheric forcing (large scale forcing)?
1190    LOGICAL ::  masking_method = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1191    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_sat_adjust = .FALSE.            !< use saturation adjust bulk scheme?
1192    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_kessler = .FALSE.               !< use kessler bulk scheme?
1193    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_morrison = .FALSE.              !< use 2-moment Morrison (add. prog. eq. for nc and qc)
1194    LOGICAL ::  microphysics_seifert = .FALSE.               !< use 2-moment Seifert and Beheng scheme
1195    LOGICAL ::  mg_switch_to_pe0 = .FALSE.                   !< internal multigrid switch for steering the ghost point exchange in case that data has been collected on PE0
1196    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_l = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on left side?
1197    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_n = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on north side?
1198    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_r = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on right side?
1199    LOGICAL ::  nest_bound_s = .FALSE.                       !< nested boundary on south side?
1200    LOGICAL ::  nest_domain  = .FALSE.                       !< domain is nested into a parent domain?
1201    LOGICAL ::  neutral = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1202    LOGICAL ::  nudging = .FALSE.                            !< namelist parameter
1203    LOGICAL ::  ocean = .FALSE.                              !< namelist parameter
1204    LOGICAL ::  outflow_l = .FALSE.                          !< left domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1205    LOGICAL ::  outflow_n = .FALSE.                          !< north domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1206    LOGICAL ::  outflow_r = .FALSE.                          !< right domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1207    LOGICAL ::  outflow_s = .FALSE.                          !< south domain boundary has non-cyclic outflow?
1208    LOGICAL ::  passive_scalar = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1209    LOGICAL ::  precipitation = .FALSE.                      !< namelist parameter
1210    LOGICAL ::  random_heatflux = .FALSE.                    !< namelist parameter
1211    LOGICAL ::  recycling_yshift = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1212    LOGICAL ::  run_control_header = .FALSE.                 !< onetime output of RUN_CONTROL header
1213    LOGICAL ::  run_coupled = .TRUE.                         !< internal switch telling PALM to run in coupled mode (i.e. to exchange surface data) in case of atmosphere-ocean coupling
1214    LOGICAL ::  scalar_rayleigh_damping = .TRUE.             !< namelist parameter
1215    LOGICAL ::  sloping_surface = .FALSE.                    !< use sloped surface? (namelist parameter alpha_surface)
1216    LOGICAL ::  spinup = .FALSE.                             !< perform model spinup without atmosphere code?
1217    LOGICAL ::  stop_dt = .FALSE.                            !< internal switch to stop the time stepping
1218    LOGICAL ::  synchronous_exchange = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1219    LOGICAL ::  synthetic_turbulence_generator = .FALSE.     !< flag for synthetic turbulence generator module
1220    LOGICAL ::  terminate_run = .FALSE.                      !< terminate run (cpu-time limit, restarts)?
1221    LOGICAL ::  transpose_compute_overlap = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1222    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_inflow = .FALSE.                   !< namelist parameter
1223    LOGICAL ::  turbulent_outflow = .FALSE.                  !< namelist parameter
1224    LOGICAL ::  urban_surface = .FALSE.                      !< use urban surface model?
1225    LOGICAL ::  use_cmax = .TRUE.                            !< namelist parameter
1226    LOGICAL ::  use_initial_profile_as_reference = .FALSE.   !< use of initial profiles as reference state?
1227    LOGICAL ::  use_prescribed_profile_data = .FALSE.        !< use of prescribed wind profiles?
1228                                                             !< (namelist parameters u_profile, v_profile)
1229    LOGICAL ::  use_single_reference_value = .FALSE.         !< use of single value as reference state?
1230    LOGICAL ::  use_subsidence_tendencies = .FALSE.          !< namelist parameter
1231    LOGICAL ::  use_surface_fluxes = .FALSE.                 !< namelist parameter
1232    LOGICAL ::  use_top_fluxes = .FALSE.                     !< namelist parameter
1233    LOGICAL ::  use_ug_for_galilei_tr = .TRUE.               !< namelist parameter
1234    LOGICAL ::  use_upstream_for_tke = .FALSE.               !< namelist parameter
1235    LOGICAL ::  virtual_flight = .FALSE.                     !< use virtual flight model?
1236    LOGICAL ::  wall_adjustment = .TRUE.                     !< namelist parameter
1237    LOGICAL ::  write_binary = .FALSE.                       !< ENVPAR namelist parameter to steer restart I/O (ENVPAR is created by mrun)
1238    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_sca = .FALSE.                      !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (scalar advection)?
1239    LOGICAL ::  ws_scheme_mom = .FALSE.                      !< use Wicker-Skamarock scheme (momentum advection)?
1240
1241    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xy(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xy cross-section data?
1242    LOGICAL ::  data_output_xz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of xz cross-section data?
1243    LOGICAL ::  data_output_yz(0:1) = .FALSE.                !< output of yz cross-section data?
1244
1245    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_x = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along x
1246                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1247    REAL(wp) ::  advected_distance_y = 0.0_wp                  !< advected distance of model domain along y
1248                                                               !< (galilei transformation)
1249    REAL(wp) ::  alpha_surface = 0.0_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1250    REAL(wp) ::  atmos_ocean_sign = 1.0_wp                     !< vertical-grid conversion factor
1251                                                               !< (=1.0 in atmosphere, =-1.0 in ocean)
1252    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1253    REAL(wp) ::  averaging_interval_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1254    REAL(wp) ::  bc_pt_t_val                                   !< vertical gradient of pt near domain top
1255    REAL(wp) ::  bc_q_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of humidity near domain top
1256    REAL(wp) ::  bc_s_t_val                                    !< vertical gradient of passive scalar near domain top
1257    REAL(wp) ::  bottom_salinityflux = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1258    REAL(wp) ::  building_height = 50.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1259    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_x = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1260    REAL(wp) ::  building_length_y = 50.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1261    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1262    REAL(wp) ::  building_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1263    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_height = 50.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1264    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1265    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1266    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_left = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1267    REAL(wp) ::  canyon_wall_south = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1268    REAL(wp) ::  cfl_factor = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1269    REAL(wp) ::  cos_alpha_surface                             !< cosine of alpha_surface
1270    REAL(wp) ::  coupling_start_time = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1271    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_amplitude = 0.25_wp               !< namelist parameter
1272    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_energy_limit = 0.01_wp            !< namelist parameter
1273    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_b = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1274    REAL(wp) ::  disturbance_level_t = -9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1275    REAL(wp) ::  dp_level_b = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1276    REAL(wp) ::  dt = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1277    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1278    REAL(wp) ::  dt_averaging_input_pr = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1279    REAL(wp) ::  dt_coupling = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1280    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1281    REAL(wp) ::  dt_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1282    REAL(wp) ::  dt_disturb = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1283    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1284    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopr_listing = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1285    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dopts = 9999999.9_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1286    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dots = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1287    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1288    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1289    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1290    REAL(wp) ::  dt_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1291    REAL(wp) ::  dt_dvrp = 9999999.9_wp                        !< namelist parameter
1292    REAL(wp) ::  dt_max = 20.0_wp                              !< namelist parameter
1293    REAL(wp) ::  dt_restart = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1294    REAL(wp) ::  dt_run_control = 60.0_wp                      !< namelist parameter
1295    REAL(wp) ::  dt_spinup = 60.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1296    REAL(wp) ::  dt_3d = 1.0_wp                                !< time step
1297    REAL(wp) ::  dz = -1.0_wp                                  !< namelist parameter
1298    REAL(wp) ::  dz_max = 9999999.9_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1299    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_factor = 1.08_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1300    REAL(wp) ::  dz_stretch_level = 100000.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1301    REAL(wp) ::  e_init = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1302    REAL(wp) ::  e_min = 0.0_wp                                !< namelist parameter
1303    REAL(wp) ::  end_time = 0.0_wp                             !< namelist parameter
1304    REAL(wp) ::  f = 0.0_wp                                    !< Coriolis parameter
1305    REAL(wp) ::  fs = 0.0_wp                                   !< Coriolis parameter
1306    REAL(wp) ::  g = 9.81_wp                                   !< gravitational acceleration
1307    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_height = 9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1308    REAL(wp) ::  inflow_damping_width = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1309    REAL(wp) ::  kappa = 0.4_wp                                !< von Karman constant
1310    REAL(wp) ::  km_constant = -1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1311    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_x = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1312    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_y = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1313    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale_z = 1.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1314    REAL(wp) ::  maximum_cpu_time_allowed = 0.0_wp             !< given wall time for run
1315    REAL(wp) ::  molecular_viscosity = 1.461E-5_wp             !< molecular viscosity (used in lsm and lpm)
1316    REAL(wp) ::  old_dt = 1.0E-10_wp                           !< length of previous timestep
1317    REAL(wp) ::  omega = 7.29212E-5_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1318    REAL(wp) ::  omega_sor = 1.8_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1319    REAL(wp) ::  outflow_source_plane = -9999999.9_wp          !< namelist parameter
1320    REAL(wp) ::  particle_maximum_age = 9999999.9_wp           !< namelist parameter
1321    REAL(wp) ::  phi = 55.0_wp                                 !< namelist parameter
1322    REAL(wp) ::  prandtl_number = 1.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1323    REAL(wp) ::  precipitation_amount_interval = 9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1324    REAL(wp) ::  prho_reference                                !< reference state of potential density
1325    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_factor = 0.0_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1326    REAL(wp) ::  pt_damping_width = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1327    REAL(wp) ::  pt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1328    REAL(wp) ::  pt_slope_offset = 0.0_wp                      !< temperature difference between left and right
1329                                                               !< boundary of total domain
1330    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface = 300.0_wp                         !< namelist parameter
1331    REAL(wp) ::  pt_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp            !< namelist parameter
1332    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1333    REAL(wp) ::  q_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1334    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_factor = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1335    REAL(wp) ::  rayleigh_damping_height = -1.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1336    REAL(wp) ::  recycling_width = 9999999.9_wp                !< namelist parameter
1337    REAL(wp) ::  residual_limit = 1.0E-4_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1338    REAL(wp) ::  restart_time = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1339    REAL(wp) ::  rho_reference                                 !< reference state of density
1340    REAL(wp) ::  rho_surface                                   !< surface value of density
1341    REAL(wp) ::  roughness_length = 0.1_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1342    REAL(wp) ::  sa_surface = 35.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1343    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time = 0.0_wp                       !< elapsed simulated time
1344    REAL(wp) ::  simulated_time_at_begin                       !< elapsed simulated time of previous run (job chain)
1345    REAL(wp) ::  sin_alpha_surface                             !< sine of alpha_surface (sloped surface)
1346    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output = 0.0_wp                !< namelist parameter
1347    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_data_output_av = 9999999.9_wp       !< namelist parameter
1348    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_dopr = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1349    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xy = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1350    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_xz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1351    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do2d_yz = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1352    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_do3d = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1353    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_amplitude = 9999999.9_wp            !< namelist parameter
1354    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_pt_mean = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1355    REAL(wp) ::  spinup_time = 0.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1356    REAL(wp) ::  surface_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1357    REAL(wp) ::  surface_pressure = 1013.25_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1358    REAL(wp) ::  surface_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1359    REAL(wp) ::  surface_waterflux = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1360    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1361    REAL(wp) ::  s_surface_initial_change = 0.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1362    REAL(wp) ::  termination_time_needed = 35.0_wp             !< namelist parameter
1363    REAL(wp) ::  time_coupling = 0.0_wp                        !< time since last coupling (surface_coupler)
1364    REAL(wp) ::  time_disturb = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last flow disturbance
1365    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last profile output
1366    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged profile output
1367    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopr_listing = 0.0_wp                    !< time since last profile output (ASCII) on file
1368    REAL(wp) ::  time_dopts = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last particle timeseries output
1369    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last spectra output
1370    REAL(wp) ::  time_dosp_av = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last averaged spectra output
1371    REAL(wp) ::  time_dots = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last timeseries output
1372    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xy = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xy cross-section output
1373    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_xz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last xz cross-section output
1374    REAL(wp) ::  time_do2d_yz = 0.0_wp                         !< time since last yz cross-section output
1375    REAL(wp) ::  time_do3d = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last 3d output
1376    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_av = 0.0_wp                           !< time since last averaged-data output
1377    REAL(wp) ::  time_do_sla = 0.0_wp                          !< time since last
1378    REAL(wp) ::  time_dvrp = 0.0_wp                            !< time since last dvrp output
1379    REAL(wp) ::  time_restart = 9999999.9_wp                   !< time at which run shall be terminated and restarted
1380    REAL(wp) ::  time_run_control = 0.0_wp                     !< time since last RUN_CONTROL output
1381    REAL(wp) ::  time_since_reference_point                    !< time after atmosphere-ocean coupling has been activated, or time after spinup phase of LSM has been finished
1382    REAL(wp) ::  top_heatflux = 9999999.9_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1383    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_u = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1384    REAL(wp) ::  top_momentumflux_v = 9999999.9_wp             !< namelist parameter
1385    REAL(wp) ::  top_salinityflux = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1386    REAL(wp) ::  top_scalarflux = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1387    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_height = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1388    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_length = 9999999.9_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1389    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_x = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1390    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_width_y = 9999999.9_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1391    REAL(wp) ::  tunnel_wall_depth = 9999999.9_wp              !< namelist parameter
1392    REAL(wp) ::  ug_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1393    REAL(wp) ::  u_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1394    REAL(wp) ::  u_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1395    REAL(wp) ::  vg_surface = 0.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1396    REAL(wp) ::  vpt_reference = 9999999.9_wp                  !< reference state of virtual potential temperature
1397    REAL(wp) ::  v_bulk = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1398    REAL(wp) ::  v_gtrans = 0.0_wp                             !< transformed wind component (galilei transformation)
1399    REAL(wp) ::  wall_adjustment_factor = 1.8_wp               !< adjustment factor for mixing length l
1400    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_max = 20.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1401    REAL(wp) ::  zeta_min = -20.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1402    REAL(wp) ::  z_max_do2d = -1.0_wp                          !< namelist parameter
1403    REAL(wp) ::  z0h_factor = 1.0_wp                           !< namelist parameter
1404
1405    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xy_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xy output
1406    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_xz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous xz output
1407    REAL(wp) ::  do2d_yz_last_time(0:1) = -1.0_wp                  !< time of previous yz output
1408    REAL(wp) ::  dpdxy(1:2) = 0.0_wp                               !< namelist parameter
1409    REAL(wp) ::  dt_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp               !< namelist parameter
1410    REAL(wp) ::  mask_scale(3)                                     !< collective array for mask_scale_x/y/z
1411    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1412    REAL(wp) ::  pt_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp          !< namelist parameter
1413    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1414    REAL(wp) ::  q_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp           !< namelist parameter
1415    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                  !< namelist parameter
1416    REAL(wp) ::  s_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp           !< namelist parameter
1417    REAL(wp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1418    REAL(wp) ::  sa_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -1.0_wp          !< namelist parameter
1419    REAL(wp) ::  skip_time_domask(max_masks) = 9999999.9_wp        !< namelist parameter
1420    REAL(wp) ::  threshold(20) = 0.0_wp                            !< namelist parameter
1421    REAL(wp) ::  time_domask(max_masks) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1422    REAL(wp) ::  tsc(10) = (/ 1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, &    !< array used for controlling time-integration at different substeps
1423                 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp, 0.0_wp /)
1424    REAL(wp) ::  u_profile(100) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1425    REAL(wp) ::  uv_heights(100) = 9999999.9_wp                    !< namelist parameter
1426    REAL(wp) ::  v_profile(100) = 9999999.9_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1427    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1428    REAL(wp) ::  ug_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1429    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp                 !< namelist parameter
1430    REAL(wp) ::  vg_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp    !< namelist parameter
1431    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow(1:3) = 0.0_wp                         !< volume flow through 1:yz-plane, 2: xz-plane, 3: xy-plane (nest childs only)
1432    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_area(1:3) = 0.0_wp                    !< area of the respective volume flow planes
1433    REAL(wp) ::  volume_flow_initial(1:3) = 0.0_wp                 !< initial volume flow (t=0) through the respective volume flow planes
1434    REAL(wp) ::  wall_heatflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                       !< namelist parameter
1435    REAL(wp) ::  wall_humidityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1436    REAL(wp) ::  wall_salinityflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                   !< namelist parameter
1437    REAL(wp) ::  wall_scalarflux(0:5) = 0.0_wp                     !< namelist parameter
1438    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient(10) = 0.0_wp               !< namelist parameter
1439    REAL(wp) ::  subs_vertical_gradient_level(10) = -9999999.9_wp  !< namelist parameter
1440
1441    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  dp_smooth_factor  !< smoothing factor for external pressure gradient forcing
1442
1443    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_x = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1444    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_y = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1445    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,mask_xyz_dimension) ::  mask_z = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1446   
1447    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_x_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1448    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_y_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1449    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(max_masks,3) ::  mask_z_loop = -1.0_wp  !< namelist parameter
1450   
1451!
1452!--    internal mask arrays ("mask,dimension,selection")
1453       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask       !< collective array for mask_x/y/z
1454       REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mask_loop  !< collective array for mask_x/y/z_loop
1455
1456    SAVE
1457
1458 END MODULE control_parameters
1459
1460
1461!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1462! Description:
1463! ------------
1464!> Definition of variables used with dvrp-software.
1465!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1466 MODULE dvrp_variables
1467
1468    USE kinds
1469
1470    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  dvrp_output = 'rtsp'        !< dvr namelist parameter
1471    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_color = 'none'     !< dvr namelist parameter
1472    CHARACTER (LEN=10) ::  particle_dvrpsize = 'none'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1473
1474    CHARACTER (LEN=20), DIMENSION(10) ::  mode_dvrp = &  !< dvr namelist parameter
1475                                     (/ ( '                    ', i9 = 1,10 ) /)
1476
1477    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_directory = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1478    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_file      = 'default'                     !< dvr namelist parameter
1479    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_host      = 'origin.rvs.uni-hannover.de'  !< dvr namelist parameter
1480    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_password  = '********'                    !< dvr namelist parameter
1481    CHARACTER (LEN=80) ::  dvrp_username  = ' '                           !< dvr namelist parameter
1482
1483    INTEGER(iwp) ::  cluster_size = 1                   !< dvr namelist parameter
1484    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries = 4        !< internal dvr software variable
1485    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dvrp_colortable_entries_prt = 22   !< internal dvr software variable
1486    INTEGER(iwp) ::  islice_dvrp                        !< internal dvr software variable
1487    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1488    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1489    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1490    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1491    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1492    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_dvrp                           !< internal dvr software variable
1493    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz_dvrp                            !< internal dvr software variable
1494    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeintime = 5           !< dvr namelist parameter
1495    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_fadeouttime = 5          !< dvr namelist parameter
1496    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_linecount = 1000         !< dvr namelist parameter
1497    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_maxhistory = 40          !< dvr namelist parameter
1498    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavecount = 10           !< dvr namelist parameter
1499    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pathlines_wavetime = 50            !< dvr namelist parameter
1500    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_gradient_normals = 0            !< dvr namelist parameter
1501    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_mode = 0                        !< dvr namelist parameter
1502    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_x = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1503    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_y = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1504    INTEGER(iwp) ::  vc_size_z = 2                      !< dvr namelist parameter
1505
1506    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(10) ::  slicer_position_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1507
1508    LOGICAL ::  cyclic_dvrp = .FALSE.                      !< internal dvr software variable
1509    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_overlap                               !< internal dvr software variable
1510    LOGICAL ::  dvrp_total_overlap                         !< internal dvr software variable
1511    LOGICAL ::  local_dvrserver_running                    !< namelist parameter (ENVPAR namelist provided by mrun)
1512    LOGICAL ::  lock_steering_update = .FALSE.             !< internal dvr software variable
1513    LOGICAL ::  use_seperate_pe_for_dvrp_output = .FALSE.  !< internal dvr software variable
1514
1515    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_l = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1516    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_n = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1517    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_r = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1518    REAL(wp) ::  clip_dvrp_s = 9999999.9_wp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1519    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation = 1.0_wp     !< dvr namelist parameter
1520    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_x = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1521    REAL(wp) ::  superelevation_y = 1.0_wp   !< dvr namelist parameter
1522    REAL(wp) ::  vc_alpha = 38.0_wp          !< dvr namelist parameter
1523
1524    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  color_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)     !< dvr namelist parameter
1525    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2) ::  dvrpsize_interval = (/ 0.0_wp, 1.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1526
1527    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  groundplate_color = (/ 0.0_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.0_wp /)  !< dvr namelist parameter
1528    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3) ::  topography_color = (/ 0.8_wp, 0.7_wp, 0.6_wp /)   !< dvr namelist parameter
1529
1530    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(2,10) ::  slicer_range_limits_dvrp  !< dvr namelist parameter
1531
1532    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(3,10) ::  isosurface_color  !< dvr namelist parameter
1533
1534    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp          !< internal dvr software variable
1535    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_values_dvrp_prt      !< internal dvr software variable
1536    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp               !< internal dvr software variable
1537    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_h_dvrp_prt           !< internal dvr software variable
1538    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp = 0.5_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1539    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_l_dvrp_prt = 0.5_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1540    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp = 1.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1541    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_s_dvrp_prt = 1.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1542    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp = 0.0_sp      !< internal dvr software variable
1543    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(2,100) ::  interval_a_dvrp_prt = 0.0_sp  !< internal dvr software variable
1544
1545    DATA  slicer_range_limits_dvrp / -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1546                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1547                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp, &
1548                                     -1.0_wp, 1.0_wp /
1549
1550    DATA  isosurface_color / 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp, 0.9_wp,  0.8_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1551                             0.1_wp, 0.8_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.6_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, &
1552                             0.1_wp, 0.6_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.4_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.1_wp,  0.1_wp, 0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, &
1553                             0.1_wp, 0.4_wp, 0.1_wp /
1554
1555    DATA  interval_h_dvrp / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1556                            25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1557
1558    DATA  interval_h_dvrp_prt / 270.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 225.0_wp, 180.0_wp, 70.0_wp, 25.0_wp, &  !< internal dvr software variable
1559                                25.0_wp, -25.0_wp, 192 * 0.0_wp /
1560
1561    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  xcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1562    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ycoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1563    REAL(sp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zcoor_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1564
1565    TYPE steering
1566       CHARACTER (LEN=24) ::  name  !< internal dvr software variable
1567       REAL(sp)           ::  min   !< internal dvr software variable
1568       REAL(sp)           ::  max   !< internal dvr software variable
1569       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imin  !< internal dvr software variable
1570       INTEGER(iwp)       ::  imax  !< internal dvr software variable
1571    END TYPE steering
1572
1573    TYPE(steering), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  steering_dvrp  !< internal dvr software variable
1574
1575    SAVE
1576
1577 END MODULE dvrp_variables
1578
1579
1580!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1581! Description:
1582! ------------
1583!> Definition of grid spacings.
1584!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1585 MODULE grid_variables
1586
1587    USE kinds
1588
1589    REAL(wp) ::  ddx          !< 1/dx
1590    REAL(wp) ::  ddx2         !< 1/dx2
1591    REAL(wp) ::  dx = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along x-direction)
1592    REAL(wp) ::  dx2          !< dx*dx
1593    REAL(wp) ::  ddy          !< 1/dy
1594    REAL(wp) ::  ddy2         !< 1/dy2
1595    REAL(wp) ::  dy = 1.0_wp  !< horizontal grid size (along y-direction)
1596    REAL(wp) ::  dy2          !< dy*dy
1597
1598    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddx2_mg  !< 1/dx_l**2 (dx_l: grid spacing along x on different multigrid level)
1599    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ddy2_mg  !< 1/dy_l**2 (dy_l: grid spacing along y on different multigrid level)
1600
1601    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zu_s_inner  !< height of topography top on scalar grid
1602    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  zw_w_inner  !< height of topography top on w grid
1603                                             
1604    SAVE
1605
1606 END MODULE grid_variables
1607
1608
1609!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1610! Description:
1611! ------------
1612!> Definition of array bounds, number of gridpoints, and wall flag arrays.
1613!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1614 MODULE indices
1615
1616    USE kinds
1617
1618    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nbgp = 3     !< number of boundary ghost points
1619    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums     !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of output profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1620    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_sums_ls  !< number of vertical profile grid points time number of large-scale forcing profiles - used for allreduce statements in MPI calls
1621    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnx          !< number of subdomain grid points in x-direction
1622    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx = 0       !< nx+1 = total number of grid points in x-direction
1623    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_a         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (atmosphere)
1624    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_o         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along x (ocean)
1625    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl          !< left-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1626    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlg         !< left-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1627    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxlu         !< =nxl+1 (at left domain boundary with inflow from left), else =nxl (used for u-velocity component)
1628    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr          !< right-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1629    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxrg         !< right-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1630    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nx_on_file   !< nx of previous run in job chain
1631    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nny          !< number of subdomain grid points in y-direction
1632    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny = 0       !< ny+1 = total number of grid points in y-direction
1633    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_a         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (atmosphere)
1634    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_o         !< in coupled atmosphere-ocean runs: total number of grid points along y (ocean)
1635    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn          !< north-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1636    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyng         !< north-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1637    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys          !< south-most grid index of subdomain (excluding ghost points)
1638    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysg         !< south-most grid index of subdomain (including ghost points)
1639    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nysv         !< =nys+1 (at south domain boundary with inflow from south), else =nys (used for v-velocity component)
1640    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ny_on_file   !< ny of previous run in job chain
1641    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nnz          !< number of subdomain grid points in z-direction
1642    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nz = 0       !< total number of grid points in z-direction
1643    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb          !< bottom grid index of computational domain
1644    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_diff     !< will be removed
1645    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_max      !< vertical index of topography top
1646    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt          !< nzt+1 = top grid index of computational domain
1647
1648    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d        !< number of grid points of the total domain
1649    INTEGER(idp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_3d_inner  !< ! need to have 64 bit for grids > 2E9
1650                   
1651    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh  !< number of grid points of a horizontal cross section through the total domain
1652    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxl_mg   !< left-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1653    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nxr_mg   !< right-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1654    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nyn_mg   !< north-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1655    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nys_mg   !< south-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1656    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzt_mg   !< top-most grid index of subdomain on different multigrid level
1657
1658
1659    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_outer     !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography and non-surface-bounded
1660    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_2dh_s_inner   !< number of horizontal grid points which are non-topography
1661    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mg_loc_ind        !< internal array to store index bounds of all PEs of that multigrid level where data is collected to PE0
1662    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_inner  !< will be removed
1663    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_diff_s_outer  !< will be removed
1664    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_inner         !< will be removed
1665    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_outer         !< will be removed
1666    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_inner       !< will be removed
1667    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_s_outer       !< will be removed
1668    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_inner       !< will be removed
1669    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_u_outer       !< will be removed
1670    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_inner       !< will be removed
1671    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_v_outer       !< will be removed
1672    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_inner       !< will be removed
1673    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  nzb_w_outer       !< will be removed
1674
1675    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  flags  !< pointer to wall_flags_1-10
1676
1677    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_1   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 1
1678    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_2   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 2
1679    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_3   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 3
1680    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_4   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 4
1681    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_5   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 5
1682    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_6   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 6
1683    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_7   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 7
1684    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_8   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 8
1685    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_9   !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 9
1686    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE,  TARGET ::  wall_flags_10  !< topograpyh masking flag on multigrid level 10
1687
1688    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_1            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1689    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  advc_flags_2            !< flags used to degrade order of advection scheme
1690    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  wall_flags_0            !< flags to mask topography and surface-bounded grid points
1691
1692    SAVE
1693
1694 END MODULE indices
1695
1696
1697!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1698! Description:
1699! ------------
1700!> Interfaces for special subroutines which use optional parameters.
1701!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1702 MODULE interfaces
1703
1704    INTERFACE
1705
1706!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1707! Description:
1708! ------------
1709!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1710!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1711       SUBROUTINE global_min_max ( i1, i2, j1, j2, k1, k2, array, mode, offset, &
1712                                   result, result_ijk, result1, result1_ijk )
1713
1714          USE kinds
1715
1716          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  mode                      !< mode of global min/max function: can be 'min', 'max', 'minmax', 'abs', or 'absoff'
1717          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1718          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  i2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1719          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1720          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  j2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1721          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k1                        !< internal index of min/max function
1722          INTEGER(iwp), INTENT(IN)      ::  k2                        !< internal index of min/max function
1723          INTEGER(iwp)                  ::  result_ijk(3)             !< grid index result of min/max function
1724          INTEGER(iwp), OPTIONAL        ::  result1_ijk(3)            !< optional grid index result of min/max function
1725          REAL(wp)                      ::  offset                    !< min/max function calculates absolute value with respect to an offset
1726          REAL(wp)                      ::  result                    !< result of min/max function
1727          REAL(wp), OPTIONAL            ::  result1                   !< optional result of min/max function
1728          REAL(wp), INTENT(IN)          ::  array(i1:i2,j1:j2,k1:k2)  !< input array of min/max function
1729
1730       END SUBROUTINE global_min_max
1731
1732    END INTERFACE
1733
1734    SAVE
1735
1736 END MODULE interfaces
1737
1738
1739!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1740! Description:
1741! ------------
1742!> Interfaces for subroutines with pointer arguments called in
1743!> prognostic_equations.
1744!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1745 MODULE pointer_interfaces
1746
1747    INTERFACE
1748
1749!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1750! Description:
1751! ------------
1752!> @todo Missing subroutine description.
1753!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1754       SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc( sk, sk_char )
1755
1756          USE kinds
1757
1758          CHARACTER (LEN=*), INTENT(IN) ::  sk_char  !< string for treated scalar in Bott-Chlond scheme
1759#if defined( __nopointer )
1760          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:) ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1761#else
1762          REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), POINTER ::  sk  !< treated scalar array in Bott-Chlond scheme
1763#endif
1764       END SUBROUTINE advec_s_bc
1765
1766    END INTERFACE
1767
1768    SAVE
1769
1770 END MODULE pointer_interfaces
1771
1772
1773!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1774! Description:
1775! ------------
1776!> Definition of variables which define processor topology and the exchange of
1777!> ghost point layers. This module must be placed in all routines containing
1778!> MPI-calls.
1779!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1780 MODULE pegrid
1781
1782    USE kinds
1783
1784#if defined( __parallel )
1785#if defined( __mpifh )
1786    INCLUDE "mpif.h"
1787#else
1788    USE MPI
1789#endif
1790#endif
1791    CHARACTER(LEN=2) ::  send_receive = 'al'     !<
1792    CHARACTER(LEN=7) ::  myid_char = ''          !< character string containing processor id number
1793   
1794    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dx                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along x
1795    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm1dy                     !< communicator for domain decomposition along y
1796    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm2d                      !< standard 2d (xy) communicator used in PALM for the process group the PE belongs to
1797    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_inter                  !< intercommunicator that connects atmosphere/ocean process groups
1798    INTEGER(iwp) ::  comm_palm                   !< internal communicator used during the MPI setup at the beginning of a run
1799    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_inflow = 0               !< myidx of procs at inflow (turbulent inflow method)
1800    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow = 0              !< myidx of procs at outflow (turbulent outflow method)
1801    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_outflow_source = 0       !< myidx of procs including ouflow source plane (turbulent outflow method)
1802    INTEGER(iwp) ::  id_recycling = 0            !< myidx of procs containing the recycling plane (turbulence recycling method)
1803    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ierr                        !< standard error parameter in MPI calls
1804    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myid = 0                    !< id number of processor element
1805    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidx = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along x-direction
1806    INTEGER(iwp) ::  myidy = 0                   !< id number of processor elements with same position along y-direction
1807    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ndim = 2                    !< dimension of the virtual PE grid
1808    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_a                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (atmosphere)
1809    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_o                       !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: total number of horizontal grid points (ocean)
1810    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_xy                      !< used in atmosphere/ocean coupling: number of grid points of the subdomain
1811    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_y                       !< number of subdomain grid points along y including ghost points
1812    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npex = -1                   !< number of processor elements in x-direction
1813    INTEGER(iwp) ::  npey = -1                   !< number of processor elements in y-direction
1814    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs = 1                !< total number of appointed processor elements
1815    INTEGER(iwp) ::  numprocs_previous_run = -1  !< total number of appointed processor elements in previous run (job chain)
1816    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pleft                       !< MPI-address of the processor left of the current one
1817    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pnorth                      !< MPI-address of the processor north of the current one
1818    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pright                      !< MPI-address of the processor right of the current one
1819    INTEGER(iwp) ::  psouth                      !< MPI-address of the processor south of the current one
1820    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req_count = 0               !< MPI return variable - checks if Send-Receive operation is already finished
1821    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_xy            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions (y --> x, or x --> y) or second (2d) transposition x --> y
1822    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_yz            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in third (2d) transposition y --> z
1823    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zx            !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in first (2d) transposition z --> x
1824    INTEGER(iwp) ::  sendrecvcount_zyd           !< number of subdomain gridpoints to be exchanged in direct transpositions z --> y (used for calculating spectra)
1825    INTEGER(iwp) ::  target_id                   !< in atmosphere/ocean coupling: id of the ocean/atmosphere counterpart PE with whom the atmosphere/ocean PE exchanges data
1826    INTEGER(iwp) ::  tasks_per_node = -9999      !< MPI tasks per compute node
1827    INTEGER(iwp) ::  threads_per_task = 1        !< number of OPENMP threads per MPI task
1828    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_x                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1829    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xy                     !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D ghost-point exchange - north / south
1830    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_y                      !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D exchange in atmosphere-ocean coupler
1831
1832    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pdims(2) = 1  !< number of processors along x-y dimension
1833    INTEGER(iwp) ::  req(100)      !< MPI return variable indicating if send-receive operation is finished
1834
1835    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds               !< horizontal index bounds
1836    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hor_index_bounds_previous_run  !< horizontal index bounds of previous run
1837
1838    LOGICAL ::  collective_wait = .FALSE.          !< switch to set an explicit MPI barrier in front of all collective MPI calls
1839
1840#if defined( __parallel )
1841    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ibuf(12)                 !< internal buffer for calculating MPI settings
1842    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pcoord(2)                !< PE coordinates along x and y
1843    INTEGER(iwp) ::  status(MPI_STATUS_SIZE)  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1844   
1845    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(MPI_STATUS_SIZE,100) ::  wait_stat  !< MPI status variable used in various MPI calls
1846   
1847    INTEGER(iwp) ::  ngp_yz_int   !< number of ghost points in yz-plane
1848    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_xz_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1849    INTEGER(iwp) ::  type_yz_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1850
1851    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_xz      !< number of ghost points in xz-plane on different multigrid level
1852    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ngp_yz      !< number of ghost points in yz-plane on different multigrid level
1853    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_x_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1854    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_xz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - north / south
1855    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_y_int  !< derived MPI datatype for 2-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1856    INTEGER(iwp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  type_yz     !< derived MPI datatype for 3-D integer ghost-point exchange - left / right
1857
1858    LOGICAL ::  left_border_pe  = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on left border of computational domain
1859    LOGICAL ::  north_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on north border of computational domain
1860    LOGICAL ::  reorder = .TRUE.           !< switch to allow MPI the reorder of ranking (e.g. row-major or column-major)
1861    LOGICAL ::  right_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on right border of computational domain
1862    LOGICAL ::  south_border_pe = .FALSE.  !< = .TRUE. if PE is on south border of computational domain
1863
1864    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  cyclic = (/ .TRUE. , .TRUE. /)  !< boundary conditions of the virtual PE grid
1865    LOGICAL, DIMENSION(2) ::  remain_dims                     !< internal array used to determine sub-topologies for transpositions
1866#endif
1867
1868    SAVE
1869
1870 END MODULE pegrid
1871
1872
1873!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1874! Description:
1875! ------------
1876!> Definition of variables which control PROFIL-output.
1877!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1878 MODULE profil_parameter
1879
1880    USE kinds
1881
1882    INTEGER(iwp), PARAMETER ::  crmax = 100  !< maximum number of coordinate systems for profile output
1883
1884    CHARACTER (LEN=20), DIMENSION(20) ::  cross_ts_profiles = &  !< time series to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1885                           (/ ' E E*               ', ' dt                 ', &
1886                              ' u* w*              ', ' th*                ', &
1887                              ' umax vmax wmax     ', ' div_old div_new    ', &
1888                              ' z_i_wpt z_i_pt     ', ' w"pt"0 w"pt" wpt   ', &
1889                              ' pt(0) pt(zp)       ', ' splux spluy spluz  ', &
1890                              ' L                  ',                         &
1891                            ( '                    ', i9 = 1, 9 ) /)
1892
1893    CHARACTER (LEN=100), DIMENSION(crmax) ::  cross_profiles = &  !< quantities to be plotted into one coordinate system, respectively
1894                           (/ ' u v                           ', &
1895                              ' pt                            ', &
1896                              ' w"pt" w*pt* w*pt*BC wpt wptBC ', &
1897                              ' w"u" w*u* wu w"v" w*v* wv     ', &
1898                              ' km kh                         ', &
1899                              ' l                             ', &
1900                         ( '                               ', i9 = 1, 94 ) /)
1901
1902    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_columns = 2  !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per column
1903    INTEGER(iwp) ::  profile_rows = 3     !< number of coordinate systems on a profile plot per row
1904
1905    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_index(300) = 0                !< index number of respective profile quantity
1906    INTEGER(iwp) ::  dopr_initial_index(300) = 0        !< index number of initial profiles to be output
1907               
1908    SAVE
1909
1910 END MODULE profil_parameter
1911
1912!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1913! Description:
1914! ------------
1915!> Definition of statistical quantities, e.g. global sums.
1916!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1917 MODULE statistics
1918
1919    USE kinds
1920
1921    CHARACTER (LEN=40) ::  region(0:9)  !< label for statistic region
1922   
1923    INTEGER(iwp) ::  pr_palm = 130          !< maximum number of output profiles
1924    INTEGER(iwp) ::  statistic_regions = 0  !< identifier for statistic regions
1925   
1926    INTEGER(iwp) ::  u_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where u_max occurs
1927    INTEGER(iwp) ::  v_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where v_max occurs
1928    INTEGER(iwp) ::  w_max_ijk(3) = -1  !< index values (i,j,k) of location where w_max occurs
1929   
1930    LOGICAL ::  flow_statistics_called = .FALSE.  !< flag that tells other routines if flow statistics was executed
1931                                                  !< (after each timestep)
1932   
1933    REAL(wp) ::  u_max  !< maximum of absolute u-veloctiy in entire domain
1934    REAL(wp) ::  v_max  !< maximum of absolute v-veloctiy in entire domain
1935    REAL(wp) ::  w_max  !< maximum of absolute w-veloctiy in entire domain
1936   
1937    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  mean_surface_level_height  !< mean surface level height for the different statistic regions
1938    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divnew_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence after pressure
1939                                                                       !< solver call (new)
1940    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_divold_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) of divergence before pressure
1941                                                                       !< solver call (old)
1942    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_substep             !< weighting factor for substeps in timestepping
1943    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:), ALLOCATABLE ::  weight_pres                !< substep weighting factor for pressure solver
1944   
1945    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums             !< global sum array for the various output quantities
1946    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsts_bc_l   !< subdomain sum of sensible heat flux in Bott-Chlond scheme
1947    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  ts_value         !< timeseries output array for the various output quantities
1948    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsus_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1949    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsvs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1950    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_us2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux u'u' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1951    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_vs2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of horizontal momentum flux v'v' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1952    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ws2_ws_l    !< subdomain sum of vertical momentum flux w'w' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1953    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsncs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical clouddrop-number concentration flux w'nc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1954    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsnrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical raindrop-number concentration flux w'nr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1955    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wspts_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical sensible heat flux w'pt' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1956    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqs_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical latent heat flux w'q' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1957    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqcs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical cloudwater flux w'qc' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1958    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsqrs_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical rainwater flux w'qr' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1959    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wssas_ws_l  !< subdomain sum of vertical salinity flux w'sa' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1960    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_wsss_ws_l   !< subdomain sum of vertical passive scalar flux w's' (5th-order advection scheme only)
1961    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_ls_l        !< subdomain sum of large scale forcing and nudging tendencies
1962                                             
1963    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom_sum             !< sum array for horizontal mean
1964    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  rmask               !< REAL flag array (0.0 or 1.0) for statistic regions
1965    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l              !< subdomain sum (_l) gathered for various quantities
1966    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  sums_l_l            !< subdomain sum (_l) of mixing length from diffusivities
1967
1968    REAL(wp), DIMENSION(:,:,:,:), ALLOCATABLE ::  hom  !< horizontal mean of various quantities (profiles/timeseries)
1969
1970    SAVE
1971
1972 END MODULE statistics
1973
1974
1975
1976!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1977! Description:
1978! ------------
1979!> Definition of indices for transposed arrays.
1980!------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
1981 MODULE transpose_indices
1982
1983    USE kinds
1984
1985    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1986    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
1987    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxl_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1988    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1989    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
1990    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nxr_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1991    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1992    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nyn_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1993    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1994    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nys_z   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1995    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1996    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1997    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzb_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
1998    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_x   !< internal index bound for transpositions
1999    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_y   !< internal index bound for transpositions
2000    INTEGER(iwp) ::  nzt_yd  !< internal index bound for transpositions
2001               
2002    SAVE
2003
2004 END MODULE transpose_indices
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